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Slide 1 - GREEN CLOUD COMPUTING -A Data Center Approach Srikrishna Iyengar 1
Slide 2 - GREEN CLOUD COMPUTING -A Data Center Approach Srikrishna Iyengar 1 Basics of Green & Cloud Computing Green Cloud Computing-A Data Center Perspective Green Cloud Computing in Developing Regions Balancing Energy in Data Centers Energy Aware Data Center Management Power Usage Effectiveness Case Studies :- Senegal & South Africa Indian Scenario Go Green References E-Journey 2
Slide 3 - GREEN CLOUD COMPUTING -A Data Center Approach Srikrishna Iyengar 1 Basics of Green & Cloud Computing Green Cloud Computing-A Data Center Perspective Green Cloud Computing in Developing Regions Balancing Energy in Data Centers Energy Aware Data Center Management Power Usage Effectiveness Case Studies :- Senegal & South Africa Indian Scenario Go Green References E-Journey 2 Green Computing Study and Practice of designing, manufacturing, using and disposing computing resources with minimal environmental damage Energy Star, OECD Product Longevity- Carbon Footprint Steps : - Algorithmic Efficiency Resource Allocation Virtualization-IBM, Intel, AMD Terminal Servers-thin clients, Terminal Services, LTSP Power Management- APM ,ACPI, undervolting(SpeedStep) “Data Center” Power-Google Inc. Material Recycling 3
Slide 4 - GREEN CLOUD COMPUTING -A Data Center Approach Srikrishna Iyengar 1 Basics of Green & Cloud Computing Green Cloud Computing-A Data Center Perspective Green Cloud Computing in Developing Regions Balancing Energy in Data Centers Energy Aware Data Center Management Power Usage Effectiveness Case Studies :- Senegal & South Africa Indian Scenario Go Green References E-Journey 2 Green Computing Study and Practice of designing, manufacturing, using and disposing computing resources with minimal environmental damage Energy Star, OECD Product Longevity- Carbon Footprint Steps : - Algorithmic Efficiency Resource Allocation Virtualization-IBM, Intel, AMD Terminal Servers-thin clients, Terminal Services, LTSP Power Management- APM ,ACPI, undervolting(SpeedStep) “Data Center” Power-Google Inc. Material Recycling 3 Virtualized Computing Platform Scalable use of computing resources Pay-per-Use concept “Passive” Consumers to “Prosumers” Amazon, Google, Microsoft Service Levels : - Cloud Computing SOFTWARE AS A SERVICE-Consume it PLATFORM AS A SERVICE-Build on it INFRASTRUCTURE AS A SERVICE-Migrate to it 4
Slide 5 - GREEN CLOUD COMPUTING -A Data Center Approach Srikrishna Iyengar 1 Basics of Green & Cloud Computing Green Cloud Computing-A Data Center Perspective Green Cloud Computing in Developing Regions Balancing Energy in Data Centers Energy Aware Data Center Management Power Usage Effectiveness Case Studies :- Senegal & South Africa Indian Scenario Go Green References E-Journey 2 Green Computing Study and Practice of designing, manufacturing, using and disposing computing resources with minimal environmental damage Energy Star, OECD Product Longevity- Carbon Footprint Steps : - Algorithmic Efficiency Resource Allocation Virtualization-IBM, Intel, AMD Terminal Servers-thin clients, Terminal Services, LTSP Power Management- APM ,ACPI, undervolting(SpeedStep) “Data Center” Power-Google Inc. Material Recycling 3 Virtualized Computing Platform Scalable use of computing resources Pay-per-Use concept “Passive” Consumers to “Prosumers” Amazon, Google, Microsoft Service Levels : - Cloud Computing SOFTWARE AS A SERVICE-Consume it PLATFORM AS A SERVICE-Build on it INFRASTRUCTURE AS A SERVICE-Migrate to it 4 5 Cloud Platform Usage based economics (CapEx to OpEx) Low IT skill to implement Accessed via the internet Third party provider
Slide 6 - GREEN CLOUD COMPUTING -A Data Center Approach Srikrishna Iyengar 1 Basics of Green & Cloud Computing Green Cloud Computing-A Data Center Perspective Green Cloud Computing in Developing Regions Balancing Energy in Data Centers Energy Aware Data Center Management Power Usage Effectiveness Case Studies :- Senegal & South Africa Indian Scenario Go Green References E-Journey 2 Green Computing Study and Practice of designing, manufacturing, using and disposing computing resources with minimal environmental damage Energy Star, OECD Product Longevity- Carbon Footprint Steps : - Algorithmic Efficiency Resource Allocation Virtualization-IBM, Intel, AMD Terminal Servers-thin clients, Terminal Services, LTSP Power Management- APM ,ACPI, undervolting(SpeedStep) “Data Center” Power-Google Inc. Material Recycling 3 Virtualized Computing Platform Scalable use of computing resources Pay-per-Use concept “Passive” Consumers to “Prosumers” Amazon, Google, Microsoft Service Levels : - Cloud Computing SOFTWARE AS A SERVICE-Consume it PLATFORM AS A SERVICE-Build on it INFRASTRUCTURE AS A SERVICE-Migrate to it 4 5 Cloud Platform Usage based economics (CapEx to OpEx) Low IT skill to implement Accessed via the internet Third party provider Supply Chain Energy Usage “Green” Data Centers Steps : - Diagnose opportunities & problems Measure & Manage Cool-”blanking panels” Virtualize Build Server Virtualization Energy-Aware Consolidation Green Cloud Computing -A Data Center Perspective 6
Slide 7 - GREEN CLOUD COMPUTING -A Data Center Approach Srikrishna Iyengar 1 Basics of Green & Cloud Computing Green Cloud Computing-A Data Center Perspective Green Cloud Computing in Developing Regions Balancing Energy in Data Centers Energy Aware Data Center Management Power Usage Effectiveness Case Studies :- Senegal & South Africa Indian Scenario Go Green References E-Journey 2 Green Computing Study and Practice of designing, manufacturing, using and disposing computing resources with minimal environmental damage Energy Star, OECD Product Longevity- Carbon Footprint Steps : - Algorithmic Efficiency Resource Allocation Virtualization-IBM, Intel, AMD Terminal Servers-thin clients, Terminal Services, LTSP Power Management- APM ,ACPI, undervolting(SpeedStep) “Data Center” Power-Google Inc. Material Recycling 3 Virtualized Computing Platform Scalable use of computing resources Pay-per-Use concept “Passive” Consumers to “Prosumers” Amazon, Google, Microsoft Service Levels : - Cloud Computing SOFTWARE AS A SERVICE-Consume it PLATFORM AS A SERVICE-Build on it INFRASTRUCTURE AS A SERVICE-Migrate to it 4 5 Cloud Platform Usage based economics (CapEx to OpEx) Low IT skill to implement Accessed via the internet Third party provider Supply Chain Energy Usage “Green” Data Centers Steps : - Diagnose opportunities & problems Measure & Manage Cool-”blanking panels” Virtualize Build Server Virtualization Energy-Aware Consolidation Green Cloud Computing -A Data Center Perspective 6 Development of ICT Moving Processor and Data closer to the User Public Policy measures-Germany example, PPP Locating Data Centers in the developing world Economic Growth Green IT in developing regions -Introduction 7
Slide 8 - GREEN CLOUD COMPUTING -A Data Center Approach Srikrishna Iyengar 1 Basics of Green & Cloud Computing Green Cloud Computing-A Data Center Perspective Green Cloud Computing in Developing Regions Balancing Energy in Data Centers Energy Aware Data Center Management Power Usage Effectiveness Case Studies :- Senegal & South Africa Indian Scenario Go Green References E-Journey 2 Green Computing Study and Practice of designing, manufacturing, using and disposing computing resources with minimal environmental damage Energy Star, OECD Product Longevity- Carbon Footprint Steps : - Algorithmic Efficiency Resource Allocation Virtualization-IBM, Intel, AMD Terminal Servers-thin clients, Terminal Services, LTSP Power Management- APM ,ACPI, undervolting(SpeedStep) “Data Center” Power-Google Inc. Material Recycling 3 Virtualized Computing Platform Scalable use of computing resources Pay-per-Use concept “Passive” Consumers to “Prosumers” Amazon, Google, Microsoft Service Levels : - Cloud Computing SOFTWARE AS A SERVICE-Consume it PLATFORM AS A SERVICE-Build on it INFRASTRUCTURE AS A SERVICE-Migrate to it 4 5 Cloud Platform Usage based economics (CapEx to OpEx) Low IT skill to implement Accessed via the internet Third party provider Supply Chain Energy Usage “Green” Data Centers Steps : - Diagnose opportunities & problems Measure & Manage Cool-”blanking panels” Virtualize Build Server Virtualization Energy-Aware Consolidation Green Cloud Computing -A Data Center Perspective 6 Development of ICT Moving Processor and Data closer to the User Public Policy measures-Germany example, PPP Locating Data Centers in the developing world Economic Growth Green IT in developing regions -Introduction 7 Balancing Energy in Data Centers Components : - Data Storage, Servers, LAN Power Consumption Hard Disk Arrays-Long term Storage Server Consolidation 8
Slide 9 - GREEN CLOUD COMPUTING -A Data Center Approach Srikrishna Iyengar 1 Basics of Green & Cloud Computing Green Cloud Computing-A Data Center Perspective Green Cloud Computing in Developing Regions Balancing Energy in Data Centers Energy Aware Data Center Management Power Usage Effectiveness Case Studies :- Senegal & South Africa Indian Scenario Go Green References E-Journey 2 Green Computing Study and Practice of designing, manufacturing, using and disposing computing resources with minimal environmental damage Energy Star, OECD Product Longevity- Carbon Footprint Steps : - Algorithmic Efficiency Resource Allocation Virtualization-IBM, Intel, AMD Terminal Servers-thin clients, Terminal Services, LTSP Power Management- APM ,ACPI, undervolting(SpeedStep) “Data Center” Power-Google Inc. Material Recycling 3 Virtualized Computing Platform Scalable use of computing resources Pay-per-Use concept “Passive” Consumers to “Prosumers” Amazon, Google, Microsoft Service Levels : - Cloud Computing SOFTWARE AS A SERVICE-Consume it PLATFORM AS A SERVICE-Build on it INFRASTRUCTURE AS A SERVICE-Migrate to it 4 5 Cloud Platform Usage based economics (CapEx to OpEx) Low IT skill to implement Accessed via the internet Third party provider Supply Chain Energy Usage “Green” Data Centers Steps : - Diagnose opportunities & problems Measure & Manage Cool-”blanking panels” Virtualize Build Server Virtualization Energy-Aware Consolidation Green Cloud Computing -A Data Center Perspective 6 Development of ICT Moving Processor and Data closer to the User Public Policy measures-Germany example, PPP Locating Data Centers in the developing world Economic Growth Green IT in developing regions -Introduction 7 Balancing Energy in Data Centers Components : - Data Storage, Servers, LAN Power Consumption Hard Disk Arrays-Long term Storage Server Consolidation 8 OLPC Project Low Power Computing Platforms- Modern Data Centers “Managing” computing load Prioritization Virtualization technologies for Data Centers Cooling Data Centers- “42%” Used in Solar PV Systems Energy Aware Data Center Management 9
Slide 10 - GREEN CLOUD COMPUTING -A Data Center Approach Srikrishna Iyengar 1 Basics of Green & Cloud Computing Green Cloud Computing-A Data Center Perspective Green Cloud Computing in Developing Regions Balancing Energy in Data Centers Energy Aware Data Center Management Power Usage Effectiveness Case Studies :- Senegal & South Africa Indian Scenario Go Green References E-Journey 2 Green Computing Study and Practice of designing, manufacturing, using and disposing computing resources with minimal environmental damage Energy Star, OECD Product Longevity- Carbon Footprint Steps : - Algorithmic Efficiency Resource Allocation Virtualization-IBM, Intel, AMD Terminal Servers-thin clients, Terminal Services, LTSP Power Management- APM ,ACPI, undervolting(SpeedStep) “Data Center” Power-Google Inc. Material Recycling 3 Virtualized Computing Platform Scalable use of computing resources Pay-per-Use concept “Passive” Consumers to “Prosumers” Amazon, Google, Microsoft Service Levels : - Cloud Computing SOFTWARE AS A SERVICE-Consume it PLATFORM AS A SERVICE-Build on it INFRASTRUCTURE AS A SERVICE-Migrate to it 4 5 Cloud Platform Usage based economics (CapEx to OpEx) Low IT skill to implement Accessed via the internet Third party provider Supply Chain Energy Usage “Green” Data Centers Steps : - Diagnose opportunities & problems Measure & Manage Cool-”blanking panels” Virtualize Build Server Virtualization Energy-Aware Consolidation Green Cloud Computing -A Data Center Perspective 6 Development of ICT Moving Processor and Data closer to the User Public Policy measures-Germany example, PPP Locating Data Centers in the developing world Economic Growth Green IT in developing regions -Introduction 7 Balancing Energy in Data Centers Components : - Data Storage, Servers, LAN Power Consumption Hard Disk Arrays-Long term Storage Server Consolidation 8 OLPC Project Low Power Computing Platforms- Modern Data Centers “Managing” computing load Prioritization Virtualization technologies for Data Centers Cooling Data Centers- “42%” Used in Solar PV Systems Energy Aware Data Center Management 9   Power Usage Effectiveness(PUE) 10
Slide 11 - GREEN CLOUD COMPUTING -A Data Center Approach Srikrishna Iyengar 1 Basics of Green & Cloud Computing Green Cloud Computing-A Data Center Perspective Green Cloud Computing in Developing Regions Balancing Energy in Data Centers Energy Aware Data Center Management Power Usage Effectiveness Case Studies :- Senegal & South Africa Indian Scenario Go Green References E-Journey 2 Green Computing Study and Practice of designing, manufacturing, using and disposing computing resources with minimal environmental damage Energy Star, OECD Product Longevity- Carbon Footprint Steps : - Algorithmic Efficiency Resource Allocation Virtualization-IBM, Intel, AMD Terminal Servers-thin clients, Terminal Services, LTSP Power Management- APM ,ACPI, undervolting(SpeedStep) “Data Center” Power-Google Inc. Material Recycling 3 Virtualized Computing Platform Scalable use of computing resources Pay-per-Use concept “Passive” Consumers to “Prosumers” Amazon, Google, Microsoft Service Levels : - Cloud Computing SOFTWARE AS A SERVICE-Consume it PLATFORM AS A SERVICE-Build on it INFRASTRUCTURE AS A SERVICE-Migrate to it 4 5 Cloud Platform Usage based economics (CapEx to OpEx) Low IT skill to implement Accessed via the internet Third party provider Supply Chain Energy Usage “Green” Data Centers Steps : - Diagnose opportunities & problems Measure & Manage Cool-”blanking panels” Virtualize Build Server Virtualization Energy-Aware Consolidation Green Cloud Computing -A Data Center Perspective 6 Development of ICT Moving Processor and Data closer to the User Public Policy measures-Germany example, PPP Locating Data Centers in the developing world Economic Growth Green IT in developing regions -Introduction 7 Balancing Energy in Data Centers Components : - Data Storage, Servers, LAN Power Consumption Hard Disk Arrays-Long term Storage Server Consolidation 8 OLPC Project Low Power Computing Platforms- Modern Data Centers “Managing” computing load Prioritization Virtualization technologies for Data Centers Cooling Data Centers- “42%” Used in Solar PV Systems Energy Aware Data Center Management 9   Power Usage Effectiveness(PUE) 10 11
Slide 12 - GREEN CLOUD COMPUTING -A Data Center Approach Srikrishna Iyengar 1 Basics of Green & Cloud Computing Green Cloud Computing-A Data Center Perspective Green Cloud Computing in Developing Regions Balancing Energy in Data Centers Energy Aware Data Center Management Power Usage Effectiveness Case Studies :- Senegal & South Africa Indian Scenario Go Green References E-Journey 2 Green Computing Study and Practice of designing, manufacturing, using and disposing computing resources with minimal environmental damage Energy Star, OECD Product Longevity- Carbon Footprint Steps : - Algorithmic Efficiency Resource Allocation Virtualization-IBM, Intel, AMD Terminal Servers-thin clients, Terminal Services, LTSP Power Management- APM ,ACPI, undervolting(SpeedStep) “Data Center” Power-Google Inc. Material Recycling 3 Virtualized Computing Platform Scalable use of computing resources Pay-per-Use concept “Passive” Consumers to “Prosumers” Amazon, Google, Microsoft Service Levels : - Cloud Computing SOFTWARE AS A SERVICE-Consume it PLATFORM AS A SERVICE-Build on it INFRASTRUCTURE AS A SERVICE-Migrate to it 4 5 Cloud Platform Usage based economics (CapEx to OpEx) Low IT skill to implement Accessed via the internet Third party provider Supply Chain Energy Usage “Green” Data Centers Steps : - Diagnose opportunities & problems Measure & Manage Cool-”blanking panels” Virtualize Build Server Virtualization Energy-Aware Consolidation Green Cloud Computing -A Data Center Perspective 6 Development of ICT Moving Processor and Data closer to the User Public Policy measures-Germany example, PPP Locating Data Centers in the developing world Economic Growth Green IT in developing regions -Introduction 7 Balancing Energy in Data Centers Components : - Data Storage, Servers, LAN Power Consumption Hard Disk Arrays-Long term Storage Server Consolidation 8 OLPC Project Low Power Computing Platforms- Modern Data Centers “Managing” computing load Prioritization Virtualization technologies for Data Centers Cooling Data Centers- “42%” Used in Solar PV Systems Energy Aware Data Center Management 9   Power Usage Effectiveness(PUE) 10 11 UCAD Data Center Campus Wide Backbone Area occupied : - 60 square meters Operates 24 hours a day Servers : - 500 watts each Green Data Center approach : - Racks Cloud Computing involves : - Workload Diversification Power management flexibility Low Power Processors in data centers : - Microsoft Earth Rangers Case Study of Senegal 12
Slide 13 - GREEN CLOUD COMPUTING -A Data Center Approach Srikrishna Iyengar 1 Basics of Green & Cloud Computing Green Cloud Computing-A Data Center Perspective Green Cloud Computing in Developing Regions Balancing Energy in Data Centers Energy Aware Data Center Management Power Usage Effectiveness Case Studies :- Senegal & South Africa Indian Scenario Go Green References E-Journey 2 Green Computing Study and Practice of designing, manufacturing, using and disposing computing resources with minimal environmental damage Energy Star, OECD Product Longevity- Carbon Footprint Steps : - Algorithmic Efficiency Resource Allocation Virtualization-IBM, Intel, AMD Terminal Servers-thin clients, Terminal Services, LTSP Power Management- APM ,ACPI, undervolting(SpeedStep) “Data Center” Power-Google Inc. Material Recycling 3 Virtualized Computing Platform Scalable use of computing resources Pay-per-Use concept “Passive” Consumers to “Prosumers” Amazon, Google, Microsoft Service Levels : - Cloud Computing SOFTWARE AS A SERVICE-Consume it PLATFORM AS A SERVICE-Build on it INFRASTRUCTURE AS A SERVICE-Migrate to it 4 5 Cloud Platform Usage based economics (CapEx to OpEx) Low IT skill to implement Accessed via the internet Third party provider Supply Chain Energy Usage “Green” Data Centers Steps : - Diagnose opportunities & problems Measure & Manage Cool-”blanking panels” Virtualize Build Server Virtualization Energy-Aware Consolidation Green Cloud Computing -A Data Center Perspective 6 Development of ICT Moving Processor and Data closer to the User Public Policy measures-Germany example, PPP Locating Data Centers in the developing world Economic Growth Green IT in developing regions -Introduction 7 Balancing Energy in Data Centers Components : - Data Storage, Servers, LAN Power Consumption Hard Disk Arrays-Long term Storage Server Consolidation 8 OLPC Project Low Power Computing Platforms- Modern Data Centers “Managing” computing load Prioritization Virtualization technologies for Data Centers Cooling Data Centers- “42%” Used in Solar PV Systems Energy Aware Data Center Management 9   Power Usage Effectiveness(PUE) 10 11 UCAD Data Center Campus Wide Backbone Area occupied : - 60 square meters Operates 24 hours a day Servers : - 500 watts each Green Data Center approach : - Racks Cloud Computing involves : - Workload Diversification Power management flexibility Low Power Processors in data centers : - Microsoft Earth Rangers Case Study of Senegal 12 UCAD Data Center 13
Slide 14 - GREEN CLOUD COMPUTING -A Data Center Approach Srikrishna Iyengar 1 Basics of Green & Cloud Computing Green Cloud Computing-A Data Center Perspective Green Cloud Computing in Developing Regions Balancing Energy in Data Centers Energy Aware Data Center Management Power Usage Effectiveness Case Studies :- Senegal & South Africa Indian Scenario Go Green References E-Journey 2 Green Computing Study and Practice of designing, manufacturing, using and disposing computing resources with minimal environmental damage Energy Star, OECD Product Longevity- Carbon Footprint Steps : - Algorithmic Efficiency Resource Allocation Virtualization-IBM, Intel, AMD Terminal Servers-thin clients, Terminal Services, LTSP Power Management- APM ,ACPI, undervolting(SpeedStep) “Data Center” Power-Google Inc. Material Recycling 3 Virtualized Computing Platform Scalable use of computing resources Pay-per-Use concept “Passive” Consumers to “Prosumers” Amazon, Google, Microsoft Service Levels : - Cloud Computing SOFTWARE AS A SERVICE-Consume it PLATFORM AS A SERVICE-Build on it INFRASTRUCTURE AS A SERVICE-Migrate to it 4 5 Cloud Platform Usage based economics (CapEx to OpEx) Low IT skill to implement Accessed via the internet Third party provider Supply Chain Energy Usage “Green” Data Centers Steps : - Diagnose opportunities & problems Measure & Manage Cool-”blanking panels” Virtualize Build Server Virtualization Energy-Aware Consolidation Green Cloud Computing -A Data Center Perspective 6 Development of ICT Moving Processor and Data closer to the User Public Policy measures-Germany example, PPP Locating Data Centers in the developing world Economic Growth Green IT in developing regions -Introduction 7 Balancing Energy in Data Centers Components : - Data Storage, Servers, LAN Power Consumption Hard Disk Arrays-Long term Storage Server Consolidation 8 OLPC Project Low Power Computing Platforms- Modern Data Centers “Managing” computing load Prioritization Virtualization technologies for Data Centers Cooling Data Centers- “42%” Used in Solar PV Systems Energy Aware Data Center Management 9   Power Usage Effectiveness(PUE) 10 11 UCAD Data Center Campus Wide Backbone Area occupied : - 60 square meters Operates 24 hours a day Servers : - 500 watts each Green Data Center approach : - Racks Cloud Computing involves : - Workload Diversification Power management flexibility Low Power Processors in data centers : - Microsoft Earth Rangers Case Study of Senegal 12 UCAD Data Center 13 Horizontal Approach : - “Rack” Design Peak Daily Energy : - 23 KW Normal Daily Usage : - 6.8 KW Cloud Scheme : - Two Full Racks completely powered for 24/7 Area Required : - 1240 sq. feet Solar PV Array 14
Slide 15 - GREEN CLOUD COMPUTING -A Data Center Approach Srikrishna Iyengar 1 Basics of Green & Cloud Computing Green Cloud Computing-A Data Center Perspective Green Cloud Computing in Developing Regions Balancing Energy in Data Centers Energy Aware Data Center Management Power Usage Effectiveness Case Studies :- Senegal & South Africa Indian Scenario Go Green References E-Journey 2 Green Computing Study and Practice of designing, manufacturing, using and disposing computing resources with minimal environmental damage Energy Star, OECD Product Longevity- Carbon Footprint Steps : - Algorithmic Efficiency Resource Allocation Virtualization-IBM, Intel, AMD Terminal Servers-thin clients, Terminal Services, LTSP Power Management- APM ,ACPI, undervolting(SpeedStep) “Data Center” Power-Google Inc. Material Recycling 3 Virtualized Computing Platform Scalable use of computing resources Pay-per-Use concept “Passive” Consumers to “Prosumers” Amazon, Google, Microsoft Service Levels : - Cloud Computing SOFTWARE AS A SERVICE-Consume it PLATFORM AS A SERVICE-Build on it INFRASTRUCTURE AS A SERVICE-Migrate to it 4 5 Cloud Platform Usage based economics (CapEx to OpEx) Low IT skill to implement Accessed via the internet Third party provider Supply Chain Energy Usage “Green” Data Centers Steps : - Diagnose opportunities & problems Measure & Manage Cool-”blanking panels” Virtualize Build Server Virtualization Energy-Aware Consolidation Green Cloud Computing -A Data Center Perspective 6 Development of ICT Moving Processor and Data closer to the User Public Policy measures-Germany example, PPP Locating Data Centers in the developing world Economic Growth Green IT in developing regions -Introduction 7 Balancing Energy in Data Centers Components : - Data Storage, Servers, LAN Power Consumption Hard Disk Arrays-Long term Storage Server Consolidation 8 OLPC Project Low Power Computing Platforms- Modern Data Centers “Managing” computing load Prioritization Virtualization technologies for Data Centers Cooling Data Centers- “42%” Used in Solar PV Systems Energy Aware Data Center Management 9   Power Usage Effectiveness(PUE) 10 11 UCAD Data Center Campus Wide Backbone Area occupied : - 60 square meters Operates 24 hours a day Servers : - 500 watts each Green Data Center approach : - Racks Cloud Computing involves : - Workload Diversification Power management flexibility Low Power Processors in data centers : - Microsoft Earth Rangers Case Study of Senegal 12 UCAD Data Center 13 Horizontal Approach : - “Rack” Design Peak Daily Energy : - 23 KW Normal Daily Usage : - 6.8 KW Cloud Scheme : - Two Full Racks completely powered for 24/7 Area Required : - 1240 sq. feet Solar PV Array 14 Rack Design 15
Slide 16 - GREEN CLOUD COMPUTING -A Data Center Approach Srikrishna Iyengar 1 Basics of Green & Cloud Computing Green Cloud Computing-A Data Center Perspective Green Cloud Computing in Developing Regions Balancing Energy in Data Centers Energy Aware Data Center Management Power Usage Effectiveness Case Studies :- Senegal & South Africa Indian Scenario Go Green References E-Journey 2 Green Computing Study and Practice of designing, manufacturing, using and disposing computing resources with minimal environmental damage Energy Star, OECD Product Longevity- Carbon Footprint Steps : - Algorithmic Efficiency Resource Allocation Virtualization-IBM, Intel, AMD Terminal Servers-thin clients, Terminal Services, LTSP Power Management- APM ,ACPI, undervolting(SpeedStep) “Data Center” Power-Google Inc. Material Recycling 3 Virtualized Computing Platform Scalable use of computing resources Pay-per-Use concept “Passive” Consumers to “Prosumers” Amazon, Google, Microsoft Service Levels : - Cloud Computing SOFTWARE AS A SERVICE-Consume it PLATFORM AS A SERVICE-Build on it INFRASTRUCTURE AS A SERVICE-Migrate to it 4 5 Cloud Platform Usage based economics (CapEx to OpEx) Low IT skill to implement Accessed via the internet Third party provider Supply Chain Energy Usage “Green” Data Centers Steps : - Diagnose opportunities & problems Measure & Manage Cool-”blanking panels” Virtualize Build Server Virtualization Energy-Aware Consolidation Green Cloud Computing -A Data Center Perspective 6 Development of ICT Moving Processor and Data closer to the User Public Policy measures-Germany example, PPP Locating Data Centers in the developing world Economic Growth Green IT in developing regions -Introduction 7 Balancing Energy in Data Centers Components : - Data Storage, Servers, LAN Power Consumption Hard Disk Arrays-Long term Storage Server Consolidation 8 OLPC Project Low Power Computing Platforms- Modern Data Centers “Managing” computing load Prioritization Virtualization technologies for Data Centers Cooling Data Centers- “42%” Used in Solar PV Systems Energy Aware Data Center Management 9   Power Usage Effectiveness(PUE) 10 11 UCAD Data Center Campus Wide Backbone Area occupied : - 60 square meters Operates 24 hours a day Servers : - 500 watts each Green Data Center approach : - Racks Cloud Computing involves : - Workload Diversification Power management flexibility Low Power Processors in data centers : - Microsoft Earth Rangers Case Study of Senegal 12 UCAD Data Center 13 Horizontal Approach : - “Rack” Design Peak Daily Energy : - 23 KW Normal Daily Usage : - 6.8 KW Cloud Scheme : - Two Full Racks completely powered for 24/7 Area Required : - 1240 sq. feet Solar PV Array 14 Rack Design 15 Cell Phone Company Concerns : - Test Environment Resource Availability No good Scheduling Process Server Waste Private Cloud Designed Benefits : - Reduced time to test servers Tight Scheduling Reduced people resources “Eliminates Cloud Security” Reduced test server waste Case Study in South Africa 16
Slide 17 - GREEN CLOUD COMPUTING -A Data Center Approach Srikrishna Iyengar 1 Basics of Green & Cloud Computing Green Cloud Computing-A Data Center Perspective Green Cloud Computing in Developing Regions Balancing Energy in Data Centers Energy Aware Data Center Management Power Usage Effectiveness Case Studies :- Senegal & South Africa Indian Scenario Go Green References E-Journey 2 Green Computing Study and Practice of designing, manufacturing, using and disposing computing resources with minimal environmental damage Energy Star, OECD Product Longevity- Carbon Footprint Steps : - Algorithmic Efficiency Resource Allocation Virtualization-IBM, Intel, AMD Terminal Servers-thin clients, Terminal Services, LTSP Power Management- APM ,ACPI, undervolting(SpeedStep) “Data Center” Power-Google Inc. Material Recycling 3 Virtualized Computing Platform Scalable use of computing resources Pay-per-Use concept “Passive” Consumers to “Prosumers” Amazon, Google, Microsoft Service Levels : - Cloud Computing SOFTWARE AS A SERVICE-Consume it PLATFORM AS A SERVICE-Build on it INFRASTRUCTURE AS A SERVICE-Migrate to it 4 5 Cloud Platform Usage based economics (CapEx to OpEx) Low IT skill to implement Accessed via the internet Third party provider Supply Chain Energy Usage “Green” Data Centers Steps : - Diagnose opportunities & problems Measure & Manage Cool-”blanking panels” Virtualize Build Server Virtualization Energy-Aware Consolidation Green Cloud Computing -A Data Center Perspective 6 Development of ICT Moving Processor and Data closer to the User Public Policy measures-Germany example, PPP Locating Data Centers in the developing world Economic Growth Green IT in developing regions -Introduction 7 Balancing Energy in Data Centers Components : - Data Storage, Servers, LAN Power Consumption Hard Disk Arrays-Long term Storage Server Consolidation 8 OLPC Project Low Power Computing Platforms- Modern Data Centers “Managing” computing load Prioritization Virtualization technologies for Data Centers Cooling Data Centers- “42%” Used in Solar PV Systems Energy Aware Data Center Management 9   Power Usage Effectiveness(PUE) 10 11 UCAD Data Center Campus Wide Backbone Area occupied : - 60 square meters Operates 24 hours a day Servers : - 500 watts each Green Data Center approach : - Racks Cloud Computing involves : - Workload Diversification Power management flexibility Low Power Processors in data centers : - Microsoft Earth Rangers Case Study of Senegal 12 UCAD Data Center 13 Horizontal Approach : - “Rack” Design Peak Daily Energy : - 23 KW Normal Daily Usage : - 6.8 KW Cloud Scheme : - Two Full Racks completely powered for 24/7 Area Required : - 1240 sq. feet Solar PV Array 14 Rack Design 15 Cell Phone Company Concerns : - Test Environment Resource Availability No good Scheduling Process Server Waste Private Cloud Designed Benefits : - Reduced time to test servers Tight Scheduling Reduced people resources “Eliminates Cloud Security” Reduced test server waste Case Study in South Africa 16 During 2010, the cell phone company’s South Africa IT landscape continued to increase in size and complexity, here is analysis of benefits to a cell phone company. 1100+ Server Instances 40% - 60% - estimated spend on maintaining current IT infrastructures versus adding new capabilities 87.03% avg .idle – The company has an average of 12.97% CPU usage across platforms – test is lower Case Study in South Africa 17
Slide 18 - GREEN CLOUD COMPUTING -A Data Center Approach Srikrishna Iyengar 1 Basics of Green & Cloud Computing Green Cloud Computing-A Data Center Perspective Green Cloud Computing in Developing Regions Balancing Energy in Data Centers Energy Aware Data Center Management Power Usage Effectiveness Case Studies :- Senegal & South Africa Indian Scenario Go Green References E-Journey 2 Green Computing Study and Practice of designing, manufacturing, using and disposing computing resources with minimal environmental damage Energy Star, OECD Product Longevity- Carbon Footprint Steps : - Algorithmic Efficiency Resource Allocation Virtualization-IBM, Intel, AMD Terminal Servers-thin clients, Terminal Services, LTSP Power Management- APM ,ACPI, undervolting(SpeedStep) “Data Center” Power-Google Inc. Material Recycling 3 Virtualized Computing Platform Scalable use of computing resources Pay-per-Use concept “Passive” Consumers to “Prosumers” Amazon, Google, Microsoft Service Levels : - Cloud Computing SOFTWARE AS A SERVICE-Consume it PLATFORM AS A SERVICE-Build on it INFRASTRUCTURE AS A SERVICE-Migrate to it 4 5 Cloud Platform Usage based economics (CapEx to OpEx) Low IT skill to implement Accessed via the internet Third party provider Supply Chain Energy Usage “Green” Data Centers Steps : - Diagnose opportunities & problems Measure & Manage Cool-”blanking panels” Virtualize Build Server Virtualization Energy-Aware Consolidation Green Cloud Computing -A Data Center Perspective 6 Development of ICT Moving Processor and Data closer to the User Public Policy measures-Germany example, PPP Locating Data Centers in the developing world Economic Growth Green IT in developing regions -Introduction 7 Balancing Energy in Data Centers Components : - Data Storage, Servers, LAN Power Consumption Hard Disk Arrays-Long term Storage Server Consolidation 8 OLPC Project Low Power Computing Platforms- Modern Data Centers “Managing” computing load Prioritization Virtualization technologies for Data Centers Cooling Data Centers- “42%” Used in Solar PV Systems Energy Aware Data Center Management 9   Power Usage Effectiveness(PUE) 10 11 UCAD Data Center Campus Wide Backbone Area occupied : - 60 square meters Operates 24 hours a day Servers : - 500 watts each Green Data Center approach : - Racks Cloud Computing involves : - Workload Diversification Power management flexibility Low Power Processors in data centers : - Microsoft Earth Rangers Case Study of Senegal 12 UCAD Data Center 13 Horizontal Approach : - “Rack” Design Peak Daily Energy : - 23 KW Normal Daily Usage : - 6.8 KW Cloud Scheme : - Two Full Racks completely powered for 24/7 Area Required : - 1240 sq. feet Solar PV Array 14 Rack Design 15 Cell Phone Company Concerns : - Test Environment Resource Availability No good Scheduling Process Server Waste Private Cloud Designed Benefits : - Reduced time to test servers Tight Scheduling Reduced people resources “Eliminates Cloud Security” Reduced test server waste Case Study in South Africa 16 During 2010, the cell phone company’s South Africa IT landscape continued to increase in size and complexity, here is analysis of benefits to a cell phone company. 1100+ Server Instances 40% - 60% - estimated spend on maintaining current IT infrastructures versus adding new capabilities 87.03% avg .idle – The company has an average of 12.97% CPU usage across platforms – test is lower Case Study in South Africa 17 Bank in Johannesburg Benefits : - Speed: Test system setup that previously took two weeks now takes two hours. Energy Savings: The bank reported a reduction of virtual servers by half, reducing power and cooling in half. Conclusions : - Incentive for IT h/w and s/w makers To have better measurement facilities Case Study in South Africa 18
Slide 19 - GREEN CLOUD COMPUTING -A Data Center Approach Srikrishna Iyengar 1 Basics of Green & Cloud Computing Green Cloud Computing-A Data Center Perspective Green Cloud Computing in Developing Regions Balancing Energy in Data Centers Energy Aware Data Center Management Power Usage Effectiveness Case Studies :- Senegal & South Africa Indian Scenario Go Green References E-Journey 2 Green Computing Study and Practice of designing, manufacturing, using and disposing computing resources with minimal environmental damage Energy Star, OECD Product Longevity- Carbon Footprint Steps : - Algorithmic Efficiency Resource Allocation Virtualization-IBM, Intel, AMD Terminal Servers-thin clients, Terminal Services, LTSP Power Management- APM ,ACPI, undervolting(SpeedStep) “Data Center” Power-Google Inc. Material Recycling 3 Virtualized Computing Platform Scalable use of computing resources Pay-per-Use concept “Passive” Consumers to “Prosumers” Amazon, Google, Microsoft Service Levels : - Cloud Computing SOFTWARE AS A SERVICE-Consume it PLATFORM AS A SERVICE-Build on it INFRASTRUCTURE AS A SERVICE-Migrate to it 4 5 Cloud Platform Usage based economics (CapEx to OpEx) Low IT skill to implement Accessed via the internet Third party provider Supply Chain Energy Usage “Green” Data Centers Steps : - Diagnose opportunities & problems Measure & Manage Cool-”blanking panels” Virtualize Build Server Virtualization Energy-Aware Consolidation Green Cloud Computing -A Data Center Perspective 6 Development of ICT Moving Processor and Data closer to the User Public Policy measures-Germany example, PPP Locating Data Centers in the developing world Economic Growth Green IT in developing regions -Introduction 7 Balancing Energy in Data Centers Components : - Data Storage, Servers, LAN Power Consumption Hard Disk Arrays-Long term Storage Server Consolidation 8 OLPC Project Low Power Computing Platforms- Modern Data Centers “Managing” computing load Prioritization Virtualization technologies for Data Centers Cooling Data Centers- “42%” Used in Solar PV Systems Energy Aware Data Center Management 9   Power Usage Effectiveness(PUE) 10 11 UCAD Data Center Campus Wide Backbone Area occupied : - 60 square meters Operates 24 hours a day Servers : - 500 watts each Green Data Center approach : - Racks Cloud Computing involves : - Workload Diversification Power management flexibility Low Power Processors in data centers : - Microsoft Earth Rangers Case Study of Senegal 12 UCAD Data Center 13 Horizontal Approach : - “Rack” Design Peak Daily Energy : - 23 KW Normal Daily Usage : - 6.8 KW Cloud Scheme : - Two Full Racks completely powered for 24/7 Area Required : - 1240 sq. feet Solar PV Array 14 Rack Design 15 Cell Phone Company Concerns : - Test Environment Resource Availability No good Scheduling Process Server Waste Private Cloud Designed Benefits : - Reduced time to test servers Tight Scheduling Reduced people resources “Eliminates Cloud Security” Reduced test server waste Case Study in South Africa 16 During 2010, the cell phone company’s South Africa IT landscape continued to increase in size and complexity, here is analysis of benefits to a cell phone company. 1100+ Server Instances 40% - 60% - estimated spend on maintaining current IT infrastructures versus adding new capabilities 87.03% avg .idle – The company has an average of 12.97% CPU usage across platforms – test is lower Case Study in South Africa 17 Bank in Johannesburg Benefits : - Speed: Test system setup that previously took two weeks now takes two hours. Energy Savings: The bank reported a reduction of virtual servers by half, reducing power and cooling in half. Conclusions : - Incentive for IT h/w and s/w makers To have better measurement facilities Case Study in South Africa 18 Green ICT Standardization in India : - GISFI Started in 2010 Background info High GHG emission Fastest mobile subscriber growth rate Erratic power supply No network optimization Solutions : - To reduce carbon intensity by 20-25 % using fuel efficiency standards Network deployment by developing energy efficient base stations Indian Scenario 19
Slide 20 - GREEN CLOUD COMPUTING -A Data Center Approach Srikrishna Iyengar 1 Basics of Green & Cloud Computing Green Cloud Computing-A Data Center Perspective Green Cloud Computing in Developing Regions Balancing Energy in Data Centers Energy Aware Data Center Management Power Usage Effectiveness Case Studies :- Senegal & South Africa Indian Scenario Go Green References E-Journey 2 Green Computing Study and Practice of designing, manufacturing, using and disposing computing resources with minimal environmental damage Energy Star, OECD Product Longevity- Carbon Footprint Steps : - Algorithmic Efficiency Resource Allocation Virtualization-IBM, Intel, AMD Terminal Servers-thin clients, Terminal Services, LTSP Power Management- APM ,ACPI, undervolting(SpeedStep) “Data Center” Power-Google Inc. Material Recycling 3 Virtualized Computing Platform Scalable use of computing resources Pay-per-Use concept “Passive” Consumers to “Prosumers” Amazon, Google, Microsoft Service Levels : - Cloud Computing SOFTWARE AS A SERVICE-Consume it PLATFORM AS A SERVICE-Build on it INFRASTRUCTURE AS A SERVICE-Migrate to it 4 5 Cloud Platform Usage based economics (CapEx to OpEx) Low IT skill to implement Accessed via the internet Third party provider Supply Chain Energy Usage “Green” Data Centers Steps : - Diagnose opportunities & problems Measure & Manage Cool-”blanking panels” Virtualize Build Server Virtualization Energy-Aware Consolidation Green Cloud Computing -A Data Center Perspective 6 Development of ICT Moving Processor and Data closer to the User Public Policy measures-Germany example, PPP Locating Data Centers in the developing world Economic Growth Green IT in developing regions -Introduction 7 Balancing Energy in Data Centers Components : - Data Storage, Servers, LAN Power Consumption Hard Disk Arrays-Long term Storage Server Consolidation 8 OLPC Project Low Power Computing Platforms- Modern Data Centers “Managing” computing load Prioritization Virtualization technologies for Data Centers Cooling Data Centers- “42%” Used in Solar PV Systems Energy Aware Data Center Management 9   Power Usage Effectiveness(PUE) 10 11 UCAD Data Center Campus Wide Backbone Area occupied : - 60 square meters Operates 24 hours a day Servers : - 500 watts each Green Data Center approach : - Racks Cloud Computing involves : - Workload Diversification Power management flexibility Low Power Processors in data centers : - Microsoft Earth Rangers Case Study of Senegal 12 UCAD Data Center 13 Horizontal Approach : - “Rack” Design Peak Daily Energy : - 23 KW Normal Daily Usage : - 6.8 KW Cloud Scheme : - Two Full Racks completely powered for 24/7 Area Required : - 1240 sq. feet Solar PV Array 14 Rack Design 15 Cell Phone Company Concerns : - Test Environment Resource Availability No good Scheduling Process Server Waste Private Cloud Designed Benefits : - Reduced time to test servers Tight Scheduling Reduced people resources “Eliminates Cloud Security” Reduced test server waste Case Study in South Africa 16 During 2010, the cell phone company’s South Africa IT landscape continued to increase in size and complexity, here is analysis of benefits to a cell phone company. 1100+ Server Instances 40% - 60% - estimated spend on maintaining current IT infrastructures versus adding new capabilities 87.03% avg .idle – The company has an average of 12.97% CPU usage across platforms – test is lower Case Study in South Africa 17 Bank in Johannesburg Benefits : - Speed: Test system setup that previously took two weeks now takes two hours. Energy Savings: The bank reported a reduction of virtual servers by half, reducing power and cooling in half. Conclusions : - Incentive for IT h/w and s/w makers To have better measurement facilities Case Study in South Africa 18 Green ICT Standardization in India : - GISFI Started in 2010 Background info High GHG emission Fastest mobile subscriber growth rate Erratic power supply No network optimization Solutions : - To reduce carbon intensity by 20-25 % using fuel efficiency standards Network deployment by developing energy efficient base stations Indian Scenario 19 Data Centers: As of 2007, 14% of all ICT emission is caused by Data Centers Roughly 50% of the emission due to data centers is due to power system losses and cooling loads Rapid Growth in use of IPTV, VOIP, enterprise IT Use of both Corporate and Internet Data Centers. Indian Scenario 20
Slide 21 - GREEN CLOUD COMPUTING -A Data Center Approach Srikrishna Iyengar 1 Basics of Green & Cloud Computing Green Cloud Computing-A Data Center Perspective Green Cloud Computing in Developing Regions Balancing Energy in Data Centers Energy Aware Data Center Management Power Usage Effectiveness Case Studies :- Senegal & South Africa Indian Scenario Go Green References E-Journey 2 Green Computing Study and Practice of designing, manufacturing, using and disposing computing resources with minimal environmental damage Energy Star, OECD Product Longevity- Carbon Footprint Steps : - Algorithmic Efficiency Resource Allocation Virtualization-IBM, Intel, AMD Terminal Servers-thin clients, Terminal Services, LTSP Power Management- APM ,ACPI, undervolting(SpeedStep) “Data Center” Power-Google Inc. Material Recycling 3 Virtualized Computing Platform Scalable use of computing resources Pay-per-Use concept “Passive” Consumers to “Prosumers” Amazon, Google, Microsoft Service Levels : - Cloud Computing SOFTWARE AS A SERVICE-Consume it PLATFORM AS A SERVICE-Build on it INFRASTRUCTURE AS A SERVICE-Migrate to it 4 5 Cloud Platform Usage based economics (CapEx to OpEx) Low IT skill to implement Accessed via the internet Third party provider Supply Chain Energy Usage “Green” Data Centers Steps : - Diagnose opportunities & problems Measure & Manage Cool-”blanking panels” Virtualize Build Server Virtualization Energy-Aware Consolidation Green Cloud Computing -A Data Center Perspective 6 Development of ICT Moving Processor and Data closer to the User Public Policy measures-Germany example, PPP Locating Data Centers in the developing world Economic Growth Green IT in developing regions -Introduction 7 Balancing Energy in Data Centers Components : - Data Storage, Servers, LAN Power Consumption Hard Disk Arrays-Long term Storage Server Consolidation 8 OLPC Project Low Power Computing Platforms- Modern Data Centers “Managing” computing load Prioritization Virtualization technologies for Data Centers Cooling Data Centers- “42%” Used in Solar PV Systems Energy Aware Data Center Management 9   Power Usage Effectiveness(PUE) 10 11 UCAD Data Center Campus Wide Backbone Area occupied : - 60 square meters Operates 24 hours a day Servers : - 500 watts each Green Data Center approach : - Racks Cloud Computing involves : - Workload Diversification Power management flexibility Low Power Processors in data centers : - Microsoft Earth Rangers Case Study of Senegal 12 UCAD Data Center 13 Horizontal Approach : - “Rack” Design Peak Daily Energy : - 23 KW Normal Daily Usage : - 6.8 KW Cloud Scheme : - Two Full Racks completely powered for 24/7 Area Required : - 1240 sq. feet Solar PV Array 14 Rack Design 15 Cell Phone Company Concerns : - Test Environment Resource Availability No good Scheduling Process Server Waste Private Cloud Designed Benefits : - Reduced time to test servers Tight Scheduling Reduced people resources “Eliminates Cloud Security” Reduced test server waste Case Study in South Africa 16 During 2010, the cell phone company’s South Africa IT landscape continued to increase in size and complexity, here is analysis of benefits to a cell phone company. 1100+ Server Instances 40% - 60% - estimated spend on maintaining current IT infrastructures versus adding new capabilities 87.03% avg .idle – The company has an average of 12.97% CPU usage across platforms – test is lower Case Study in South Africa 17 Bank in Johannesburg Benefits : - Speed: Test system setup that previously took two weeks now takes two hours. Energy Savings: The bank reported a reduction of virtual servers by half, reducing power and cooling in half. Conclusions : - Incentive for IT h/w and s/w makers To have better measurement facilities Case Study in South Africa 18 Green ICT Standardization in India : - GISFI Started in 2010 Background info High GHG emission Fastest mobile subscriber growth rate Erratic power supply No network optimization Solutions : - To reduce carbon intensity by 20-25 % using fuel efficiency standards Network deployment by developing energy efficient base stations Indian Scenario 19 Data Centers: As of 2007, 14% of all ICT emission is caused by Data Centers Roughly 50% of the emission due to data centers is due to power system losses and cooling loads Rapid Growth in use of IPTV, VOIP, enterprise IT Use of both Corporate and Internet Data Centers. Indian Scenario 20 Examples mentioned will help in harnessing energy Lots of research to be carried out Maximizing Efficiency of Green Data Centers Developing Regions to benefit the most Go Green!!! 21
Slide 22 - GREEN CLOUD COMPUTING -A Data Center Approach Srikrishna Iyengar 1 Basics of Green & Cloud Computing Green Cloud Computing-A Data Center Perspective Green Cloud Computing in Developing Regions Balancing Energy in Data Centers Energy Aware Data Center Management Power Usage Effectiveness Case Studies :- Senegal & South Africa Indian Scenario Go Green References E-Journey 2 Green Computing Study and Practice of designing, manufacturing, using and disposing computing resources with minimal environmental damage Energy Star, OECD Product Longevity- Carbon Footprint Steps : - Algorithmic Efficiency Resource Allocation Virtualization-IBM, Intel, AMD Terminal Servers-thin clients, Terminal Services, LTSP Power Management- APM ,ACPI, undervolting(SpeedStep) “Data Center” Power-Google Inc. Material Recycling 3 Virtualized Computing Platform Scalable use of computing resources Pay-per-Use concept “Passive” Consumers to “Prosumers” Amazon, Google, Microsoft Service Levels : - Cloud Computing SOFTWARE AS A SERVICE-Consume it PLATFORM AS A SERVICE-Build on it INFRASTRUCTURE AS A SERVICE-Migrate to it 4 5 Cloud Platform Usage based economics (CapEx to OpEx) Low IT skill to implement Accessed via the internet Third party provider Supply Chain Energy Usage “Green” Data Centers Steps : - Diagnose opportunities & problems Measure & Manage Cool-”blanking panels” Virtualize Build Server Virtualization Energy-Aware Consolidation Green Cloud Computing -A Data Center Perspective 6 Development of ICT Moving Processor and Data closer to the User Public Policy measures-Germany example, PPP Locating Data Centers in the developing world Economic Growth Green IT in developing regions -Introduction 7 Balancing Energy in Data Centers Components : - Data Storage, Servers, LAN Power Consumption Hard Disk Arrays-Long term Storage Server Consolidation 8 OLPC Project Low Power Computing Platforms- Modern Data Centers “Managing” computing load Prioritization Virtualization technologies for Data Centers Cooling Data Centers- “42%” Used in Solar PV Systems Energy Aware Data Center Management 9   Power Usage Effectiveness(PUE) 10 11 UCAD Data Center Campus Wide Backbone Area occupied : - 60 square meters Operates 24 hours a day Servers : - 500 watts each Green Data Center approach : - Racks Cloud Computing involves : - Workload Diversification Power management flexibility Low Power Processors in data centers : - Microsoft Earth Rangers Case Study of Senegal 12 UCAD Data Center 13 Horizontal Approach : - “Rack” Design Peak Daily Energy : - 23 KW Normal Daily Usage : - 6.8 KW Cloud Scheme : - Two Full Racks completely powered for 24/7 Area Required : - 1240 sq. feet Solar PV Array 14 Rack Design 15 Cell Phone Company Concerns : - Test Environment Resource Availability No good Scheduling Process Server Waste Private Cloud Designed Benefits : - Reduced time to test servers Tight Scheduling Reduced people resources “Eliminates Cloud Security” Reduced test server waste Case Study in South Africa 16 During 2010, the cell phone company’s South Africa IT landscape continued to increase in size and complexity, here is analysis of benefits to a cell phone company. 1100+ Server Instances 40% - 60% - estimated spend on maintaining current IT infrastructures versus adding new capabilities 87.03% avg .idle – The company has an average of 12.97% CPU usage across platforms – test is lower Case Study in South Africa 17 Bank in Johannesburg Benefits : - Speed: Test system setup that previously took two weeks now takes two hours. Energy Savings: The bank reported a reduction of virtual servers by half, reducing power and cooling in half. Conclusions : - Incentive for IT h/w and s/w makers To have better measurement facilities Case Study in South Africa 18 Green ICT Standardization in India : - GISFI Started in 2010 Background info High GHG emission Fastest mobile subscriber growth rate Erratic power supply No network optimization Solutions : - To reduce carbon intensity by 20-25 % using fuel efficiency standards Network deployment by developing energy efficient base stations Indian Scenario 19 Data Centers: As of 2007, 14% of all ICT emission is caused by Data Centers Roughly 50% of the emission due to data centers is due to power system losses and cooling loads Rapid Growth in use of IPTV, VOIP, enterprise IT Use of both Corporate and Internet Data Centers. Indian Scenario 20 Examples mentioned will help in harnessing energy Lots of research to be carried out Maximizing Efficiency of Green Data Centers Developing Regions to benefit the most Go Green!!! 21 Green Cloud Computing : Balancing Energy in Processing, Storage, and Transport By Jayant Baliga, Robert W. A. Ayre, Kerry Hinton, and Rodney S. Tucker An Intelligent Cloud Computing Architecture Supporting e-Governance by Rajkumar Sharma and Priyesh Kanungo PUE: The Green Grid metric for evaluating the energy efficiency in DC (Data Center). Measurement method using the Power Demand by Enrique laureguialzo Green IT and use of Private Cloud Computing in South Africa by John Lamb References 22
Slide 23 - GREEN CLOUD COMPUTING -A Data Center Approach Srikrishna Iyengar 1 Basics of Green & Cloud Computing Green Cloud Computing-A Data Center Perspective Green Cloud Computing in Developing Regions Balancing Energy in Data Centers Energy Aware Data Center Management Power Usage Effectiveness Case Studies :- Senegal & South Africa Indian Scenario Go Green References E-Journey 2 Green Computing Study and Practice of designing, manufacturing, using and disposing computing resources with minimal environmental damage Energy Star, OECD Product Longevity- Carbon Footprint Steps : - Algorithmic Efficiency Resource Allocation Virtualization-IBM, Intel, AMD Terminal Servers-thin clients, Terminal Services, LTSP Power Management- APM ,ACPI, undervolting(SpeedStep) “Data Center” Power-Google Inc. Material Recycling 3 Virtualized Computing Platform Scalable use of computing resources Pay-per-Use concept “Passive” Consumers to “Prosumers” Amazon, Google, Microsoft Service Levels : - Cloud Computing SOFTWARE AS A SERVICE-Consume it PLATFORM AS A SERVICE-Build on it INFRASTRUCTURE AS A SERVICE-Migrate to it 4 5 Cloud Platform Usage based economics (CapEx to OpEx) Low IT skill to implement Accessed via the internet Third party provider Supply Chain Energy Usage “Green” Data Centers Steps : - Diagnose opportunities & problems Measure & Manage Cool-”blanking panels” Virtualize Build Server Virtualization Energy-Aware Consolidation Green Cloud Computing -A Data Center Perspective 6 Development of ICT Moving Processor and Data closer to the User Public Policy measures-Germany example, PPP Locating Data Centers in the developing world Economic Growth Green IT in developing regions -Introduction 7 Balancing Energy in Data Centers Components : - Data Storage, Servers, LAN Power Consumption Hard Disk Arrays-Long term Storage Server Consolidation 8 OLPC Project Low Power Computing Platforms- Modern Data Centers “Managing” computing load Prioritization Virtualization technologies for Data Centers Cooling Data Centers- “42%” Used in Solar PV Systems Energy Aware Data Center Management 9   Power Usage Effectiveness(PUE) 10 11 UCAD Data Center Campus Wide Backbone Area occupied : - 60 square meters Operates 24 hours a day Servers : - 500 watts each Green Data Center approach : - Racks Cloud Computing involves : - Workload Diversification Power management flexibility Low Power Processors in data centers : - Microsoft Earth Rangers Case Study of Senegal 12 UCAD Data Center 13 Horizontal Approach : - “Rack” Design Peak Daily Energy : - 23 KW Normal Daily Usage : - 6.8 KW Cloud Scheme : - Two Full Racks completely powered for 24/7 Area Required : - 1240 sq. feet Solar PV Array 14 Rack Design 15 Cell Phone Company Concerns : - Test Environment Resource Availability No good Scheduling Process Server Waste Private Cloud Designed Benefits : - Reduced time to test servers Tight Scheduling Reduced people resources “Eliminates Cloud Security” Reduced test server waste Case Study in South Africa 16 During 2010, the cell phone company’s South Africa IT landscape continued to increase in size and complexity, here is analysis of benefits to a cell phone company. 1100+ Server Instances 40% - 60% - estimated spend on maintaining current IT infrastructures versus adding new capabilities 87.03% avg .idle – The company has an average of 12.97% CPU usage across platforms – test is lower Case Study in South Africa 17 Bank in Johannesburg Benefits : - Speed: Test system setup that previously took two weeks now takes two hours. Energy Savings: The bank reported a reduction of virtual servers by half, reducing power and cooling in half. Conclusions : - Incentive for IT h/w and s/w makers To have better measurement facilities Case Study in South Africa 18 Green ICT Standardization in India : - GISFI Started in 2010 Background info High GHG emission Fastest mobile subscriber growth rate Erratic power supply No network optimization Solutions : - To reduce carbon intensity by 20-25 % using fuel efficiency standards Network deployment by developing energy efficient base stations Indian Scenario 19 Data Centers: As of 2007, 14% of all ICT emission is caused by Data Centers Roughly 50% of the emission due to data centers is due to power system losses and cooling loads Rapid Growth in use of IPTV, VOIP, enterprise IT Use of both Corporate and Internet Data Centers. Indian Scenario 20 Examples mentioned will help in harnessing energy Lots of research to be carried out Maximizing Efficiency of Green Data Centers Developing Regions to benefit the most Go Green!!! 21 Green Cloud Computing : Balancing Energy in Processing, Storage, and Transport By Jayant Baliga, Robert W. A. Ayre, Kerry Hinton, and Rodney S. Tucker An Intelligent Cloud Computing Architecture Supporting e-Governance by Rajkumar Sharma and Priyesh Kanungo PUE: The Green Grid metric for evaluating the energy efficiency in DC (Data Center). Measurement method using the Power Demand by Enrique laureguialzo Green IT and use of Private Cloud Computing in South Africa by John Lamb References 22 THANK YOU & ANY Questions? Wish u a Green Day 23