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Creating a Basic Web Page PowerPoint Presentation

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On : May 31, 2016

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Creating a Basic Web Page
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  • Slide 1 - CS134 Web Design & Development Creating a Basic Web Page Mehmud Abliz
  • Slide 2 - HTML Source Document When you connect to a web page by entering its URL into the browser Browser instructs your computer to send a message out over the Internet to the computer specified by that URL requests that it sends back a certain document (HTML source doc) HTML source doc describes the content and layout of the web page After your computer receives the html, your browser interprets the html and displays the resulting web page (text/graphics/links etc)
  • Slide 3 - HTML Source Document HTML source document A text-only document Consists of (1) actual text, and (2) tags A tag is an html code that is enclosed in angel brackets <>; used to lay out the web page. XHTML is a simple, more standardized version of HTML XHTML/HTML can be created using a simple text editor like notepad File extension must be .html or .htm
  • Slide 4 - Sample HTML HTML Source Firefox display of the html source
  • Slide 5 - HTML, XML, XHTML XML (eXtensible Markup Language): is a set of rules that lets web designers classify their data in a way customized to their needs. Extendable by creating new types of tags. XHTML (eXtensible HyperText Markup Language): A new version of HTML based on XML Inherits strict syntax rules of XML
  • Slide 6 - HTML vs. XHTML Some comparisons of HTML vs. XHTML For this course, we use XHTML
  • Slide 7 - Composition of a XHTML Document An XHTML document consists of three main parts: the DOCTYPE the Head the Body
  • Slide 8 - Composition of a XHTML Document ...
  • Slide 9 - Creating XHTML The code inside red rectangle () is a Document Type Definition (DTD), it specifies what type of document this is – in this case an XHTML document. The code inside green rectangle, xmlns specifies the namespace, it tells the browser that all tags contained within the tag belong to the XHTML namespace as defined by the W3C and located at the given URL.
  • Slide 10 - XHTML Tags/Elements Tags are also called elements An attribute is a special code that can enhance or modify a tag. They are generally located in the starting tag after the tag name. Basic syntax for xhtml tags and attributes    All tags must be lower case all values of attributes need to surrounded by quotes
  • Slide 11 - XHTML Tags/Elements Example This is bold text…

    This text will appear aligned to the center…

  • Slide 12 - tag tag is used to specify keywords that describe a document’s contents as well as a short description. Two necessary attributes – "name" & "content"
  • Slide 13 -

    paragraph tag

    tag The paragraph tag. Used so separate text within a web page. Container type Will provide line breaks Optional attribute : align (not allowed in XHTML 1.0 Strict though)

  • Slide 14 -
    tag Is used for line break Example

    6150 Sennott Square
    University of Pittsburgh
    Pittsburgh, PA 15260

  • Slide 15 - Headings


    Define headers.

    defines the largest header.

    defines the smallest header. Example

    This is header 1

    This is header 2

    This is header 3

    This is header 4

    This is header 5
    This is header 6
  • Slide 16 - & tags tag Renders text as emphasized text tag Renders text as strong emphasized text Example Emphasized text
    Strong text
  • Slide 17 - Commenting Source Code Comments are inclosed in Example

    This is a regular paragraph

  • Slide 18 -
    tag tag defines the start of a long quotation. To validate the page as strict XHTML, you must add a block-level element around the text within the
    tag, like this:

    here is a long quotation here is a long quotation

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Tags : web page layout | web layout | website designing | web design | web page | basic web page