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Slide 1 - KS3 Religious Studies The Mosque 1 of 34 © Boardworks Ltd 2008 Icons key: Teacher’s notes included in the Notes Page Accompanying worksheet Flash activity. These activities are not editable. Web addresses Extension activities KS3 Religious Studies The Mosque For more detailed instructions, see the Getting Started presentation
Slide 2 - Learning objectives What are the key features of a mosque? What is the significance of the particular features of a mosque? What do mosques, and what happens inside them, reveal about Islamic beliefs? How should people behave when they visit a mosque? How is the mosque important to Muslims, and to the community? 2 of 34 © Boardworks Ltd 2008
Slide 3 - What is a mosque? The Islamic Center of America: a newly built mosque in Dearborn, Michigan, USA
Slide 4 - What is a mosque?
Slide 5 - The first mosques
Slide 6 - What is the main purpose of a mosque? I pray at home and at work, but at the mosque we pray together. Muslims believe that offering salah (prayer) with other people has much more value than praying alone. While salah can be performed anywhere, it is considered most pleasing to God when performed with the other members of the Muslim community in the mosque. The Sunna states that salah in the mosque is 27 times more valuable than when offered in the home.
Slide 7 - The dome The minaret The shape of a mosque Mosques are usually square-shaped with a large dome. The minaret is the tower in the corner used for the call to prayer. What similarities and differences can you see between mosques and other religious buildings?
Slide 8 - Some mosques are purpose-built, while others are converted houses or existing buildings. Mosques in Britain This mosque used to be a working men’s club.
Slide 9 - Special mosques
Slide 10 - What happens in the mosque?
Slide 11 - Inside the mosque
Slide 12 - The word imam means ‘someone who stands in front’. The imam leads the prayers and preaches the Friday sermon, in which he explains a passage from the Qur’an or a story about the prophet Muhammed. There are no ordained priests in Islam. Why do you think this is? What is an imam? An imam is not a priest. He is an educated person. He knows a lot about Islam. Each mosque has an imam.
Slide 13 - The muezzin calls Muslims to prayer from the minaret. He recites the adhan, or call to prayer, at set times. What is a muezzin? Come to prayer, Come to security, God is the greatest, There is no God but Allah.
Slide 14 - Arriving at the mosque When we enter the mosque we go in with our right foot first, while pronouncing blessings upon Muhammed and his family. Once inside the mosque we have to speak softly so as not to disturb the people praying. Prayer is a duty for all of us.
Slide 15 - Arriving at the mosque Before we pray we go to a special washroom and we take off our shoes. All the time we are trying to show our respect for God. We also like to wear loose clothes. Mum says this shows modesty, and it makes it easier to pray too.
Slide 16 - Muslims wash in a special sequence called wudu. They believe this makes them physically and spiritually clean before Allah. Men and women wash separately. Can you work out how this washroom is used? Wudu Wash hands. Rinse mouth and nostrils. Wash arms up to elbows. Wipe forehead, ears and neck. Wash legs up to ankles.
Slide 17 - The prayer room The mosque contains a prayer room where we pray in rows. I sit with Dad in one area, and Aisha sits with Mum in a separate area. Being separated helps us to concentrate better on our prayers. Images are forbidden in worship, so our mosque is simply decorated so that we don’t get distracted. But some mosques are decorated with beautiful Arabic script from the Qur’an.
Slide 18 - Inside the prayer room
Slide 19 - Wherever they may be, Muslims face towards the holy city of Mecca when they pray. A special compass is used to find the qiblah. Finding the direction of Mecca What compass direction is Mecca from Britain?
Slide 20 - Salah for the five prayer times is made up of different numbers of rak’at. A rak’ah is a special sequence of movements and verses from the Qur’an, and involves standing, bowing and kneeling with your forehead touching the floor, while reciting the appropriate verse for each position. Salah and rak’ah Early morning rak’ah × 2 Early afternoon rak’ah × 4 Late afternoon rak’ah × 4 After sunset rak’ah × 3 Night rak’ah × 4 Salah is ritual prayer practised five times a day as one of the Five Pillars of Islam. Every adult Muslim should perform salah, either at home or in a mosque. Muhammed said that prayer is like a stream you dip into five times a day. What do you think he meant?
Slide 21 - Recap: What happens in a mosque?
Slide 22 - The local mosque and Friday prayer
Slide 23 - Aids to prayer Do you know what these are? They are prayer mats used during the five daily times of prayer. Prayer mats often have pictures of the Kaaba or other Islamic holy sites on them to help focus the worshipper’s attention on holy things. Can you see any other designs on the mats that may be there for reasons other than decoration?
Slide 24 - Do you know what these things are used for? Aids to prayer The compass is used to find the qiblah – the direction of Mecca – so that we can pray facing the right way. The green thing’s a prayer cap – my Dad wears one when he prays, as a sign of modesty and humility. And the prayer beads are used to help us recite all the names of Allah.
Slide 25 - The ninety-nine small beads are used to say the ninety-nine names for Allah during prayer. Repeating Allah’s name in this way (titles such as ‘the Wise’, ‘the Compassionate’, ‘the Merciful’, ‘the Good’ or ‘the Eternal’) draws Muslims closer to him. Sometimes they recite the same few favoured names over and over. Aids to prayer – prayer beads Prayer beads are made up of three sets of thirty-three beads and one large one to make a hundred. They are usually made of wood or plastic, although sometimes they can be made of olive pits, ivory, amber or pearls. Some strings of prayer beads have an Arabic letter printed on each bead.
Slide 26 - The Qur’an is written in Arabic, which is also the language of the prayers. There are copies of the Qur’an kept in the mosque, and words from the Qur’an are used for decoration. Arabic, the sacred language of Islam Calligraphy on the ceiling of the Blue Mosque in Istanbul Calligraphy on the Taj Mahal
Slide 27 - The madrassa When I was a boy growing up in Pakistan and then Turkey, my father encouraged me to attend a madrassa, or mosque school, every evening. It was here that I learned large sections of the Qur’an in Arabic. The madrassa taught me the difference between right and wrong, and I encourage my own son, Yusuf, to attend, as it assists him in his studies. The mosque is more than a place of worship, it helps shape who we are as Muslims and we have made life-long friends there.
Slide 28 - Wordsearch
Slide 29 - If you visit a mosque, think about… Planning to visit a mosque When to go Midday on Friday will be busy. What questions to ask Write down the questions you’d like to ask, and remember to ask before taking any photos. What to wear Wear clothes that cover you to the ankles and wrists. Remove your shoes and cover your head when you enter. Who to speak to Speak to the imam if you can. Where to stand Remember that men and women go to separate areas in the mosque. Be polite and give way to worshippers at all times.
Slide 30 - What do these sayings tell you about the importance of mosques for Muslims? Are they saying the same thing, or something different? Why are mosques important to Muslims? “If you build a mosque for Allah’s sake, He will build for you a house in paradise.” “A person’s prayer mat is his mosque.”
Slide 31 - Our family always tries to pray together. A mosque is a house of prayer, but it is also much more than this. Our mosque holds evening classes that teach us more about our faith, and I enjoy helping out with the events and dinners that our mosque hosts. Mosques and the Muslim community
Slide 32 - One of the happiest moments of my life was when I stepped into the mosque for our wedding! We were living in America at the time. In all the places we’ve stayed, we’ve always found good friends and lots of support at the mosque. Mosques and the Muslim community
Slide 33 - Design a leaflet advertising the facilities at the local mosque: Mosques and the Muslim community a youth club a place to hold funerals a library with a reading room a community centre with a kitchen a madrassa (school to learn Arabic) a place to celebrate births and marriages. On the way to Friday prayer
Slide 34 - Over to you… Should places of worship be the focus of the community? Answer the following questions in full paragraphs, explaining your answers. What is your response to the beliefs and ideas Muslims hold about their places of worship? Are there places where you feel a particular sense of respect, or places of local or community significance in your life? Why are they significant to you? What makes the mosque special for Muslims, and how is this similar to or different from how other religions view their places of worship?