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Attributes Lists Tables Links and Images PowerPoint Presentation

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Attributes Lists Tables Links and Images
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  • Slide 1 - CS134 Web Design & Development Attributes, Lists, Tables, Links, and Images Mehmud Abliz
  • Slide 2 - Block-Level vs. Inline Elements This works

    Bold and italic

    How about this

    Bold and italic

    Block-level element/tag define a complete section or block of text Can contain inline element and block-level element Inline elements Define the structure of a sequence of characters within a line may not contain a block-level element may be used within a block
  • Slide 3 - Block-Level vs. Inline Elements Partial list of block-level tags p, blockquote, h1 … h6, div, ul, ol, li, table, tr, td, th Partial list of inline tags a (anchor tag), em, strong, img, q (short quotation)
  • Slide 4 - Attribute An attribute is a special code that can enhance or modify a tag. They are generally located in the starting tag after the tag name. Basic syntax for xhtml tags and attributes    All tags must be lower case all values of attributes need to be surrounded by quotes
  • Slide 5 - Common Attributes id unique identifier for elements class the class of the element, used to specify similar attributes for dissimilar elements by putting them in the same class style an inline style definition title a text to display in a tool tip
  • Slide 6 - Common Attributes Examples 1

    Assuming style sheet contains .indent { margin-right: 5%; margin-left: 5%;} Example 2

  • Slide 7 - Common Attributes lang sets the language code; “en”: English, “fr”: French, “es”: Spanish, “de”: German etc. dir sets the text direction, left to right or right to left

    bonjour!

    accesskey assigns an access key to an element. An access key is a single character from the document character set. tabindex Sets the tab order of an element
  • Slide 8 - Deprecated Attributes In order to separate structure from presentation many HTML attributes/tags used for presentation were deprecated, starting from HTML version 4 Some deprecated attributes font, Text align,

    Centered text

    bgcolor, width, height, etc.
  • Slide 9 - Lists Ordered lists & Unordered lists
      for ordered
        for unordered
      • for each item inside the list Browser inserts a blank line before & after the list (block-level element) Example
        1. Item 1
        2. Item 2
        3. Item3
  • Slide 10 - Lists Nested lists
    • Top Level, Item 1
    • Top Level, Item 2
      • Sublevel 1, Item 1
        • Sublevel 2, Item 1
        • Sublevel 2, Item 2
      • Sublevel 1, Item 2
    • Top Level, Item 3
  • Slide 11 - Customizing List Display List numbers or marks can be customized “type” attribute Example
              “type” attribute is not allowed in XHTML 1.0 Strict, so use style sheets instead
  • Slide 12 - Definition Lists
    for list element;
    for “definition terms”;
    for “definition data” Example
    CPU
    Central Processing Unit
    ALU
    Arithmetic Logic Unit
    GHz
    Gigahertz
  • Slide 13 - Tables Tables used not only for displaying data in tabular format A table (
    ) in HTML Consists of rows () Each row consists of rectangular boxes called cells (
    )
    R1,Cell1R1,Cell2
    R2,Cell1R2,Cell2
  • Slide 14 - Tables By default Text in each cell is automatically aligned to the left All the cells in a column have the same width Width of the column is determined by the cell with the most text in it for “table header”
    Header1 Header2
  • Slide 15 - Tables Other attributes of align, cellpadding, cellspacing, colspan Yet XHTML 1.0 Strict don’t allow this attributes, so use stylesheet instead Other tags , ,
  • Slide 16 - Links The true power of WWW comes with hyperlinks Surfer click on a specially marked word or image on a web page and automatically be jumped to another web page or another place in the same web page. Another web page – External link Another place – Internal link Use (anchor) tag to create a link
  • Slide 17 - Links External Links Text/image Create a link to CS web page CS Department at Pitt Be careful about the quotation mark Internal Links Create a place/anchor or Link to the anchor Go to some place
  • Slide 18 - Links Combining External and Internal Links Link Text
  • Slide 19 - Images Insert an image using tag Image can an image on a remote machine on the Internet, or an image in your local machine. Examples,
  • Slide 20 - Images Alternative Text for images “Alternative Example Lake Karakul width & height attributes Lake Karakul Use style sheet instead of attributes, even though XHTML 1.0 Strict supports these two attributes
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