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Cervical Cancer Screening and Prevention Centers PowerPoint Presentation

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On : Feb 24, 2014

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  • Slide 1 - Cervical Cancer Screening and PreventionCenters for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) National Center for HIV, STD, & TB PreventionDivision of STD PreventionModified from an original product developed by the Gynecologic Cancer Foundation (GCF), with the support of the National Cervical Cancer Coalition (NCCC)
  • Slide 2 - About This Presentation In this presentation, you will learn about old and new methods of cervical cancer screening We hope that this presentation will help women to take an active part in their health It does not replace a doctor’s diagnosis or treatment
  • Slide 3 - Cervical Cancer Screening and Prevention You can prevent cervical cancer with screening. Screening is the search for diseases, such as cancer, in people without symptoms. Screening has saved thousands of lives. You should get screened for cervical cancer on a regular basis. Cervical cancer can be prevented!
  • Slide 4 - You Can Prevent Cervical Cancer In the U.S., it is estimated that in 2004: About 10,520 women will be diagnosed with cervical cancer About 3,900 women will die of cervical cancer Source: American Cancer Society
  • Slide 5 - What is the Cervix [ser-vix]? The cervix is one of the female organs Other female organs include the: Vulva [vul-vah] Vagina [ve-juy-nah] Uterus [yoo-tuh-ris] Fallopian tubes [fuh-loh-pee-an toobs] Ovaries [o-vuh-reez]
  • Slide 6 - What is cervical cancer? Cancer of one of the female organs (cervix) The easiest female cancer to prevent through screening
  • Slide 7 - What is a Pap test? Cells are collected from the surface of your cervix by a doctor These cells are then checked under a microscope for any abnormalities If abnormal (or precancerous) cells are found, they can be treated before they turn into cancer Cervical cancer can be found in the early stages, when it is easier to treat
  • Slide 8 - Finding early cell changes Normal cervical cells Precancer cells
  • Slide 9 - What a Pap test is NOT: A pelvic exam A test for ovarian or uterine cancer A biopsy (“buy-op-see”), or procedure where a needle is used to remove cells to study A test for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
  • Slide 10 - Most cervical cancer can be prevented Cervical cancer is very rare in women who get regular Pap tests
  • Slide 11 - What causes cervical cancer? The main cause of cervical cancer is infection with genital Human Papillomavirus [pap·il·lo·ma·vi·rus] or HPV ▪ Genital HPV is a virus that is spread by sex You could have been infected with HPV years ago but only recently had it found on a test There are many different types of HPV Certain “high-risk” HPV types can cause cell changes and cervical cancer
  • Slide 12 - How common is HPV? Most men and women who have had sex have been exposed to HPV Most sexually active women (at least 80%) have been exposed to HPV by age 50
  • Slide 13 - How do I Know if I am at risk for HPV? Anyone who has ever had sex is at risk for HPV
  • Slide 14 - Who is at higher risk for HPV? Anyone who has had more than one sex partner Anyone whose sex partner(s) has had more than one sex partner
  • Slide 15 - How do I know if I have HPV? Abnormal Pap test results are often a sign of HPV HPV DNA test can find high-risk HPV types
  • Slide 16 - If I have HPV, does it mean I will get cancer? No! Most people get HPV infection, but very few get cervical cancer In most cases, HPV infection goes away on its own Sometimes, the HPV infection does not go away after many years. This type is called “persistent”. It can lead to cervical cancer
  • Slide 17 - If I have HPV, does it mean my partner has been unfaithful? No! HPV is not a sign of unfaithfulness It is not possible to know when you got HPV or who gave it to you You may have had HPV for many years before it shows up
  • Slide 18 - Who is at risk for cervical cancer? Women who do not have Pap tests Women who do not follow up with testing or treatment after an abnormal Pap test, as told by their health care provider Women who have persistent HPV Women who smoke
  • Slide 19 - Who is at risk for cervical cancer? Women with immune problems HIV Transplanted organs Steroid medications Chemotherapy Women whose mothers took the drug, DES
  • Slide 20 - How do I lower my risk of getting cervical cancer? Get regular Pap tests and follow up, if necessary Limit your number of sex partners Choose a sex partner who has had no or few prior sex partners Do not smoke cigarettes Keep a healthy diet and lifestyle Use condoms consistently and correctly during sexual activity
  • Slide 21 - What will a Pap test tell me? That the cells in your cervix are… Normal Abnormal: Minor cell changes of unknown importance, possibly unrelated to precancer (ASCUS) Minor cell changes Moderate cell changes Severe cell changes Possibly cancerous
  • Slide 22 - How common are abnormal Pap test results? Abnormal Pap test results are quite common They are usually only slightly abnormal If followed up and treated early, you can prevent the abnormality from turning into cervical cancer
  • Slide 23 - When do I need my first Pap test? No more than 3 years after you first have sex No later than age 21
  • Slide 24 - How often do I need a Pap test? Every year until age 30 After age 30, if you have had only normal results, you may have them every 2 to 3 years (after talking with your health care provider about your level of risk)
  • Slide 25 - Why do I need to keep getting tested? Just like mammogram screening, Pap testing is not a one-time test The test is not perfect New changes (abnormalities) can occur after you get tested, even if you have not had new partners It could take many years for changes to develop or to be noticed Your risk changes if you have new partners, or if your partner has other partners
  • Slide 26 - When can I stop having Pap tests? Around the age of 65 or 70, if you are not otherwise at high risk for cervical cancer
  • Slide 27 - I feel fine, so why do I need a Pap test? A Pap test can find changes of the cervix (precancer) when you may not have symptoms or notice a problem
  • Slide 28 - What can I do to make my Pap test as accurate as possible? Schedule your Pap test when you are not having a menstrual period Do not have sex for 2 days before the test Do not douche for 2 days before the test Do not use tampons, birth control foams, jellies, or other vaginal creams and medications for 2 days before the test
  • Slide 29 - What Should I Expect When I Have a Pap Test? You lie down on a special exam table Your feet are placed in stirrups (foot holders) A speculum (thin duck-billed instrument) is inserted into your vagina and opened This allows your health care provider to see your cervix
  • Slide 30 - What Should I Expect When I Have a Pap Test? A small spatula, brush, or cotton-tipped swab is used to rub and remove cells from the cervix A sample of cells is put on a slide or vial You may feel a little uncomfortable, but the test is quick You may have some spotting (light bleeding) afterward
  • Slide 31 - How do I find out about my Pap test results? You can ask to have a copy mailed to you You can call for your results If you have an abnormal result, it is extremely important to show up for follow-up appointments and get the recommended testing Even after a normal Pap test, it is still important to report any symptoms of abnormal vaginal bleeding, discharge, or pain to your health care provider
  • Slide 32 - Do I need a Pap test if I had a hysterectomy? If you had treatment for precancer or cancer of the cervix, you may still need a Pap test If the cervix was left in place at the time of your hysterectomy, you will still need Pap tests Preventive health care is still important, even if you do not need a Pap test
  • Slide 33 - What is new in cervical cancer screening and prevention? Liquid-based Pap Combination of HPV test and Pap test for women 30 years of age and older HPV test for women with ASCUS Vaccines for HPV currently being tested
  • Slide 34 - Important Points to Remember: Regular Pap tests are the best way to prevent cervical cancer Getting an abnormal Pap test result does NOT mean you have cancer Getting a positive HPV test result does NOT mean you have cancer Getting a positive HPV test result is NOT a sign of unfaithfulness These results mean you are finding a potential problem now, before it is too late
  • Slide 35 - Take Control of Your Health Make an appointment to get a Pap test today
  • Slide 36 - How do I get my friend to have a Pap test? Tell her about the importance of preventing cervical cancer Tell her it doesn’t hurt Help her find the right health care provider Help her make an appointment Offer her a ride Offer help with child care
  • Slide 37 - Screening Resources For a free or low-cost Pap test: http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/nbccedp/contacts.htm Other Resources: CDC Division of Cancer Prevention & Control http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/nbccedp/cc_basic.htm American Cancer Society www.cancer.org National Cancer Institute (NIH) www.cancer.gov
  • Slide 38 - Citations ACS. (last revised January 2005). Detailed Guide: Cervical Cancer. What are the Key Statistics About Cervical Cancer? (Online) CDC. (January 2004). Report to Congress: Prevention of Genital Human Papillomavirus Infection. CDC. (2004). Genital HPV Infection Fact Sheet. (Online) U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2000). Healthy People 2010, Vol 1-2, 2nd Ed. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.
  • Slide 39 - Acknowledgement CDC gives special thanks to GCF and NCCC. You may visit these organizations online at: www.thegcf.org/ www.cervicalcancercampaign.org/

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