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Published on : Mar 14, 2014
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Slide 1 - Blood Safety & Blood Donor Motivation Bangalore Medical Services Trust & Research Institute, Rotary TTK Blood Bank, Bangalore
Slide 2 - Red Letter Day in your premises Blood Donation Camp at Date : 13th June, 2010 Time: 9 AM – 1 PM Venue: Rotory ttk Blood Bank, Thippasandra, Bangalore Landmark: Opp. Petrol Pump (Near Ganesh Temple)
Slide 3 - BLOOD Facts Blood flows everywhere through the human body. We cannot live without it. The heart pumps blood to all our body cells, supplying them with oxygen and food. Blood also carries proteins and cell fragments called platelets that let blood clot where there has been an injury.
Slide 4 - Did You Know? 450ml of blood can save as many as three lives. Every two seconds, someone in India needs blood. One out of every three of us will need blood in our life time. Even with all of today’s technology, there is no substitute for blood. Someone has to give blood in order for someone to receive blood.
Slide 5 - Fact Sheet -1 Hospitals predict that the need for blood will increase 5% each year. Approximately only 4% of the eligible population in India donates blood. 75% of donors donate only ONCE per year. If they donated just two times per year there would never be any shortages.
Slide 6 - Fact sheet -2 A person has 5 - 6 litres of blood in their body. A person can donate blood every 90 days (3 months). Body recovers the Blood very quickly: Blood plasma volume– within 24 - 48 hours Red Blood Cells – in about 3 weeks Platelets & White Blood Cells – within minutes
Slide 7 - 1 of out 10 hospital patients needs a blood transfusion 4.5 million Indians lives are saved by blood transfusions each year Blood is always needed for, accident victims cancer patients blood disorder patients surgery patients Pre-mature, pre term babies and many others……. Some Reasons to Donate Blood
Slide 8 - Rotary TTK Blood Bank’s Primary Concern - Safety of Blood Donor & Blood Recipient (patient) because “Safe Blood” gives life, “Unsafe blood” gives infections To ensure “Blood Safety”, Strict “Donor Screening” at the Camp “Testing” of collected blood to WHO specified standards Strict “cross-matching” of blood samples to ensure safe transfusion to patient
Slide 9 - Pre-Donation information It is quick and safe. It doesn’t hurt. It saves 3 to 4 lives. Blood is taken ONLY from Voluntary Donors Using sterile, disposable blood bags & instruments Donated Blood is tested and separated into components benefiting 3-4 patients It is safe to donate every 3 months
Slide 10 - Procedure for Voluntary Blood Donation Pre-Donation: Donor Screening Donor Eligibility criteria Deferral Criteria (Donor Consent Form) Medical examination Blood Donation: Blood donation procedure Post donation Rest, advice & refreshment Donor Certificate, Donor ID card
Slide 11 - Safe Donor selection involves – Identification of low risk populations Donor education and recruitment Encouraging self deferral based on “Deferral Criteria” Medical Examination before donation Voluntary Non-remunerated Repeat Donor (VNRD) is safest 1. Donor Screening
Slide 12 - 2. Donor Eligibility Criteria Who can donate? Age: 18 - 60 years Weight : > 45 kgs Hemoglobin level: >12 gms/dl for men and 12.5 gms/dl for women In good health Wt > 45 Kg
Slide 13 - 3. Deferral Criteria Who CANNOT donate?
Slide 14 - 3. Deferral Criteria…(Donor Consent Form) Postpone donation for 6 months if you have risk factors for HIV/AIDS , such as.. Having sex with more than one partner without using condom for vaginal, anal or oral sex Intravenous drug abuse Having sex with a person who could have the above risk factors
Slide 15 - Female donors cannot donate blood…… During pregnancy After delivery for one year When lactating During menstrual period and for 7 days therafter Male donors cannot donate blood…… If cosumed Alcohol in the previous 24 hours 3. Deferral Criteria…(Donor Consent Form)
Slide 16 - 4. Medical Examination at camp Blood test for: Blood grouping Hemoglobin Blood pressure Pulse General physical examination
Slide 17 - 5. Blood Donation Procedure Remember! The Donor Must …. have had good rest / sleep have had light meal be mentally prepared
Slide 18 - 5. Blood Donation Procedure Volume of blood collection
Slide 19 - Post Donation Advice Drink lots of fluids for next 24 hours Avoid smoking for one hour & alcohol till after a meal Don’t use elevator to go up immediately after donation as it will make blood rush to your feet & make you dizzy! Avoid highly strenuous exercises & games for a day If you feel dizzy, lie down & put your feet up. You will be alright in 10-20 mins. Remove band-aid after 4 hours. If it bleeds, apply pressure & reapply band-aid. If bruised and painful, apply cold-pack 4 to 5 times for 5 mins each. The bruise is due to blood seeping into the surrounding tissue. It will take a few days to get reabsorbed. If you have any questions, meet camp doctor or call us at 91-80-25287903/ 2529 3486 / 2528 4504
Slide 20 - 6. Testing at Blood Bank for Transfusion Transmissible Infections (TTIs) Blood collected at the BDC is screened using highest quality screening tests for 6 TTIs HIV 1 HIV 2 Hepatitis B Hepatitis C VDRL (syphilis) Malaria
Slide 21 - Counselling for “Reactive” donors If a blood sample tests positive for any TTI, then…. Tests are repeated in duplicate Complete confidentiality is maintained about the test results only the donor is informed, counseled & encouraged for further testing Referrals to health experts are provided along with follow-ups
Slide 22 - 7. Blood Products / Components & their uses Blood collected is screened for TTIs (infections) & IF SAFE, is separated into components & stored for issue to patients. Whole blood For Exchange Transfusion in Babies Accident Victims Complicated Delivery cases Some specific surgeries Blood Components Red Cells (for anemia) Fresh Frozen Plasma (for clotting disorders, burns) Platelets/Platelet rich plasma (for cancer, dengue) Cryoprecipitate (for clotting disorders) Cryo Poor Plasma (for burns)
Slide 23 - What can YOU do? Make Blood Donation a HABIT Donate regularly – every 3 months to commemorate special days like birthdays, anniversaries …. Motivate others to donate Refer your friends and relatives
Slide 24 - Benefits to Donor of blood donation Health benefits: Regular donation (2-3 times a year….) Lowers cholesterol Lowers lipid levels Decreases incidence of heart attacks, strokes Donor is also eligible to receive one FREE unit of blood if needed for Self Spouse/ Child/ Parents, and Even friends
Slide 25 - Volunteer’s role Most people who have never donated have never been asked. Posters don’t recruit donors…people do
Slide 26 - Thank you…… For BLOOD NEEDS contact: Rotary TTK Blood Bank Bangalore Medical Services Trust New Thippasandra Main Road, HAL 3rd Stage, Bangalore – 560 075. PH: 91-80- 2528 4504, Or Ms Lakshmi Ravichandran at 98453 56338
Slide 27 - Thank You… If you need blood, call Rotary TTK Blood Bank: 080-25284504, 25827903 OR Mrs. Lakshmi Ravichandran Honorary Trustee - BMST Rotary TTK Blood Bank Cell: 98453 56338 E-mail : lachi939@gmail.com For Ambulance: 1062 For further information visit: http://www.bangaloremedical.org