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Indian Culture and Religion PowerPoint Presentation

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On : Feb 10, 2014

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  • Slide 1 - Religion in Asia
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  • Slide 5 - Aryans Moved in after the Indus Valley civilization collapsed Came through the Khyber Pass Language was Sanskrit Their leaders were called rajahs
  • Slide 6 - Hinduism Formed when the Aryan religion mixed with the old gods of the Indus River Valley Civilization Became a complex, polytheistic religion Stressed non-violence Called ahimsa Believe in many gods, but three are most important
  • Slide 7 - Brahma Known as the Creator Chief god Has four heads Believed that the four castes came out of each of his heads
  • Slide 8 - Shiva Known as the Destroyer Shown here conquering a demon Ring of fire represents the cycle of creation, death, and rebirth
  • Slide 9 - Vishnu Known as the Preserver Sometimes shown with 4 arms Usually sitting over water
  • Slide 10 - How it works… Your soul is called atman Believe that the soul is reborn reincarnation Ultimate goal is union with Brahma moksha Dharma is the set of moral duties and obligations each person has
  • Slide 11 - The Caste System Brahmins priests Kshatriyas warriors Vaisyas Farmers, artisans, merchants Sudras Servants, any non-Aryan Untouchables – outside the caste system “outcasts”
  • Slide 12 - Reincarnation Karma is your behavior If you’re good and thus have good karma, you move up in the caste system in your next life If you have bad karma, you move down
  • Slide 13 - Texts Most of what we know about the Aryans comes from the Vedas Collection of prayers, hymns and teachings Essays about Hindu teachings are called the Upanishads
  • Slide 14 - Hinduism Today About 80% of Indians are Hindus Significant minorities of Muslims and Christians, too The caste system has officially been outlawed and today you can see “untouchables” in decent jobs in the cities But the caste system remains alive and well (unofficially) in the villages where millions of Indians live
  • Slide 15 - Siddhartha Gautama was a Brahmin priest
  • Slide 16 - Siddhartha Gautama was a Brahmin priest Very pampered as a child – never saw pain and suffering One day he saw a sick man, an old man, and a dead man - realized life was full of pain and suffering
  • Slide 17 - One night, he left his wife and son. journeyed to seek wisdom at first, he only gained pain not wisdom one day while meditating under a tree, the truth became clear to him
  • Slide 18 - He was then called Buddha which means “enlightened one.” Buddha taught four main ideas known as the Four Noble Truths.
  • Slide 19 - The Four Noble Truths Suffering exists. Desires make us suffer. End desires = end suffering. Follow 8-fold path to end desires and reach nirvana – which means no more reincarnation!
  • Slide 20 - The Eightfold Path right knowledge right purpose right speech right action right living right effort right mindfulness right meditation Follow the rules to get to Nirvana!
  • Slide 21 - Buddhism Today It’s a very small percentage of the population in India today More commonly found in East Asia It’s a non-theistic religion, meaning there is no deity to worship. Buddhists do NOT worship Buddha! They revere him as a wise teacher. When they bow to his statue it is in gratitude for his teachings
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