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Slide 1 - Business Environment
Slide 2 - Business environment-Concept Map Features of Business environment Dimensions of Business environment Importance of Business Environment Demonetization Impact of Govt policy changes on Business Managerial response to changes in Business Environment worksheet Index
Slide 3 - ppt slide no 3 content not found
Slide 5 - FEATURES OF BUSINESS ENVIROMENT Totality of external forces: Business environment is the sum total of all things external to business firms and, as such, is aggregative in nature. (ii) Specific and general forces: Business environment includes both specific and general forces. Specific forces (such as investors, customers, competitors and suppliers) affect individual enterprises directly and immediately in their day-to-day working. General forces (such as social, political, legal and technological conditions) have impact on all business enterprises and thus may affect an individual firm only indirectly.
Slide 6 - FEATURES OF BUSINESS ENVIROMENT (iii) Inter-relatedness: Different elements or parts of business environment are closely interrelated. For example, increased life expectancy of people and increased awareness for health care have increased the demand for many health products. Dynamic nature: Business evironment is dynamic in that it keeps on changing whether in terms of technological improvement , shifts in consumer preferences or entry of new competition in the market.
Slide 7 - FEATURES OF BUSINESS ENVIROMENT Uncertainty: Business environment is largely uncertain as it is very difficult to predict future happenings, especially when environment changes are taking place too frequently. Complexity: Since business environment consists of numerous interrelated and dynamic conditions or forces which arise from different sources, it becomes difficult to comprehend at once what exactly constitutes a given environment.
Slide 8 - FEATURES OF BUSINESS ENVIROMENT Relativity: Business environment is a relative concept since it differs from country to country and even region to region. Political conditions in the USA, for instance, differ from those in China or Pakistan.
Slide 9 - Dimensions of Business Environment. Dimensions of, or the factors constituting the business environment which are considered relevant for decision-making and improving the performance of an enterprise. It is of two types: General Environment which mostly influences many enterprises at the same time like policy of Govt. Economic Conditions etc. Specific Environment which are unique for a Business Units like Customers, Creditors etc.
Slide 10 - Dimensions of Business Environment. (LETS-P)
Slide 11 - Legal Environment Legal environment includes various legislations passed by the Government administrative orders issued by government authorities, court judgments as well as the decisions rendered by various commissions and agencies at every level of the government. For example, the advertisement of alcoholic beverages is prohibited. Advertisements, including packets of cigarettes carry the statutory warning ‘Cigarette smoking is injurious to health’.
Slide 12 - Economic Environment Interest rates, inflation rates, changes in disposable income of people stock market indices Short and long term interest rates and the value of rupee are some of the economic factors that can affect management practices in a business enterprise. significantly affect the demand for product and services.
Slide 13 - Technological Environment Technological environment includes forces relating to scientific improvements and innovations which provide new ways of producing goods and services and new methods and techniques of operating a business. For example, recent technological, advances in computers and electronics have modified the ways in which companies advertise their products.
Slide 14 - Social Environment The social environment of business include the social forces like customs and traditions, values, social trends, society’s expectations from business, etc. Major Elements of Social Environment Attitudes towards product innovations, lifestyles, occupational, distribution and consumer preferences, Concern with quality of life, Life expectancy, Expectations from the workforce Shifts in the presence of women in the workforce, Birth and death rates Population shifts Educational system and literacy rates Consumption habits Composition of family
Slide 15 - Political Environment Political environment includes political conditions such as general stability and peace in the country and specific attitudes that elected government representatives hold towards business. The significance of political conditions in business success lies in the predictability of business activities under stable political conditions. On the other hand, there may be uncertainty of business activities due to political unrest and threats to law and order.
Slide 16 - IMPORTANCE OF BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT It enables the firm to identify opportunities and getting the first mover advantage. It helps the firm to identify threats and early warning Signals. It helps in tapping useful resources. It helps in coping with rapid Changes. It helps in assisting in planning and policy formulation. It helps in tapping useful resources
Slide 17 - On 8 November 2016, the Government of India announced the Demonetization of all Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 banknotes . It also announced the issuance of new Rs 500 and Rs 1,000  banknotes in exchange for the demonetized banknotes . The Prime minister of India Narendra Modi claimed that the action would curtail the shadow economy and reduce the use of illicit and counterfeit cash to fund illegal activity and terrorism Demonetization
Slide 18 - LIBERALISATION The economic reforms that were introduced were aimed at liberalising the Indian business and industry from all unnecessary controls and restrictions. They signalled the end of the licence-permit-quota raj. Liberalisation of the Indian industry has taken place with respect to: abolishing licensing requirement in most of the industries except a short list,(ii) freedom in deciding the scale of business activities (iii) removal of restrictions on the movement of goods and services, (iv) freedom in fixing the prices of goods services, (v) reduction in tax rates and lifting of unnecessary controls over the economy, (vi) simplifying procedures for imports and experts, and (vii) making it easier to attract foreign capital and technology to India.
Slide 19 - PRIVATISATION The new set of economic reforms aimed at giving greater role to the private sector in the nation building process and a reduced role to the public sector. To achieve this, the government redefined the role of the public sector in the New Industrial Policy of 1991, adopted the policy of planned disinvestments of the public sector and decided to refer the loss making and sick enterprises to the Board of Industrial and Financial Reconstruction(BIFR). The term disinvestments used here means transfer in the public sector enterprises to the private sector. It results in dilution of stake of the Government in the public enterprise. If there is dilution of Government ownership beyond 51 percent, it would result in transfer of ownership and management of the enterprise to the private sector.
Slide 20 - GLOBALISATION Globalisation means the integration of the various economies of the world leading towards the emergence of a cohesive global economy. Till 1991, the Government of India had followed a policy of strictly regulating imports in value and volume terms. These regulations were wit respect to: (a) licensing of imports, (b) tariff restrictions and (c) quantitative restrictions.
Slide 21 - Impact of Government Policy Changes on Business and Industry Increasing competition. More demanding customers. Rapidly changing technological environment. Necessity for change. Need for developing human resource.
Slide 22 - Managerial response to changes in Business Environment Diversification spree Consolidation of Multi-Nationals Brand Building Use of Latest Technology Sharply improved Compensation level Customer Focus
Slide 23 - Worksheet
Slide 24 - Worksheet
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Slide 26 - Thank You