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Drugs Addiction PowerPoint Presentation

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On : Mar 14, 2014

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  • Slide 1 - Drug Addiction(Psychology 451) Course Objectives, Organization, & Requirements Copyright 2005 Dr. Michael A. Bozarth, Department of Psychology, State University of New York at Buffalo
  • Slide 2 - Learning Objectives Attitude & Subjective Appraisal Concepts & Terminology Analytical Methods Factual Knowledge
  • Slide 3 - Course Content Overview of fundamental concepts Detailed examination of two prototypical drug classes psychomotor stimulants (e.g., cocaine) opiates (e.g., heroin) Emphasis on biological mechanisms Possible generalization to some other addictive drugs
  • Slide 4 - Course Content (cont.) Not covered in the course many psychoactive drugs marijuana MDMA (ecstasy) hallucinogens alcohol nicotine & caffeine diagnosis & treatment of addiction possible nonchemical “addictions”
  • Slide 5 - Background & Prerequisites Introductory Psychology conditioning & learning theory biological mechanisms of behavior Research Methods & Statistics experimental design principles of scientific inference Biopsychology or Behavioral Neuroscience Survey course/module on Drug Abuse or equivalent background
  • Slide 6 - Instructional Format Assigned readings (primary learning ‘tool’) Lecture (mostly Q & A with mini lectures) Discussions (limited to main themes) Some videos (introductory case studies) Possible laboratory demonstrations Class attendance essential Internet access mandatory
  • Slide 7 - Readings Textbook installments available at Jacob’s Copy Center throughout the semester availability announced in class chapter study guides are available online readings must be completed before class meeting Online material (see course home page) Reserve list at UGL Student is responsible for ‘mastering’ the material and asking questions for clarification
  • Slide 8 - Course Grade Based on three exams administered during regularly scheduled class periods grades are not “curved” but based on absolute grading criteria (A- = 90%, B- = 80%, etc.) major emphasis on readings and lecture material but material discussed in class may also be included as well as material from the Discussion List make-up exams allowed only under exceptional circumstances and with prior approval of the instructor and with written documentation
  • Slide 9 - Course Difficulty This is an upper level (elective) psychology course that places responsibility for ‘learning’ largely on the student The course becomes progressively more difficult for most students later concepts build on earlier concepts more material to learn, more difficult reading (e.g., details & level of analysis) more biological orientation
  • Slide 10 - Past course grades average “C+” 40 to 48% “A’s & B’s” a few students have managed perfect or near perfect exam scores (even on Exam #3)
  • Slide 11 - Drug Addiction Internet Page http://wings.buffalo.edu/aru/PSY451syl.htm
  • Slide 12 - Opening Discussion:What’s the course about???
  • Slide 13 - What’s the course about??? What does the term “addiction” mean?
  • Slide 14 - What’s the course about??? What does the term “addiction” mean? What drugs are considered addictive by this definition?
  • Slide 15 - What’s the course about??? What does the term “addiction” mean? What drugs are considered addictive by this definition? What does the term “drug abuse” mean?
  • Slide 16 - What’s the course about??? What does the term “addiction” mean? What drugs are considered addictive by this definition? What does the term “drug abuse” mean? What drugs are considered abused by this definition?
  • Slide 17 - What’s the course about??? What does the term “addiction” mean? What drugs are considered addictive by this definition? What does the term “drug abuse” mean? What drugs are considered abused by this definition? What does the term “dependence” mean?
  • Slide 18 - What’s the course about??? What does the term “addiction” mean? What drugs are considered addictive by this definition? What does the term “drug abuse” mean? What drugs are considered abused by this definition? What does the term “dependence” mean? What are some examples of dependence?
  • Slide 19 - Common Definitions of Key Terms addiction: to use compulsively or uncontrollably; to enslave
  • Slide 20 - Common Definitions of Key Terms addiction: to use compulsively or uncontrollably; to enslave abuse: to use wrongly or improperly
  • Slide 21 - Common Definitions of Key Terms addiction: to use compulsively or uncontrollably; to enslave abuse: to use wrongly or improperly habit: a constant, often unconscious, inclination to perform some act, acquired through its frequent repetition
  • Slide 22 - Common Definitions of Key Terms addiction: to use compulsively or uncontrollably; to enslave abuse: to use wrongly or improperly habit: a constant, often unconscious, inclination to perform some act, acquired through its frequent repetition addiction liability/potential: the tendency to develop/produce an addiction
  • Slide 23 - Common Definitionsof Key Terms (cont.) dependence: state of being determined, influenced, or controlled by something else; subordination to someone or something needed or greatly desired; required for normal physiological or psychological function physical/physiologic/physiological psychological/psychic
  • Slide 24 - What’s in a Name? Compare the course title/subject matter (i.e., Drug Addiction) vs. the National Institute on Drug Abuse Therein lies the difference -- this course is about drug addiction not drug abuse
  • Slide 25 - Key Concept Addiction potential is a property of . . . the drug?
  • Slide 26 - Key Concept Addiction potential is a property of . . . the drug? the individual?
  • Slide 27 - Key Concept Addiction potential is a property of . . . the drug? the individual? the situation/circumstances (e.g., social setting?)
  • Slide 28 - Key Concept Addiction potential is a property of . . . the drug? the individual? the situation/circumstances (e.g., social setting?) The common factor that has been identified is the drug
  • Slide 29 - Key Concept Some important characteristic of a drug’s action is critically involved in producing an addition Attempts to identify personality characteristics, social environment, etc. have been far less successful than identifying common characteristics of drug action
  • Slide 30 - Why Study Prototypic Addictive Drugs?
  • Slide 31 - Why Study Prototypic Addictive Drugs? Determine characteristics of addiction
  • Slide 32 - Why Study Prototypic Addictive Drugs? Determine characteristics of addiction Refine definitions of addiction typical characteristics defining attributes
  • Slide 33 - Why Study Prototypic Addictive Drugs? Determine characteristics of addiction Refine definitions of addiction typical characteristics defining attributes Develop scientific understanding of addiction behavioral processes biological mechanisms
  • Slide 34 - The Yin and Yang of Addictive Drugs
  • Slide 35 - The “Yin” Addictive drugs take a horrific toll on humanity personal social economic
  • Slide 36 - The “Yang” But addictive drugs also provide probes for understanding brain function addictive drugs provide a tool for probing the mind and its underlying neurochemical and neuroanatomical basis From Smith et al., 1998. From Bozarth, 1987.
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