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Nature Birds PowerPoint Presentation

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On : Feb 10, 2014

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  • Slide 1 - Birds
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  • Slide 4 - The evolutionary origin of birds has always been a subject of considerable debate. Birds and flying reptiles have delicate, lightweight skeletons which do not fossilize well - hindering studies on how the birds evolved. The first bird fossil to be found was a feather, which was discovered in 1860 in a limestone quarry in Bavaria. The feather was given the name Archaeopteryx, which is Greek for 'ancient feather'. A year later an almost complete skeleton of Archaeopteryx was discovered in the same quarry, with the feathers and other fine structures preserved in minute detail.
  • Slide 5 - The skeleton showed several features which are intermediate between reptiles and birds, suggesting that Archaeopteryx and the other birds evolved from a dinosaur similar to the Velociraptor featured in the film 'Jurassic Park'. Seven partial or complete Archaeopteryx skeletons have now been found, and they are still among the most famous, and scientifically valuable, fossils.
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  • Slide 9 - Feathers make the bird
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  • Slide 19 - Alabama Birds Checklist of Alabama Birds - Geographical & Seasonal Distribution Alabama Ornithological Society
  • Slide 20 - Order Gaviiformes Loons Specialized for swimming and diving. Come ashore only to breed. In flight, head lower than body. Wingbeats fast. Eat fish, crustaceans, some water plants.
  • Slide 21 - Common loon – Gavia immer
  • Slide 22 - Order Podicipediformes Grebes Swimming and diving birds, smaller than loons. Flat lobes on toes. Short legs far back on body. Flight weak and hurried. Taxi before becoming airborne. Dive and pursue aquatic animals.
  • Slide 23 - Pied-billed grebe – Podilymbus podiceps
  • Slide 24 - Order Pelecaniformes Pelicans and their Allies Large, aquatic fish-eating birds with all four toes webbed. Most nest in large colonies and are silent outside breeding grounds.
  • Slide 25 - American white pelican – Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
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  • Slide 27 - White pelicans in flight.
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  • Slide 29 - Brown pelican Pelecanus occidentalis
  • Slide 30 - Brown pelican diving For fish.
  • Slide 31 - Double-crested cormorant – Phalacrocorax auritus
  • Slide 32 - Double-crested cormorant
  • Slide 33 - Anghinga (snake bird) – Anhinga anhinga
  • Slide 34 - Order Anseriformes Waterfowl Aquatic, with webs between the three front toes. Long necks and narrow pointed wings. Flattened bills with tooth-like edges that serve as strainers.
  • Slide 35 - Geese Subfamily Anserinae Tribe Anserini
  • Slide 36 - Canada goose – Branta canadensis
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  • Slide 40 - Snow goose – Chen caerulescens
  • Slide 41 - Surface-feeding Ducks (Dabblers) Subfamily Anserinae Tribe Anatini
  • Slide 42 - Mallard – Anas platyrhynchos
  • Slide 43 - Summer Distribution Winter Distribution
  • Slide 44 - Pintail – Anas acuta
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  • Slide 46 - Blue-winged teal Anas discors
  • Slide 47 - Blue-winged teal
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  • Slide 49 - Green-winged teal – Anas crecca
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  • Slide 52 - Perching or Wood Ducks Subfamily Anserinae Tribe Carinini
  • Slide 53 - Wood duck (drake) – Aix sponsa
  • Slide 54 - Female wood duck
  • Slide 55 - Wood duck distribution
  • Slide 56 - Bay Ducks (Divers) Subfamily Anatinae Tribe Aythyini
  • Slide 57 - Redhead – Aythya americana
  • Slide 58 - Redhead distribution
  • Slide 59 - Canvasback – Aythya valisneria
  • Slide 60 - Ring-necked duck – Aythya collaris
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  • Slide 62 - Ring-necked duck distribution
  • Slide 63 - Lesser scaup – Aythya affinis
  • Slide 64 - Lesser scaup distribution
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  • Slide 66 - Sea Ducks Subfamily Anatinae Tribe Mergini
  • Slide 67 - Common goldeneye – Bucephala clangula
  • Slide 68 - Common goldeneye distribution
  • Slide 69 - Canvasback distribution
  • Slide 70 - Bufflehead – Bucephala albeola
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  • Slide 72 - Bufflehead distribution
  • Slide 73 - Hooded merganser – Lophodytes cucullatus
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  • Slide 75 - Hooded merganser distribution
  • Slide 76 - Order Falconiformes Eagles, Hawks, Falcons, Vultures Diurnal birds of prey. Strong beaks and talons.
  • Slide 77 - Turkey vulture – Cathartes aura
  • Slide 78 - Turkey vulture in flight
  • Slide 79 - Black vulture – Coragyps atratus
  • Slide 80 - Vultures (two black, one turkey) feeding on carrion.
  • Slide 81 - Mississippi kite Ictinia mississippiensis
  • Slide 82 - Swallow-tailed kit Elanoides forficatus
  • Slide 83 - Cooper’s hawk Accipiter cooperii
  • Slide 84 - Cooper’s hawk in flight
  • Slide 85 - Sharp-shinned and Cooper’s hawks
  • Slide 86 - Sharp-shinned hawk Accipiter striatus
  • Slide 87 - Northern harrier – Circus cyaneus
  • Slide 88 - Red-tailed hawk Buteo jamaicensis
  • Slide 89 - Red-tailed hawk in flight
  • Slide 90 - Red-shouldered hawk Buteo lineatus
  • Slide 91 - Red-shouldered hawk in flight
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  • Slide 94 - Golden eagle Aquila chrysaetos
  • Slide 95 - Bald eagle Haliaetus leucocephalus
  • Slide 96 - Osprey – Pandion haliaetus
  • Slide 97 - American kestrel – Falco sparverius
  • Slide 98 - Peregrine falcon- Falco peregrinus
  • Slide 99 - Order Galliformes Gallinaceous Birds Heavy-bodied, chicken-like land birds. Short, heavy bill. Wings short and rounded. Legs rather long. Flight not fast, but can burst into full flight from a sitting position. Capable runners that forage on the ground. Males of many species have elaborate courtship displays.
  • Slide 100 - Northern bobwhite – Colinus virginianus
  • Slide 101 - Male bobwhite
  • Slide 102 - Wild turkey Meleagris gallopavo
  • Slide 103 - Order Ciconiiformes Herons and their allies Wading birds with long legs, neck and bill. Most feed on aquatic animal life in shallow water. Some have long plumes in the breeding season. Wings are broad and rounded, tail short.
  • Slide 104 - Great blue heron Ardea herodius
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  • Slide 106 - Great egret Casmerodius albus
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  • Slide 108 - Snowy egret – Egretta thula
  • Slide 109 - Cattle egret – Bubuculus ibis
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  • Slide 111 - Little blue heron – Egretta caerulea
  • Slide 112 - Louisiana heron – Egretta tricolor
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  • Slide 114 - Green heron Butorides striatus
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  • Slide 116 - White ibis – Eudocimus albus
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  • Slide 119 - Wood stork Mycteria americana
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  • Slide 121 - Order Gruiformes Cranes and their Allies Highly diverse group of wading birds with long legs. Other features such as size, body outline, bill shape and neck length are highly variable.
  • Slide 122 - Sandhill crane Grus canadensis
  • Slide 123 - Sandhill crane
  • Slide 124 - Whooping crane Grus americana
  • Slide 125 - Clapper rail Rallus longirostris
  • Slide 126 - King rail – Rallus elegans
  • Slide 127 - Common moorhen – Gallinula chloropus
  • Slide 128 - Purple gallinule – Porphyrula martinica
  • Slide 129 - American coot – Fulica americana
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  • Slide 132 - Order Charadriiformes Shorebirds and Gulls Diverse group of wading or swimming birds. mOst are white, gray or brown, with long pointed wings and webbed feet. Highly migratory. Most feed along shores, a few inland.
  • Slide 133 - Killdeer – Charadrius vociferus
  • Slide 134 - American woodcock – Scolopax minor
  • Slide 135 - Common snipe – Gallinago gallinago
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  • Slide 137 - Sanderling – Calidris alba
  • Slide 138 - Herring gull Larus argentatus
  • Slide 139 - Laughing gull – Larus atricilla
  • Slide 140 - Forster’s Tern Sterna forsteri
  • Slide 141 - Caspian tern – Sterna caspia
  • Slide 142 - Common tern – Sterna hirundo
  • Slide 143 - Order Columbiformes Pigeons and Doves Small-headed, short-legged, swift-flying birds with pointed wings and fanned or tapered tails. All species coo, bob heads when walking. Eat grains, small seeds, acorns and fruit.
  • Slide 144 - Mourning dove – Zenaida macroura
  • Slide 145 - Rock dove – Columba livia
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  • Slide 148 - Order Strigiformes Owls Large-headed, short-necked birds of prey. Mostly nocturnal. Large eyes are fixed in sockets, so the entire head moves as the bird shifts its gaze. Flat, round or heart-shaped “facial disk” conceals the large external ear flaps. All fly silently, hunting for rodents and other mammals. Calls are distinctive hoots, wails, or whistles.
  • Slide 149 - Eastern screech owl – Otus asio
  • Slide 150 - Great horned owl Bubo virginianus
  • Slide 151 - Barn owl – Tyto alba
  • Slide 152 - Barn owl
  • Slide 153 - Barred owl Strix varia
  • Slide 154 - Order Caprimulgiformes Goatsuckers Nocturnal insect-eaters with large, flat heads, small bills, enormous mouths, and distinctive white patches in the wings and tail. Many are named for their call.
  • Slide 155 - Chuck-will’s-widow – Caprimulgus carolinensis
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  • Slide 157 - Whip-poor-will – Caprilmulgus vociferus
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  • Slide 159 - Common nighthawk – Chordeiles minor
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  • Slide 161 - Order Apodiformes Swifts and Hummingbirds
  • Slide 162 - Ruby-throated hummingbird – Archilochus colubris
  • Slide 163 - Order Coraciiformes Kingfishers Large-headed, short-tailed birds that dive for fish, which they catch with their long sharp beaks. Perch motionless in the open, over water. Short legs.
  • Slide 164 - Belted kingfisher – Ceryle alcyon
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  • Slide 168 - Order Piciformes Woodpeckers Have a strong bill, sharply pointed for chipping and digging into tree trunks or branches for wood-boring insects. Still tail used as a prop. Most species “drum” on resonant limbs, poles, or drainpipes. Flight is usually undulating, with wings folded against the body after each series of flaps. Usually nest in a cavity chiseled into a large branch or trunk.
  • Slide 169 - Yellow-shafted flicker Colaptes auratus
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  • Slide 171 - Pileated woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus
  • Slide 172 - Red-bellied woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus
  • Slide 173 - Red-headed woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus
  • Slide 174 - Red-cockaded woodpecker Picoides borealis
  • Slide 175 - Downy woodpecker Picoides pubescens
  • Slide 176 - Hairy woodpecker Picoides villosus
  • Slide 177 - Yellow-bellied sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius
  • Slide 178 - Order Passeriformes Perching Birds Small to medium land birds. All have feet well adapted for perching: 3 toes in front and 1 long toe behind. Most are singers. Bill shape, feather colors, and habits are most useful for family identification. Most insectivorous species and some seed and fruit eaters are highly migratory.
  • Slide 179 - Eastern kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus
  • Slide 180 - The eastern kingbird spends the summer months in North America, and winters in Amazonia.
  • Slide 181 - Barn swallow Hirudo rustica
  • Slide 182 - Purple martin – Progne subis
  • Slide 183 - Blue jay Cyanocitta cristata
  • Slide 184 - American crow – Corvus brachyrhyncos
  • Slide 185 - Carolina wren – Thryothorus ludovicianus
  • Slide 186 - Northern mockingbird – Mimus polyglottus
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  • Slide 188 - Brown thrasher – Toxostoma rufum
  • Slide 189 - American robin - Turdus migratorius
  • Slide 190 - Eastern bluebird Siala sialis
  • Slide 191 - Cedar waxwing – Bombycilla cedrorum
  • Slide 192 - Loggerhead shrike Lanius ludovicianus
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  • Slide 194 - Red-winged blackbird – Agelaius phoeniceus
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  • Slide 196 - Brown-headed cowbird – Molothrus ater
  • Slide 197 - Northern cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis
  • Slide 198 - Black-capped chickadee – Poecile carolinensis
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  • Slide 200 - House finch Carpodacus mexicanus
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  • Slide 209 - Indigo bunting – Passerina cyanea
  • Slide 210 - Eastern towhee – Pipilo erythrophtalmus
  • Slide 211 - Sparrows

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