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Slide 1 - COCONUT Cultivation Practices and Uses
Slide 2 - The four southern states viz . Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh are the major coconut producing states in India accounting for more than 90 per cent of area and production. There is a great scope for enhancing the productivity of coconut through adoption of scientific cultivation technologies, which are described here under. The coconut palm is found to grow under varying climatic and soil conditions. Shallow soils with underlying hard rock, low lying areas subject to water stagnation and clayey soils are to be avoided.
Slide 3 - Proper supply of moisture either through well distributed rainfall or through irrigation should be ensured before planting. The ideal temperature for coconut growth and yield is 27 ± 5° C and humidity > 60 per cent. Rainfall of about 200 cm per year is the best for proper growth and higher yield. In areas of inadequate rainfall with uneven distribution, irrigation is required. Coconut is propagated through seedlings raised from selected seednuts.
Slide 4 - Generally 9 to 12 month old seedlings are used for planting. Select seedlings, which have 6-8 leaves. Seedlings can be transplanted in the beginning of the south west monsoon. If irrigation facilities are available, it is advisable to take up planting at least a month before the onset of the monsoon so that the seedlings get well established before heavy rains.
Slide 5 - Planting can also be taken up before the onset of the north-east monsoon. In low-lying areas subject to inundation (Flooding) during monsoon period, transplanting may be done after the cessation (process of ending)of the monsoon. Drip irrigation is the best suited method of irrigation for coconut. It saves water, labour and energy.
Slide 6 - USES OF COCONUT Coconuts can be eaten either raw or cooked, and they are rich in vitamins, minerals, and powerful antioxidants. Coconut water is a Healthy, Refreshing Drink Coconut oil is used for Cooking, Skin, and Hair The component Lauric acid in coconut oil is believed to be excellent for health, however, due to the fact that it boosts immunity and can protect against several illnesses. The husk of a coconut comprises 30 per cent coconut fibres and 70 per cent flesh. These are separated from one another, after which traditional products, such as mats and brushes, are made from the fibres. A Natural Scrubber and Craft Material, Ropes
Slide 7 - Thanks