This site uses cookies to deliver our services and to show you relevant ads and presentations. By clicking on "Accept", you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy , Privacy Policy , and our Terms of Use.
X

Download nanotechnology PowerPoint Presentation


Login   OR  Register
X


Iframe embed code :



Presentation url :

X

Description :

Available nanotechnology powerpoint presentation for free download which is uploaded by steve an active user in belonging ppt presentation Science & Technology category.

Tags :

nanotechnology

Home / Science & Technology / Science & Technology Presentations / nanotechnology PowerPoint Presentation

Nanotechnology PowerPoint Presentation

Ppt Presentation Embed Code   Zoom Ppt Presentation

About This Presentation


Description : Available nanotechnology powerpoint presentation for free download which is uploaded by steve an act... Read More

Tags : nanotechnology

Published on : Aug 07, 2014
Views : 458 | Downloads : 2


Download Now

Share on Social Media

             

PowerPoint is the world's most popular presentation software which can let you create professional Nanotechnology powerpoint presentation easily and in no time. This helps you give your presentation on Nanotechnology in a conference, a school lecture, a business proposal, in a webinar and business and professional representations.

The uploader spent his/her valuable time to create this Nanotechnology powerpoint presentation slides, to share his/her useful content with the world. This ppt presentation uploaded by worldwideweb in this Science & Technology category is available for free download,and can be used according to your industries like finance, marketing, education, health and many more.

SlidesFinder.com provides a platform to marketers, presenters and educationists along with being the preferred search engine for professional PowerPoint presentations on the Internet to upload their Nanotechnology ppt presentation slides to help them BUILD THEIR CROWD!!

User Presentation
Related Presentation
Free PowerPoint Templates
Slide 1 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Slide 2 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET
Slide 3 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES
Slide 4 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI
Slide 5 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018
Slide 6 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA
Slide 7 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION
Slide 8 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY}
Slide 9 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO
Slide 10 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ?
Slide 11 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS
Slide 12 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS
Slide 13 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS.
Slide 14 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010
Slide 15 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries.
Slide 16 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents
Slide 17 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS
Slide 18 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE
Slide 19 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT
Slide 20 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING
Slide 21 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TRENDS IN OIC COUNTRIES 21 6/20/2018 GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT DRIVES NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH OUTPUTS IN LEADING OIC COUNTRIES TURKEY IRAN S. ARABIA NANOPHOTONICS NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY ENERGY STORAGE NANOMATERIALS (3) NANOSCALE SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS BIOTECHNOLOGY NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFIBERS NANOFLUIDS (2) NANOTUBES (2) NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFILTRATION (2) NANOCRYSTALS BIO SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS DIVERSE FIELDS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS NUMBER OF PAPERS: 1665 IMPACT: H-INDEX=45 CITATION/PAPER=7.6 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5487 IMPACT: H-INDEX=40 CITATION/PAPER=2.7 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 602 IMPACT: H-INDEX=18 CITATION/PAPER=2.6 SINGAPORE NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5493 IMPACT: H-INDEX=114 CITATION/PAPER=15.0
Slide 22 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TRENDS IN OIC COUNTRIES 21 6/20/2018 GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT DRIVES NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH OUTPUTS IN LEADING OIC COUNTRIES TURKEY IRAN S. ARABIA NANOPHOTONICS NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY ENERGY STORAGE NANOMATERIALS (3) NANOSCALE SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS BIOTECHNOLOGY NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFIBERS NANOFLUIDS (2) NANOTUBES (2) NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFILTRATION (2) NANOCRYSTALS BIO SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS DIVERSE FIELDS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS NUMBER OF PAPERS: 1665 IMPACT: H-INDEX=45 CITATION/PAPER=7.6 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5487 IMPACT: H-INDEX=40 CITATION/PAPER=2.7 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 602 IMPACT: H-INDEX=18 CITATION/PAPER=2.6 SINGAPORE NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5493 IMPACT: H-INDEX=114 CITATION/PAPER=15.0 PROPOSAL 1 22 6/20/2018 ESTABLISHING A WORLD-CLASS NANOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE GRADUATE PROGRAMS: RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) OFFICE START-UP COMPANIES: VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT ENHANCESING COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN OIC MEMBER COUNTRIES BUDGET: 30 MILLION USD FOR INFOSTRUCTURE 100 MILLION USD FOR EQUIPMENTS 10-20 MILLION USD FOR YEARLY RUNNING COST HUMAN RESOURCES: 1,000 PHD STUDENTS 200 POST-DOCS 500 RESEARCHERS (200+300) 100 HIGH-TECH COMPANIES
Slide 23 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TRENDS IN OIC COUNTRIES 21 6/20/2018 GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT DRIVES NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH OUTPUTS IN LEADING OIC COUNTRIES TURKEY IRAN S. ARABIA NANOPHOTONICS NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY ENERGY STORAGE NANOMATERIALS (3) NANOSCALE SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS BIOTECHNOLOGY NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFIBERS NANOFLUIDS (2) NANOTUBES (2) NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFILTRATION (2) NANOCRYSTALS BIO SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS DIVERSE FIELDS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS NUMBER OF PAPERS: 1665 IMPACT: H-INDEX=45 CITATION/PAPER=7.6 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5487 IMPACT: H-INDEX=40 CITATION/PAPER=2.7 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 602 IMPACT: H-INDEX=18 CITATION/PAPER=2.6 SINGAPORE NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5493 IMPACT: H-INDEX=114 CITATION/PAPER=15.0 PROPOSAL 1 22 6/20/2018 ESTABLISHING A WORLD-CLASS NANOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE GRADUATE PROGRAMS: RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) OFFICE START-UP COMPANIES: VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT ENHANCESING COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN OIC MEMBER COUNTRIES BUDGET: 30 MILLION USD FOR INFOSTRUCTURE 100 MILLION USD FOR EQUIPMENTS 10-20 MILLION USD FOR YEARLY RUNNING COST HUMAN RESOURCES: 1,000 PHD STUDENTS 200 POST-DOCS 500 RESEARCHERS (200+300) 100 HIGH-TECH COMPANIES PROPOSAL 2 23 6/20/2018 LONG-TERM SCIENTIST EXCHANGE BETWEEN EXISTING NANOCENTERS 12-24 MONTHS TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS FINANCIAL SUPPORT (SALARY, RESEARCH GRANTS, EQUIPMENT USAGE FEE) UNAM CAN HOST 20-30 SCIENTISTS/YEAR BUDGET: 50,000-100,000 USD / PER PERSON
Slide 24 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TRENDS IN OIC COUNTRIES 21 6/20/2018 GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT DRIVES NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH OUTPUTS IN LEADING OIC COUNTRIES TURKEY IRAN S. ARABIA NANOPHOTONICS NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY ENERGY STORAGE NANOMATERIALS (3) NANOSCALE SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS BIOTECHNOLOGY NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFIBERS NANOFLUIDS (2) NANOTUBES (2) NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFILTRATION (2) NANOCRYSTALS BIO SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS DIVERSE FIELDS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS NUMBER OF PAPERS: 1665 IMPACT: H-INDEX=45 CITATION/PAPER=7.6 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5487 IMPACT: H-INDEX=40 CITATION/PAPER=2.7 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 602 IMPACT: H-INDEX=18 CITATION/PAPER=2.6 SINGAPORE NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5493 IMPACT: H-INDEX=114 CITATION/PAPER=15.0 PROPOSAL 1 22 6/20/2018 ESTABLISHING A WORLD-CLASS NANOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE GRADUATE PROGRAMS: RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) OFFICE START-UP COMPANIES: VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT ENHANCESING COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN OIC MEMBER COUNTRIES BUDGET: 30 MILLION USD FOR INFOSTRUCTURE 100 MILLION USD FOR EQUIPMENTS 10-20 MILLION USD FOR YEARLY RUNNING COST HUMAN RESOURCES: 1,000 PHD STUDENTS 200 POST-DOCS 500 RESEARCHERS (200+300) 100 HIGH-TECH COMPANIES PROPOSAL 2 23 6/20/2018 LONG-TERM SCIENTIST EXCHANGE BETWEEN EXISTING NANOCENTERS 12-24 MONTHS TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS FINANCIAL SUPPORT (SALARY, RESEARCH GRANTS, EQUIPMENT USAGE FEE) UNAM CAN HOST 20-30 SCIENTISTS/YEAR BUDGET: 50,000-100,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 3 24 6/20/2018 SHARING EXPERTISE BETWEEN THE EXISTING NANOCENTERS TRAINING OF TECHNICIAN (TEM, FIB, SEM, XPS, AFM, …) CLEAN ROOM TRAINING 4-6 WEEKS SHORT VISITS FOCUSED WORKSHOPS FOR TECHNICIANS BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON
Slide 25 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TRENDS IN OIC COUNTRIES 21 6/20/2018 GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT DRIVES NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH OUTPUTS IN LEADING OIC COUNTRIES TURKEY IRAN S. ARABIA NANOPHOTONICS NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY ENERGY STORAGE NANOMATERIALS (3) NANOSCALE SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS BIOTECHNOLOGY NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFIBERS NANOFLUIDS (2) NANOTUBES (2) NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFILTRATION (2) NANOCRYSTALS BIO SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS DIVERSE FIELDS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS NUMBER OF PAPERS: 1665 IMPACT: H-INDEX=45 CITATION/PAPER=7.6 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5487 IMPACT: H-INDEX=40 CITATION/PAPER=2.7 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 602 IMPACT: H-INDEX=18 CITATION/PAPER=2.6 SINGAPORE NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5493 IMPACT: H-INDEX=114 CITATION/PAPER=15.0 PROPOSAL 1 22 6/20/2018 ESTABLISHING A WORLD-CLASS NANOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE GRADUATE PROGRAMS: RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) OFFICE START-UP COMPANIES: VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT ENHANCESING COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN OIC MEMBER COUNTRIES BUDGET: 30 MILLION USD FOR INFOSTRUCTURE 100 MILLION USD FOR EQUIPMENTS 10-20 MILLION USD FOR YEARLY RUNNING COST HUMAN RESOURCES: 1,000 PHD STUDENTS 200 POST-DOCS 500 RESEARCHERS (200+300) 100 HIGH-TECH COMPANIES PROPOSAL 2 23 6/20/2018 LONG-TERM SCIENTIST EXCHANGE BETWEEN EXISTING NANOCENTERS 12-24 MONTHS TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS FINANCIAL SUPPORT (SALARY, RESEARCH GRANTS, EQUIPMENT USAGE FEE) UNAM CAN HOST 20-30 SCIENTISTS/YEAR BUDGET: 50,000-100,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 3 24 6/20/2018 SHARING EXPERTISE BETWEEN THE EXISTING NANOCENTERS TRAINING OF TECHNICIAN (TEM, FIB, SEM, XPS, AFM, …) CLEAN ROOM TRAINING 4-6 WEEKS SHORT VISITS FOCUSED WORKSHOPS FOR TECHNICIANS BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 4 25 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS AT LEAST 3 DIFFERENT OIC MEMBERS SHOULD PARTICIPATE TARGETED RESEARCH FIELDS PARTIALY SUPPORTED BY HIGH-TECH COMPANIES EU FP7 FRAMEWORK HAS SIMILAR PROJECTS BUDGET: 1,000,000-5,000,000 USD / PER PROJECT
Slide 26 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TRENDS IN OIC COUNTRIES 21 6/20/2018 GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT DRIVES NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH OUTPUTS IN LEADING OIC COUNTRIES TURKEY IRAN S. ARABIA NANOPHOTONICS NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY ENERGY STORAGE NANOMATERIALS (3) NANOSCALE SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS BIOTECHNOLOGY NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFIBERS NANOFLUIDS (2) NANOTUBES (2) NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFILTRATION (2) NANOCRYSTALS BIO SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS DIVERSE FIELDS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS NUMBER OF PAPERS: 1665 IMPACT: H-INDEX=45 CITATION/PAPER=7.6 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5487 IMPACT: H-INDEX=40 CITATION/PAPER=2.7 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 602 IMPACT: H-INDEX=18 CITATION/PAPER=2.6 SINGAPORE NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5493 IMPACT: H-INDEX=114 CITATION/PAPER=15.0 PROPOSAL 1 22 6/20/2018 ESTABLISHING A WORLD-CLASS NANOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE GRADUATE PROGRAMS: RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) OFFICE START-UP COMPANIES: VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT ENHANCESING COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN OIC MEMBER COUNTRIES BUDGET: 30 MILLION USD FOR INFOSTRUCTURE 100 MILLION USD FOR EQUIPMENTS 10-20 MILLION USD FOR YEARLY RUNNING COST HUMAN RESOURCES: 1,000 PHD STUDENTS 200 POST-DOCS 500 RESEARCHERS (200+300) 100 HIGH-TECH COMPANIES PROPOSAL 2 23 6/20/2018 LONG-TERM SCIENTIST EXCHANGE BETWEEN EXISTING NANOCENTERS 12-24 MONTHS TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS FINANCIAL SUPPORT (SALARY, RESEARCH GRANTS, EQUIPMENT USAGE FEE) UNAM CAN HOST 20-30 SCIENTISTS/YEAR BUDGET: 50,000-100,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 3 24 6/20/2018 SHARING EXPERTISE BETWEEN THE EXISTING NANOCENTERS TRAINING OF TECHNICIAN (TEM, FIB, SEM, XPS, AFM, …) CLEAN ROOM TRAINING 4-6 WEEKS SHORT VISITS FOCUSED WORKSHOPS FOR TECHNICIANS BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 4 25 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS AT LEAST 3 DIFFERENT OIC MEMBERS SHOULD PARTICIPATE TARGETED RESEARCH FIELDS PARTIALY SUPPORTED BY HIGH-TECH COMPANIES EU FP7 FRAMEWORK HAS SIMILAR PROJECTS BUDGET: 1,000,000-5,000,000 USD / PER PROJECT PROPOSAL 5 26 6/20/2018 SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL SCIENTIST TO USE EXISTING NANOCENTERS SHORT TERM VISITS (1-2 WEEKS) PHD STUDENTS, RESEARCHERS TRAVEL , ACCOMMODATION, CONSUMABLE, NANOCENTER USAGE FEE BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON
Slide 27 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TRENDS IN OIC COUNTRIES 21 6/20/2018 GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT DRIVES NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH OUTPUTS IN LEADING OIC COUNTRIES TURKEY IRAN S. ARABIA NANOPHOTONICS NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY ENERGY STORAGE NANOMATERIALS (3) NANOSCALE SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS BIOTECHNOLOGY NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFIBERS NANOFLUIDS (2) NANOTUBES (2) NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFILTRATION (2) NANOCRYSTALS BIO SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS DIVERSE FIELDS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS NUMBER OF PAPERS: 1665 IMPACT: H-INDEX=45 CITATION/PAPER=7.6 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5487 IMPACT: H-INDEX=40 CITATION/PAPER=2.7 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 602 IMPACT: H-INDEX=18 CITATION/PAPER=2.6 SINGAPORE NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5493 IMPACT: H-INDEX=114 CITATION/PAPER=15.0 PROPOSAL 1 22 6/20/2018 ESTABLISHING A WORLD-CLASS NANOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE GRADUATE PROGRAMS: RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) OFFICE START-UP COMPANIES: VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT ENHANCESING COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN OIC MEMBER COUNTRIES BUDGET: 30 MILLION USD FOR INFOSTRUCTURE 100 MILLION USD FOR EQUIPMENTS 10-20 MILLION USD FOR YEARLY RUNNING COST HUMAN RESOURCES: 1,000 PHD STUDENTS 200 POST-DOCS 500 RESEARCHERS (200+300) 100 HIGH-TECH COMPANIES PROPOSAL 2 23 6/20/2018 LONG-TERM SCIENTIST EXCHANGE BETWEEN EXISTING NANOCENTERS 12-24 MONTHS TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS FINANCIAL SUPPORT (SALARY, RESEARCH GRANTS, EQUIPMENT USAGE FEE) UNAM CAN HOST 20-30 SCIENTISTS/YEAR BUDGET: 50,000-100,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 3 24 6/20/2018 SHARING EXPERTISE BETWEEN THE EXISTING NANOCENTERS TRAINING OF TECHNICIAN (TEM, FIB, SEM, XPS, AFM, …) CLEAN ROOM TRAINING 4-6 WEEKS SHORT VISITS FOCUSED WORKSHOPS FOR TECHNICIANS BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 4 25 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS AT LEAST 3 DIFFERENT OIC MEMBERS SHOULD PARTICIPATE TARGETED RESEARCH FIELDS PARTIALY SUPPORTED BY HIGH-TECH COMPANIES EU FP7 FRAMEWORK HAS SIMILAR PROJECTS BUDGET: 1,000,000-5,000,000 USD / PER PROJECT PROPOSAL 5 26 6/20/2018 SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL SCIENTIST TO USE EXISTING NANOCENTERS SHORT TERM VISITS (1-2 WEEKS) PHD STUDENTS, RESEARCHERS TRAVEL , ACCOMMODATION, CONSUMABLE, NANOCENTER USAGE FEE BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE UNAM FIRST NATIONAL CENTER USER FACILITY INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION RESEARCH OUTPUT FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET
Slide 28 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TRENDS IN OIC COUNTRIES 21 6/20/2018 GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT DRIVES NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH OUTPUTS IN LEADING OIC COUNTRIES TURKEY IRAN S. ARABIA NANOPHOTONICS NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY ENERGY STORAGE NANOMATERIALS (3) NANOSCALE SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS BIOTECHNOLOGY NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFIBERS NANOFLUIDS (2) NANOTUBES (2) NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFILTRATION (2) NANOCRYSTALS BIO SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS DIVERSE FIELDS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS NUMBER OF PAPERS: 1665 IMPACT: H-INDEX=45 CITATION/PAPER=7.6 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5487 IMPACT: H-INDEX=40 CITATION/PAPER=2.7 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 602 IMPACT: H-INDEX=18 CITATION/PAPER=2.6 SINGAPORE NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5493 IMPACT: H-INDEX=114 CITATION/PAPER=15.0 PROPOSAL 1 22 6/20/2018 ESTABLISHING A WORLD-CLASS NANOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE GRADUATE PROGRAMS: RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) OFFICE START-UP COMPANIES: VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT ENHANCESING COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN OIC MEMBER COUNTRIES BUDGET: 30 MILLION USD FOR INFOSTRUCTURE 100 MILLION USD FOR EQUIPMENTS 10-20 MILLION USD FOR YEARLY RUNNING COST HUMAN RESOURCES: 1,000 PHD STUDENTS 200 POST-DOCS 500 RESEARCHERS (200+300) 100 HIGH-TECH COMPANIES PROPOSAL 2 23 6/20/2018 LONG-TERM SCIENTIST EXCHANGE BETWEEN EXISTING NANOCENTERS 12-24 MONTHS TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS FINANCIAL SUPPORT (SALARY, RESEARCH GRANTS, EQUIPMENT USAGE FEE) UNAM CAN HOST 20-30 SCIENTISTS/YEAR BUDGET: 50,000-100,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 3 24 6/20/2018 SHARING EXPERTISE BETWEEN THE EXISTING NANOCENTERS TRAINING OF TECHNICIAN (TEM, FIB, SEM, XPS, AFM, …) CLEAN ROOM TRAINING 4-6 WEEKS SHORT VISITS FOCUSED WORKSHOPS FOR TECHNICIANS BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 4 25 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS AT LEAST 3 DIFFERENT OIC MEMBERS SHOULD PARTICIPATE TARGETED RESEARCH FIELDS PARTIALY SUPPORTED BY HIGH-TECH COMPANIES EU FP7 FRAMEWORK HAS SIMILAR PROJECTS BUDGET: 1,000,000-5,000,000 USD / PER PROJECT PROPOSAL 5 26 6/20/2018 SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL SCIENTIST TO USE EXISTING NANOCENTERS SHORT TERM VISITS (1-2 WEEKS) PHD STUDENTS, RESEARCHERS TRAVEL , ACCOMMODATION, CONSUMABLE, NANOCENTER USAGE FEE BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE UNAM FIRST NATIONAL CENTER USER FACILITY INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION RESEARCH OUTPUT FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER 28 6/20/2018 History: 2006 - 2010 Total laboratory and office space: 9000 m2 Number of laboratories: 62 Number of researchers: +250 (600, in 3 years) Total investment: 50 Million $ Number of users: +450 (Universities, Industry, International) FIRST NATIONAL CENTER
Slide 29 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TRENDS IN OIC COUNTRIES 21 6/20/2018 GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT DRIVES NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH OUTPUTS IN LEADING OIC COUNTRIES TURKEY IRAN S. ARABIA NANOPHOTONICS NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY ENERGY STORAGE NANOMATERIALS (3) NANOSCALE SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS BIOTECHNOLOGY NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFIBERS NANOFLUIDS (2) NANOTUBES (2) NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFILTRATION (2) NANOCRYSTALS BIO SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS DIVERSE FIELDS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS NUMBER OF PAPERS: 1665 IMPACT: H-INDEX=45 CITATION/PAPER=7.6 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5487 IMPACT: H-INDEX=40 CITATION/PAPER=2.7 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 602 IMPACT: H-INDEX=18 CITATION/PAPER=2.6 SINGAPORE NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5493 IMPACT: H-INDEX=114 CITATION/PAPER=15.0 PROPOSAL 1 22 6/20/2018 ESTABLISHING A WORLD-CLASS NANOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE GRADUATE PROGRAMS: RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) OFFICE START-UP COMPANIES: VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT ENHANCESING COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN OIC MEMBER COUNTRIES BUDGET: 30 MILLION USD FOR INFOSTRUCTURE 100 MILLION USD FOR EQUIPMENTS 10-20 MILLION USD FOR YEARLY RUNNING COST HUMAN RESOURCES: 1,000 PHD STUDENTS 200 POST-DOCS 500 RESEARCHERS (200+300) 100 HIGH-TECH COMPANIES PROPOSAL 2 23 6/20/2018 LONG-TERM SCIENTIST EXCHANGE BETWEEN EXISTING NANOCENTERS 12-24 MONTHS TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS FINANCIAL SUPPORT (SALARY, RESEARCH GRANTS, EQUIPMENT USAGE FEE) UNAM CAN HOST 20-30 SCIENTISTS/YEAR BUDGET: 50,000-100,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 3 24 6/20/2018 SHARING EXPERTISE BETWEEN THE EXISTING NANOCENTERS TRAINING OF TECHNICIAN (TEM, FIB, SEM, XPS, AFM, …) CLEAN ROOM TRAINING 4-6 WEEKS SHORT VISITS FOCUSED WORKSHOPS FOR TECHNICIANS BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 4 25 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS AT LEAST 3 DIFFERENT OIC MEMBERS SHOULD PARTICIPATE TARGETED RESEARCH FIELDS PARTIALY SUPPORTED BY HIGH-TECH COMPANIES EU FP7 FRAMEWORK HAS SIMILAR PROJECTS BUDGET: 1,000,000-5,000,000 USD / PER PROJECT PROPOSAL 5 26 6/20/2018 SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL SCIENTIST TO USE EXISTING NANOCENTERS SHORT TERM VISITS (1-2 WEEKS) PHD STUDENTS, RESEARCHERS TRAVEL , ACCOMMODATION, CONSUMABLE, NANOCENTER USAGE FEE BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE UNAM FIRST NATIONAL CENTER USER FACILITY INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION RESEARCH OUTPUT FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER 28 6/20/2018 History: 2006 - 2010 Total laboratory and office space: 9000 m2 Number of laboratories: 62 Number of researchers: +250 (600, in 3 years) Total investment: 50 Million $ Number of users: +450 (Universities, Industry, International) FIRST NATIONAL CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY 29 6/20/2018 ~100 Graduate Students (400 in 3 years) NANOTECHNOLOGY EDUCATION: MS & PHD PROGRAMS RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOTECHNOLOGY EXPERTS
Slide 30 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TRENDS IN OIC COUNTRIES 21 6/20/2018 GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT DRIVES NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH OUTPUTS IN LEADING OIC COUNTRIES TURKEY IRAN S. ARABIA NANOPHOTONICS NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY ENERGY STORAGE NANOMATERIALS (3) NANOSCALE SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS BIOTECHNOLOGY NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFIBERS NANOFLUIDS (2) NANOTUBES (2) NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFILTRATION (2) NANOCRYSTALS BIO SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS DIVERSE FIELDS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS NUMBER OF PAPERS: 1665 IMPACT: H-INDEX=45 CITATION/PAPER=7.6 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5487 IMPACT: H-INDEX=40 CITATION/PAPER=2.7 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 602 IMPACT: H-INDEX=18 CITATION/PAPER=2.6 SINGAPORE NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5493 IMPACT: H-INDEX=114 CITATION/PAPER=15.0 PROPOSAL 1 22 6/20/2018 ESTABLISHING A WORLD-CLASS NANOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE GRADUATE PROGRAMS: RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) OFFICE START-UP COMPANIES: VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT ENHANCESING COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN OIC MEMBER COUNTRIES BUDGET: 30 MILLION USD FOR INFOSTRUCTURE 100 MILLION USD FOR EQUIPMENTS 10-20 MILLION USD FOR YEARLY RUNNING COST HUMAN RESOURCES: 1,000 PHD STUDENTS 200 POST-DOCS 500 RESEARCHERS (200+300) 100 HIGH-TECH COMPANIES PROPOSAL 2 23 6/20/2018 LONG-TERM SCIENTIST EXCHANGE BETWEEN EXISTING NANOCENTERS 12-24 MONTHS TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS FINANCIAL SUPPORT (SALARY, RESEARCH GRANTS, EQUIPMENT USAGE FEE) UNAM CAN HOST 20-30 SCIENTISTS/YEAR BUDGET: 50,000-100,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 3 24 6/20/2018 SHARING EXPERTISE BETWEEN THE EXISTING NANOCENTERS TRAINING OF TECHNICIAN (TEM, FIB, SEM, XPS, AFM, …) CLEAN ROOM TRAINING 4-6 WEEKS SHORT VISITS FOCUSED WORKSHOPS FOR TECHNICIANS BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 4 25 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS AT LEAST 3 DIFFERENT OIC MEMBERS SHOULD PARTICIPATE TARGETED RESEARCH FIELDS PARTIALY SUPPORTED BY HIGH-TECH COMPANIES EU FP7 FRAMEWORK HAS SIMILAR PROJECTS BUDGET: 1,000,000-5,000,000 USD / PER PROJECT PROPOSAL 5 26 6/20/2018 SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL SCIENTIST TO USE EXISTING NANOCENTERS SHORT TERM VISITS (1-2 WEEKS) PHD STUDENTS, RESEARCHERS TRAVEL , ACCOMMODATION, CONSUMABLE, NANOCENTER USAGE FEE BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE UNAM FIRST NATIONAL CENTER USER FACILITY INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION RESEARCH OUTPUT FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER 28 6/20/2018 History: 2006 - 2010 Total laboratory and office space: 9000 m2 Number of laboratories: 62 Number of researchers: +250 (600, in 3 years) Total investment: 50 Million $ Number of users: +450 (Universities, Industry, International) FIRST NATIONAL CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY 29 6/20/2018 ~100 Graduate Students (400 in 3 years) NANOTECHNOLOGY EDUCATION: MS & PHD PROGRAMS RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOTECHNOLOGY EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 30 6/20/2018 BASEMENT LEVEL GROUND LEVEL 1. FLOOR 2. FLOOR 3. FLOOR 4. FLOOR 5. FLOOR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION CLEANROOM: MICRO- & NANO-FABRICATION LASER AND SPECTROSCOPY NANO-OPTICS, -PHOTONICS, -ELECTRONICS NANOMATERIALS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY
Slide 31 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TRENDS IN OIC COUNTRIES 21 6/20/2018 GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT DRIVES NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH OUTPUTS IN LEADING OIC COUNTRIES TURKEY IRAN S. ARABIA NANOPHOTONICS NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY ENERGY STORAGE NANOMATERIALS (3) NANOSCALE SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS BIOTECHNOLOGY NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFIBERS NANOFLUIDS (2) NANOTUBES (2) NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFILTRATION (2) NANOCRYSTALS BIO SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS DIVERSE FIELDS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS NUMBER OF PAPERS: 1665 IMPACT: H-INDEX=45 CITATION/PAPER=7.6 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5487 IMPACT: H-INDEX=40 CITATION/PAPER=2.7 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 602 IMPACT: H-INDEX=18 CITATION/PAPER=2.6 SINGAPORE NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5493 IMPACT: H-INDEX=114 CITATION/PAPER=15.0 PROPOSAL 1 22 6/20/2018 ESTABLISHING A WORLD-CLASS NANOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE GRADUATE PROGRAMS: RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) OFFICE START-UP COMPANIES: VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT ENHANCESING COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN OIC MEMBER COUNTRIES BUDGET: 30 MILLION USD FOR INFOSTRUCTURE 100 MILLION USD FOR EQUIPMENTS 10-20 MILLION USD FOR YEARLY RUNNING COST HUMAN RESOURCES: 1,000 PHD STUDENTS 200 POST-DOCS 500 RESEARCHERS (200+300) 100 HIGH-TECH COMPANIES PROPOSAL 2 23 6/20/2018 LONG-TERM SCIENTIST EXCHANGE BETWEEN EXISTING NANOCENTERS 12-24 MONTHS TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS FINANCIAL SUPPORT (SALARY, RESEARCH GRANTS, EQUIPMENT USAGE FEE) UNAM CAN HOST 20-30 SCIENTISTS/YEAR BUDGET: 50,000-100,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 3 24 6/20/2018 SHARING EXPERTISE BETWEEN THE EXISTING NANOCENTERS TRAINING OF TECHNICIAN (TEM, FIB, SEM, XPS, AFM, …) CLEAN ROOM TRAINING 4-6 WEEKS SHORT VISITS FOCUSED WORKSHOPS FOR TECHNICIANS BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 4 25 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS AT LEAST 3 DIFFERENT OIC MEMBERS SHOULD PARTICIPATE TARGETED RESEARCH FIELDS PARTIALY SUPPORTED BY HIGH-TECH COMPANIES EU FP7 FRAMEWORK HAS SIMILAR PROJECTS BUDGET: 1,000,000-5,000,000 USD / PER PROJECT PROPOSAL 5 26 6/20/2018 SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL SCIENTIST TO USE EXISTING NANOCENTERS SHORT TERM VISITS (1-2 WEEKS) PHD STUDENTS, RESEARCHERS TRAVEL , ACCOMMODATION, CONSUMABLE, NANOCENTER USAGE FEE BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE UNAM FIRST NATIONAL CENTER USER FACILITY INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION RESEARCH OUTPUT FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER 28 6/20/2018 History: 2006 - 2010 Total laboratory and office space: 9000 m2 Number of laboratories: 62 Number of researchers: +250 (600, in 3 years) Total investment: 50 Million $ Number of users: +450 (Universities, Industry, International) FIRST NATIONAL CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY 29 6/20/2018 ~100 Graduate Students (400 in 3 years) NANOTECHNOLOGY EDUCATION: MS & PHD PROGRAMS RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOTECHNOLOGY EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 30 6/20/2018 BASEMENT LEVEL GROUND LEVEL 1. FLOOR 2. FLOOR 3. FLOOR 4. FLOOR 5. FLOOR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION CLEANROOM: MICRO- & NANO-FABRICATION LASER AND SPECTROSCOPY NANO-OPTICS, -PHOTONICS, -ELECTRONICS NANOMATERIALS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY UNAM LABORATORIES 31 6/20/2018 +150 Equipments STATE-OF-THE-ART EQUIPMENTS INVENTORY WORLD-CLASS EXPERTS
Slide 32 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TRENDS IN OIC COUNTRIES 21 6/20/2018 GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT DRIVES NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH OUTPUTS IN LEADING OIC COUNTRIES TURKEY IRAN S. ARABIA NANOPHOTONICS NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY ENERGY STORAGE NANOMATERIALS (3) NANOSCALE SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS BIOTECHNOLOGY NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFIBERS NANOFLUIDS (2) NANOTUBES (2) NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFILTRATION (2) NANOCRYSTALS BIO SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS DIVERSE FIELDS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS NUMBER OF PAPERS: 1665 IMPACT: H-INDEX=45 CITATION/PAPER=7.6 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5487 IMPACT: H-INDEX=40 CITATION/PAPER=2.7 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 602 IMPACT: H-INDEX=18 CITATION/PAPER=2.6 SINGAPORE NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5493 IMPACT: H-INDEX=114 CITATION/PAPER=15.0 PROPOSAL 1 22 6/20/2018 ESTABLISHING A WORLD-CLASS NANOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE GRADUATE PROGRAMS: RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) OFFICE START-UP COMPANIES: VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT ENHANCESING COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN OIC MEMBER COUNTRIES BUDGET: 30 MILLION USD FOR INFOSTRUCTURE 100 MILLION USD FOR EQUIPMENTS 10-20 MILLION USD FOR YEARLY RUNNING COST HUMAN RESOURCES: 1,000 PHD STUDENTS 200 POST-DOCS 500 RESEARCHERS (200+300) 100 HIGH-TECH COMPANIES PROPOSAL 2 23 6/20/2018 LONG-TERM SCIENTIST EXCHANGE BETWEEN EXISTING NANOCENTERS 12-24 MONTHS TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS FINANCIAL SUPPORT (SALARY, RESEARCH GRANTS, EQUIPMENT USAGE FEE) UNAM CAN HOST 20-30 SCIENTISTS/YEAR BUDGET: 50,000-100,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 3 24 6/20/2018 SHARING EXPERTISE BETWEEN THE EXISTING NANOCENTERS TRAINING OF TECHNICIAN (TEM, FIB, SEM, XPS, AFM, …) CLEAN ROOM TRAINING 4-6 WEEKS SHORT VISITS FOCUSED WORKSHOPS FOR TECHNICIANS BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 4 25 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS AT LEAST 3 DIFFERENT OIC MEMBERS SHOULD PARTICIPATE TARGETED RESEARCH FIELDS PARTIALY SUPPORTED BY HIGH-TECH COMPANIES EU FP7 FRAMEWORK HAS SIMILAR PROJECTS BUDGET: 1,000,000-5,000,000 USD / PER PROJECT PROPOSAL 5 26 6/20/2018 SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL SCIENTIST TO USE EXISTING NANOCENTERS SHORT TERM VISITS (1-2 WEEKS) PHD STUDENTS, RESEARCHERS TRAVEL , ACCOMMODATION, CONSUMABLE, NANOCENTER USAGE FEE BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE UNAM FIRST NATIONAL CENTER USER FACILITY INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION RESEARCH OUTPUT FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER 28 6/20/2018 History: 2006 - 2010 Total laboratory and office space: 9000 m2 Number of laboratories: 62 Number of researchers: +250 (600, in 3 years) Total investment: 50 Million $ Number of users: +450 (Universities, Industry, International) FIRST NATIONAL CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY 29 6/20/2018 ~100 Graduate Students (400 in 3 years) NANOTECHNOLOGY EDUCATION: MS & PHD PROGRAMS RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOTECHNOLOGY EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 30 6/20/2018 BASEMENT LEVEL GROUND LEVEL 1. FLOOR 2. FLOOR 3. FLOOR 4. FLOOR 5. FLOOR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION CLEANROOM: MICRO- & NANO-FABRICATION LASER AND SPECTROSCOPY NANO-OPTICS, -PHOTONICS, -ELECTRONICS NANOMATERIALS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY UNAM LABORATORIES 31 6/20/2018 +150 Equipments STATE-OF-THE-ART EQUIPMENTS INVENTORY WORLD-CLASS EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 32 6/20/2018 Nanochemisty Nanobiotechnology 62 LABORATORIES INCLUDING NANOMATERIALS, FUNCTIONAL TEXTILE, MEMS/NEMS SENSORS, MOLECULAR NANOTECHNOLOGY, PHOTOVOLTAICS
Slide 33 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TRENDS IN OIC COUNTRIES 21 6/20/2018 GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT DRIVES NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH OUTPUTS IN LEADING OIC COUNTRIES TURKEY IRAN S. ARABIA NANOPHOTONICS NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY ENERGY STORAGE NANOMATERIALS (3) NANOSCALE SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS BIOTECHNOLOGY NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFIBERS NANOFLUIDS (2) NANOTUBES (2) NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFILTRATION (2) NANOCRYSTALS BIO SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS DIVERSE FIELDS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS NUMBER OF PAPERS: 1665 IMPACT: H-INDEX=45 CITATION/PAPER=7.6 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5487 IMPACT: H-INDEX=40 CITATION/PAPER=2.7 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 602 IMPACT: H-INDEX=18 CITATION/PAPER=2.6 SINGAPORE NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5493 IMPACT: H-INDEX=114 CITATION/PAPER=15.0 PROPOSAL 1 22 6/20/2018 ESTABLISHING A WORLD-CLASS NANOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE GRADUATE PROGRAMS: RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) OFFICE START-UP COMPANIES: VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT ENHANCESING COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN OIC MEMBER COUNTRIES BUDGET: 30 MILLION USD FOR INFOSTRUCTURE 100 MILLION USD FOR EQUIPMENTS 10-20 MILLION USD FOR YEARLY RUNNING COST HUMAN RESOURCES: 1,000 PHD STUDENTS 200 POST-DOCS 500 RESEARCHERS (200+300) 100 HIGH-TECH COMPANIES PROPOSAL 2 23 6/20/2018 LONG-TERM SCIENTIST EXCHANGE BETWEEN EXISTING NANOCENTERS 12-24 MONTHS TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS FINANCIAL SUPPORT (SALARY, RESEARCH GRANTS, EQUIPMENT USAGE FEE) UNAM CAN HOST 20-30 SCIENTISTS/YEAR BUDGET: 50,000-100,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 3 24 6/20/2018 SHARING EXPERTISE BETWEEN THE EXISTING NANOCENTERS TRAINING OF TECHNICIAN (TEM, FIB, SEM, XPS, AFM, …) CLEAN ROOM TRAINING 4-6 WEEKS SHORT VISITS FOCUSED WORKSHOPS FOR TECHNICIANS BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 4 25 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS AT LEAST 3 DIFFERENT OIC MEMBERS SHOULD PARTICIPATE TARGETED RESEARCH FIELDS PARTIALY SUPPORTED BY HIGH-TECH COMPANIES EU FP7 FRAMEWORK HAS SIMILAR PROJECTS BUDGET: 1,000,000-5,000,000 USD / PER PROJECT PROPOSAL 5 26 6/20/2018 SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL SCIENTIST TO USE EXISTING NANOCENTERS SHORT TERM VISITS (1-2 WEEKS) PHD STUDENTS, RESEARCHERS TRAVEL , ACCOMMODATION, CONSUMABLE, NANOCENTER USAGE FEE BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE UNAM FIRST NATIONAL CENTER USER FACILITY INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION RESEARCH OUTPUT FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER 28 6/20/2018 History: 2006 - 2010 Total laboratory and office space: 9000 m2 Number of laboratories: 62 Number of researchers: +250 (600, in 3 years) Total investment: 50 Million $ Number of users: +450 (Universities, Industry, International) FIRST NATIONAL CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY 29 6/20/2018 ~100 Graduate Students (400 in 3 years) NANOTECHNOLOGY EDUCATION: MS & PHD PROGRAMS RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOTECHNOLOGY EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 30 6/20/2018 BASEMENT LEVEL GROUND LEVEL 1. FLOOR 2. FLOOR 3. FLOOR 4. FLOOR 5. FLOOR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION CLEANROOM: MICRO- & NANO-FABRICATION LASER AND SPECTROSCOPY NANO-OPTICS, -PHOTONICS, -ELECTRONICS NANOMATERIALS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY UNAM LABORATORIES 31 6/20/2018 +150 Equipments STATE-OF-THE-ART EQUIPMENTS INVENTORY WORLD-CLASS EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 32 6/20/2018 Nanochemisty Nanobiotechnology 62 LABORATORIES INCLUDING NANOMATERIALS, FUNCTIONAL TEXTILE, MEMS/NEMS SENSORS, MOLECULAR NANOTECHNOLOGY, PHOTOVOLTAICS IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 33 6/20/2018 TEM SEM E-BEAM DUAL-BEAM
Slide 34 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TRENDS IN OIC COUNTRIES 21 6/20/2018 GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT DRIVES NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH OUTPUTS IN LEADING OIC COUNTRIES TURKEY IRAN S. ARABIA NANOPHOTONICS NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY ENERGY STORAGE NANOMATERIALS (3) NANOSCALE SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS BIOTECHNOLOGY NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFIBERS NANOFLUIDS (2) NANOTUBES (2) NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFILTRATION (2) NANOCRYSTALS BIO SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS DIVERSE FIELDS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS NUMBER OF PAPERS: 1665 IMPACT: H-INDEX=45 CITATION/PAPER=7.6 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5487 IMPACT: H-INDEX=40 CITATION/PAPER=2.7 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 602 IMPACT: H-INDEX=18 CITATION/PAPER=2.6 SINGAPORE NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5493 IMPACT: H-INDEX=114 CITATION/PAPER=15.0 PROPOSAL 1 22 6/20/2018 ESTABLISHING A WORLD-CLASS NANOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE GRADUATE PROGRAMS: RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) OFFICE START-UP COMPANIES: VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT ENHANCESING COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN OIC MEMBER COUNTRIES BUDGET: 30 MILLION USD FOR INFOSTRUCTURE 100 MILLION USD FOR EQUIPMENTS 10-20 MILLION USD FOR YEARLY RUNNING COST HUMAN RESOURCES: 1,000 PHD STUDENTS 200 POST-DOCS 500 RESEARCHERS (200+300) 100 HIGH-TECH COMPANIES PROPOSAL 2 23 6/20/2018 LONG-TERM SCIENTIST EXCHANGE BETWEEN EXISTING NANOCENTERS 12-24 MONTHS TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS FINANCIAL SUPPORT (SALARY, RESEARCH GRANTS, EQUIPMENT USAGE FEE) UNAM CAN HOST 20-30 SCIENTISTS/YEAR BUDGET: 50,000-100,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 3 24 6/20/2018 SHARING EXPERTISE BETWEEN THE EXISTING NANOCENTERS TRAINING OF TECHNICIAN (TEM, FIB, SEM, XPS, AFM, …) CLEAN ROOM TRAINING 4-6 WEEKS SHORT VISITS FOCUSED WORKSHOPS FOR TECHNICIANS BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 4 25 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS AT LEAST 3 DIFFERENT OIC MEMBERS SHOULD PARTICIPATE TARGETED RESEARCH FIELDS PARTIALY SUPPORTED BY HIGH-TECH COMPANIES EU FP7 FRAMEWORK HAS SIMILAR PROJECTS BUDGET: 1,000,000-5,000,000 USD / PER PROJECT PROPOSAL 5 26 6/20/2018 SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL SCIENTIST TO USE EXISTING NANOCENTERS SHORT TERM VISITS (1-2 WEEKS) PHD STUDENTS, RESEARCHERS TRAVEL , ACCOMMODATION, CONSUMABLE, NANOCENTER USAGE FEE BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE UNAM FIRST NATIONAL CENTER USER FACILITY INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION RESEARCH OUTPUT FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER 28 6/20/2018 History: 2006 - 2010 Total laboratory and office space: 9000 m2 Number of laboratories: 62 Number of researchers: +250 (600, in 3 years) Total investment: 50 Million $ Number of users: +450 (Universities, Industry, International) FIRST NATIONAL CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY 29 6/20/2018 ~100 Graduate Students (400 in 3 years) NANOTECHNOLOGY EDUCATION: MS & PHD PROGRAMS RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOTECHNOLOGY EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 30 6/20/2018 BASEMENT LEVEL GROUND LEVEL 1. FLOOR 2. FLOOR 3. FLOOR 4. FLOOR 5. FLOOR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION CLEANROOM: MICRO- & NANO-FABRICATION LASER AND SPECTROSCOPY NANO-OPTICS, -PHOTONICS, -ELECTRONICS NANOMATERIALS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY UNAM LABORATORIES 31 6/20/2018 +150 Equipments STATE-OF-THE-ART EQUIPMENTS INVENTORY WORLD-CLASS EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 32 6/20/2018 Nanochemisty Nanobiotechnology 62 LABORATORIES INCLUDING NANOMATERIALS, FUNCTIONAL TEXTILE, MEMS/NEMS SENSORS, MOLECULAR NANOTECHNOLOGY, PHOTOVOLTAICS IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 33 6/20/2018 TEM SEM E-BEAM DUAL-BEAM IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 34 6/20/2018 XPS MICROTOME AFM NMR
Slide 35 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TRENDS IN OIC COUNTRIES 21 6/20/2018 GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT DRIVES NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH OUTPUTS IN LEADING OIC COUNTRIES TURKEY IRAN S. ARABIA NANOPHOTONICS NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY ENERGY STORAGE NANOMATERIALS (3) NANOSCALE SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS BIOTECHNOLOGY NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFIBERS NANOFLUIDS (2) NANOTUBES (2) NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFILTRATION (2) NANOCRYSTALS BIO SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS DIVERSE FIELDS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS NUMBER OF PAPERS: 1665 IMPACT: H-INDEX=45 CITATION/PAPER=7.6 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5487 IMPACT: H-INDEX=40 CITATION/PAPER=2.7 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 602 IMPACT: H-INDEX=18 CITATION/PAPER=2.6 SINGAPORE NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5493 IMPACT: H-INDEX=114 CITATION/PAPER=15.0 PROPOSAL 1 22 6/20/2018 ESTABLISHING A WORLD-CLASS NANOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE GRADUATE PROGRAMS: RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) OFFICE START-UP COMPANIES: VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT ENHANCESING COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN OIC MEMBER COUNTRIES BUDGET: 30 MILLION USD FOR INFOSTRUCTURE 100 MILLION USD FOR EQUIPMENTS 10-20 MILLION USD FOR YEARLY RUNNING COST HUMAN RESOURCES: 1,000 PHD STUDENTS 200 POST-DOCS 500 RESEARCHERS (200+300) 100 HIGH-TECH COMPANIES PROPOSAL 2 23 6/20/2018 LONG-TERM SCIENTIST EXCHANGE BETWEEN EXISTING NANOCENTERS 12-24 MONTHS TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS FINANCIAL SUPPORT (SALARY, RESEARCH GRANTS, EQUIPMENT USAGE FEE) UNAM CAN HOST 20-30 SCIENTISTS/YEAR BUDGET: 50,000-100,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 3 24 6/20/2018 SHARING EXPERTISE BETWEEN THE EXISTING NANOCENTERS TRAINING OF TECHNICIAN (TEM, FIB, SEM, XPS, AFM, …) CLEAN ROOM TRAINING 4-6 WEEKS SHORT VISITS FOCUSED WORKSHOPS FOR TECHNICIANS BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 4 25 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS AT LEAST 3 DIFFERENT OIC MEMBERS SHOULD PARTICIPATE TARGETED RESEARCH FIELDS PARTIALY SUPPORTED BY HIGH-TECH COMPANIES EU FP7 FRAMEWORK HAS SIMILAR PROJECTS BUDGET: 1,000,000-5,000,000 USD / PER PROJECT PROPOSAL 5 26 6/20/2018 SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL SCIENTIST TO USE EXISTING NANOCENTERS SHORT TERM VISITS (1-2 WEEKS) PHD STUDENTS, RESEARCHERS TRAVEL , ACCOMMODATION, CONSUMABLE, NANOCENTER USAGE FEE BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE UNAM FIRST NATIONAL CENTER USER FACILITY INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION RESEARCH OUTPUT FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER 28 6/20/2018 History: 2006 - 2010 Total laboratory and office space: 9000 m2 Number of laboratories: 62 Number of researchers: +250 (600, in 3 years) Total investment: 50 Million $ Number of users: +450 (Universities, Industry, International) FIRST NATIONAL CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY 29 6/20/2018 ~100 Graduate Students (400 in 3 years) NANOTECHNOLOGY EDUCATION: MS & PHD PROGRAMS RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOTECHNOLOGY EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 30 6/20/2018 BASEMENT LEVEL GROUND LEVEL 1. FLOOR 2. FLOOR 3. FLOOR 4. FLOOR 5. FLOOR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION CLEANROOM: MICRO- & NANO-FABRICATION LASER AND SPECTROSCOPY NANO-OPTICS, -PHOTONICS, -ELECTRONICS NANOMATERIALS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY UNAM LABORATORIES 31 6/20/2018 +150 Equipments STATE-OF-THE-ART EQUIPMENTS INVENTORY WORLD-CLASS EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 32 6/20/2018 Nanochemisty Nanobiotechnology 62 LABORATORIES INCLUDING NANOMATERIALS, FUNCTIONAL TEXTILE, MEMS/NEMS SENSORS, MOLECULAR NANOTECHNOLOGY, PHOTOVOLTAICS IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 33 6/20/2018 TEM SEM E-BEAM DUAL-BEAM IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 34 6/20/2018 XPS MICROTOME AFM NMR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 35 6/20/2018 MPD MRD SNOM AFM
Slide 36 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TRENDS IN OIC COUNTRIES 21 6/20/2018 GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT DRIVES NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH OUTPUTS IN LEADING OIC COUNTRIES TURKEY IRAN S. ARABIA NANOPHOTONICS NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY ENERGY STORAGE NANOMATERIALS (3) NANOSCALE SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS BIOTECHNOLOGY NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFIBERS NANOFLUIDS (2) NANOTUBES (2) NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFILTRATION (2) NANOCRYSTALS BIO SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS DIVERSE FIELDS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS NUMBER OF PAPERS: 1665 IMPACT: H-INDEX=45 CITATION/PAPER=7.6 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5487 IMPACT: H-INDEX=40 CITATION/PAPER=2.7 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 602 IMPACT: H-INDEX=18 CITATION/PAPER=2.6 SINGAPORE NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5493 IMPACT: H-INDEX=114 CITATION/PAPER=15.0 PROPOSAL 1 22 6/20/2018 ESTABLISHING A WORLD-CLASS NANOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE GRADUATE PROGRAMS: RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) OFFICE START-UP COMPANIES: VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT ENHANCESING COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN OIC MEMBER COUNTRIES BUDGET: 30 MILLION USD FOR INFOSTRUCTURE 100 MILLION USD FOR EQUIPMENTS 10-20 MILLION USD FOR YEARLY RUNNING COST HUMAN RESOURCES: 1,000 PHD STUDENTS 200 POST-DOCS 500 RESEARCHERS (200+300) 100 HIGH-TECH COMPANIES PROPOSAL 2 23 6/20/2018 LONG-TERM SCIENTIST EXCHANGE BETWEEN EXISTING NANOCENTERS 12-24 MONTHS TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS FINANCIAL SUPPORT (SALARY, RESEARCH GRANTS, EQUIPMENT USAGE FEE) UNAM CAN HOST 20-30 SCIENTISTS/YEAR BUDGET: 50,000-100,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 3 24 6/20/2018 SHARING EXPERTISE BETWEEN THE EXISTING NANOCENTERS TRAINING OF TECHNICIAN (TEM, FIB, SEM, XPS, AFM, …) CLEAN ROOM TRAINING 4-6 WEEKS SHORT VISITS FOCUSED WORKSHOPS FOR TECHNICIANS BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 4 25 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS AT LEAST 3 DIFFERENT OIC MEMBERS SHOULD PARTICIPATE TARGETED RESEARCH FIELDS PARTIALY SUPPORTED BY HIGH-TECH COMPANIES EU FP7 FRAMEWORK HAS SIMILAR PROJECTS BUDGET: 1,000,000-5,000,000 USD / PER PROJECT PROPOSAL 5 26 6/20/2018 SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL SCIENTIST TO USE EXISTING NANOCENTERS SHORT TERM VISITS (1-2 WEEKS) PHD STUDENTS, RESEARCHERS TRAVEL , ACCOMMODATION, CONSUMABLE, NANOCENTER USAGE FEE BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE UNAM FIRST NATIONAL CENTER USER FACILITY INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION RESEARCH OUTPUT FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER 28 6/20/2018 History: 2006 - 2010 Total laboratory and office space: 9000 m2 Number of laboratories: 62 Number of researchers: +250 (600, in 3 years) Total investment: 50 Million $ Number of users: +450 (Universities, Industry, International) FIRST NATIONAL CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY 29 6/20/2018 ~100 Graduate Students (400 in 3 years) NANOTECHNOLOGY EDUCATION: MS & PHD PROGRAMS RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOTECHNOLOGY EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 30 6/20/2018 BASEMENT LEVEL GROUND LEVEL 1. FLOOR 2. FLOOR 3. FLOOR 4. FLOOR 5. FLOOR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION CLEANROOM: MICRO- & NANO-FABRICATION LASER AND SPECTROSCOPY NANO-OPTICS, -PHOTONICS, -ELECTRONICS NANOMATERIALS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY UNAM LABORATORIES 31 6/20/2018 +150 Equipments STATE-OF-THE-ART EQUIPMENTS INVENTORY WORLD-CLASS EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 32 6/20/2018 Nanochemisty Nanobiotechnology 62 LABORATORIES INCLUDING NANOMATERIALS, FUNCTIONAL TEXTILE, MEMS/NEMS SENSORS, MOLECULAR NANOTECHNOLOGY, PHOTOVOLTAICS IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 33 6/20/2018 TEM SEM E-BEAM DUAL-BEAM IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 34 6/20/2018 XPS MICROTOME AFM NMR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 35 6/20/2018 MPD MRD SNOM AFM UNAM CLEANROOM 36 6/20/2018 400 m2, 10, 100 & 1000 CLASSES
Slide 37 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TRENDS IN OIC COUNTRIES 21 6/20/2018 GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT DRIVES NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH OUTPUTS IN LEADING OIC COUNTRIES TURKEY IRAN S. ARABIA NANOPHOTONICS NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY ENERGY STORAGE NANOMATERIALS (3) NANOSCALE SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS BIOTECHNOLOGY NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFIBERS NANOFLUIDS (2) NANOTUBES (2) NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFILTRATION (2) NANOCRYSTALS BIO SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS DIVERSE FIELDS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS NUMBER OF PAPERS: 1665 IMPACT: H-INDEX=45 CITATION/PAPER=7.6 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5487 IMPACT: H-INDEX=40 CITATION/PAPER=2.7 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 602 IMPACT: H-INDEX=18 CITATION/PAPER=2.6 SINGAPORE NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5493 IMPACT: H-INDEX=114 CITATION/PAPER=15.0 PROPOSAL 1 22 6/20/2018 ESTABLISHING A WORLD-CLASS NANOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE GRADUATE PROGRAMS: RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) OFFICE START-UP COMPANIES: VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT ENHANCESING COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN OIC MEMBER COUNTRIES BUDGET: 30 MILLION USD FOR INFOSTRUCTURE 100 MILLION USD FOR EQUIPMENTS 10-20 MILLION USD FOR YEARLY RUNNING COST HUMAN RESOURCES: 1,000 PHD STUDENTS 200 POST-DOCS 500 RESEARCHERS (200+300) 100 HIGH-TECH COMPANIES PROPOSAL 2 23 6/20/2018 LONG-TERM SCIENTIST EXCHANGE BETWEEN EXISTING NANOCENTERS 12-24 MONTHS TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS FINANCIAL SUPPORT (SALARY, RESEARCH GRANTS, EQUIPMENT USAGE FEE) UNAM CAN HOST 20-30 SCIENTISTS/YEAR BUDGET: 50,000-100,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 3 24 6/20/2018 SHARING EXPERTISE BETWEEN THE EXISTING NANOCENTERS TRAINING OF TECHNICIAN (TEM, FIB, SEM, XPS, AFM, …) CLEAN ROOM TRAINING 4-6 WEEKS SHORT VISITS FOCUSED WORKSHOPS FOR TECHNICIANS BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 4 25 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS AT LEAST 3 DIFFERENT OIC MEMBERS SHOULD PARTICIPATE TARGETED RESEARCH FIELDS PARTIALY SUPPORTED BY HIGH-TECH COMPANIES EU FP7 FRAMEWORK HAS SIMILAR PROJECTS BUDGET: 1,000,000-5,000,000 USD / PER PROJECT PROPOSAL 5 26 6/20/2018 SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL SCIENTIST TO USE EXISTING NANOCENTERS SHORT TERM VISITS (1-2 WEEKS) PHD STUDENTS, RESEARCHERS TRAVEL , ACCOMMODATION, CONSUMABLE, NANOCENTER USAGE FEE BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE UNAM FIRST NATIONAL CENTER USER FACILITY INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION RESEARCH OUTPUT FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER 28 6/20/2018 History: 2006 - 2010 Total laboratory and office space: 9000 m2 Number of laboratories: 62 Number of researchers: +250 (600, in 3 years) Total investment: 50 Million $ Number of users: +450 (Universities, Industry, International) FIRST NATIONAL CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY 29 6/20/2018 ~100 Graduate Students (400 in 3 years) NANOTECHNOLOGY EDUCATION: MS & PHD PROGRAMS RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOTECHNOLOGY EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 30 6/20/2018 BASEMENT LEVEL GROUND LEVEL 1. FLOOR 2. FLOOR 3. FLOOR 4. FLOOR 5. FLOOR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION CLEANROOM: MICRO- & NANO-FABRICATION LASER AND SPECTROSCOPY NANO-OPTICS, -PHOTONICS, -ELECTRONICS NANOMATERIALS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY UNAM LABORATORIES 31 6/20/2018 +150 Equipments STATE-OF-THE-ART EQUIPMENTS INVENTORY WORLD-CLASS EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 32 6/20/2018 Nanochemisty Nanobiotechnology 62 LABORATORIES INCLUDING NANOMATERIALS, FUNCTIONAL TEXTILE, MEMS/NEMS SENSORS, MOLECULAR NANOTECHNOLOGY, PHOTOVOLTAICS IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 33 6/20/2018 TEM SEM E-BEAM DUAL-BEAM IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 34 6/20/2018 XPS MICROTOME AFM NMR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 35 6/20/2018 MPD MRD SNOM AFM UNAM CLEANROOM 36 6/20/2018 400 m2, 10, 100 & 1000 CLASSES UNAM CLEANROOM: FLOOR PLAN 37 6/20/2018 1 Mask writer 2 Furnaces 3 Mask aligner I 4 Mask aligner II 5 Bench I 6 ALD I 7 ALD II 8 LPCVD 9 RTA 10 ICP I 11 ICP II 12 Asher 13 Workstation I 14 Workstation I 15 PECVD 16 Sputtering 17 E-beam 18 Thermal Evap. 19 Bench II 20 Bench III 21 Bench IV 22 Critical P. D. 23 Dicing saw 24 Organic evap. 25 Semiconductor P. A. 26 MOCVD 27 Optical microscope 28 Stylus profilometer 29 Optical profilometer 30 Network analyzer 31 Probe station I 32 Probe station II 33 E-Beam writer 34 SEM
Slide 38 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TRENDS IN OIC COUNTRIES 21 6/20/2018 GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT DRIVES NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH OUTPUTS IN LEADING OIC COUNTRIES TURKEY IRAN S. ARABIA NANOPHOTONICS NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY ENERGY STORAGE NANOMATERIALS (3) NANOSCALE SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS BIOTECHNOLOGY NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFIBERS NANOFLUIDS (2) NANOTUBES (2) NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFILTRATION (2) NANOCRYSTALS BIO SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS DIVERSE FIELDS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS NUMBER OF PAPERS: 1665 IMPACT: H-INDEX=45 CITATION/PAPER=7.6 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5487 IMPACT: H-INDEX=40 CITATION/PAPER=2.7 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 602 IMPACT: H-INDEX=18 CITATION/PAPER=2.6 SINGAPORE NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5493 IMPACT: H-INDEX=114 CITATION/PAPER=15.0 PROPOSAL 1 22 6/20/2018 ESTABLISHING A WORLD-CLASS NANOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE GRADUATE PROGRAMS: RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) OFFICE START-UP COMPANIES: VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT ENHANCESING COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN OIC MEMBER COUNTRIES BUDGET: 30 MILLION USD FOR INFOSTRUCTURE 100 MILLION USD FOR EQUIPMENTS 10-20 MILLION USD FOR YEARLY RUNNING COST HUMAN RESOURCES: 1,000 PHD STUDENTS 200 POST-DOCS 500 RESEARCHERS (200+300) 100 HIGH-TECH COMPANIES PROPOSAL 2 23 6/20/2018 LONG-TERM SCIENTIST EXCHANGE BETWEEN EXISTING NANOCENTERS 12-24 MONTHS TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS FINANCIAL SUPPORT (SALARY, RESEARCH GRANTS, EQUIPMENT USAGE FEE) UNAM CAN HOST 20-30 SCIENTISTS/YEAR BUDGET: 50,000-100,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 3 24 6/20/2018 SHARING EXPERTISE BETWEEN THE EXISTING NANOCENTERS TRAINING OF TECHNICIAN (TEM, FIB, SEM, XPS, AFM, …) CLEAN ROOM TRAINING 4-6 WEEKS SHORT VISITS FOCUSED WORKSHOPS FOR TECHNICIANS BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 4 25 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS AT LEAST 3 DIFFERENT OIC MEMBERS SHOULD PARTICIPATE TARGETED RESEARCH FIELDS PARTIALY SUPPORTED BY HIGH-TECH COMPANIES EU FP7 FRAMEWORK HAS SIMILAR PROJECTS BUDGET: 1,000,000-5,000,000 USD / PER PROJECT PROPOSAL 5 26 6/20/2018 SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL SCIENTIST TO USE EXISTING NANOCENTERS SHORT TERM VISITS (1-2 WEEKS) PHD STUDENTS, RESEARCHERS TRAVEL , ACCOMMODATION, CONSUMABLE, NANOCENTER USAGE FEE BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE UNAM FIRST NATIONAL CENTER USER FACILITY INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION RESEARCH OUTPUT FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER 28 6/20/2018 History: 2006 - 2010 Total laboratory and office space: 9000 m2 Number of laboratories: 62 Number of researchers: +250 (600, in 3 years) Total investment: 50 Million $ Number of users: +450 (Universities, Industry, International) FIRST NATIONAL CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY 29 6/20/2018 ~100 Graduate Students (400 in 3 years) NANOTECHNOLOGY EDUCATION: MS & PHD PROGRAMS RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOTECHNOLOGY EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 30 6/20/2018 BASEMENT LEVEL GROUND LEVEL 1. FLOOR 2. FLOOR 3. FLOOR 4. FLOOR 5. FLOOR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION CLEANROOM: MICRO- & NANO-FABRICATION LASER AND SPECTROSCOPY NANO-OPTICS, -PHOTONICS, -ELECTRONICS NANOMATERIALS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY UNAM LABORATORIES 31 6/20/2018 +150 Equipments STATE-OF-THE-ART EQUIPMENTS INVENTORY WORLD-CLASS EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 32 6/20/2018 Nanochemisty Nanobiotechnology 62 LABORATORIES INCLUDING NANOMATERIALS, FUNCTIONAL TEXTILE, MEMS/NEMS SENSORS, MOLECULAR NANOTECHNOLOGY, PHOTOVOLTAICS IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 33 6/20/2018 TEM SEM E-BEAM DUAL-BEAM IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 34 6/20/2018 XPS MICROTOME AFM NMR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 35 6/20/2018 MPD MRD SNOM AFM UNAM CLEANROOM 36 6/20/2018 400 m2, 10, 100 & 1000 CLASSES UNAM CLEANROOM: FLOOR PLAN 37 6/20/2018 1 Mask writer 2 Furnaces 3 Mask aligner I 4 Mask aligner II 5 Bench I 6 ALD I 7 ALD II 8 LPCVD 9 RTA 10 ICP I 11 ICP II 12 Asher 13 Workstation I 14 Workstation I 15 PECVD 16 Sputtering 17 E-beam 18 Thermal Evap. 19 Bench II 20 Bench III 21 Bench IV 22 Critical P. D. 23 Dicing saw 24 Organic evap. 25 Semiconductor P. A. 26 MOCVD 27 Optical microscope 28 Stylus profilometer 29 Optical profilometer 30 Network analyzer 31 Probe station I 32 Probe station II 33 E-Beam writer 34 SEM UNAM IN 2015? 38 6/20/2018 INFRASTRUCTURE: INVESTMENT OVER 100 MILLION USD 70 LABORATORIES WITH 300 EQUIPMENTS WORKFORCE: 100 RESEARCHERS 400 GRADUATE STUDENTS 50 ENGINEERS AND TECHNICIANS 10 STAFF 50 USERS (DAILY) USER FACILITY: TOTAL NUMBER OF USERS FROM TURKEY: 1000 TOTAL NUMBER OF INTERNATIONAL USERS: 250 RESEARCH OUTPUT: 70 MILLION USD NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL GRANTS (YEARLY) 400 PUBLICATIONS PER YEAR IN LEADING SCI JOURNALS 50 PATENT APPLICATIONS PER YEAR 30 START-UP COMPANIES
Slide 39 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TRENDS IN OIC COUNTRIES 21 6/20/2018 GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT DRIVES NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH OUTPUTS IN LEADING OIC COUNTRIES TURKEY IRAN S. ARABIA NANOPHOTONICS NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY ENERGY STORAGE NANOMATERIALS (3) NANOSCALE SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS BIOTECHNOLOGY NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFIBERS NANOFLUIDS (2) NANOTUBES (2) NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFILTRATION (2) NANOCRYSTALS BIO SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS DIVERSE FIELDS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS NUMBER OF PAPERS: 1665 IMPACT: H-INDEX=45 CITATION/PAPER=7.6 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5487 IMPACT: H-INDEX=40 CITATION/PAPER=2.7 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 602 IMPACT: H-INDEX=18 CITATION/PAPER=2.6 SINGAPORE NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5493 IMPACT: H-INDEX=114 CITATION/PAPER=15.0 PROPOSAL 1 22 6/20/2018 ESTABLISHING A WORLD-CLASS NANOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE GRADUATE PROGRAMS: RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) OFFICE START-UP COMPANIES: VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT ENHANCESING COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN OIC MEMBER COUNTRIES BUDGET: 30 MILLION USD FOR INFOSTRUCTURE 100 MILLION USD FOR EQUIPMENTS 10-20 MILLION USD FOR YEARLY RUNNING COST HUMAN RESOURCES: 1,000 PHD STUDENTS 200 POST-DOCS 500 RESEARCHERS (200+300) 100 HIGH-TECH COMPANIES PROPOSAL 2 23 6/20/2018 LONG-TERM SCIENTIST EXCHANGE BETWEEN EXISTING NANOCENTERS 12-24 MONTHS TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS FINANCIAL SUPPORT (SALARY, RESEARCH GRANTS, EQUIPMENT USAGE FEE) UNAM CAN HOST 20-30 SCIENTISTS/YEAR BUDGET: 50,000-100,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 3 24 6/20/2018 SHARING EXPERTISE BETWEEN THE EXISTING NANOCENTERS TRAINING OF TECHNICIAN (TEM, FIB, SEM, XPS, AFM, …) CLEAN ROOM TRAINING 4-6 WEEKS SHORT VISITS FOCUSED WORKSHOPS FOR TECHNICIANS BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 4 25 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS AT LEAST 3 DIFFERENT OIC MEMBERS SHOULD PARTICIPATE TARGETED RESEARCH FIELDS PARTIALY SUPPORTED BY HIGH-TECH COMPANIES EU FP7 FRAMEWORK HAS SIMILAR PROJECTS BUDGET: 1,000,000-5,000,000 USD / PER PROJECT PROPOSAL 5 26 6/20/2018 SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL SCIENTIST TO USE EXISTING NANOCENTERS SHORT TERM VISITS (1-2 WEEKS) PHD STUDENTS, RESEARCHERS TRAVEL , ACCOMMODATION, CONSUMABLE, NANOCENTER USAGE FEE BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE UNAM FIRST NATIONAL CENTER USER FACILITY INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION RESEARCH OUTPUT FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER 28 6/20/2018 History: 2006 - 2010 Total laboratory and office space: 9000 m2 Number of laboratories: 62 Number of researchers: +250 (600, in 3 years) Total investment: 50 Million $ Number of users: +450 (Universities, Industry, International) FIRST NATIONAL CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY 29 6/20/2018 ~100 Graduate Students (400 in 3 years) NANOTECHNOLOGY EDUCATION: MS & PHD PROGRAMS RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOTECHNOLOGY EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 30 6/20/2018 BASEMENT LEVEL GROUND LEVEL 1. FLOOR 2. FLOOR 3. FLOOR 4. FLOOR 5. FLOOR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION CLEANROOM: MICRO- & NANO-FABRICATION LASER AND SPECTROSCOPY NANO-OPTICS, -PHOTONICS, -ELECTRONICS NANOMATERIALS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY UNAM LABORATORIES 31 6/20/2018 +150 Equipments STATE-OF-THE-ART EQUIPMENTS INVENTORY WORLD-CLASS EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 32 6/20/2018 Nanochemisty Nanobiotechnology 62 LABORATORIES INCLUDING NANOMATERIALS, FUNCTIONAL TEXTILE, MEMS/NEMS SENSORS, MOLECULAR NANOTECHNOLOGY, PHOTOVOLTAICS IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 33 6/20/2018 TEM SEM E-BEAM DUAL-BEAM IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 34 6/20/2018 XPS MICROTOME AFM NMR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 35 6/20/2018 MPD MRD SNOM AFM UNAM CLEANROOM 36 6/20/2018 400 m2, 10, 100 & 1000 CLASSES UNAM CLEANROOM: FLOOR PLAN 37 6/20/2018 1 Mask writer 2 Furnaces 3 Mask aligner I 4 Mask aligner II 5 Bench I 6 ALD I 7 ALD II 8 LPCVD 9 RTA 10 ICP I 11 ICP II 12 Asher 13 Workstation I 14 Workstation I 15 PECVD 16 Sputtering 17 E-beam 18 Thermal Evap. 19 Bench II 20 Bench III 21 Bench IV 22 Critical P. D. 23 Dicing saw 24 Organic evap. 25 Semiconductor P. A. 26 MOCVD 27 Optical microscope 28 Stylus profilometer 29 Optical profilometer 30 Network analyzer 31 Probe station I 32 Probe station II 33 E-Beam writer 34 SEM UNAM IN 2015? 38 6/20/2018 INFRASTRUCTURE: INVESTMENT OVER 100 MILLION USD 70 LABORATORIES WITH 300 EQUIPMENTS WORKFORCE: 100 RESEARCHERS 400 GRADUATE STUDENTS 50 ENGINEERS AND TECHNICIANS 10 STAFF 50 USERS (DAILY) USER FACILITY: TOTAL NUMBER OF USERS FROM TURKEY: 1000 TOTAL NUMBER OF INTERNATIONAL USERS: 250 RESEARCH OUTPUT: 70 MILLION USD NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL GRANTS (YEARLY) 400 PUBLICATIONS PER YEAR IN LEADING SCI JOURNALS 50 PATENT APPLICATIONS PER YEAR 30 START-UP COMPANIES ESTABLISHING NATIONAL CENTER CONCEPT IN TURKEY 39 6/20/2018 CUTTING EDGE BASIC RESEARH [ MANPOWER, INFRASTRUCTURE, FUNDING ] RAISING FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS [ GRADUATE PROGRAMS, WORKSHOPS ] USER FACILITY (365/24 ) [ ENGINEERS, ACADEMIC SUPPORT, TRAINING ] TRANSFER RESEARCH OUTPUT INTO MARKET [ SART-UP COMPANIES, IP MANAGENENT, CONSULTING, INDUSTRY PROJECTS ]
Slide 40 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TRENDS IN OIC COUNTRIES 21 6/20/2018 GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT DRIVES NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH OUTPUTS IN LEADING OIC COUNTRIES TURKEY IRAN S. ARABIA NANOPHOTONICS NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY ENERGY STORAGE NANOMATERIALS (3) NANOSCALE SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS BIOTECHNOLOGY NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFIBERS NANOFLUIDS (2) NANOTUBES (2) NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFILTRATION (2) NANOCRYSTALS BIO SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS DIVERSE FIELDS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS NUMBER OF PAPERS: 1665 IMPACT: H-INDEX=45 CITATION/PAPER=7.6 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5487 IMPACT: H-INDEX=40 CITATION/PAPER=2.7 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 602 IMPACT: H-INDEX=18 CITATION/PAPER=2.6 SINGAPORE NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5493 IMPACT: H-INDEX=114 CITATION/PAPER=15.0 PROPOSAL 1 22 6/20/2018 ESTABLISHING A WORLD-CLASS NANOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE GRADUATE PROGRAMS: RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) OFFICE START-UP COMPANIES: VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT ENHANCESING COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN OIC MEMBER COUNTRIES BUDGET: 30 MILLION USD FOR INFOSTRUCTURE 100 MILLION USD FOR EQUIPMENTS 10-20 MILLION USD FOR YEARLY RUNNING COST HUMAN RESOURCES: 1,000 PHD STUDENTS 200 POST-DOCS 500 RESEARCHERS (200+300) 100 HIGH-TECH COMPANIES PROPOSAL 2 23 6/20/2018 LONG-TERM SCIENTIST EXCHANGE BETWEEN EXISTING NANOCENTERS 12-24 MONTHS TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS FINANCIAL SUPPORT (SALARY, RESEARCH GRANTS, EQUIPMENT USAGE FEE) UNAM CAN HOST 20-30 SCIENTISTS/YEAR BUDGET: 50,000-100,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 3 24 6/20/2018 SHARING EXPERTISE BETWEEN THE EXISTING NANOCENTERS TRAINING OF TECHNICIAN (TEM, FIB, SEM, XPS, AFM, …) CLEAN ROOM TRAINING 4-6 WEEKS SHORT VISITS FOCUSED WORKSHOPS FOR TECHNICIANS BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 4 25 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS AT LEAST 3 DIFFERENT OIC MEMBERS SHOULD PARTICIPATE TARGETED RESEARCH FIELDS PARTIALY SUPPORTED BY HIGH-TECH COMPANIES EU FP7 FRAMEWORK HAS SIMILAR PROJECTS BUDGET: 1,000,000-5,000,000 USD / PER PROJECT PROPOSAL 5 26 6/20/2018 SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL SCIENTIST TO USE EXISTING NANOCENTERS SHORT TERM VISITS (1-2 WEEKS) PHD STUDENTS, RESEARCHERS TRAVEL , ACCOMMODATION, CONSUMABLE, NANOCENTER USAGE FEE BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE UNAM FIRST NATIONAL CENTER USER FACILITY INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION RESEARCH OUTPUT FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER 28 6/20/2018 History: 2006 - 2010 Total laboratory and office space: 9000 m2 Number of laboratories: 62 Number of researchers: +250 (600, in 3 years) Total investment: 50 Million $ Number of users: +450 (Universities, Industry, International) FIRST NATIONAL CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY 29 6/20/2018 ~100 Graduate Students (400 in 3 years) NANOTECHNOLOGY EDUCATION: MS & PHD PROGRAMS RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOTECHNOLOGY EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 30 6/20/2018 BASEMENT LEVEL GROUND LEVEL 1. FLOOR 2. FLOOR 3. FLOOR 4. FLOOR 5. FLOOR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION CLEANROOM: MICRO- & NANO-FABRICATION LASER AND SPECTROSCOPY NANO-OPTICS, -PHOTONICS, -ELECTRONICS NANOMATERIALS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY UNAM LABORATORIES 31 6/20/2018 +150 Equipments STATE-OF-THE-ART EQUIPMENTS INVENTORY WORLD-CLASS EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 32 6/20/2018 Nanochemisty Nanobiotechnology 62 LABORATORIES INCLUDING NANOMATERIALS, FUNCTIONAL TEXTILE, MEMS/NEMS SENSORS, MOLECULAR NANOTECHNOLOGY, PHOTOVOLTAICS IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 33 6/20/2018 TEM SEM E-BEAM DUAL-BEAM IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 34 6/20/2018 XPS MICROTOME AFM NMR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 35 6/20/2018 MPD MRD SNOM AFM UNAM CLEANROOM 36 6/20/2018 400 m2, 10, 100 & 1000 CLASSES UNAM CLEANROOM: FLOOR PLAN 37 6/20/2018 1 Mask writer 2 Furnaces 3 Mask aligner I 4 Mask aligner II 5 Bench I 6 ALD I 7 ALD II 8 LPCVD 9 RTA 10 ICP I 11 ICP II 12 Asher 13 Workstation I 14 Workstation I 15 PECVD 16 Sputtering 17 E-beam 18 Thermal Evap. 19 Bench II 20 Bench III 21 Bench IV 22 Critical P. D. 23 Dicing saw 24 Organic evap. 25 Semiconductor P. A. 26 MOCVD 27 Optical microscope 28 Stylus profilometer 29 Optical profilometer 30 Network analyzer 31 Probe station I 32 Probe station II 33 E-Beam writer 34 SEM UNAM IN 2015? 38 6/20/2018 INFRASTRUCTURE: INVESTMENT OVER 100 MILLION USD 70 LABORATORIES WITH 300 EQUIPMENTS WORKFORCE: 100 RESEARCHERS 400 GRADUATE STUDENTS 50 ENGINEERS AND TECHNICIANS 10 STAFF 50 USERS (DAILY) USER FACILITY: TOTAL NUMBER OF USERS FROM TURKEY: 1000 TOTAL NUMBER OF INTERNATIONAL USERS: 250 RESEARCH OUTPUT: 70 MILLION USD NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL GRANTS (YEARLY) 400 PUBLICATIONS PER YEAR IN LEADING SCI JOURNALS 50 PATENT APPLICATIONS PER YEAR 30 START-UP COMPANIES ESTABLISHING NATIONAL CENTER CONCEPT IN TURKEY 39 6/20/2018 CUTTING EDGE BASIC RESEARH [ MANPOWER, INFRASTRUCTURE, FUNDING ] RAISING FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS [ GRADUATE PROGRAMS, WORKSHOPS ] USER FACILITY (365/24 ) [ ENGINEERS, ACADEMIC SUPPORT, TRAINING ] TRANSFER RESEARCH OUTPUT INTO MARKET [ SART-UP COMPANIES, IP MANAGENENT, CONSULTING, INDUSTRY PROJECTS ] IMPACT: PUBLICATIONS IN HIGH-QUALITY JOURNALS 40 6/20/2018
Slide 41 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TRENDS IN OIC COUNTRIES 21 6/20/2018 GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT DRIVES NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH OUTPUTS IN LEADING OIC COUNTRIES TURKEY IRAN S. ARABIA NANOPHOTONICS NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY ENERGY STORAGE NANOMATERIALS (3) NANOSCALE SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS BIOTECHNOLOGY NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFIBERS NANOFLUIDS (2) NANOTUBES (2) NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFILTRATION (2) NANOCRYSTALS BIO SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS DIVERSE FIELDS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS NUMBER OF PAPERS: 1665 IMPACT: H-INDEX=45 CITATION/PAPER=7.6 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5487 IMPACT: H-INDEX=40 CITATION/PAPER=2.7 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 602 IMPACT: H-INDEX=18 CITATION/PAPER=2.6 SINGAPORE NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5493 IMPACT: H-INDEX=114 CITATION/PAPER=15.0 PROPOSAL 1 22 6/20/2018 ESTABLISHING A WORLD-CLASS NANOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE GRADUATE PROGRAMS: RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) OFFICE START-UP COMPANIES: VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT ENHANCESING COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN OIC MEMBER COUNTRIES BUDGET: 30 MILLION USD FOR INFOSTRUCTURE 100 MILLION USD FOR EQUIPMENTS 10-20 MILLION USD FOR YEARLY RUNNING COST HUMAN RESOURCES: 1,000 PHD STUDENTS 200 POST-DOCS 500 RESEARCHERS (200+300) 100 HIGH-TECH COMPANIES PROPOSAL 2 23 6/20/2018 LONG-TERM SCIENTIST EXCHANGE BETWEEN EXISTING NANOCENTERS 12-24 MONTHS TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS FINANCIAL SUPPORT (SALARY, RESEARCH GRANTS, EQUIPMENT USAGE FEE) UNAM CAN HOST 20-30 SCIENTISTS/YEAR BUDGET: 50,000-100,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 3 24 6/20/2018 SHARING EXPERTISE BETWEEN THE EXISTING NANOCENTERS TRAINING OF TECHNICIAN (TEM, FIB, SEM, XPS, AFM, …) CLEAN ROOM TRAINING 4-6 WEEKS SHORT VISITS FOCUSED WORKSHOPS FOR TECHNICIANS BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 4 25 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS AT LEAST 3 DIFFERENT OIC MEMBERS SHOULD PARTICIPATE TARGETED RESEARCH FIELDS PARTIALY SUPPORTED BY HIGH-TECH COMPANIES EU FP7 FRAMEWORK HAS SIMILAR PROJECTS BUDGET: 1,000,000-5,000,000 USD / PER PROJECT PROPOSAL 5 26 6/20/2018 SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL SCIENTIST TO USE EXISTING NANOCENTERS SHORT TERM VISITS (1-2 WEEKS) PHD STUDENTS, RESEARCHERS TRAVEL , ACCOMMODATION, CONSUMABLE, NANOCENTER USAGE FEE BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE UNAM FIRST NATIONAL CENTER USER FACILITY INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION RESEARCH OUTPUT FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER 28 6/20/2018 History: 2006 - 2010 Total laboratory and office space: 9000 m2 Number of laboratories: 62 Number of researchers: +250 (600, in 3 years) Total investment: 50 Million $ Number of users: +450 (Universities, Industry, International) FIRST NATIONAL CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY 29 6/20/2018 ~100 Graduate Students (400 in 3 years) NANOTECHNOLOGY EDUCATION: MS & PHD PROGRAMS RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOTECHNOLOGY EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 30 6/20/2018 BASEMENT LEVEL GROUND LEVEL 1. FLOOR 2. FLOOR 3. FLOOR 4. FLOOR 5. FLOOR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION CLEANROOM: MICRO- & NANO-FABRICATION LASER AND SPECTROSCOPY NANO-OPTICS, -PHOTONICS, -ELECTRONICS NANOMATERIALS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY UNAM LABORATORIES 31 6/20/2018 +150 Equipments STATE-OF-THE-ART EQUIPMENTS INVENTORY WORLD-CLASS EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 32 6/20/2018 Nanochemisty Nanobiotechnology 62 LABORATORIES INCLUDING NANOMATERIALS, FUNCTIONAL TEXTILE, MEMS/NEMS SENSORS, MOLECULAR NANOTECHNOLOGY, PHOTOVOLTAICS IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 33 6/20/2018 TEM SEM E-BEAM DUAL-BEAM IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 34 6/20/2018 XPS MICROTOME AFM NMR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 35 6/20/2018 MPD MRD SNOM AFM UNAM CLEANROOM 36 6/20/2018 400 m2, 10, 100 & 1000 CLASSES UNAM CLEANROOM: FLOOR PLAN 37 6/20/2018 1 Mask writer 2 Furnaces 3 Mask aligner I 4 Mask aligner II 5 Bench I 6 ALD I 7 ALD II 8 LPCVD 9 RTA 10 ICP I 11 ICP II 12 Asher 13 Workstation I 14 Workstation I 15 PECVD 16 Sputtering 17 E-beam 18 Thermal Evap. 19 Bench II 20 Bench III 21 Bench IV 22 Critical P. D. 23 Dicing saw 24 Organic evap. 25 Semiconductor P. A. 26 MOCVD 27 Optical microscope 28 Stylus profilometer 29 Optical profilometer 30 Network analyzer 31 Probe station I 32 Probe station II 33 E-Beam writer 34 SEM UNAM IN 2015? 38 6/20/2018 INFRASTRUCTURE: INVESTMENT OVER 100 MILLION USD 70 LABORATORIES WITH 300 EQUIPMENTS WORKFORCE: 100 RESEARCHERS 400 GRADUATE STUDENTS 50 ENGINEERS AND TECHNICIANS 10 STAFF 50 USERS (DAILY) USER FACILITY: TOTAL NUMBER OF USERS FROM TURKEY: 1000 TOTAL NUMBER OF INTERNATIONAL USERS: 250 RESEARCH OUTPUT: 70 MILLION USD NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL GRANTS (YEARLY) 400 PUBLICATIONS PER YEAR IN LEADING SCI JOURNALS 50 PATENT APPLICATIONS PER YEAR 30 START-UP COMPANIES ESTABLISHING NATIONAL CENTER CONCEPT IN TURKEY 39 6/20/2018 CUTTING EDGE BASIC RESEARH [ MANPOWER, INFRASTRUCTURE, FUNDING ] RAISING FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS [ GRADUATE PROGRAMS, WORKSHOPS ] USER FACILITY (365/24 ) [ ENGINEERS, ACADEMIC SUPPORT, TRAINING ] TRANSFER RESEARCH OUTPUT INTO MARKET [ SART-UP COMPANIES, IP MANAGENENT, CONSULTING, INDUSTRY PROJECTS ] IMPACT: PUBLICATIONS IN HIGH-QUALITY JOURNALS 40 6/20/2018 A NEW NANOFABRICATION TECHNIQUE 41 6/20/2018 BAYINDIR RESEARCH GROUP
Slide 42 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TRENDS IN OIC COUNTRIES 21 6/20/2018 GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT DRIVES NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH OUTPUTS IN LEADING OIC COUNTRIES TURKEY IRAN S. ARABIA NANOPHOTONICS NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY ENERGY STORAGE NANOMATERIALS (3) NANOSCALE SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS BIOTECHNOLOGY NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFIBERS NANOFLUIDS (2) NANOTUBES (2) NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFILTRATION (2) NANOCRYSTALS BIO SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS DIVERSE FIELDS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS NUMBER OF PAPERS: 1665 IMPACT: H-INDEX=45 CITATION/PAPER=7.6 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5487 IMPACT: H-INDEX=40 CITATION/PAPER=2.7 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 602 IMPACT: H-INDEX=18 CITATION/PAPER=2.6 SINGAPORE NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5493 IMPACT: H-INDEX=114 CITATION/PAPER=15.0 PROPOSAL 1 22 6/20/2018 ESTABLISHING A WORLD-CLASS NANOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE GRADUATE PROGRAMS: RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) OFFICE START-UP COMPANIES: VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT ENHANCESING COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN OIC MEMBER COUNTRIES BUDGET: 30 MILLION USD FOR INFOSTRUCTURE 100 MILLION USD FOR EQUIPMENTS 10-20 MILLION USD FOR YEARLY RUNNING COST HUMAN RESOURCES: 1,000 PHD STUDENTS 200 POST-DOCS 500 RESEARCHERS (200+300) 100 HIGH-TECH COMPANIES PROPOSAL 2 23 6/20/2018 LONG-TERM SCIENTIST EXCHANGE BETWEEN EXISTING NANOCENTERS 12-24 MONTHS TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS FINANCIAL SUPPORT (SALARY, RESEARCH GRANTS, EQUIPMENT USAGE FEE) UNAM CAN HOST 20-30 SCIENTISTS/YEAR BUDGET: 50,000-100,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 3 24 6/20/2018 SHARING EXPERTISE BETWEEN THE EXISTING NANOCENTERS TRAINING OF TECHNICIAN (TEM, FIB, SEM, XPS, AFM, …) CLEAN ROOM TRAINING 4-6 WEEKS SHORT VISITS FOCUSED WORKSHOPS FOR TECHNICIANS BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 4 25 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS AT LEAST 3 DIFFERENT OIC MEMBERS SHOULD PARTICIPATE TARGETED RESEARCH FIELDS PARTIALY SUPPORTED BY HIGH-TECH COMPANIES EU FP7 FRAMEWORK HAS SIMILAR PROJECTS BUDGET: 1,000,000-5,000,000 USD / PER PROJECT PROPOSAL 5 26 6/20/2018 SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL SCIENTIST TO USE EXISTING NANOCENTERS SHORT TERM VISITS (1-2 WEEKS) PHD STUDENTS, RESEARCHERS TRAVEL , ACCOMMODATION, CONSUMABLE, NANOCENTER USAGE FEE BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE UNAM FIRST NATIONAL CENTER USER FACILITY INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION RESEARCH OUTPUT FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER 28 6/20/2018 History: 2006 - 2010 Total laboratory and office space: 9000 m2 Number of laboratories: 62 Number of researchers: +250 (600, in 3 years) Total investment: 50 Million $ Number of users: +450 (Universities, Industry, International) FIRST NATIONAL CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY 29 6/20/2018 ~100 Graduate Students (400 in 3 years) NANOTECHNOLOGY EDUCATION: MS & PHD PROGRAMS RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOTECHNOLOGY EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 30 6/20/2018 BASEMENT LEVEL GROUND LEVEL 1. FLOOR 2. FLOOR 3. FLOOR 4. FLOOR 5. FLOOR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION CLEANROOM: MICRO- & NANO-FABRICATION LASER AND SPECTROSCOPY NANO-OPTICS, -PHOTONICS, -ELECTRONICS NANOMATERIALS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY UNAM LABORATORIES 31 6/20/2018 +150 Equipments STATE-OF-THE-ART EQUIPMENTS INVENTORY WORLD-CLASS EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 32 6/20/2018 Nanochemisty Nanobiotechnology 62 LABORATORIES INCLUDING NANOMATERIALS, FUNCTIONAL TEXTILE, MEMS/NEMS SENSORS, MOLECULAR NANOTECHNOLOGY, PHOTOVOLTAICS IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 33 6/20/2018 TEM SEM E-BEAM DUAL-BEAM IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 34 6/20/2018 XPS MICROTOME AFM NMR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 35 6/20/2018 MPD MRD SNOM AFM UNAM CLEANROOM 36 6/20/2018 400 m2, 10, 100 & 1000 CLASSES UNAM CLEANROOM: FLOOR PLAN 37 6/20/2018 1 Mask writer 2 Furnaces 3 Mask aligner I 4 Mask aligner II 5 Bench I 6 ALD I 7 ALD II 8 LPCVD 9 RTA 10 ICP I 11 ICP II 12 Asher 13 Workstation I 14 Workstation I 15 PECVD 16 Sputtering 17 E-beam 18 Thermal Evap. 19 Bench II 20 Bench III 21 Bench IV 22 Critical P. D. 23 Dicing saw 24 Organic evap. 25 Semiconductor P. A. 26 MOCVD 27 Optical microscope 28 Stylus profilometer 29 Optical profilometer 30 Network analyzer 31 Probe station I 32 Probe station II 33 E-Beam writer 34 SEM UNAM IN 2015? 38 6/20/2018 INFRASTRUCTURE: INVESTMENT OVER 100 MILLION USD 70 LABORATORIES WITH 300 EQUIPMENTS WORKFORCE: 100 RESEARCHERS 400 GRADUATE STUDENTS 50 ENGINEERS AND TECHNICIANS 10 STAFF 50 USERS (DAILY) USER FACILITY: TOTAL NUMBER OF USERS FROM TURKEY: 1000 TOTAL NUMBER OF INTERNATIONAL USERS: 250 RESEARCH OUTPUT: 70 MILLION USD NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL GRANTS (YEARLY) 400 PUBLICATIONS PER YEAR IN LEADING SCI JOURNALS 50 PATENT APPLICATIONS PER YEAR 30 START-UP COMPANIES ESTABLISHING NATIONAL CENTER CONCEPT IN TURKEY 39 6/20/2018 CUTTING EDGE BASIC RESEARH [ MANPOWER, INFRASTRUCTURE, FUNDING ] RAISING FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS [ GRADUATE PROGRAMS, WORKSHOPS ] USER FACILITY (365/24 ) [ ENGINEERS, ACADEMIC SUPPORT, TRAINING ] TRANSFER RESEARCH OUTPUT INTO MARKET [ SART-UP COMPANIES, IP MANAGENENT, CONSULTING, INDUSTRY PROJECTS ] IMPACT: PUBLICATIONS IN HIGH-QUALITY JOURNALS 40 6/20/2018 A NEW NANOFABRICATION TECHNIQUE 41 6/20/2018 BAYINDIR RESEARCH GROUP NANOWIRES WITHOUT END 42 6/20/2018 ULTIMATE SIZE REDUCTION KILOMETER-LONG NANOSTRUCTURES A NEW TOP-TO-BOTTOM SCHEME IN NANOTECHNOLOGY
Slide 43 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TRENDS IN OIC COUNTRIES 21 6/20/2018 GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT DRIVES NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH OUTPUTS IN LEADING OIC COUNTRIES TURKEY IRAN S. ARABIA NANOPHOTONICS NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY ENERGY STORAGE NANOMATERIALS (3) NANOSCALE SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS BIOTECHNOLOGY NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFIBERS NANOFLUIDS (2) NANOTUBES (2) NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFILTRATION (2) NANOCRYSTALS BIO SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS DIVERSE FIELDS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS NUMBER OF PAPERS: 1665 IMPACT: H-INDEX=45 CITATION/PAPER=7.6 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5487 IMPACT: H-INDEX=40 CITATION/PAPER=2.7 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 602 IMPACT: H-INDEX=18 CITATION/PAPER=2.6 SINGAPORE NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5493 IMPACT: H-INDEX=114 CITATION/PAPER=15.0 PROPOSAL 1 22 6/20/2018 ESTABLISHING A WORLD-CLASS NANOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE GRADUATE PROGRAMS: RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) OFFICE START-UP COMPANIES: VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT ENHANCESING COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN OIC MEMBER COUNTRIES BUDGET: 30 MILLION USD FOR INFOSTRUCTURE 100 MILLION USD FOR EQUIPMENTS 10-20 MILLION USD FOR YEARLY RUNNING COST HUMAN RESOURCES: 1,000 PHD STUDENTS 200 POST-DOCS 500 RESEARCHERS (200+300) 100 HIGH-TECH COMPANIES PROPOSAL 2 23 6/20/2018 LONG-TERM SCIENTIST EXCHANGE BETWEEN EXISTING NANOCENTERS 12-24 MONTHS TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS FINANCIAL SUPPORT (SALARY, RESEARCH GRANTS, EQUIPMENT USAGE FEE) UNAM CAN HOST 20-30 SCIENTISTS/YEAR BUDGET: 50,000-100,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 3 24 6/20/2018 SHARING EXPERTISE BETWEEN THE EXISTING NANOCENTERS TRAINING OF TECHNICIAN (TEM, FIB, SEM, XPS, AFM, …) CLEAN ROOM TRAINING 4-6 WEEKS SHORT VISITS FOCUSED WORKSHOPS FOR TECHNICIANS BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 4 25 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS AT LEAST 3 DIFFERENT OIC MEMBERS SHOULD PARTICIPATE TARGETED RESEARCH FIELDS PARTIALY SUPPORTED BY HIGH-TECH COMPANIES EU FP7 FRAMEWORK HAS SIMILAR PROJECTS BUDGET: 1,000,000-5,000,000 USD / PER PROJECT PROPOSAL 5 26 6/20/2018 SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL SCIENTIST TO USE EXISTING NANOCENTERS SHORT TERM VISITS (1-2 WEEKS) PHD STUDENTS, RESEARCHERS TRAVEL , ACCOMMODATION, CONSUMABLE, NANOCENTER USAGE FEE BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE UNAM FIRST NATIONAL CENTER USER FACILITY INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION RESEARCH OUTPUT FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER 28 6/20/2018 History: 2006 - 2010 Total laboratory and office space: 9000 m2 Number of laboratories: 62 Number of researchers: +250 (600, in 3 years) Total investment: 50 Million $ Number of users: +450 (Universities, Industry, International) FIRST NATIONAL CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY 29 6/20/2018 ~100 Graduate Students (400 in 3 years) NANOTECHNOLOGY EDUCATION: MS & PHD PROGRAMS RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOTECHNOLOGY EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 30 6/20/2018 BASEMENT LEVEL GROUND LEVEL 1. FLOOR 2. FLOOR 3. FLOOR 4. FLOOR 5. FLOOR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION CLEANROOM: MICRO- & NANO-FABRICATION LASER AND SPECTROSCOPY NANO-OPTICS, -PHOTONICS, -ELECTRONICS NANOMATERIALS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY UNAM LABORATORIES 31 6/20/2018 +150 Equipments STATE-OF-THE-ART EQUIPMENTS INVENTORY WORLD-CLASS EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 32 6/20/2018 Nanochemisty Nanobiotechnology 62 LABORATORIES INCLUDING NANOMATERIALS, FUNCTIONAL TEXTILE, MEMS/NEMS SENSORS, MOLECULAR NANOTECHNOLOGY, PHOTOVOLTAICS IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 33 6/20/2018 TEM SEM E-BEAM DUAL-BEAM IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 34 6/20/2018 XPS MICROTOME AFM NMR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 35 6/20/2018 MPD MRD SNOM AFM UNAM CLEANROOM 36 6/20/2018 400 m2, 10, 100 & 1000 CLASSES UNAM CLEANROOM: FLOOR PLAN 37 6/20/2018 1 Mask writer 2 Furnaces 3 Mask aligner I 4 Mask aligner II 5 Bench I 6 ALD I 7 ALD II 8 LPCVD 9 RTA 10 ICP I 11 ICP II 12 Asher 13 Workstation I 14 Workstation I 15 PECVD 16 Sputtering 17 E-beam 18 Thermal Evap. 19 Bench II 20 Bench III 21 Bench IV 22 Critical P. D. 23 Dicing saw 24 Organic evap. 25 Semiconductor P. A. 26 MOCVD 27 Optical microscope 28 Stylus profilometer 29 Optical profilometer 30 Network analyzer 31 Probe station I 32 Probe station II 33 E-Beam writer 34 SEM UNAM IN 2015? 38 6/20/2018 INFRASTRUCTURE: INVESTMENT OVER 100 MILLION USD 70 LABORATORIES WITH 300 EQUIPMENTS WORKFORCE: 100 RESEARCHERS 400 GRADUATE STUDENTS 50 ENGINEERS AND TECHNICIANS 10 STAFF 50 USERS (DAILY) USER FACILITY: TOTAL NUMBER OF USERS FROM TURKEY: 1000 TOTAL NUMBER OF INTERNATIONAL USERS: 250 RESEARCH OUTPUT: 70 MILLION USD NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL GRANTS (YEARLY) 400 PUBLICATIONS PER YEAR IN LEADING SCI JOURNALS 50 PATENT APPLICATIONS PER YEAR 30 START-UP COMPANIES ESTABLISHING NATIONAL CENTER CONCEPT IN TURKEY 39 6/20/2018 CUTTING EDGE BASIC RESEARH [ MANPOWER, INFRASTRUCTURE, FUNDING ] RAISING FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS [ GRADUATE PROGRAMS, WORKSHOPS ] USER FACILITY (365/24 ) [ ENGINEERS, ACADEMIC SUPPORT, TRAINING ] TRANSFER RESEARCH OUTPUT INTO MARKET [ SART-UP COMPANIES, IP MANAGENENT, CONSULTING, INDUSTRY PROJECTS ] IMPACT: PUBLICATIONS IN HIGH-QUALITY JOURNALS 40 6/20/2018 A NEW NANOFABRICATION TECHNIQUE 41 6/20/2018 BAYINDIR RESEARCH GROUP NANOWIRES WITHOUT END 42 6/20/2018 ULTIMATE SIZE REDUCTION KILOMETER-LONG NANOSTRUCTURES A NEW TOP-TO-BOTTOM SCHEME IN NANOTECHNOLOGY CREATING FAVORABLE ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION 43 6/20/2018 TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS NANOTECHNOLOGY BASIC RESEARCH TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT LARGE-SCALE COMPANIES START-UP COMPANIES VENTURE CAPITAL GOVERNMENT SUPPORT GRADUATE PROGRAMS FUNDING FUNDING GOVERNMENT INDUSTRY EUROPEAN UNION UNAM CASE
Slide 44 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TRENDS IN OIC COUNTRIES 21 6/20/2018 GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT DRIVES NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH OUTPUTS IN LEADING OIC COUNTRIES TURKEY IRAN S. ARABIA NANOPHOTONICS NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY ENERGY STORAGE NANOMATERIALS (3) NANOSCALE SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS BIOTECHNOLOGY NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFIBERS NANOFLUIDS (2) NANOTUBES (2) NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFILTRATION (2) NANOCRYSTALS BIO SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS DIVERSE FIELDS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS NUMBER OF PAPERS: 1665 IMPACT: H-INDEX=45 CITATION/PAPER=7.6 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5487 IMPACT: H-INDEX=40 CITATION/PAPER=2.7 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 602 IMPACT: H-INDEX=18 CITATION/PAPER=2.6 SINGAPORE NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5493 IMPACT: H-INDEX=114 CITATION/PAPER=15.0 PROPOSAL 1 22 6/20/2018 ESTABLISHING A WORLD-CLASS NANOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE GRADUATE PROGRAMS: RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) OFFICE START-UP COMPANIES: VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT ENHANCESING COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN OIC MEMBER COUNTRIES BUDGET: 30 MILLION USD FOR INFOSTRUCTURE 100 MILLION USD FOR EQUIPMENTS 10-20 MILLION USD FOR YEARLY RUNNING COST HUMAN RESOURCES: 1,000 PHD STUDENTS 200 POST-DOCS 500 RESEARCHERS (200+300) 100 HIGH-TECH COMPANIES PROPOSAL 2 23 6/20/2018 LONG-TERM SCIENTIST EXCHANGE BETWEEN EXISTING NANOCENTERS 12-24 MONTHS TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS FINANCIAL SUPPORT (SALARY, RESEARCH GRANTS, EQUIPMENT USAGE FEE) UNAM CAN HOST 20-30 SCIENTISTS/YEAR BUDGET: 50,000-100,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 3 24 6/20/2018 SHARING EXPERTISE BETWEEN THE EXISTING NANOCENTERS TRAINING OF TECHNICIAN (TEM, FIB, SEM, XPS, AFM, …) CLEAN ROOM TRAINING 4-6 WEEKS SHORT VISITS FOCUSED WORKSHOPS FOR TECHNICIANS BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 4 25 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS AT LEAST 3 DIFFERENT OIC MEMBERS SHOULD PARTICIPATE TARGETED RESEARCH FIELDS PARTIALY SUPPORTED BY HIGH-TECH COMPANIES EU FP7 FRAMEWORK HAS SIMILAR PROJECTS BUDGET: 1,000,000-5,000,000 USD / PER PROJECT PROPOSAL 5 26 6/20/2018 SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL SCIENTIST TO USE EXISTING NANOCENTERS SHORT TERM VISITS (1-2 WEEKS) PHD STUDENTS, RESEARCHERS TRAVEL , ACCOMMODATION, CONSUMABLE, NANOCENTER USAGE FEE BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE UNAM FIRST NATIONAL CENTER USER FACILITY INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION RESEARCH OUTPUT FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER 28 6/20/2018 History: 2006 - 2010 Total laboratory and office space: 9000 m2 Number of laboratories: 62 Number of researchers: +250 (600, in 3 years) Total investment: 50 Million $ Number of users: +450 (Universities, Industry, International) FIRST NATIONAL CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY 29 6/20/2018 ~100 Graduate Students (400 in 3 years) NANOTECHNOLOGY EDUCATION: MS & PHD PROGRAMS RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOTECHNOLOGY EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 30 6/20/2018 BASEMENT LEVEL GROUND LEVEL 1. FLOOR 2. FLOOR 3. FLOOR 4. FLOOR 5. FLOOR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION CLEANROOM: MICRO- & NANO-FABRICATION LASER AND SPECTROSCOPY NANO-OPTICS, -PHOTONICS, -ELECTRONICS NANOMATERIALS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY UNAM LABORATORIES 31 6/20/2018 +150 Equipments STATE-OF-THE-ART EQUIPMENTS INVENTORY WORLD-CLASS EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 32 6/20/2018 Nanochemisty Nanobiotechnology 62 LABORATORIES INCLUDING NANOMATERIALS, FUNCTIONAL TEXTILE, MEMS/NEMS SENSORS, MOLECULAR NANOTECHNOLOGY, PHOTOVOLTAICS IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 33 6/20/2018 TEM SEM E-BEAM DUAL-BEAM IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 34 6/20/2018 XPS MICROTOME AFM NMR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 35 6/20/2018 MPD MRD SNOM AFM UNAM CLEANROOM 36 6/20/2018 400 m2, 10, 100 & 1000 CLASSES UNAM CLEANROOM: FLOOR PLAN 37 6/20/2018 1 Mask writer 2 Furnaces 3 Mask aligner I 4 Mask aligner II 5 Bench I 6 ALD I 7 ALD II 8 LPCVD 9 RTA 10 ICP I 11 ICP II 12 Asher 13 Workstation I 14 Workstation I 15 PECVD 16 Sputtering 17 E-beam 18 Thermal Evap. 19 Bench II 20 Bench III 21 Bench IV 22 Critical P. D. 23 Dicing saw 24 Organic evap. 25 Semiconductor P. A. 26 MOCVD 27 Optical microscope 28 Stylus profilometer 29 Optical profilometer 30 Network analyzer 31 Probe station I 32 Probe station II 33 E-Beam writer 34 SEM UNAM IN 2015? 38 6/20/2018 INFRASTRUCTURE: INVESTMENT OVER 100 MILLION USD 70 LABORATORIES WITH 300 EQUIPMENTS WORKFORCE: 100 RESEARCHERS 400 GRADUATE STUDENTS 50 ENGINEERS AND TECHNICIANS 10 STAFF 50 USERS (DAILY) USER FACILITY: TOTAL NUMBER OF USERS FROM TURKEY: 1000 TOTAL NUMBER OF INTERNATIONAL USERS: 250 RESEARCH OUTPUT: 70 MILLION USD NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL GRANTS (YEARLY) 400 PUBLICATIONS PER YEAR IN LEADING SCI JOURNALS 50 PATENT APPLICATIONS PER YEAR 30 START-UP COMPANIES ESTABLISHING NATIONAL CENTER CONCEPT IN TURKEY 39 6/20/2018 CUTTING EDGE BASIC RESEARH [ MANPOWER, INFRASTRUCTURE, FUNDING ] RAISING FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS [ GRADUATE PROGRAMS, WORKSHOPS ] USER FACILITY (365/24 ) [ ENGINEERS, ACADEMIC SUPPORT, TRAINING ] TRANSFER RESEARCH OUTPUT INTO MARKET [ SART-UP COMPANIES, IP MANAGENENT, CONSULTING, INDUSTRY PROJECTS ] IMPACT: PUBLICATIONS IN HIGH-QUALITY JOURNALS 40 6/20/2018 A NEW NANOFABRICATION TECHNIQUE 41 6/20/2018 BAYINDIR RESEARCH GROUP NANOWIRES WITHOUT END 42 6/20/2018 ULTIMATE SIZE REDUCTION KILOMETER-LONG NANOSTRUCTURES A NEW TOP-TO-BOTTOM SCHEME IN NANOTECHNOLOGY CREATING FAVORABLE ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION 43 6/20/2018 TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS NANOTECHNOLOGY BASIC RESEARCH TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT LARGE-SCALE COMPANIES START-UP COMPANIES VENTURE CAPITAL GOVERNMENT SUPPORT GRADUATE PROGRAMS FUNDING FUNDING GOVERNMENT INDUSTRY EUROPEAN UNION UNAM CASE UNAM-ORIGINATED START-UP COMPANIES 44 6/20/2018 FIRST PRODUCT SOLD ! FROM LABORATORY TO MARKET WITHIN 2 YEARS
Slide 45 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TRENDS IN OIC COUNTRIES 21 6/20/2018 GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT DRIVES NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH OUTPUTS IN LEADING OIC COUNTRIES TURKEY IRAN S. ARABIA NANOPHOTONICS NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY ENERGY STORAGE NANOMATERIALS (3) NANOSCALE SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS BIOTECHNOLOGY NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFIBERS NANOFLUIDS (2) NANOTUBES (2) NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFILTRATION (2) NANOCRYSTALS BIO SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS DIVERSE FIELDS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS NUMBER OF PAPERS: 1665 IMPACT: H-INDEX=45 CITATION/PAPER=7.6 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5487 IMPACT: H-INDEX=40 CITATION/PAPER=2.7 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 602 IMPACT: H-INDEX=18 CITATION/PAPER=2.6 SINGAPORE NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5493 IMPACT: H-INDEX=114 CITATION/PAPER=15.0 PROPOSAL 1 22 6/20/2018 ESTABLISHING A WORLD-CLASS NANOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE GRADUATE PROGRAMS: RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) OFFICE START-UP COMPANIES: VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT ENHANCESING COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN OIC MEMBER COUNTRIES BUDGET: 30 MILLION USD FOR INFOSTRUCTURE 100 MILLION USD FOR EQUIPMENTS 10-20 MILLION USD FOR YEARLY RUNNING COST HUMAN RESOURCES: 1,000 PHD STUDENTS 200 POST-DOCS 500 RESEARCHERS (200+300) 100 HIGH-TECH COMPANIES PROPOSAL 2 23 6/20/2018 LONG-TERM SCIENTIST EXCHANGE BETWEEN EXISTING NANOCENTERS 12-24 MONTHS TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS FINANCIAL SUPPORT (SALARY, RESEARCH GRANTS, EQUIPMENT USAGE FEE) UNAM CAN HOST 20-30 SCIENTISTS/YEAR BUDGET: 50,000-100,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 3 24 6/20/2018 SHARING EXPERTISE BETWEEN THE EXISTING NANOCENTERS TRAINING OF TECHNICIAN (TEM, FIB, SEM, XPS, AFM, …) CLEAN ROOM TRAINING 4-6 WEEKS SHORT VISITS FOCUSED WORKSHOPS FOR TECHNICIANS BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 4 25 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS AT LEAST 3 DIFFERENT OIC MEMBERS SHOULD PARTICIPATE TARGETED RESEARCH FIELDS PARTIALY SUPPORTED BY HIGH-TECH COMPANIES EU FP7 FRAMEWORK HAS SIMILAR PROJECTS BUDGET: 1,000,000-5,000,000 USD / PER PROJECT PROPOSAL 5 26 6/20/2018 SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL SCIENTIST TO USE EXISTING NANOCENTERS SHORT TERM VISITS (1-2 WEEKS) PHD STUDENTS, RESEARCHERS TRAVEL , ACCOMMODATION, CONSUMABLE, NANOCENTER USAGE FEE BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE UNAM FIRST NATIONAL CENTER USER FACILITY INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION RESEARCH OUTPUT FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER 28 6/20/2018 History: 2006 - 2010 Total laboratory and office space: 9000 m2 Number of laboratories: 62 Number of researchers: +250 (600, in 3 years) Total investment: 50 Million $ Number of users: +450 (Universities, Industry, International) FIRST NATIONAL CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY 29 6/20/2018 ~100 Graduate Students (400 in 3 years) NANOTECHNOLOGY EDUCATION: MS & PHD PROGRAMS RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOTECHNOLOGY EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 30 6/20/2018 BASEMENT LEVEL GROUND LEVEL 1. FLOOR 2. FLOOR 3. FLOOR 4. FLOOR 5. FLOOR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION CLEANROOM: MICRO- & NANO-FABRICATION LASER AND SPECTROSCOPY NANO-OPTICS, -PHOTONICS, -ELECTRONICS NANOMATERIALS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY UNAM LABORATORIES 31 6/20/2018 +150 Equipments STATE-OF-THE-ART EQUIPMENTS INVENTORY WORLD-CLASS EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 32 6/20/2018 Nanochemisty Nanobiotechnology 62 LABORATORIES INCLUDING NANOMATERIALS, FUNCTIONAL TEXTILE, MEMS/NEMS SENSORS, MOLECULAR NANOTECHNOLOGY, PHOTOVOLTAICS IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 33 6/20/2018 TEM SEM E-BEAM DUAL-BEAM IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 34 6/20/2018 XPS MICROTOME AFM NMR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 35 6/20/2018 MPD MRD SNOM AFM UNAM CLEANROOM 36 6/20/2018 400 m2, 10, 100 & 1000 CLASSES UNAM CLEANROOM: FLOOR PLAN 37 6/20/2018 1 Mask writer 2 Furnaces 3 Mask aligner I 4 Mask aligner II 5 Bench I 6 ALD I 7 ALD II 8 LPCVD 9 RTA 10 ICP I 11 ICP II 12 Asher 13 Workstation I 14 Workstation I 15 PECVD 16 Sputtering 17 E-beam 18 Thermal Evap. 19 Bench II 20 Bench III 21 Bench IV 22 Critical P. D. 23 Dicing saw 24 Organic evap. 25 Semiconductor P. A. 26 MOCVD 27 Optical microscope 28 Stylus profilometer 29 Optical profilometer 30 Network analyzer 31 Probe station I 32 Probe station II 33 E-Beam writer 34 SEM UNAM IN 2015? 38 6/20/2018 INFRASTRUCTURE: INVESTMENT OVER 100 MILLION USD 70 LABORATORIES WITH 300 EQUIPMENTS WORKFORCE: 100 RESEARCHERS 400 GRADUATE STUDENTS 50 ENGINEERS AND TECHNICIANS 10 STAFF 50 USERS (DAILY) USER FACILITY: TOTAL NUMBER OF USERS FROM TURKEY: 1000 TOTAL NUMBER OF INTERNATIONAL USERS: 250 RESEARCH OUTPUT: 70 MILLION USD NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL GRANTS (YEARLY) 400 PUBLICATIONS PER YEAR IN LEADING SCI JOURNALS 50 PATENT APPLICATIONS PER YEAR 30 START-UP COMPANIES ESTABLISHING NATIONAL CENTER CONCEPT IN TURKEY 39 6/20/2018 CUTTING EDGE BASIC RESEARH [ MANPOWER, INFRASTRUCTURE, FUNDING ] RAISING FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS [ GRADUATE PROGRAMS, WORKSHOPS ] USER FACILITY (365/24 ) [ ENGINEERS, ACADEMIC SUPPORT, TRAINING ] TRANSFER RESEARCH OUTPUT INTO MARKET [ SART-UP COMPANIES, IP MANAGENENT, CONSULTING, INDUSTRY PROJECTS ] IMPACT: PUBLICATIONS IN HIGH-QUALITY JOURNALS 40 6/20/2018 A NEW NANOFABRICATION TECHNIQUE 41 6/20/2018 BAYINDIR RESEARCH GROUP NANOWIRES WITHOUT END 42 6/20/2018 ULTIMATE SIZE REDUCTION KILOMETER-LONG NANOSTRUCTURES A NEW TOP-TO-BOTTOM SCHEME IN NANOTECHNOLOGY CREATING FAVORABLE ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION 43 6/20/2018 TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS NANOTECHNOLOGY BASIC RESEARCH TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT LARGE-SCALE COMPANIES START-UP COMPANIES VENTURE CAPITAL GOVERNMENT SUPPORT GRADUATE PROGRAMS FUNDING FUNDING GOVERNMENT INDUSTRY EUROPEAN UNION UNAM CASE UNAM-ORIGINATED START-UP COMPANIES 44 6/20/2018 FIRST PRODUCT SOLD ! FROM LABORATORY TO MARKET WITHIN 2 YEARS OUTLINE 45 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET
Slide 46 - NANOTECHNOLOGY: ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE WIEF FORUM, KUALA LUMPUR / MALAYSIA MEHMET BAYINDIR DEPUTY DIRECTOR UNAM-NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTEHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS BILKENT UNIVERSITY, ANKARA, TURKEY Google search: UNAM 6/20/2018 A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OUTLINE 2 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NANOTECHNOLOGY DEFINITION EXAMPLES FROM NATURE REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION BEAUTY OF SMALL SUSTAINLIBILITY IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION 4 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE DESIGN, CHARACTERIZATION, PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF STRUCTURES, DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY CONTROLLING SHAPE AND SIZE AT NANOMETRE SCALE (1-100 NM) HUMAN HAIR NANOFIBERS DNA ORIGAMI FROM NATURE: PEACOCK FEATHERS 5 6/20/2018 FROM NATURE: GEOKO 6 6/20/2018 ULTRA‐STICKY FEET NUMBER OF SPATULA IN A FOOT ~1 BILLION INTERMOLECULAR FORCE IS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE STRONG BINDING WITH SURFACES A GECKO CAN LIFT 130 KG WEIGTH SPATULA TIME SCALE AIM INFLUENCE TECHNICAL REVOLUTIONS 7 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) GEO REVOLUTION 1492 KILOMETER EXPLORE THE WORLD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 1769 MILLIMETER PHYSICAL TASKS MECHANICS ELECTRICITY IT REVOLUTION 1947 MICROMETER SIMPLE MENTAL TASKS MICROELECTRONICS MICROMECHANICS NANO REVOLUTION 1979 NANOMETER COMPLEX MENTAL TASKS NANOELECTRONICS NANOMECHANICS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY CAN NOT BE JUST AN EXTENSION FROM THE MICRO- TO THE NANO-METER SCALE, IT HAS TO OFFER FUNDEMENTALLY NEW PROSPECTS IN ORDER TO SPARK A REVOLUTION NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM 8 6/20/2018 NANO IS THE SCALE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES AND RULES LIVING NATURE [ MICRO RULES TODAY’S TECHNICAL WORLD ] NATURE IS THE PERFECT NANO-SYSTEM THE FUNDAMENTAL SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES HAPPEN TO BE ON THE NM SCALE AND ARE SYNTHEZISED TO MICRO- AND MACRO- SHAPES, MOTIONS, PROCESSES MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) THE TECHNICAL STRATEGY OF LIVING NATURE IS SENSE & ACTUATE {SMALL BY SMALL} {WEAK BY WEAK} {MANY BY MANY} NANO: BEAUTY OF SMALL 9 6/20/2018 MODIFIED FROM 1986 NOBEL LAUREATE DR. HENRY ROHRER’S TALK (UNAM, 2010) SMALL IS POWERFUL INTERMOLECULAR FORCE SMALL IS SUSTAINABLE LITTLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION LITTLE BUT BEST SUITED MATERIAL SMALL FOR EXCELLENT PERFORMANCE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER SMALL RULES LARGE SMALL IS BEAUTIFUL SO IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS) 10 6/20/2018 IS POPULATION GROWTH SUSTAINABLE? IS AGING SUSTAINABLE? HOW WE MANAGE ETHICAL PROBLEMS? THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INTO NANOPORE-BASED SENSORS IS TO BE ABLE TO SEQUENCE THE HUMAN GENOME FOR UNDER $1,000. ASSUME THAT WE WILL DEVELOP THIS TECHNOLOGY IN YEAR 2014. WHAT’S NEXT? WE NEED SUSTAINABLE BIO-ECONOMY BUT HOW? THEN NOT SO EASY QUESTIONS: ? TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: INVESTMENTS 11 6/20/2018 62 COUNTRIES HAVE NANOTECHNOGY PROGRAMS NUMBERS OF NANOCENTERS EXCEEDS 310 IN THE WORLD TOTAL INVESTMENT IN THE WORLD: 18 BILLION USD / YEAR 2008 GROWTH RATE: 17% (USA), 27% (REST OF THE WORLD) ASIA IN THE LEAD SINCE 2006 5.9 B$=1.9B$ (FEDERAL) +2.7B$ (CORPORATE R&D)+1B$ (VENTURE CAP.) TOTAL INVESTMENT IN TURKEY: ~45 MILLION USD (2006-2010) Total funding for nanotechnology (from all sources, including government, corporate R&D, and venture capital), plotted by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 12 6/20/2018 The number of nanotechnology papers has grown from about 8,000 in 1991 to about 87,000 in 2009 27 nations in European Union (EU27) leads in number of publications China’s share of publications in leading journals is increasing at about the same rate as the United States’ share is decreasing China still lags behind the United States and Europe in publication quality (impact) Total number of nanotechnology publications appearing in the Science Citation Index by year FACTS TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PUBLICATIONS 13 6/20/2018 Percentage of nanotechnology publications in year 2010 ASIA’S HEAVY INVESTMENT RESULTS IN COMPARABLE HIGH NANOTECHNOLOGY OUTPUTS. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS: PATENTS 14 6/20/2018 Patent activity is a key metric of technology creation Patent filing activity in China rose sharply during the period 2000-2004 and overtook the United States during 2005-2008 China’s patent trends, combined with its expected future economic growth, could afford it widespread nanotechnology protection in one of the world’s largest markets in coming decades FACTS Source: Kisliuk B, USTPO, unpublished study on comparative patent filings, January 2010 TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 15 6/20/2018 Nanotechnology market is growing An estimated $224 billion worth of final products sold worldwide made some use of nanotechnology components in 2009, up from $135 billion in 2007. Nanotechnology final products 55% was from the materials and manufacturing industry sector, including products such as automobiles, industrial equipment, and building and construction. These products made use of nanotechnology-based components such as coatings, composites, and electronic components. 32% of the final products were from the electronics and information technology sector, and included items such as mobile devices with displays and antimicrobial coatings enhanced with nanotechnology. 12% of nanotechnology-based products were in the healthcare and life sciences sector, primarily from nano-enabled drug delivery systems 1% of nanotechnology-based products came from the energy and environmental sector and included items such as nano-enabled filtration membranes or batteries. TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS 16 6/20/2018 Signature initiatives that would drive the next 10 years • Nanomedicine (e.g., imaging, diagnostics and therapeutics; antibiotics; gene regulation); • Energy storage, generation, and conversion; • Environmental diagnostics and cleanup; • Structural and multi-functional nanocomposites; • Homeland security (e.g., chemical and biological detection and monitoring); • Manufacturing nanotechnology-based products. Rapid growth of number of nanotechnology-based products and companies Explosive growth in energy and environmental applications of nanotechnology In 2008, this sector accounted for 29 percent of all nanotechnology funding by the Federal Government, 14 percent of all corporate nanotechnology funding, 41 percent of venture capital funding, 21 percent of nanotechnology publications, and 59 percent of all nanotechnology patents CHALLENGES 17 6/20/2018 NANO RESEARCH STILL REQUIRES EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENT HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES OF NANOPRODUCTS SUSTAINABLE FUNDING: RAPID COMMERCIALIZATION FOR CONTINOUS FEDERAL AND VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORTS NANOMETROLOGY: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST, RELIABLE INSTRUMENTS STANDARDIZATION THE CENTRAL CHALLENGE OF NANOSCALE MATERIAL SCIENCE: GROWTH & FABRICATION OF GIVEN STRUCTURES OR COMPONENTS AT GIVEN LOCATIONS FOR GIVEN FUNCTIONS NANO- INTERFACE: INTERFACE AS ACTIVE COMPONENT CONNECTING NANOSTRUCTURE TO MACRO & MICRO SCALE COMPONENTS NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT TIMING IS CRITICAL TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING IP MANAGEMENT VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE A KEY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 19 6/20/2018 TARGETED BASIC RESEARCH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE FUNDING CONSTRUCTING INFRASTRUCTURES EARLY INVESTMENT IN NANOTECHNOLOGY AS A REVOLUTIONARY RESEARCH AREA IS AN OPTION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR A COUNTRY VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKING ETHICAL ISSUES RESEARCHERS ENGINEERS TECHNICIANS INTERDISCIPLINARY BEHAVIOUR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TRENDS IN OIC COUNTRIES 21 6/20/2018 GOVERNMENTS SUPPORT DRIVES NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH OUTPUTS IN LEADING OIC COUNTRIES TURKEY IRAN S. ARABIA NANOPHOTONICS NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY ENERGY STORAGE NANOMATERIALS (3) NANOSCALE SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS BIOTECHNOLOGY NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFIBERS NANOFLUIDS (2) NANOTUBES (2) NANOPARTICLES (5) NANOFILTRATION (2) NANOCRYSTALS BIO SENSOR NANOCATALYSTS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS DIVERSE FIELDS NANOMATERIALS FOCUS NUMBER OF PAPERS: 1665 IMPACT: H-INDEX=45 CITATION/PAPER=7.6 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5487 IMPACT: H-INDEX=40 CITATION/PAPER=2.7 NUMBER OF PAPERS: 602 IMPACT: H-INDEX=18 CITATION/PAPER=2.6 SINGAPORE NUMBER OF PAPERS: 5493 IMPACT: H-INDEX=114 CITATION/PAPER=15.0 PROPOSAL 1 22 6/20/2018 ESTABLISHING A WORLD-CLASS NANOTECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE GRADUATE PROGRAMS: RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY (IP) OFFICE START-UP COMPANIES: VENTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT ENHANCESING COLLABORATIONS BETWEEN OIC MEMBER COUNTRIES BUDGET: 30 MILLION USD FOR INFOSTRUCTURE 100 MILLION USD FOR EQUIPMENTS 10-20 MILLION USD FOR YEARLY RUNNING COST HUMAN RESOURCES: 1,000 PHD STUDENTS 200 POST-DOCS 500 RESEARCHERS (200+300) 100 HIGH-TECH COMPANIES PROPOSAL 2 23 6/20/2018 LONG-TERM SCIENTIST EXCHANGE BETWEEN EXISTING NANOCENTERS 12-24 MONTHS TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS FINANCIAL SUPPORT (SALARY, RESEARCH GRANTS, EQUIPMENT USAGE FEE) UNAM CAN HOST 20-30 SCIENTISTS/YEAR BUDGET: 50,000-100,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 3 24 6/20/2018 SHARING EXPERTISE BETWEEN THE EXISTING NANOCENTERS TRAINING OF TECHNICIAN (TEM, FIB, SEM, XPS, AFM, …) CLEAN ROOM TRAINING 4-6 WEEKS SHORT VISITS FOCUSED WORKSHOPS FOR TECHNICIANS BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON PROPOSAL 4 25 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS AT LEAST 3 DIFFERENT OIC MEMBERS SHOULD PARTICIPATE TARGETED RESEARCH FIELDS PARTIALY SUPPORTED BY HIGH-TECH COMPANIES EU FP7 FRAMEWORK HAS SIMILAR PROJECTS BUDGET: 1,000,000-5,000,000 USD / PER PROJECT PROPOSAL 5 26 6/20/2018 SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL SCIENTIST TO USE EXISTING NANOCENTERS SHORT TERM VISITS (1-2 WEEKS) PHD STUDENTS, RESEARCHERS TRAVEL , ACCOMMODATION, CONSUMABLE, NANOCENTER USAGE FEE BUDGET: 5,000-10,000 USD / PER PERSON TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE UNAM FIRST NATIONAL CENTER USER FACILITY INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION RESEARCH OUTPUT FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET NATIONAL NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH CENTER 28 6/20/2018 History: 2006 - 2010 Total laboratory and office space: 9000 m2 Number of laboratories: 62 Number of researchers: +250 (600, in 3 years) Total investment: 50 Million $ Number of users: +450 (Universities, Industry, International) FIRST NATIONAL CENTER INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY 29 6/20/2018 ~100 Graduate Students (400 in 3 years) NANOTECHNOLOGY EDUCATION: MS & PHD PROGRAMS RAISING OUR FUTURE NANOTECHNOLOGY EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 30 6/20/2018 BASEMENT LEVEL GROUND LEVEL 1. FLOOR 2. FLOOR 3. FLOOR 4. FLOOR 5. FLOOR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION CLEANROOM: MICRO- & NANO-FABRICATION LASER AND SPECTROSCOPY NANO-OPTICS, -PHOTONICS, -ELECTRONICS NANOMATERIALS NANOCHEMISTRY NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY UNAM LABORATORIES 31 6/20/2018 +150 Equipments STATE-OF-THE-ART EQUIPMENTS INVENTORY WORLD-CLASS EXPERTS UNAM LABORATORIES 32 6/20/2018 Nanochemisty Nanobiotechnology 62 LABORATORIES INCLUDING NANOMATERIALS, FUNCTIONAL TEXTILE, MEMS/NEMS SENSORS, MOLECULAR NANOTECHNOLOGY, PHOTOVOLTAICS IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 33 6/20/2018 TEM SEM E-BEAM DUAL-BEAM IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 34 6/20/2018 XPS MICROTOME AFM NMR IMAGING AND CHARACTERIZATION 35 6/20/2018 MPD MRD SNOM AFM UNAM CLEANROOM 36 6/20/2018 400 m2, 10, 100 & 1000 CLASSES UNAM CLEANROOM: FLOOR PLAN 37 6/20/2018 1 Mask writer 2 Furnaces 3 Mask aligner I 4 Mask aligner II 5 Bench I 6 ALD I 7 ALD II 8 LPCVD 9 RTA 10 ICP I 11 ICP II 12 Asher 13 Workstation I 14 Workstation I 15 PECVD 16 Sputtering 17 E-beam 18 Thermal Evap. 19 Bench II 20 Bench III 21 Bench IV 22 Critical P. D. 23 Dicing saw 24 Organic evap. 25 Semiconductor P. A. 26 MOCVD 27 Optical microscope 28 Stylus profilometer 29 Optical profilometer 30 Network analyzer 31 Probe station I 32 Probe station II 33 E-Beam writer 34 SEM UNAM IN 2015? 38 6/20/2018 INFRASTRUCTURE: INVESTMENT OVER 100 MILLION USD 70 LABORATORIES WITH 300 EQUIPMENTS WORKFORCE: 100 RESEARCHERS 400 GRADUATE STUDENTS 50 ENGINEERS AND TECHNICIANS 10 STAFF 50 USERS (DAILY) USER FACILITY: TOTAL NUMBER OF USERS FROM TURKEY: 1000 TOTAL NUMBER OF INTERNATIONAL USERS: 250 RESEARCH OUTPUT: 70 MILLION USD NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL GRANTS (YEARLY) 400 PUBLICATIONS PER YEAR IN LEADING SCI JOURNALS 50 PATENT APPLICATIONS PER YEAR 30 START-UP COMPANIES ESTABLISHING NATIONAL CENTER CONCEPT IN TURKEY 39 6/20/2018 CUTTING EDGE BASIC RESEARH [ MANPOWER, INFRASTRUCTURE, FUNDING ] RAISING FUTURE NANOSCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS [ GRADUATE PROGRAMS, WORKSHOPS ] USER FACILITY (365/24 ) [ ENGINEERS, ACADEMIC SUPPORT, TRAINING ] TRANSFER RESEARCH OUTPUT INTO MARKET [ SART-UP COMPANIES, IP MANAGENENT, CONSULTING, INDUSTRY PROJECTS ] IMPACT: PUBLICATIONS IN HIGH-QUALITY JOURNALS 40 6/20/2018 A NEW NANOFABRICATION TECHNIQUE 41 6/20/2018 BAYINDIR RESEARCH GROUP NANOWIRES WITHOUT END 42 6/20/2018 ULTIMATE SIZE REDUCTION KILOMETER-LONG NANOSTRUCTURES A NEW TOP-TO-BOTTOM SCHEME IN NANOTECHNOLOGY CREATING FAVORABLE ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION 43 6/20/2018 TARGETED RESEARCH AREAS NANOTECHNOLOGY BASIC RESEARCH TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT LARGE-SCALE COMPANIES START-UP COMPANIES VENTURE CAPITAL GOVERNMENT SUPPORT GRADUATE PROGRAMS FUNDING FUNDING GOVERNMENT INDUSTRY EUROPEAN UNION UNAM CASE UNAM-ORIGINATED START-UP COMPANIES 44 6/20/2018 FIRST PRODUCT SOLD ! FROM LABORATORY TO MARKET WITHIN 2 YEARS OUTLINE 45 6/20/2018 NANOTECHNOLOGY: DEFINITION, EXAMPLES FROM NATURE, REVOLUTION VS EVOLUTION, BEAUTY OF SMALL, SUSTAINLIBILITY, IMPACTS ON SOCEITY (ECONOMY, ETHICS), CURRENT TRENDS AND FUTURE OUTLOOK, CHALLENGES NANOTECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT: TIMING IS CRITICAL, BASIC RESEARCH, INFRASTRUCTURES AND FUNDING, IP MANAGEMENT, VECTURE CAPITAL SUPPORT, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ENGINEERING A BETTER FUTURE MUSLIM WORLD AT A CROSSROAD: NANOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH IN OIC COUNTRIES, PROPOSALS FOR ENHANCING THE NETWORKING TURKEY’S PERSFECTIVE (UNAM): FIRST NATIONAL CENTER, USER FACILITY, INTERDISIPLINARY GRADUATE PROGRAMS, CREATING ENVIRONMENT FOR INNOVATION, RESEARCH OUTPUT, FROM LABORATORY INTO MARKET PEPTIDE NANOFIBERS 46 6/20/2018 50 nm Heparin Mimetic Peptide Nanofibers Promote Angiogenesis Peptitde nanofibers promote faster wound healing at in vivo model In vivo angiogenesis was promoted by Biomimetic peptide nanofibers R. Mammadov, B. Mammadov, S. Toksoz, B. Aydin, R. Yagci, A. B. Tekinay, and M. O. Guler, “Heparin Mimetic Peptide Nanofibers Promote Angiogenesis”, 2011, Biomacromolecules, DOI: 10.1021/bm200957s.