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INTRODUCTION TO OSHA STANDARDS PowerPoint Presentation

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  • Slide 1 - Introduction to OSHA STANDARDS Collateral Duty Training Module #2
  • Slide 2 - INTRO TO OSHA STANDARDS The purpose of this module is to provide you with the information you will need in order to apply the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards to hazards in the workplace. This module covers the following sections: Origin of OSHA Standards Horizontal and Vertical Standards Code of Federal Regulations Paragraph Numbering System Color Coding
  • Slide 3 - INTRO TO OSHA STANDARDS At the end of this module, you should have an understanding of : the general process of standard development the format to which standards are written a simplified color coding system to make using the standards easier
  • Slide 4 - INTRO TO OSHA STANDARDS The OSHA standards were originally developed from three primary sources. They are listed below. (Click on each for additional information). Consensus Standards Proprietary Standards Preexisting Federal Laws
  • Slide 5 - Consensus Standards Consensus standards are developed by industry-wide standard-developing organizations and are discussed and substantially agreed upon through consensus by industry. OSHA has incorporated the standards of the two primary standards groups, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), into its set of standards.
  • Slide 6 - Proprietary Standards Proprietary standards are prepared by professional experts within specific: Industries Professional societies Associations. The proprietary standards are determined by a straight membership vote, not by consensus. An example would be the "Compressed Gas Association, Pamphlet P-1, Safe Handling of Compressed Gases." This proprietary standard covers requirements for safe handling, storage, and use of compressed gas cylinders.
  • Slide 7 - Pre-existing Federal Laws Some preexisting federal laws are enforced by OSHA, including the: Federal Supply Contracts Act (Walsh-Healey) Federal Service Contracts Act (McNamara-O'Hara) Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act (Construction Safety Act) National Foundation on the Arts and Humanities Act. Standards issued under these Acts are now enforced in all industries where they apply
  • Slide 8 - INTRO TO OSHA STANDARDS Standards are sometimes referred to as being either "horizontal" or "vertical" in their application. Most standards are horizontal or "general," which means they apply to any employer in any industry. Examples of horizontal standards are the standards relating to: Fire protection Working surfaces First aid. Some standards, though, are relevant only to a particular industry, and are called vertical, or "particular" standards. Examples of particular standards are those applying to the: Longshoring industry Construction industry Special industries covered in subpart R of CFR 1910
  • Slide 9 - INTRO TO OSHA STANDARDS In order to effectively use the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR - compilation of all current regulations and standards published by the Office of the Federal Register ) you should develop an understanding of: The Code of Federal Regulations system The format to which the standards are written A simplified color coding method for using the code. The CFR is a codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register (FR) by the Executive departments and agencies of the Federal Government. The Code is divided into 50 titles which represent broad areas subject to Federal regulation. Each title is divided into chapters which usually bear the name of the issuing agency. Each chapter is further subdivided into parts covering specific regulatory areas. Based on this breakdown, the OSHA is designated Title 29-Labor, Chapter XVII.
  • Slide 10 - INTRO TO OSHA STANDARDS Each CFR volume is revised at least once each calendar year and issued on a quarterly basis approximately as follows: Title 1 through Title 16 as of January 1 Title 17 through Title 27 as of April 1 Title 28 through Title 41 as of July 1 Title 42 through Title 50 as of October 1 The CFR is kept up to date by the individual issues of the Federal Register (daily publication that lists and discusses federal regulations). To determine whether there have been any amendments since the revision date of the Code volume in which the user is interested, the following two lists must be consulted: The "Cumulative List of CFR Sections Affected" issued monthly and the "Cumulative List of Parts Affected" which appears daily in the FR. These two lists will refer you to the FR page where you may find the latest amendment of any given rule.
  • Slide 11 - INTRO TO OSHA STANDARDS CFR Title 29, Chapter XVII is set aside for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Under this chapter, the regulations are broken down into Parts, Sections, and Subsections. Part 1910, for example, is the, "Occupational Safety and Health Standards," commonly known as the "General Industry Standards." Under each part, major blocks of information are broken down into Subparts. Each Subpart is further broken down into sections. The major Subparts in the 1910 standard are listed below, click on any below to learn more. Subpart D Subpart K Subpart E & L Subpart M Subpart F Subpart N Subpart G& Z Subpart O&P Subpart H Subpart Q Subpart I Subpart R Subpart J Subpart S
  • Slide 12 - INTRO TO OSHA STANDARDS The paragraph numbering system shown in the example below represents many of the organizational concepts presented in the previous section. We’ll use an example from Section 110 of the 1910 standards. Here we will cover the first portion of the paragraph numbering system. Click on each portion of the example for an explanation of what it represents. (Active text is underlined) 29 CFR 1910.110 (b) (13) (ii) (b)(7)(iii) Portable containers shall not be taken into buildings except as provided in paragraph (b)(6)(I) of this section.
  • Slide 13 - INTRO TO OSHA STANDARDS It is suggested that you highlight every section head a full column width in pink. All of the subsection headings, that is the (a), (b), (c), etc., should be colored a full column width with yellow. At this point the purpose of color coding becomes more apparent when you realize an Arabic “1” in typeset looks exactly like the lower case alpha letter (l), and it is obviously important to differentiate between them. Another case is the lower case alpha (I) which is the same typeset as lower case roman numeral (I). Obviously, color coding eliminates the possible confusion. The next step is to put a yellow dot on all of the Arabic numbers. We can now easily find the beginning of each subsection beginning with a lower case alpha by looking for the horizontal yellow lines. The Arabic number subparagraphs are easily located by the yellow dots. Generally speaking, color coding two levels below the section heading will be adequate.
  • Slide 14 - INTRO TO OSHA STANDARDS In summary, you are now prepared to color code those particular sections of the standards which you use frequently. It should also be pointed out that there is a subject index in the back of the standards book. This index can be very helpful to locate specific standards when you pick out a key word from any given hazard description. If you try to locate information within the standards by using the Table of Contents, remember that the particular Section number contained on each page is printed in the upper corner of the page. Hopefully this information will help you understand these standards and also assist you in helping others to understand and better utilize the Occupational Safety and Health Standards.
  • Slide 15 - INTRO TO OSHA STANDARDS In this module we discussed: Origin of OSHA Standards Horizontal and Vertical Standards Code of Federal Regulations Paragraph Numbering System Color Coding To receive credit for completion of this module you must pass the module test. Click the test icon below to access the module test. b)(7)(iii) b)(7)(iii)
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