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Blood Safety and Blood Donor Motivation PowerPoint Presentation

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Blood Safety and Blood Donor Motivation Presentation Transcript

Slide 1 - Blood Safety & Blood Donor Motivation
Slide 2 - BLOOD Facts Blood flows everywhere through out the human body. One cannot live without it. The heart pumps blood to all the cells, supplying them with oxygen and food. Blood also carries proteins and cell fragments called platelets that let blood clot where there has been an injury.
Slide 3 - Did You Know? 350ml of blood can save as many as three lives. Even with all of today’s technology, there is no substitute of blood. The beneficiary is usually in state of emergency and can not make an appeal The act gives you a sense of satisfaction and binds you to your society Someone has to give blood in order for someone to receive blood.
Slide 4 - Fact Sheet -1 In Jharkhand the need of blood is approximately 3 lakh units. Approximately not even 1% of the eligible population in Jharkhand donates blood. Approximately 10% of regular donors donate only ONCE in a year. If they donate just two times per year the shortage could be managed.
Slide 5 - Fact sheet -2 A person has 5 - 6 litres of blood in their body. A person can donate blood after an interval of every 90 days (3 months). Body recovers the Blood very quickly: Blood plasma volume– within 24 - 48 hours Red Blood Cells – in about 3 weeks Platelets & White Blood Cells – 2 to 3 Days
Slide 6 - and many others……. 1 of out 10 hospital patients needs a blood transfusion Blood is always needed for, accident victims cancer patients blood disorder patients surgery patients Pre-mature, pre term babies SOME REASONS TO DONATE BLOOD
Slide 7 - Blood Bank’s Primary Concern - Safety of Blood Donor & Blood Recipient (patient) because “Safe Blood” gives life, “Unsafe blood” gives infections To ensure “Blood Safety”, Strict “Donor Screening” at the Camp “Testing” of collected blood “Safe Storage” of collected blood up to 35 days. Strict “cross-matching” of blood samples to ensure safe transfusion to patient
Slide 8 - Pre-Donation information It is quick and safe. It doesn’t hurt. It can save up to 3 lives. Blood is taken ONLY from Voluntary Donors Using sterile, disposable blood bags & instruments Donated Blood is tested and stored It is safe to donate every 3 months
Slide 9 - Procedure for Voluntary Blood Donation PRE-DONATION: Donor Screening Donor Eligibility criteria Deferral Criteria (Donor Consent Form) Medical examination including Hb estimation BLOOD DONATION: Blood donation procedure POST DONATION: Rest for 15 minutes, advice & light refreshment Donor Certificate, Donor card and Thanks.
Slide 10 - Safe Donor selection involves - Identification of low risk populations Donor education and recruitment Encouraging self deferral based on “Deferral Criteria” Medical Examination before donation Voluntary Non-remunerated Repeat Donor (VNRD) is safest 1. Donor Screening
Slide 11 - 2. Donor Eligibility Criteria Who can donate? Age: 18 - 65 years Weight : > 45 kgs Hemoglobin level: 12. gms and above In good health Wt > 45 Kg
Slide 12 - 3. DEFERRAL CRITERIA Who CANNOT donate?
Slide 13 - 3. DEFERRAL CRITERIA… (Donor Consent Form) Postpone donation for 6 months if you have risk factors for HIV/AIDS Having sex with more than one partner Having sex with any unknown partner Intravenous drug abuse Having sex with a person who could have the above risk factors
Slide 14 - Female donors cannot donate blood…… During pregnancy After delivery for one year When lactating During menstrual period 3. DEFERRAL CRITERIA… (Donor Consent Form)
Slide 15 - 4. Medical Examination at camp Blood test for: Blood grouping Hemoglobin Blood pressure Pulse General physical examination
Slide 16 - 5. Blood Donation Procedure Remember! The Donor Must …. have had good rest / sleep have had light meal be mentally prepared
Slide 17 - 5. BLOOD DONATION PROCEDURE Volume of blood collection
Slide 18 - POST DONATION ADVICE Drink lots of fluids for next 24 hours Avoid smoking for one hour & alcohol till after a meal Avoid highly strenuous exercises & games for a day If it bleeds, apply pressure & reapply band-aid. The bruise is due to blood seeping into the surrounding tissue. It will take a few days to get reabsorbed. Remove band-aid after 4 hours
Slide 19 - 6. TESTING AT BLOOD BANK FOR Transfusion Transmissible Infections (TTIs) Blood collected at the BDC is screened using highest quality screening tests for 5 TTIs HIV Hepatitis B Hepatitis C VDRL (syphilis) Malaria
Slide 20 - COUNSELLING FOR “REACTIVE” DONORS If a blood sample tests positive for any TTI, then…. Tests are repeated in duplicate Complete confidentiality is maintained about the test results only the donor is informed, counseled & encouraged for further testing Referrals to health experts are provided along with follow-ups
Slide 21 - 7. Blood Products / Components & their uses BLOOD COLLECTED IS SCREENED FOR TTIS (INFECTIONS) & IF SAFE, IS SEPARATED INTO COMPONENTS & STORED FOR ISSUE TO PATIENTS. Whole blood For Exchange Transfusion in Babies Accident Victims Complicated Delivery cases Some specific surgeries Blood Components Red Cells (for anemia) Fresh Frozen Plasma (for clotting disorders, burns) Platelets/Platelet rich plasma (for cancer, dengue etc) Cryoprecipitate (for clotting disorders)
Slide 22 - WHAT CAN YOU DO? Make Blood Donation a HABIT Donate regularly - every 3 months to commemorate special days like birthdays, anniversaries …. Motivate others to donate Refer your friends and relatives
Slide 23 - Benefits to Donor of blood donation HEALTH BENEFITS: Regular donation (2-3 times a year….) Lowers cholesterol Lowers lipid levels Decreases incidence of heart attacks, strokes DONOR IS ALSO ELIGIBLE TO RECEIVE ONE FREE UNIT OF BLOOD IF NEEDED FOR Self Spouse/ Child/ Parents, and Even friends
Slide 24 - Volunteer’s role Most people who have never donated have never been asked. Posters don’t recruit donors…people do
Slide 25 - THANK YOU