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Published on : Mar 14, 2014
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Slide 1 - Chapter 30 African American College Age Women Group 8 By: Filiz Erenguc Leyla Goldsmith Shameka Showers Katie Wallace HIV/AIDS Prevenetion & Awareness
Slide 2 - HIV/AIDS What do HIV/AIDS stand for? H.I.V.- Human Immunodeficiency Virus A.I.D.S.- Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome This virus attacks the T-cells, disabling them from fighting off diseases and viruses Difference between HIV/AIDS is that:
Slide 3 - Difference Between HIV & AIDS The difference between HIV and AIDS is that: HIV is the virus that causes AIDS HIV may or may not have symptoms AIDS is symptomatic AIDS is the condition of lowered immunity caused by the virus
Slide 4 - Facts and Statistics African American Females are at higher risk 72% more likely to get HIV/AIDS
Slide 5 - Facts and Statistics Contd. Leading cause heterosexual contact Next leading cause IV drug use Rising prevalence of men on “down-low” Leading cause for men: homosexual – heterosexual – IV drug use
Slide 6 - Facts and Statistics Contd. Account 50% of new HIV/AIDS cases in U.S. African Am. 10 times the rate for whites and almost 3 times the rate for Hispanics. African American women were 25 times the rate for white women. Of the 90 infants reported as having HIV/ AIDS, 62 were African American
Slide 7 - Facts and Myths African American women are at higher risk ~ Fact Only homosexual people get it ~ Myth You can’t get AIDS if on birth control~ Myth Abstinence is the only 100% effective method~ Fact There is a treatment for HIV/AIDS~ Myth
Slide 8 - Modes of Transmission Risky Sexual Behaviors Unprotected vaginal intercourse Unprotected anal intercourse Unprotected oral intercourse Unprotected intercourse with multiple partners
Slide 9 - Vaginal Intercourse Vaginal/Penile secretions Cuts or soars on either the penis or in/around the vagina Not only susceptible to HIV/AIDS, but other STI’s
Slide 10 - Anal Intercourse May cause tearing and exposure to blood Seminal fluid Men on “down-low”
Slide 11 - Oral Intercourse Cuts and Soars in mouth Seminal/Vaginal Fluids
Slide 12 - Unprotected intercourse with multiple partners More chances of transmission If using protection with everyone Conducting intercourse with one unprotected is like having intercourse with everyone
Slide 13 - Modes of Transmission Contd. IV drug use Blood transfusion Transfer through saliva Enters through any cut,wounds, or other open abrasion of skin
Slide 14 - Prevention Abstinence Only 100% effective with ALL STI’s Everyone has the right to abstain
Slide 15 - Barrier Methods Correct condom use i.e. activity Male/Female Are only 97% effective
Slide 16 - Condom Commercial
Slide 17 - Barrier Methods Cont. Dental Dams Cervical caps Diaphragms
Slide 18 - Monogamy < partners = safer sex Trust/Honesty Knowledge about sexual history Still get checked once a year, regardless of monogamy or not
Slide 19 - Living with HIV Neonatal transmission Vaginal transmission to baby ~ cesarean Breast milk
Slide 20 - Healthy Sexual Relationships Normal life is a possibility Safe sexual behaviors Responsible decisions Staying informed
Slide 21 - Treatment Antiretroviral drugs
Slide 22 - Review HIV= Human Immunodeficiency Virus AIDS= Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome African American women are at the highest risk of contracting HIV/AIDS Rising number of men on “down-low” Leading cause for women: heterosexual
Slide 23 - Review Only 100% effective method is ABSTINENCE Contraceptives don’t protect against HIV/AIDS Barrier methods are the next best There are drugs to suppress the virus(antiretroviral) Safe sexual behaviors can prevent the spread(barrier methods)
Slide 24 - References Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2005). Division of HIV AIDS Prevention Fact Sheet. Retrieved May 25, 2005, from http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pubs/Facts/afam.htm Aids.org. (2005). What is AIDS?. Retrieved May 25, 2005, from http://www.aids.org/factSheets/101-What-is-AIDS.html
Slide 25 - References World Health Organization. (2005). Women and HIV/AIDS. Retrieved May 25, 2005, from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/ Merki, M.B, & Merki, D. (1999). HIV and AIDS. In. I. Glencoe Health (pp. 656-673). California: McGraw-Hill.  Planned Parenthood. (2005). Barrier Methods. Retrieved May 25, 2005, from http://www.plannedparenthood.org/pp2/portal