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Introduction to OSHA-United States Mine Rescue Association PowerPoint Presentation

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On : Feb 24, 2014

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  • Slide 1 - Introduction to OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
  • Slide 2 - OSHA’s mission Encourage employers and employees to reduce workplace hazards and to implement new or improve existing safety and health programs 1a
  • Slide 3 - OSHA’s mission Provide for research in occupational safety and health to develop innovative ways of dealing with occupational safety and health problems 1b
  • Slide 4 - OSHA’s mission Establish separate but dependent responsibilities and rights for employers and employees for the achievement of better safety and health conditions 1c
  • Slide 5 - OSHA’s mission Maintain a reporting and recordkeeping system to monitor job-related injuries and illnesses Establish training programs to increase the number and competence of occupational safety and health personnel 1d
  • Slide 6 - OSHA’s mission Develop mandatory job safety and health standards and enforce them effectively Provide for the development, analysis, evaluation and approval of state occupational safety and health programs 1e
  • Slide 7 - OSH Act coverage Employers Employees 2a
  • Slide 8 - OSH Act coverage Not covered self-employed persons farms at which only immediate member of the farm employer’s family are employed workplaces already protected by other federal agencies under other federal statutes 2b
  • Slide 9 - OSH Act coverage Coverage may be under a state job safety and health plan 2c
  • Slide 10 - Requirements of the General Duty Clause What is the General Duty Clause? How does OSHA use the General Duty Clause? Steps company is taking that go beyond compliance with OSHA standards 3a
  • Slide 11 - Workplace inspections Authority Normally notice is not given Employees’ representative must be informed 4a
  • Slide 12 - Inspection priorities Imminent danger Catastrophes and fatal accidents Employee complaints 5a
  • Slide 13 - Inspection priorities Programmed inspections Follow-up inspections Records review 5b
  • Slide 14 - Procedures for Inspections Inspector’s credentials Opening conference Inspection process Closing conference 6a
  • Slide 15 - Citations Informs employers and employees of the regulations and standards alleged to have been violated The employer must post a copy 7a
  • Slide 16 - Citations Appeals by employees may be made on: decision not to issue a citation time allowed for abatement of a hazardous condition Employees may not appeal a citation, but may submit a written objection 7b
  • Slide 17 - Citations Employers may appeal citation 7c
  • Slide 18 - Penalties Categories of Violations serious other-than-serious willful repeat failure to abate 8a
  • Slide 19 - Penalties Additional violations for which citations and penalties may be issued falsifying records assaulting a compliance officer 8b
  • Slide 20 - Contesting a citation Informal conference request may be made prior to deciding to contest obtain a better explanation of the violations cited obtain a more complete understanding of the specific standards which apply 9a
  • Slide 21 - Contesting a citation Informal conference request may be made prior to deciding to contest negotiate and enter into an informal Settlement Agreement Discuss ways to correct the violations Discuss problems with the abatement dates 9b
  • Slide 22 - Contesting a citation Informal conference request may be made prior to deciding to contest Discuss problems concerning employee safety practices Resolve disputed citations and penalties Obtain answer to any other questions 9c
  • Slide 23 - Contesting a citation Notice of Contest must clearly state: what is being contested the citation the penalty the abatement date any combination of these which violations on the citation are being contested 9d
  • Slide 24 - Employer responsibilities Meet the general duty responsibility to provide a workplace free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to employees, and comply with standards, rules and regulations issued under the Act 10a
  • Slide 25 - Employer responsibilities Be familiar with mandatory OSHA standards and make copies available to employees for review upon request Inform all employees about OSHA 10b
  • Slide 26 - Employer responsibilities Examine workplace conditions to make sure they conform to applicable standards Minimize or reduce hazards 10c
  • Slide 27 - Employer responsibilities Make sure employees have and use safe tools and equipment (including appropriate personal protective equipment), and that such equipment is properly maintained 10d
  • Slide 28 - Employer responsibilities Use color codes, posters, labels or signs when needed to warn employees of potential hazards Establish or update operating procedures and communicate them so that employees follow safety and health requirements 10e
  • Slide 29 - Employer responsibilities Provide training required by OSHA standards (e.g., hazard communication, lead, etc.) 10f
  • Slide 30 - Provide medical examinations when required by OSHA standards Employer responsibilities 10g
  • Slide 31 - Employer responsibilities Report to the nearest OSHA office within 8 hours any fatal accident or one which results in the hospitalization of three or more employees 10h
  • Slide 32 - Employer responsibilities Keep OSHA-required records of work-related injuries and illnesses, and post a copy of the totals from the last page of OSHA No. 200 during the entire month of February each year (this applies to employers with 11 or more employees) 10i
  • Slide 33 - Employer responsibilities Post, at a prominent location within the workplace, the OSHA poster (OSHA 2203) informing employees of their rights and responsibilities (in states operating OSHA-approved job safety and health programs, the state's equivalent poster and/or OSHA 2203 may be required) 10j
  • Slide 34 - Employer responsibilities Provide employees, former employees, and their representatives access to the Log and Summary of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (OSHA No. 200) at a reasonable time and in a reasonable manner 10k
  • Slide 35 - Employer responsibilities Provide access to employee medical records and exposure records to employees or their authorized representatives 10l
  • Slide 36 - Employer responsibilities Cooperate with OSHA compliance officer by furnishing names of authorized employee reps who may be asked to accompany the officer during an inspection (if none, the officer will consult with a number of employees about safety & health in the workplace.) 10m
  • Slide 37 - Employer responsibilities Not discriminate against employees who properly exercise their rights under the Act 10n
  • Slide 38 - Employer responsibilities Post OSHA citations at or near the worksite involved. Each citation, or copy thereof, must remain posted until the violation has been abated, or for three working days, whichever is longer 10o
  • Slide 39 - Employer responsibilities Abate cited violations within the prescribed period 10p
  • Slide 40 - Employer rights Seek advice and off-site consultation as needed by writing, calling or visiting the nearest OSHA Office (OSHA will not inspect merely because an employer requests assistance) 10q
  • Slide 41 - Employer rights Be active in industry associations involved in job safety and health 10r
  • Slide 42 - Employer rights Request and receive proper identification of the OSHA compliance officer prior to inspection Be advised by the compliance officer of the reason for an inspection 10s
  • Slide 43 - Employer rights Have an opening and closing conference with the compliance officer Accompany the compliance officer on the inspection 10t
  • Slide 44 - Employer rights File a Notice of Contest with the OSHA area director within 15 working days of receipt of a notice of citation and proposed penalty 10u
  • Slide 45 - Employer rights Apply to OSHA for a temporary variance from a standard if unable to comply because of the unavailability of materials, equipment or personnel needed to make necessary changes within the required time 10v
  • Slide 46 - Employer rights Apply to OSHA for a permanent variance from a standard if the employer can furnish proof that their facilities or method of operation provide employee protection at least as effective as that required by the standard 10w
  • Slide 47 - Employer rights Take an active role in developing safety & health standards through participation in OSHA Standards Advisory Committees, through nationally recognized standards-setting organizations and through evidence and views presented in writing or at hearings 10x
  • Slide 48 - Employer rights Be assured of the confidentiality of any trade secrets observed by an OSHA compliance officer during an inspection 10y
  • Slide 49 - Employer rights Submit a written request to NIOSH for information on whether any substance in your workplace has potentially toxic effects in the concentrations being used 10z
  • Slide 50 - Employee responsibilities Read the OSHA poster at the jobsite Comply with all applicable OSHA standards 11a
  • Slide 51 - Employee responsibilities Follow all employer safety and health rules and regulations, and wear or use prescribed protective equipment while engaged in work Report hazardous conditions to the supervisor 11b
  • Slide 52 - Employee responsibilities Report any job-related injury or illness to the employer, and seek treatment promptly Cooperate with the OSHA compliance officer conducting an inspection if he or she inquires about safety and health conditions in your workplace 11c
  • Slide 53 - Employee responsibilities Exercise your rights under the Act in a responsible manner 11d
  • Slide 54 - Employee rights Right to seek safety and health on the job without fear of punishment 11e
  • Slide 55 - Employee rights Employers may not punish workers for exercising rights such as: complaining to an employer, union, OSHA, or any other government agency about job safety and health filing safety or health grievances 11f
  • Slide 56 - Employee rights Employers may not punish workers for exercising rights such as: participating on a workplace safety and health committee or in union activities concerning job safety and health 11g
  • Slide 57 - Employee rights Employers may not punish workers for exercising rights such as: participating in OSHA inspections, conferences, hearings or other OSHA-related activities 11h
  • Slide 58 - Employee rights Review copies of appropriate OSHA standards, rules, regulations, and requirements that the employer should have available at the workplace 11i
  • Slide 59 - Employee rights Request information from your employer on safety and health hazards in the area, on precautions that may be taken, and on procedures to be followed if an employee is involved in an accident or is exposed to toxic substances 11j
  • Slide 60 - Employee rights Receive adequate training and information on workplace safety and health hazards Request the OSHA area director to conduct an inspection if you believe hazardous conditions or violations of standards exist in your workplace 11k
  • Slide 61 - Employee rights Have your name withheld from your employer, upon request to OSHA, if you file a written and signed complaint 11l
  • Slide 62 - Employee rights Be advised of OSHA actions regarding your complaint and have an informal review, if requested, of any decision not to inspect or to issue a citation 11m
  • Slide 63 - Employee rights Have your authorized employee representative accompany the OSHA compliance officer during the inspection tour 11n
  • Slide 64 - Employee rights Respond to questions from the OSHA compliance officer, particularly if there is no authorized employee representative accompanying the compliance officer 11o
  • Slide 65 - Employee rights Observe any monitoring or measuring of hazardous materials and have the right to see these records, as specified under the Act 11p
  • Slide 66 - Employee rights Have your authorized representative, or yourself, review the Log and Summary of Occupational Injuries (OSHA No. 200) at a reasonable time and in a reasonable manner 11q
  • Slide 67 - Employee rights Request a closing discussion with the compliance officer following an inspection 11r
  • Slide 68 - Employee rights Submit a written request to NIOSH for information on whether any substance in your workplace has potentially toxic effects in the concentration being used, and have your name withheld from your employer if you so request 11s
  • Slide 69 - Employee rights Object to the abatement period set in the citation issued to your employer by writing to the OSHA area director within 15 working days of the issuance of the citation 11t
  • Slide 70 - Employee rights Be notified by your employer if he or she applies for a variance from an OSHA standard, and testify at a variance hearing and appeal the final decision 11u
  • Slide 71 - Employee rights Submit information or comment to OSHA on the issuance, modification, or revocation of OSHA standards and request a public hearing 11v

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