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The Planter Aristocracy Lamar Consolidated ISD PowerPoint Presentation

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On : Jan 08, 2015

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  • Slide 1 - “Cotton is King!” and The Planter “Aristocracy” By: Austin Smith Alex Martin del Campo Period 7 Nov 17, 2008
  • Slide 2 - Slavery faced an uncertain future, some wanted it and others opposed it. The introduction of Eli Whitney’s cotton gin jumbled all those predictions. The innovation greatly made cotton the key crop in the South, and it dangerously led to the dependence on cotton. The South and the Slavery Controversy
  • Slide 3 - The cotton industry grew rapidly as the Civil War came. Most of the South’s supply of cotton came from the Deep South and the Gulf States. The cotton industry also depended on the fertility of the soil because the soil would produce bigger yields. Origin of Cotton
  • Slide 4 - Northern shippers depended heavily on the profits of the cotton trade. The merchants would load bales of cotton at Southern ports and then they would sail towards England and sell their cargo for money. To a degree, both the North and the South depended on the labor of the slaves. The most important manufacture in the 1850’s was cotton cloth, which about one-fifth of the total cotton output was directed to. Trade
  • Slide 5 - Cotton accounted for more than half of all American exports after 1840. The South alone produced more than half of the worlds supply of cotton. This asset held the other nations in a bondage with the U.S. Without “King Cotton” the empires of both Britain and France would decline because the factories would have to close their gates. Trade (cont.)
  • Slide 6 - Due to the increasing profits yielded from the cotton, more and more slaves were bought so they could produce more. Cotton, in a sense, helped stimulate the cause of the Civil War and made it inevitable. Slavery
  • Slide 7 - South was more of an oligarchy than a democracy Heavily influenced by a planter aristocracy In 1850, 1,733 families had 100 slaves each Contained most of wealth Sent children to the North for schooling Hampered public schools in South Aristocracy of the South
  • Slide 8 - Widened gap between rich and the poor Money provided the leisure for study, reflection, and statecraft Notably John C. Calhoun and Jefferson Davis Had a keen sense of obligation to serve the public South produced more front-rank statesmen than the “dollar-grubbing” North An elite British author favored by the South was Sir Walter Scott Southern Living
  • Slide 9 - Shaped the lives southern women Commanded a sizeable household staff Mostly female slaves Relationships ranged between mistress and slaves Most slave holding women didn’t believe in abolition Plantation System

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