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Published on : Feb 10, 2014
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Slide 1 - OPSEC and Social Networking Naval OPSEC Support Team (NOST) Navy Information Operations Command (NIOC) (757) 417-7100 DSN 537
Slide 2 - References DTM 2009-026 Responsible & Effective use of Internet-based Capabilities SECNAVINST 5720.47B DON WWW Web Policy DON CIO_CHINFO Joint Memo 10_Oct 07_DOC Web Presence Policy NTTP 3-54 M Operations Security DOD Directive 5205.2 OPSEC Program OPNAVINST 3432.1 Operations Security DON Navy Public Affairs Policy & Regulations SECNAV 5720.44B DON Policy for Content of Publicly Accessible World Wide Web Sites SECNAV 5720.47B COMNAVREGMIDLANTINST 5720.1 Web 2.0 Technologies Social Networking Sites Safety Checklist ALNAV 056-10 IbC- Official Internet Posts ALNAV 057-10 IbC- Unofficial Internet Posts
Slide 3 - OPSEC is a process that identifies critical information, outlines potential threats and risks and develops counter measures to safeguard critical information Operations Security OPSEC
Slide 4 - Information the adversary needs to prevent our success. Critical Information Information we must protect to ensure success. - Names and photos of you, your family and co-workers - Usernames, passwords, network details - Job title, location, salary, clearances - Physical security and logistics - Position, mission capabilities and limitations - Operations & missions - Schedules and travel itineraries - Social security number, credit cards, banking information - Hobbies, likes, dislikes, etc.
Slide 5 - Data Aggregation Information collection from multiple sources Al Qaeda handbook: open and legal public sources accounts for 80% of all information collected Legal and illegal collection methods
Slide 6 - Methods used to obtain Critical Information: Unprotected communications Sharing too much with strangers HUMINT Observations Technology Trash Media Email Web pages Social Networking Sites Potential Vulnerabilities Illegal methods are OK with adversaries!!!
Slide 7 - Social Networking Social Networking Sites (SNS) allow people to network, interact and collaborate to share information, data and ideas without geographic boundaries.
Slide 8 - “You own all of the content & information you post.” “You specifically give us the following permission, subject to your privacy and application settings, to use any content that you post on or in connection with Facebook.” Non-exclusive Transferable Sub-licensable Royalty-free Worldwide license “We may collect information about you from other users.” “Sometimes we share aggregated information with third parties.” Revised Statement of Rights & Responsibilities Consent to Collection and Processing in the United States. By using Facebook, you consent to having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States.
Slide 9 - Why use a SNS? Personally Entertaining Maintain Relationships Network Centralized information Professionally Marketing/recruiting Public Relations Connect with customers Solicit ideas and feedback
Slide 10 - The Danger Bad guys use it, too: Stalkers Thieves Terrorist Hackers Phishers/Scammers Enemy organizations Pedophiles And the list goes on…
Slide 11 - The Danger Al-Qaeda communiqué December 2009: “The affair with the U.S. Navy began several years ago, when the lions of Al-Qaeda struck the destroyer U.S.S. Cole, in Yemen; now, with Allah’s help, all the American vessels in the seas and oceans, including aircraft carriers, submarines, and all naval military equipment deployed here and there that is within range of Al-Qaeda’s fire, will be destroyed… “To this end, information on every U.S. naval unit – and only U.S. [units]!! – should be quietly gathered [as follows:] [the vessel's] name, the missions it is assigned; its current location, including notation of the spot in accordance with international maritime standards; the advantages of this naval unit; the number of U.S. troops on board, including if possible their ranks, and what state they are from, their family situation, and where their family members (wife and children) live; what kind of weapons they carry; the [vessel's] destination…; which naval units are closest to Islamic countries; which naval units are close to Western countries in general; searching all naval websites in order to gather as much information as possible, and translating it into Arabic; search for the easiest ways of striking these ships… “My Muslim brothers, do not underestimate the importance of any piece of information, as simple as it may seem; the mujahedeen, the lions of monotheism, may be able to use it in ways that have not occurred to you.” …. Do not underestimate the importance of any piece of information, as simple as it may seem…. Information on every U.S. Naval unit should be quietly gathered…what state they are from, their family situation, and where their family members live… …search for the easiest ways of striking these ships…
Slide 12 - Social Networking Websites and Your Security Clearance The following is a security awareness statement signed by the Chief of Security, Pentagon Chief Information Officer, OSD Network Directorate: “Social sites risk security clearance. If you hold a security clearance or if you ever want to apply for one, be mindful of your postings and contacts online, particularly on social networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter. These sites pose risks to gaining and keeping a security clearance. Question 14 of the National Agency Questionnaire (SF-86) asks for names of your relatives and associates. The term associate is defined as any foreign national that you or your spouse are bound by affection, obligation, or close and continuing contact. Question 14 of the National Agency Questionnaire (SF-86) asks for names of your relatives and associates. The term associate is defined as any foreign national that you or your spouse are bound by affection, obligation, or close and continuing contact.
Slide 14 - “Do’s” Do: Remember Computer Security Do not be an easy target for computer crimes Hacking Theft Planted code vs. Antivirus software Firewalls Strong Passwords Permission Settings
Slide 15 - “Do’s” Do: Verify All Friend Requests Social engineering and “conning” starts with a friend request Adversaries can get the data from: Free people search engines Other SNS’s Your posts/profile Your friends posts/profile Verify Requests Before Approving! Adversary
Slide 16 - “Do’s” Do: Utilize All Available Privacy Settings Customize available settings to be as secure as possible “Everyone” may be accessed by anyone with access to the internet How many security settings are available on Facebook? Over 120
Slide 17 - “Do’s” Do: Watch Your Friends Settings Sure your profile is secure, but what about your 115 friends profile settings?
Slide 18 - Do: Closely Monitor Your Children’s Use of the Internet Cyber-bulling Kidnapping “Sexting” Stalking Pedophiles 500,000+ registered sex Offenders in the USA 95,000 registered sex offenders profiles on Myspace “Do’s”
Slide 19 - “Do’s” Do: Verify Links & Files Before Executing Would you follow a link in e-mail? Would you download and run an attachment? Then why do you do these things on SNS’s? Phishing scams Malicious coding Viruses Scareware Verify before executing!
Slide 20 - Avoid details, don’t get personal Who is reading your blog? Lessons learned 101 for the adversary “Do’s” Do: Blog with Caution
Slide 21 - Do: Understand the Risks Associated with Geotagging Location/GPS data attached to photos Feature in Smartphones and digital cameras Lat/Long Device details “Check-in” feature Facebook Places Google Latitude Foursquare Gowalla “Do’s”
Slide 22 - “Do’s” Do: Be an Informed User of a SNS How much personal information do you broadcast? Are you very careful about what details you post? Do you understand data aggregation issues? Are you willing to find and learn all the security settings and keep up with them as they change? Are you willing to accept the risk?
Slide 23 - “Do’s” Do: Have a Contingency Plan KIA, MIA, POW What details will the adversary have to use against you? What information will the media have access to? Power of Attorney Memorial pages
Slide 24 - “Do’s” Do: Assume the Internet is FOREVER There is no true delete on the internet WWW means World Wide Web Every Picture Every Post Every Detail
Slide 25 - “Do’s” Do: Understand Official DON Guidance That Governs Military Personnel Use of SNS’s DON ALNAV 056/10 Official Internet Posts Social media posts in an official capacity DON ALNAV 057/10 Unofficial Internet Posts Any content posted about the DON by DON personnel in an unofficial & personal capacity DON personnel are responsible for all DON-related content they publish on the internet
Slide 26 - “Don’ts” Don’t: Use the Same Passwords Hackers count on users using the same passwords for multiple accounts Password1 is not a strong password
Slide 27 - “Don’ts” Don’t: Depend on SNS’s Security Settings But it’s set to private … right? Hackers Incorrect or incomplete settings Sale of data Upgrades/site changes “Risks inherent in sharing information” “USE AT YOUR OWN RISK. We do not guarantee that only authorized persons will view your information.”
Slide 28 - “Don’ts” Don’t: Trust Add-On’s or Applications Plugins, Games, Applications Third Party Software Applications designed to collect data Malicious code Separate terms of use & privacy “We are not responsible for third party circumvention of any privacy settings or security measures.”
Slide 29 - “Don’ts” Don’t: Grant the Same Access to Everyone Don’t treat all Friends equally Control & customize individual access Do create groups Poker club Family Set permissions for everything: Your status Photos Postings
Slide 30 - “Don’ts” Don’t: Discuss Details Never post anything you would not tell directly to the enemy Never post private or personal information- no matter how secure you think your settings are Assume the information you share will be made public Details make you vulnerable
Slide 31 - Questions? Naval OPSEC Support Team 757-417-7100 Please contact the NOST for assistance or any of the following: Computer-based training FRG/Ombudsman support OPSEC & other tailored briefs Videos , posters, brochures & fliers OPSEC Reminder Cards Two-day Navy OPSEC Officer course General OPSEC support Other Resources