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Esophageal Cancer - Wikispaces PowerPoint Presentation

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On : Feb 24, 2014

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  • Slide 1 - Esophageal Cancer By Caitlin Feeney January 5, 2010
  • Slide 2 - Esophageal Cancer Seventh leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States Two main types make up 90% of esophageal cancer cases: Adenocarcinoma Squamous Cell Carcinoma Remaining 10%- melanoma, sarcoma, small cell carcinoma, and lymphoma
  • Slide 3 - Adenocarcinoma Adenocarcinoma is the most common form of esophageal cancer in the U.S. Occurs in the distal esophagus and gastroesophageal junction Usually caused by Barrett’s esophagus Which is in turn caused by chronic Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Can also be caused by obesity
  • Slide 4 - Squamous Cell Carcinoma Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common cause of esophageal cancer worldwide Caused by smoking, alcohol consumption, diet, etc… Located in the upper esophagus
  • Slide 5 - Symptoms The most telling symptom is dysphagia but others include: Coughing Regurgitation Odynophagia Weight loss Gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Slide 6 - Metastasis Esophageal cancer is most likely to metastasize to: The lungs Liver Periesophageal lymph nodes Metastasis: The spread of cancer to other parts of the body
  • Slide 7 - Treatment Treatment methods include: Surgery Radiation Chemotherapy The treatment method depends on location, metastasis, and organs it has spread to Patients are urged to participate in clinical trials
  • Slide 8 - Prevention Prevention of Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Avoid smoking Limit alcohol consumption Avoid things that may irritate esophagus Prevention of Adenocarcinoma: If patient has GERD, screen regularly for Barrett’s esophagus HPV can contribute, practice safe sex
  • Slide 9 - Demographics People are 20 times as likely to develop esophageal cancer if older than 65 Worldwide: increased occurrence in N. Iran, S. Russia, and N. China In US: Race: African Americans more likely Sex: Men develop esophageal cancer more than women at a ratio of 4:1

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