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Introduction to Audiology Chapter 1 PowerPoint Presentation

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  • Slide 1 - Introduction to AudiologyChapter 1 Perry C. Hanavan, Au.D, Audiologist I heard that!
  • Slide 2 - Circle of Courage
  • Slide 3 - BIGM
  • Slide 4 - Auditory Practice Necessary to Influence Neural Structure (Mastery) (Dehaene, 2009): 20,000 hours of listening as basis for reading (Gladwell, 2008): 10,000 hour rule key to success (Hart & Risley, 1995): 30 million word gap study (Pittman, 2008): Children with HL require 3X the exposure to learn each new word and concepts due to reduced acoustic bandwidth caused by HL
  • Slide 5 - 30 Million Word Gap Study(Hart & Risely 1995)
  • Slide 6 - NPR: Sean Forbes: Deaf but not Quiet
  • Slide 7 - 32 million Americans have hearing loss.Can you identify each of the celebrities?
  • Slide 8 - You Are Not Alone! One in ten Americans has a hearing loss
  • Slide 9 - OSHA 5-10 million Americans are at risk for NIHL exposure to sounds above 85 dBA in the workplace 48 million Americans engage in shooting sports, the most common cause of non-occupational NIHL
  • Slide 10 - Question How many babies are born annually in the U.S.? A. 3 million B. 4 million C. 5 million D. 6 million E. Heaven knows?
  • Slide 11 - Quick Facts 4 ________ babies born in U.S. annually 3-5/_____ babies born with hearing loss 1 in 1,000 U. S. newborns (or 33 babies every day) are born profoundly deaf 2-3 out of 1,000 babies born with partial hearing loss, making hearing loss the number one birth defect in America. _____ million Americans have hearing loss _____ most chronic condition for the elderly
  • Slide 12 - Hearing Identification in (U.S.) About 95% of newborns screened for HL 91% of referred infants returned for follow-up evaluation. 39% fit with HA by 6 mo. 61% fit late or lost to follow-up. Unilateral hearing loss and late diagnosis were statistically significant (p < .0001) predictors for late fitting and loss to follow-up.  (Spivak 2009)
  • Slide 13 - Auditory Development #1 Factor: Age at fitting of amplification (for children with congenital hearing loss) in predicting every outcome in auditory development (Sininger, Grimes &Christensen 2010)
  • Slide 14 - Hearing Loss
  • Slide 15 - White Paper on Societal Cost of Hearing Loss AAA
  • Slide 16 - Links to Prevalence of HL The Prevalence and Incidence of Hearing Loss in Children The Prevalence and Incidence of Hearing Loss in Adults
  • Slide 17 - The estimate of the prevalence of hearing impairment by age group
  • Slide 18 - What is Audiology? Audiology is the study of _____, hearing disorders, and habilitation/rehabilitation for individuals who have _______ loss. It encompasses the study of how the _____ mechanism works; the assessment of hearing; hearing and listening disorders; and the rehabilitation of individuals who have hearing loss. ASHA
  • Slide 19 - What is an Audiologist? __________ are professionals engaged in autonomous practice to promote healthy hearing, communication competency, and quality of life for persons of all ages through the prevention, _________, assessment, and rehabilitation of hearing, auditory function, balance, and other related systems. (ASHA) An __________ is a professional who diagnoses, treats, and manages individuals with hearing loss or balance problems. (AAA)
  • Slide 20 - Historical Development Parents _______ Speech language pathology/educators of the deaf Relatives Pediatrics Geriatrics Neurology
  • Slide 21 - What is an Audiologist Clinician Therapist Teacher Researcher Consultant Administrator
  • Slide 22 - Audiology Services Private Practice Hospital Medical Practice Schools ________/College Other Video
  • Slide 23 - Question Where most audiologist are employed? Non-residential health care College/University Hospital Schools Industry Other
  • Slide 24 - Place of Employment -2012
  • Slide 25 - Scope of Practice ASHA AAA
  • Slide 26 - Philosophical Issues Jerger Assessment and treatment of ________ Kileny Various roles/functions performed
  • Slide 27 - Education Minimum Requirements ____ Ph.D. Continuing Education
  • Slide 28 - Licensure/Registration/Certification Current status (ASHA) Licensure Registration Certification ASHA _________ of Clinical Competence (CCC-A) AAA American Board of _________ (ABA)
  • Slide 29 - Team
  • Slide 30 - Let’s Play Audiologist
  • Slide 31 - Age of Client Newborns Preschoolers Grade school Middle school High school Post secondary Young adults Middle age Old age
  • Slide 32 - Age of Onset
  • Slide 33 - Age of Onset and Gender
  • Slide 34 - Age of Onset and Income
  • Slide 35 - Hearing Loss and Impact on Household Income Better Hearing Institute, (2005). Hearing loss and its impact on household income. The Hearing Review; 12:16-24 Normal Hearing Hearing Loss
  • Slide 36 - Treated Vs. Untreated HLImpact on Household Income Better Hearing Institute, (2005). Hearing loss and its impact on household income. The Hearing Review; 12:16-24
  • Slide 37 - Etiologies
  • Slide 38 - Etiologies by Onset
  • Slide 39 - Etiologies in Students
  • Slide 40 - ppt slide no 40 content not found
  • Slide 41 - Quiz How many babies are born in the US each year? A. More than enough B. 400000 C. 4000000 D. 300000 E. 3000000
  • Slide 42 - Hearing loss is the ______ most prevalent chronic condition in the elderly A. Second B. Third C. Fourth D. Fifth E. Not a chronic condition
  • Slide 43 - Evolution of Audiology From primarily an academic discipline into a health-care profession From a communication disorder profession into a hearing profession From a teacher-training model of education into a health-care model of education From a certification model to a licensure model of defining the privilege and right to practice (Stach, Clinical Audiology, pp. 25-33)
  • Slide 44 - Which professional organization(s) represent audiologists? A. ASD B. ADD C. AAA D. ASHA E. C and D
  • Slide 45 - Professional Organizations AAA (American Academy of Audiology) AAS (American Auditory Society) AG Bell Association ARA (Academy of Rehabilitative Audiology) ASHA (American Speech Language Hearing Association) EAA (Education Audiology Association) ISA (International Society of Audiology)
  • Slide 46 - The current minimum degree for audiologists entering college? A. MA B. Au.D. C. Ph.D. D. MS E. B or C
  • Slide 47 - How You Can Practice the Circle of Courage Belonging Be courteous in communication Be quiet/don’t sign while others are talking Use appropriate communication strategies Be inclusive ________ Teach others how to use effective communication strategies so they can be independent rather than dependent Generosity Use “clear speech” when speaking Volunteer in hearing screening programs Mastery Teach others about clear speech Teach others about prevention of hearing loss Apply principles learned in class to communication Interpret audiograms and other hearing diagnostic tests
  • Slide 48 - Circle of Courage Belonging Independence __________ Mastery
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