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Slide 1 - Indian Forest Service Services Awareness Day P. Raghuveer IFS Addl.PCCF/Director Andhra Pradesh Forest Academy
Slide 2 - Outline of Interaction Indian Forest Service - History National Scenario AP Forest Department Innovative Practices
Slide 3 - Indian Forest Service
Slide 4 - The Beginning…. During the year 1864 the then British India Government started the Imperial Forest Department Dr. Dietrich Brandis, a German Forest officer posted as Inspector General of Forests in 1866. Imperial Forest Service was constituted in 1867 to mange the varied natural resources and to organize the affairs of the Imperial Forest Department,
Slide 5 - Initial Training…. The Imperial Forest Service Officers were trained from 1867 to 1885 in France (Nancy School) and Germany (Hanover). From 1885 to 1905 they were trained at Cooper's Hill, London From 1905 to 1926 - training at the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Edinburgh
Slide 6 - FRI…. The Imperial Forest Research Institute, Dehra Dun, was established in 1906. FRI had trained IFS officers from 1927 to 1932 – No demand for training after that The subject of "Forestry" which was managed by the Federal Government was transferred to the "Provincial List“ - 1935 Recruitment to the Imperial Forest Service -discontinued.
Slide 7 - IFS Officers Trained (1867-1932)
Slide 8 - Training at IFC… The Indian Forest College (IFC) was established in the year 1938 at Dehra Dun Officers recruited to the Superior Forest Service by different provinces/states were trained there - thus retaining the all India character of the service.
Slide 9 - Independent India…. 1947 - the princely states merged with the parent State Provinces, resulting in steep increase in Forest area in many of the provinces. It was challenging to reorganize the services due to entry of ex-princely States personnel into the Forest Services of parent province. Most of the personnel of the Indian Forest Service of British Origin left India with the remaining opting for premature retirement by 1949.
Slide 10 - Independent India…. Some of the officers were retained in Pakistan The main brunt of managing the forests of India was left to the handful of Indian Forest Service Officers of Indian origin and those in the Superior State Forest Service of different States. The Indian Forest Service, was constituted in the year 1966 under the All India Services Act, 1951 by the Government of India. Serving members of the State Forest Service were inducted into IFS and designated as "Initial Recruits"
Slide 11 - Changing Mandate of the Forest Service Scientific management of the forests to exploit it on a sustained basis for primarily timber products. - 1938 Large tracts of the forest were brought under state control through the process of reservation under the Indian Forest Act,1927 Forestry shifted to the concurrent list in 1977- Federal Government plays an important role - at the policy level in the management of the Indian forests.
Slide 12 - Shift from Production Forestry..1976 National Commission on Agriculture –Sustained yield to be in tandem with biomass needs of the people Increase extension activities through social forestry Equal thrust to habitat management in protected area and conserving the biodiversity of the land. Species Conservation approach People’s Participation
Slide 13 - Composition - 3034 IFS Officers Direct Recruits: 66.33 per cent of the cadre strength of IFS is filled by Direct Recruitment done through the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) National level competitive examination open to graduates with science background. Successful candidates have to appear for a personality test, a walking test – 25 km / 14 km and a standard medical fitness test. Promotees: 33.33 per cent of the cadre strength of the service to be filled from State Forest Service.
Slide 14 - “Mens Sana In Corpore Sano” Sound Mind In a Sound Body MOTTO OF INDIAN FOREST SERVICE
Slide 15 - Latin - from Satire X of the Roman poet Juvenal  It is to be prayed that the mind be sound in a sound body. Ask for a brave soul that lacks the fear of death, which places the length of life last among nature’s blessings, which is able to bear whatever kind of sufferings, does not know anger, lusts for nothing and believes the hardships and savage labors of Hercules better than the satisfactions, feasts, and feather bed of an Eastern King. I will reveal what you are able to give yourself; For certain, the one footpath of a tranquil life lies through virtue. Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mens_sana_in_corpore_sano
Slide 16 - For IFS Officers – What It means "mens sana in corpore sano" is a sharp call for personal perfection; Finding limits and moving beyond them; Bash on Regardless - Attitude Never Give Up or Give In - Orientation Developing a powerful and beautiful personal presence Leaving behind a Green Handprint.
Slide 17 - Forest Management
Slide 18 - National Forest Policy 1988 envisages Improving Tree Cover Checking soil erosion in catchment areas of rivers, lakes, reservoirs Increasing Forest Productivity Involving people in greening India Greater thrust on forestry extension, education, research and training Strengthening network of Protected Areas
Slide 19 - NFP - on funding forestry sector 4.16 Financial Support for Forestry The objectives of this revised Policy cannot be achieved without the investment of financial and other resources on a substantial scale. Such investment is indeed fully justified considering the contribution of forests in maintaining essential ecological processes and life support systems and in preserving genetic diversity. Forests should not be looked upon as a source of revenue. Forests are a renewable natural resource. They are a national asset to be protected and enhanced for the well-being of the people and the Nation.
Slide 20 - Scientific Management through Working Plans Instruments for state forest departments for scientific forest management.   Prepared in a phased manner all over the country. A document which gives complete information related to the forest area. The Government of India has issued a uniform Working Plan Code to all the State Governments.
Slide 21 - JFM / Community Forestry Taken firm roots in the country since 1990 A two-tier decentralized setup Forest Development Agency (FDA) at the forest division level and Joint Forest Management Committee (JFMC) at the village level.
Slide 22 - Legal Framework The Indian Forest Act 1927 Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 The Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 The Forest (Conservation) Rules 1981 Biological Diversity Act 2002 Biological Diversity Rules, 2004 The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
Slide 23 - Protocols and conventions signed by India Earth Summit Rio declaration Agenda 21 Johannesburg Declaration Convention on Biodiversity Ramsar Convention Cartagena Protocol Convention to Combat Desertification Montreal Protocol Vienna Convention Kyoto Protocol United Nations Forum for Climate Change
Slide 24 - Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy Dehradun http://www.ignfa.gov.in
Slide 25 - Training of Forest Officials in India
Slide 26 - 26 Indian Forest Service officers’ training- Content 63% Practice oriented
Slide 27 - 27 In-Service Mid Career Training of IFS officers SERVICE 7-9 years - 8 weeks, includes 2 weeks theme based foreign visit–USA, Sweden,1 week general management rest of the training at IGNFA Dehradun 16-18years - 8 weeks, includes 2 weeks theme based foreign visit–USA, Finland, 1 week general management 26-28 years - 4 weeks, includes 2 weeks theme based foreign visit– USA, Canada 1 week general Management
Slide 28 - Organisation Chart of MoEF (Forest & Wildlife Wing)
Slide 29 - State Forest Administration Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (PCCF) Addl. Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (APCCF) Chief Conservator of Forests (CCF) Conservator of Forests (CF) Deputy Conservator of Forests (DCF) Asst. Conservator of Forests (ACF) Forests Ranger (FR) Deputy Ranger (DR) Forester Forest Guard (FG)
Slide 30 - 30 ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE (Headquarters) – Andhra Pradesh Special Chief Secretary, EFS&T (Special Secretary Forests, Special Secretary Environment) Prl.Chief Conservator of Forests (HOFF) Prl.Chief Conservator of Forests (Wildlife) Addl. Prl.Chief Conservator of Forests - Subject heads Addl. Prl.Chief Conservator of Forests – Subject heads and Circle in charge Chief Conservators of Forests (9), Conservators of Forests(3), Dy./Asst. Conservators of Forests (15)
Slide 31 - 31 Organizational Structure (Field - AP) Beat (FBO, ABO) : 2574 Section (FSO) : 858 Range (FRO) : 220 Division (DFO) : 52+57=109 Circle (CCF/CF) : 12 +15 =27 Sub Division (SDFO) : 56
Slide 33 - 33 Forest Protection 52 Forest Divisions with over 4000 staff Regular patrolling of the forest by the protection staff All vulnerable beats are inspected twice in every 6 months & all other beats twice a year 15 Flying Squads & 3 Vigilance Parties State level Forest Protection Committee (under chairmanship of Chief Secretary) District level Forest Protection Committees (under Chairmanship of Dist. Collectors)
Slide 34 - NRM in AP
Slide 35 - Forest map of Andhra Pradesh Mangrove Forests, Godavari Estuary Mangrove Forests, Krishna Estuary Teak Forests in Godavari Basin Misc. Forests, Eastern Ghats Red Sanders Forests, Nalla Mala Forests, Tiger Reserve
Slide 36 - 0.40 lakh ha 2.60 lakh ha 1.70 lakh ha
Slide 37 - Main Interventions Artificial Regeneration Aided Natural Regeneration Bamboo improvement Integrated forest protection strategies Biodiversity Conservation measures Improve tree cover outside RF Support – R&D, ICT, Capacity Building Fund source : CAMPA, FDA, 13th FC, NREGA
Slide 38 - Area under CFM 36% Other forest area 64% Total geographical Area 275.07 Lakh ha Total Forest Area 63.42 Lakh ha Area under CFM 22.89 Lakh Ha Status of CFM in Andhra Pradesh Total membership:15.39 Lakh SCs: 20 % STs: 31 % Women membership:48%
Slide 39 - VSS at A Glance Total No. of VSS : 7992 Average Area under management: 300Ha. Average Membership : 164 per VSS.
Slide 40 - State wide Forest Inventory
Slide 41 - 41 State wide Forest Inventory
Slide 42 - THRUST AREAS FOR BETTER PERFORMANCE PARTICIPATION All stakeholders CO-OPERATION All Departments, Agencies SPECIALISATION Skill enhancement of FD staff
Slide 43 - Inter Departmental Issues Land – Revenue ; Reservation ; Pattas Forest Produce – GCC, Panchayath Developmental activities – ITDA, Revenue, RD, Irrigation, R&B Wild Animals – Animal Husbandry Encroachment – Agriculture, Electricity, Revenue Regulation – Judiciary, Industries, Police
Slide 44 - Innovative programs At a Glance (1/4) Relocation of Blackbucks in Kurnool Circle Biodiversity Conservation Lab in Srisailam WL case investigation – Paderu (spider), Achampet, Gooty (saphire blue tarantula of guntakal), Sand Boa smuggling racket (Hyd Anti poaching squad) Star Tortoise rehabilitation Peafowl breeding centre LACONES work Counselling system for transfers of staff
Slide 45 - At a Glance (2/4) Central nursery and TDC concept Clonal production Tissue Culture – Teak and plantations Promotion of Subabul Plantations in Prakasam and Krishna Districts Dog Squad for Red Sanders protection “APFA – We Don’t Train People We Transform Them” CEFNARM (Autonomous society)
Slide 46 - Some More Innovative Practices (3/4) Forest Inventory Use of RS, GIS for forest fire management Use of RS, GIS for locating water harvesting structures Annual vegetation cover monitoring using RS, GIS and GPS Bamboo based livelihoods – agarbatti stick, furniture – Adilabad Circle Carbon credit sale in Kagaznagar division Adda Leaf processing and marketing –TTD
Slide 47 - Continuing with Innovative Practices Revival of Kolleru WLS and return of migratory birds Marketing of Eucalyptus pulp by APFDC Assessment of standing growth of Eucalyptus plantations by APFDC CAFÉ – Children And Forest Education Setting up of Environment Cell in APFD and its activities – APEC network
Slide 48 - ppt slide no 48 content not found
Slide 49 - Ishopanishad – Need for RWH* “Akashat Patitam Toyam Yatha Samrakshayati Bhumiparam Thatheva Sarvatra Krishmit Krishwa Idameya jeevanam shreyasam Bahujana Manyaha” Whatever water falls on earth from sky If it is conserved suitably above and below the earth surface, it may be available everywhere for all living beings – be it Plants or Animals. *Rain Water Harvesting
Slide 50 - Thank you praghuveer84@gmail.com