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Slide 2 - INSTRUCTOR Insert Instructor Name Here
Slide 3 - Define Recycling. Discuss the Benefits of Recycling. Discuss the Key People in a Recycling Program. Discuss How to do a Waste Audit. Discuss How to Decide What to Recycle. Discuss How to Select a Collection Contractor. Discuss How to Design a Recycling System. Discuss Training and Promotion. Discuss Problems and Recommended Solutions. Discuss Buying Recycled Products. OBJECTIVES
Slide 4 - Understand the Definition of Recycling. Understand the Benefits of Recycling. Understand the Roles of Key People in a Recycling Program. Be Familiar With How to do a Waste Audit. Understand How to Decide What to Recycle. Understand How to Select a Collection Contractor. Be Familiar With How to Design a Recycling System. Understand How to Train and Promote a Recycling Program. Understand the Problems and Recommended Solutions. Understand the Importance of Buying Recycled Products. GOALS
Slide 5 - BACKGROUND In 1996, U.S. residents, businesses, and institutions produced more than 209 million tons of solid waste, which is approximately 4.3 pounds of waste per person per day, up from 2.7 pounds per person per day in 1960 Only twenty-seven percent is recovered and recycled or composted, 17 percent is burned at combustion facilities, and the remaining 55 percent is disposed of in landfills
Slide 6 - Supervisors Facility Engineers Maintenance Personnel Department Managers Building Occupants Process Specialists Environmental and Safety Committees LEARNERS
Slide 7 - The goal of this course is to provide supervisors with the tools needed to run a company solid waste recycling program. It recommends practical, actions that can be carried out by facility management, maintenance personnel and building occupants. The course will help you to integrate good solid waste recycling management activities into your existing organization and identify which of your staff have the necessary skills to carry out those activities. OVERVIEW
Slide 8 - WHAT THIS COURSE DOES NOT DO The course is not intended to provide information to run a recycling business. It does not teach the student market indicators, how to bale solid waste and how to compost. These specialties required training beyond the intended scope of this course. Where this expertise is needed, outside assistance should be solicited.
Slide 9 - FEDERAL LAWS RCRA addresses both hazardous waste and solid waste. - Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (HSWA) Pollution Prevention Act
Slide 10 - FEDERAL REGULATIONS Pertinent Regulations: There are no federal solid waste recycling requirements States have direct regulatory authority to require solid waste recycling There are two federal regulations which are useful to consult when developing a solid waste recycling program: 40 CFR Part 256 – Guidelines for Development and Implementation of State Solid Waste Management Plans 40 CFR Part 243 – Guidelines for the Storage and Collection of Residential, Commercial, and Institutional Solid Waste
Slide 11 - WHAT IS RECYCLING? Recycling turns materials that would otherwise become waste into valuable resources and generates a host of environmental, financial, and social benefits. After collection, materials (e.g., glass, metal, plastics, and paper) are separated and sent to facilities that can process them into new products and materials
Slide 12 - BENEFITS There are at least five benefits for recycling solid waste: Economic Environmental Employee Morale Corporate Image Compliance
Slide 13 - BENEFITS Economic Potential economic advantages of waste prevention include: Reduced waste disposal fees Revenues from recycling commodities
Slide 14 - BENEFITS Environmental The environmental benefits include: Reduced energy consumption Reduced pollution Conservation of natural resources Extension of valuable landfill capacity Stimulates the development of greener technologies Prevents emissions of many greenhouse gases and water pollutants
Slide 15 - BENEFITS Employee Morale Employees morale improves when they see the company taking steps to reduce waste through recycling This heightened morale could increase employee enthusiasm, productivity and more waste prevention measures Some companies use recycling revenues for employee recreation (I.e. picnics, holiday parties etc.)
Slide 16 - BENEFITS Corporate Image When customers and the surrounding neighborhoods see that the company is environmentally conscious, it creates a favorable image of the company An enhanced corporate image might attract customers Surveys show that more and more consumers consider a firm's environmental record when making purchasing decisions
Slide 17 - BENEFITS Compliance Reducing solid waste through recycling can also mean compliance with local or state solid waste regulations Some communities also restrict the amount or types of waste accepted at solid waste management facilities By implementing an aggressive recycling program, your business can help ensure compliance with these requirements
Slide 18 - KEY PEOPLE Step 1. – Key People - Select a Recycling Coordinator The recycling coordinator will need to have good communication and organizational skills. Creativity, patience, persistence, a sense of humor, and good rapport with other people in your business are important character qualities If you are the owner or manager of a small business, you will probably be the coordinator, at least in the beginning
Slide 19 - KEY PLAYERS A coordinator’s role typically includes: Conduct a waste audit and determine what to recycle Selecting the contractor Designing the collection system Educating employees Tracking the program’s progress Designate area monitors to assist the coordinator in: - Keeping the collection containers free of non-recyclable material - Notifying the coordinator if containers overflow - Encouraging employee participation
Slide 20 - KEY PEOPLE Step 1. – Key People - Janitors Always involve janitors in the planning process for any recycling program Additional training may be necessary to familiarize them with new or alternative waste collection procedures Realistically assess their safety concerns and how changes will affect their workload The janitors' commitment and cooperation in executing your recycling program are crucial to success You may need to modify the janitorial contract to specify recycling services.
Slide 21 - KEY PEOPLE Step 1. – Key People - Landscape Contractors Plant waste from decorative landscaping for many downtown courtyards, atriums, and sidewalks often goes straight to landfill By working with your landscape contractor, you can potentially have plant waste hauled to a commercial composting facility
Slide 22 - KEY PEOPLE Step 1. – Key People – Food Handlers Food and other "wet wastes" contaminate dry recyclable waste unless you keep them in separate dumpsters It may be possible to reduce food waste through the suggestions of food handlers Donating food may be another alternative rather than disposal Food waste can also be recycled through composting
Slide 23 - KEY PEOPLE Step 1. – Key People - Construction Contractors The materials generated during the demolition phase of a renovation are mostly recyclable It is necessary to provide the contractor with a staging area and time in which to separate the materials If the contractor separates the materials, the value of the material can be rebated back to reduce hauling costs
Slide 24 - WASTE AUDIT Step 2. – Conduct a Waste Audit The reason to conduct a waste audit is to find out what’s in your trash The waste audit will help you identify which materials to collect for recycling, what size and type of containers you will need, and what waste could possibly be prevented in the first place Find out if your company or individual employees are already collecting any materials for recycling A waste sort or “dumpster diving” should be the first place to gather “bottom line” information and should be done just prior to refuse pickup
Slide 25 - WASTE AUDIT Step 2. – Conduct a Waste Audit Gather the following materials and resources: sorting tables a large scale for weighing the waste separate bins for each sorting category gloves surgical masks a calculator materials for recording data
Slide 26 - WASTE AUDIT Step 2. – Conduct a Waste Audit Safety First! Talk to your facility safety representative prior to doing a waste sort Wear protective clothing such as long-sleeved shirts, pants, gloves, and surgical masks If you discover any hazardous material, don’t touch it and contact your safety representative
Slide 27 - WASTE AUDIT Step 2. – Conduct a Waste Audit Once you have transferred all of the garbage to your sorting table, identify the materials you generate (for example, cardboard, office paper, and food waste) Weigh each type of material and record your findings Total the different amounts of waste found in each dumpster to find the “bottom line” Do similar waste sorts within the facility to determine what size recycling containers you’ll need and where they should be placed
Slide 28 - DECIDING WHAT TO RECYCLE Step 3. – Deciding What to Recycle Certain materials are either banned or restricted from from disposal facilities, such as: Tires Green Waste (yard trimmings) Appliances Used Oil Scrap Metal Auto Batteries Contact your landfill to find a listing of restricted materials and how these materials can be disposed
Slide 29 - DECIDING WHAT TO RECYCLE Step 3. – Deciding What to Recycle In some municipalities, businesses are required to recycle certain commodities such as: Bars and restaurants serving alcoholic beverages might be required to recycle glass Office buildings might be required to recycle office paper, newspaper and cardboard Hotels, restaurants, food courts, grocery stores, hospitals, and food manufacturers who generate large volumes of food waste might be required to recycle food waste You should contact your local solid waste regulator to determine what materials you must recycle
Slide 30 - DECIDING WHAT TO RECYCLE Step 3. – Deciding What to Recycle Target materials with reliable markets, such as: Aluminum Corrugated cardboard Used Oil Copper/Brass Office/Computer paper Tires Steel Newspaper Green Waste Glass
Slide 31 - DECIDING WHAT TO RECYCLE Step 3. – Deciding What to Recycle The following liquids may be recycled and reused on your premises in most areas with special equipment: Solvents Antifreeze Frying oil
Slide 32 - COLLECTION CONTRACTORS Step 4. – Selecting a Collection Contractor In selecting a collection contractor, you are looking for good, reliable service at the best price The prices paid for recyclable materials vary with the type of material and can fluctuate dramatically from month to month Moreover, your company’s economic benefit from recycling will probably come from reduced disposal costs, rather than money paid to you from the sale of recyclables
Slide 33 - COLLECTION CONTRACTORS Step 4. – Selecting a Collection Contractor Option 1: Refuse hauler is also the recycling hauler If your refuse hauler provides both waste disposal and recycling collection, the hauler should be able to offer a combined cost/pay structure In other words, he would charge you for the hauling of both refuse and recyclables and credit you the current market value on the recyclables This can reduce your overall disposal costs or at least provide a break-even arrangement
Slide 34 - COLLECTION CONTRACTORS Step 4. – Selecting a Collection Contractor Option 2: Recycling company picks-up A second option is to have a recycling company (or processor) collect and pay you for a material or collect it at no charge/no pay, depending on the current value of each material A small collector will most likely provide no charge/no pay service If you select a recycler, you should discuss lowering disposal costs with your refuse hauler, once your recycling program is underway
Slide 35 - COLLECTION CONTRACTORS Step 4. – Selecting a Collection Contractor When you talk to the various companies to compare prices and services, ask the following questions to help you make your decision: What materials do you collect? What materials do you purchase, and how much is paid for each? Do you charge for collection of recyclables? If you’re picking up trash and recyclables, what will be the net savings in my disposal costs? Do you pick up on schedule or on call? If on schedule, how often? If on call, how much lead time is needed?
Slide 36 - COLLECTION CONTRACTORS Step 4. – Selecting a Collection Contractor Do you provide collection and/or storage containers? Will you help us organize and promote our recycling program? Are you willing to sign a long-term agreement? (A one-year minimum is recommended.) What is the allowable level of contamination? What are your reporting and accounting procedures? How long have you been in business? Once you have made the selection, include the information you have gathered in a written agreement
Slide 37 - DESIGNING A RECYCLING SYSTEM Step 5. – Designing a Recycling System KEY: MAKE IT AS SIMPLE AND EASY TO RECYCLE AS IT IS TO THROW AWAY! The goal is to design a collection system that is convenient for everyone and does not incur additional labor costs
Slide 38 - DESIGNING A RECYCLING SYSTEM Step 5. – Designing a Recycling System Recyclables should flow from individual employees to area collection containers or directly to central collection/storage Place area recycling containers in convenient locations normally frequented by employees Recycling containers should look distinctly different from trash containers Place regular trash cans nearby to avoid unwanted trash getting mixed in with the recyclables
Slide 39 - DESIGNING A RECYCLING SYSTEM Step 5. – Designing a Recycling System At Desks Each employee usually gets their own small recycling tray or upright box for convenience When full, the employee empties the paper into the larger paper bins Trays and upright bins may be available from your municipality for free.
Slide 40 - DESIGNING A RECYCLING SYSTEM Step 5. – Designing a Recycling System Office Suites Some space is required in offices for recycling bins Based on weekly service, the rule-of-thumb for a white or mixed paper program is one 12-gallon container in each copy or printer area Some offices prefer 23-gallon containers, which are taller and slimmer, but are heavier when full For a beverage bottle and can program, you need one lined container per kitchen area
Slide 41 - DESIGNING A RECYCLING SYSTEM Step 5. – Designing a Recycling System Toter Bins Toter bins have wheels and lids that lock. Two sizes are available from most vendors: - the 64-gallon size holds 125 pounds of paper - the 94-gallon size holds 200 pounds Toters are versatile and can be wheeled to offices for consolidating materials when tenants move or purge old files When empty, they can be nested to save storage space and are designed to be automatically lifted and emptied by garbage or recycling trucks
Slide 42 - DESIGNING A RECYCLING SYSTEM Step 5. – Designing a Recycling System Dumpsters Most buildings have dumpsters for garbage Dumpster sizes are measured in cubic yards; one cubic yard is equal to about three toters Dumpsters are good for larger loads or bulky materials, such as cardboard They have lids which are easy to lock (which will protect materials from theft and or contamination if the dumpsters are located outside). Special garbage trucks are equipped to pick up and empty dumpsters automatically.
Slide 43 - DESIGNING A RECYCLING SYSTEM Step 5. – Designing a Recycling System Compactors Where space is limited, many buildings prefer to invest in compacting equipment Compactors come in a wide range of styles and sizes They can be rented or purchased and are often customized for a specific site or use Some of the investment can be recovered by disposal savings because you need less frequent garbage or recycling pick ups
Slide 44 - DESIGNING A RECYCLING SYSTEM Step 5. – Designing a Recycling System To select the best containers for your needs, consider the following: durability, cost, capacity, ease of handling, and attractiveness Check with local vendors on the types and styles available While containers need to be convenient for everyone, you also need to consider the work involved in emptying them By keeping in mind the needs of both employees and custodial or maintenance people you will find an acceptable balance that works for everyone involved
Slide 46 - DESIGNING A RECYCLING SYSTEM Step 5. – Designing a Recycling System Central Collection/Storage Area Determine the best location for you with your building or facility manager and your collection contractor, using these guidelines: Is the site large enough? Is there easy access to freight elevators and loading docks? Does the area meet with local fire and building codes? Are sprinklers required/in place?
Slide 47 - TRAINING AND PROMOTION Step 6. – Training and Promotion Phase 1: Program Announcement Announce the start of the program with a brief, upbeat memo from the head of the company The memo should highlight the benefits of the program to everyone, outline the collection procedure, and give the time for a meeting to formally introduce the recycling program and answer questions
Slide 48 - TRAINING AND PROMOTION Step 6. – Training and Promotion Phase 2: Meeting/Educational Session Encourage everyone to attend an information session about the new program The meeting should focus on the cooperative nature of recycling and the importance of each individual to its continued success Highlight the main points of the program, taking care to explain the separation and collection procedures Emphasize the benefits to the environment, the company and the employees
Slide 49 - TRAINING AND PROMOTION Step 6. – Training and Promotion Phase 3: Follow-Up Follow-up can be done as a part of a regular meeting agenda or with memos or newsletters Consistency is the key to any successful program, and recycling is no different Note how much is being taken out of the waste stream, how much was donated to charity, how big the party fund is, and so on
Slide 50 - PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS Problem 1: Low Participation Rate Here are some of the things you can do to stimulate participation: Solution, Part 1: Provide Information People may not know how to recycle Provide reminders to tenants in memos and other promotional pieces Check that signs explain the recycling program See the Training and Promotion Section of this training
Slide 51 - PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS Solution, Part 2: Put Containers in the Right Places Check the location of recycling bins Make sure there are enough of them and that they are conveniently located Make it easier to put recyclable materials in the recycling bins than to put them in the garbage Make sure everyone can easily reach a recycling bin
Slide 52 - PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS Solution, Part 3: Appoint Recycling Experts It helps everyone to have an expert available to ask questions Designate motivated employees to be recycling coordinators for specific areas and let everyone know how to reach them Include the names or phone numbers for the experts in all the promotional materials
Slide 53 - PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS Solution, Part 4: Motivate Some people simply don't care at all about recycling Some people are very busy and might consider recycling to be a waste of time that is better spent on their "real work" Some of these people can be convinced to participate by providing incentives, such as games, prizes, and recognition or by making recycling easier than not recycling You can also put recycling into contracts when doing business outside your company
Slide 54 - PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS Problem 2: Contamination This is when non-recyclables are mixed with recyclables Solution: If contamination of recyclables is a problem throughout your building, ask your recycling company to help find procedural flaws or collection deficiencies If contamination is isolated to certain individuals in the building, focus your educational efforts on making sure they know the policies Solicit management help to change behavior
Slide 55 - PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS Problem 3: Unauthorized Scavenging This is when people are stealing the recyclables. Solution: Provide a secure, central storage area for recyclable materials between pick ups It should be secured from public access, yet easily accessible to your custodial staff and the recycling company Inform janitors when unauthorized scavenging takes place and ask them to report suspicious activities to management
Slide 56 - PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS Problem 4: Lack of Space This can either be a lack of space near the points of generation or at the central collection and storage. Solution Lack of storage space is one of the biggest problems in many downtown office buildings Request assistance from your recycling company The two most practical solutions are to: (1) have materials collected more frequently and (2) install compacting equipment Be sure to consider health and safety as well as fire hazards when you address space issues
Slide 57 - BUYING RECYCLED Closing the Loop Business must also support the purchase of recycled products By purchasing recycled products made with recycled materials, you are helping to ensure that a market will continue to exist for the materials collected in your recycling programs Building managers, through purchasing recycled products, can make a difference
Slide 58 - BUYING RECYCLED Identifying Recycled-Content Products “Recycled-content products” are made from materials that would otherwise have been discarded (i.e. aluminum soda cans or newspapers) “Postconsumer content” refers to material from products that were used by consumers or businesses and would otherwise be discarded as waste. If a product is labeled "recycled content," the rest of the product material might have come from excess or damaged items generated during normal manufacturing processes—not collected through a local recycling program
Slide 59 - BUYING RECYCLED “Recyclable products” can be collected and remanufactured into new products after they've been used There are more than 4,500 recycled-content products available, and this number continues to grow Make the commitment to “Close the Loop” and to purchase these products
Slide 60 - Remember, You Control Your Facility or Area! Review Procedures With Them Before Starting the Job! Ensure They Are Properly Trained! Determine Their Environmental Compliance Record! Determine Who Is in Charge of Their People! Determine How They Will Affect Your Facility’s Environmental Compliance! TIPS FOR USING CONTRACTORS
Slide 62 - THE IMPORTANCE OF A CLEAN ENVIRONMENT “I would ask all of us to remember that protecting our environment is about protecting where we live and how we live. Let us join together to protect our health, our economy, and our communities -- so all of us and our children and our grandchildren can enjoy a healthy and a prosperous life.” Carol Browner Former EPA Administrator