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Symptoms & signs of HIV-AIDS PowerPoint Presentation

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On : Mar 14, 2014

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  • Slide 1 - 1 Symptoms & signs of HIV/AIDS Wide range of symptoms & signs Some due to direct effects of the HIV virus Most are manifestations of opportunistic infections & cancers HIV mostly affects: skin respiratory system gastro-intestinal system central nervous system
  • Slide 2 - 2 Making the diagnosis of AIDS Diagnosis of HIV infection: HIV blood test positive Diagnosis of AIDS: HIV blood test positive CD4 count below 200 Clinical Stage 4 criteria
  • Slide 3 - 3 WHO guidelines for clinical diagnosis of AIDS in adults 2 major signs & 1 minor sign (in absence of other explanation) Major signs: 1. Weight loss > 10% bodyweight 2. Diarrhea > 1 month 3. Fever > 1 month
  • Slide 4 - 4 WHO guidelines for clinical diagnosis of AIDS in an adult Minor signs: 1. Widespread enlarged lymph glands 2. Persistent cough for more than 1 month 3. Thrush (candida) of mouth & throat 4. Widespread itchy skin rash 5. Recurring shingles (herpes zoster) 6. Chronic, severe, spreading cold sores (HSV1) 7. Loss of memory 8. Loss of intellectual capacity 9. Peripheral nerve damage
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  • Slide 15 - 15 Opportunistic infections Sexually transmitted infections Tuberculosis NB: Mutually reinforcing epidemics
  • Slide 16 - 16 Tuberculosis TB is a serious public health problem About 30% of people infected with HIV will also develop TB TB accounts for up to 40% of AIDS deaths in Africa (most common cause) TB and HIV reinforce each other A person with HIV is 10 times more likely to develop TB than an uninfected person Services for HIV & TB should be linked
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