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Authors Purpose Quia PowerPoint Presentation

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  • Slide 1 - Monday November 22nd, 2010
  • Slide 2 - Monday Gina wondered why people paying so much atention too coral reefs today? I told she, “Well this kinds of submurged reefs contain a enormous variety of life forms.” She asked I, “Don’t many animals asemble at the reefs Kim”
  • Slide 3 - Monday 1. Which of the following sentences is punctuated correctly? For my birthday my mom gave me the following things, a baseball glove, a CD, and a shirt. For my birthday my mom gave me the following things; a baseball glove, a CD, and a shirt. For my birthday my mom gave me the following things: a baseball glove, a CD, and a shirt. For my birthday my mom gave me the following things, and a shirt.
  • Slide 4 - Monday 1. Which of the following sentences is punctuated correctly? For my birthday my mom gave me the following things, a baseball glove, a CD, and a shirt. For my birthday my mom gave me the following things; a baseball glove, a CD, and a shirt. For my birthday my mom gave me the following things: a baseball glove, a CD, and a shirt. For my birthday my mom gave me the following things, and a shirt.
  • Slide 5 - Monday Which sentence uses commas correctly? “Deciding whether to multiply or divide, is the hardest part for me.” “Do you think you need more practice with decimals, or with ratios?” Each set of problems has its own challenges, either one will help you.” “I’m not sure which of these problems I should do next, Mrs. Jones.”
  • Slide 6 - Monday Which sentence uses commas correctly? “Deciding whether to multiply or divide, is the hardest part for me.” “Do you think you need more practice with decimals, or with ratios?” Each set of problems has its own challenges, either one will help you.” “I’m not sure which of these problems I should do next, Mrs. Jones.”
  • Slide 7 - Author’s Purpose What clues show the reader the author’s purpose is to inform, explain, describe, entertain, or persuade?
  • Slide 8 - Key Learning: Good readers recognize purpose in reading and writing. 7.2.spi.3 (0701.2.1), 7.2.spi.4 (0701.2.2), 7.2.spi.3. (0701.3.1), 7.1.spi.5. (0701.6.1), 7.1.spi.9 (0701.8.2) Unit Essential Question: How does a reader recognize purpose in reading and writing? Concept: Clues Towards Purpose Concept: Distinguish Texts Concept: Develop Character Concept: Clarifying Understanding Lesson Essential Questions: What clues show the reader the author’s purpose is to entertain, inform, explain, describe, or persuade? Lesson Essential Questions: How do I distinguish among technical narrative, persuasive, and descriptive texts? Lesson Essential Questions: How does an author develop a character? How can I tell the difference among different points-of-views? Lesson Essential Questions: How do I determine what questions to ask as I read in order to clarify understanding?
  • Slide 9 - Key Learning: Good readers recognize purpose in reading and writing. 7.2.spi.3 (0701.2.1), 7.2.spi.4 (0701.2.2), 7.2.spi.3. (0701.3.1), 7.1.spi.5. (0701.6.1), 7.1.spi.9 (0701.8.2) Essential Question: What clues show the reader the author’s purpose is to entertain, inform, describe, or persuade? Vocabulary Author’s Purpose First Person Third Person Descriptive Text Second Person Omniscient Persuasive Text Third Person Character Trait Limited Mood
  • Slide 10 - Activator Watch BrainPop “Types of Writing”
  • Slide 11 - What is Author’s Purpose? All authors write for a particular reason. We call this “author’s purpose”
  • Slide 12 - What is Author’s Purpose? There are five main purposes for writing: To inform To explain To describe (express) To entertain To persuade
  • Slide 13 - A. To Inform Some authors write to give the reader information: “ What or Why” of a topic. Enlighten reader on topics that are real. Usually contains facts.
  • Slide 14 - To Inform Clues to look for: Facts, examples, or definitions Maps, charts, diagrams Headings and subheadings You will see this in: Textbooks, newspapers, encyclopedias, biographies, autobiographies, etc.
  • Slide 15 - To Inform - Example The Underground Railroad was a secret organization which helped slaves escape to freedom. Many slaves were able to escape because of the conductors and station masters. The northern states were free states and slaves were free once they arrived in the North. Secret codes and signals were used to identify the conductors and station masters.
  • Slide 16 - To Inform Give your own example!
  • Slide 17 - B. To Explain Some authors write to teach the reader how to do something: “How-to” teaches how to do or make something. The author will “explain” a process.
  • Slide 18 - To Explain Clues to look for: Step-by-step directions Numbered lists Words like first, next, or last You will see this in: “How-to” manuals, cookbooks, etc.
  • Slide 19 - To Explain- Example Installing a new battery in a cell phone is an easy procedure. All phones have some kind of button or clip that holds the back panel in place. Simply remove the back, and take out the battery. In some cases, the back of the phone is the battery. After removing the old battery, check the contacts on the back of the phone to ensure that they are free of corrosion. If necessary, clean any corrosion off with isopropyl alcohol (rubbing alcohol) and cotton-tipped applicators. Be sure to allow ample time for the alcohol to evaporate off the phone before installing the new battery. Place your new battery in the same position that you found the old one and replace the back (if necessary). Once you have installed your replacement battery, it is important to let your phone charge overnight since most batteries come with little or no charge. The next morning, your fully-charged phone will be ready for action.
  • Slide 20 - C. To Describe (express) Authors write to convey a picture or feeling to an audience. This type of purpose DOES NOT try to change the reader’s beliefs.
  • Slide 21 - To Describe (Express) Clues to look for: Emotional words Sometimes use of the word “I” Value words like best, terrible, worst, great You will find this in: Poetry (narrative), lyrics, diaries, journals, etc.
  • Slide 22 - To Describe (express)- Example Hearing the music beginning brought tears to my eyes. I felt my throat begin to close up. Losing my father was the most difficult time of my life. I was very close to him and he was my confidant. I don’t know what I would do without him to talk to me. This was the saddest day I have ever experienced.
  • Slide 23 - To Describe (express): Give your own example!
  • Slide 24 - D. To Entertain Some authors write to amuse his/her audience. This type of writing usually tells a story, uses drama and humor, or has playful language.
  • Slide 25 - To Entertain Clues to look for: Has a beginning, middle, and end Uses dialogue Rhymes Drama or humor You will find in: Poetry (limericks), plays, movies, fictional prose, etc.
  • Slide 26 - To Entertain-- Example It was a glorious morning in Alabama. The sun was shining through the trees. Alan couldn't wait to find his fishing pole and call his friend Sam to go fishing. They had a great time on these early morning fishing trips. The boys took their dogs with them, and the dogs would swim in the lake while the boys fished. It was so funny to watch those dogs paddle around the lake.
  • Slide 27 - To Entertain Give your own example!
  • Slide 28 - E. To Persuade Some authors try to convince the reader to share his/her opinions and views on a specific idea or topic or to purchase something.
  • Slide 29 - To Persuade Clues to look for: Opinion statements Words like should, must, and have to Value words like worst, best, terrible, or great You will find in: Editorials, advertisements, etc
  • Slide 30 - To Persuade-- Example The Slim-O-Matic will cause you to lose pounds and inches from your body in one month. This amazing machine helps you to exercise correctly and provides an easy video to show you the proper way to exercise. Send $75.99 and begin exercising today!
  • Slide 31 - To Persuade Give your own example!
  • Slide 32 - Be Careful! Sometimes authors have more than one purpose. Be on the lookout for that!
  • Slide 33 - POWER QUESTIONS Brain Freeze Ice cream is a sweet treat on a hot summer day. However, ice cream can also be a real pain. At one time or another, most people have experienced the dreaded ice cream headache. Also called “a brain freeze” an ice cream headache is common but painful. The headache comes on suddenly. It feels like a stabbing pain in the middle of the forehead. Scientists do not agree about what causes the headache. One theory says that the freezing temperatures cause the blood vessels in the mouth to contract tightly. This makes the nerves send a signal to the brain to open blood vessels. The blood vessels in the head expand quickly. The rapidly expanding vessels then cause the throbbing headache. Many people will experience an ice cream headache at some point in their lives. The good news is that the headache is short-lived. Some people say it helps to pinch the bridge of the nose right between the eyes. Others say it helps to pant like a dog in order to warm up the mouth. Most doctors say none of these tricks actually help. Perhaps avoiding the problem is the best medicine. The only real way to treat an ice cream headache is to avoid it in the first place. This does not mean avoiding ice cream it just means enjoying it slowly.
  • Slide 34 - POWER QUESTIONS For which audience did the author most likely write this passage? A. students interested in health science B. companies that make headache medicine C. dairy farmers who make ice cream D. employees at an ice cream store
  • Slide 35 - POWER QUESTIONS For which audience did the author most likely write this passage? A. students interested in health science B. companies that make headache medicine C. dairy farmers who make ice cream D. employees at an ice cream store
  • Slide 36 - Perfect Pet Pictures Many people have special relationships with their pets. They want to remember their furry friends forever. Getting good pictures of small, fast-moving pets is sometimes difficult. Here are some tips to help you take better pet photographs: Get down on the pet’s eye level. Pets are usually small and low to the ground. If the photographer is standing when he takes the picture, it makes the pet seem even smaller. Try sitting or lying on the floor. When the camera is at the pet’s eye level, the pets will seem more true to size. In addition, the pictures will capture the pet’s facial expressions. Be ready. Get in the habit of keeping the camera nearby. Always make sure there are fresh batteries in the camera. Be sure it is loaded with film or has a memory card with space left on it. Use natural light. As much as possible, use natural light instead of the flash. The flash slows the camera down, and your pet will probably have moved by the time the camera fires. Flashes also startle or frighten some pets. Moreover, flashes cause “red eye.” With a little practice, anyone can take great pet pictures
  • Slide 37 - POWER QUESTIONS 2. What was the author’s purpose for writing this passage? A. to describe what makes a good paragraph B. to persuade readers to take more pictures C. to explain ways to improve pet photographs D. to inform readers about reason to photograph their pets
  • Slide 38 - POWER QUESTIONS 2. What was the author’s purpose for writing this passage? A. to describe what makes a good paragraph B. to persuade readers to take more pictures C. to inform readers ways to improve pet photographs D. to explain readers about reason to photograph their pets
  • Slide 39 - Wind Turbines For thousands of years, people have used the wind as a source of power. Windmills are built to harness the wind’s energy. On farms and ranches, windmills pump water out of the ground for animals to drink. In other places, windmills are utilized to grind corn or other kinds of grain for flour. In Holland, windmills pump water from marshy land so that people can live on it. Some modern windmills, called wind turbines, produce electricity. Wind turbines have long blades to catch the slightest breeze. When the wind turns the blades, the blades turn a machine called a generator. The turning generator makes electricity. How? Inside the generator, a coil of wire turns near a magnet, producing an electric current. A gearbox connects the turbine blades to the electricity generator. The gearbox is there to make sure the generator turns at a high speed, even when the wind is not strong. When the wind is weak and turns the turbine blades slowly, the gearbox increases the speed of the generator. Other controls adjust the direction and angle of the blades. These controls make sure that the most power possible is gained from the wind. A wind farm is a location where there are several wind turbines in one place. Wind farms are usually built in high places, next to the sea, or on open plains. The people of Denmark get approximately 18 percent of their electricity from the wind, and there are thousands of wind turbines in other countries of the world
  • Slide 40 - POWER QUESTIONS Based on the passage, with which of the following statements would the author of “Wind Turbines” most likely agree? A. We should try to use less electricity until more can be provided. B. There are several different ways to provide energy efficiently. C. People should avoid living in high places or next to the sea. D. There is more than enough electricity being produced at power stations.
  • Slide 41 - POWER QUESTIONS Based on the passage, with which of the following statements would the author of “Wind Turbines” most likely agree? A. We should try to use less electricity until more can be provided. B. There are several different ways to provide energy efficiently. C. People should avoid living in high places or next to the sea. D. There is more than enough electricity being produced at power stations.
  • Slide 42 - POWER QUESTIONS Which of the following best describes the author’s purpose for writing “Wind Turbines”? A. To inform the reader about the history and operation of wind farms B. To teach about electricity and its importance to the world C. To write about wind turbines on farms that existed thousands of years ago. D. To entertain young people with a story about an unusual form of energy.
  • Slide 43 - POWER QUESTIONS Which of the following best describes the author’s purpose for writing “Wind Turbines”? A. To inform the reader about the history and operation of wind farms B. To teach about electricity and its importance to the world C. To write about wind turbines on farms that existed thousands of years ago. D. To entertain young people with a story about an unusual form of energy.
  • Slide 44 - Summarizer/Activity Take out a blank sheet of notebook paper. Title it “Author’s Purpose Assignment” and head it appropriately (name, date, class) Follow the directions on the following slide. Use your notes to make sure your assignment is done correctly. 
  • Slide 45 - Summarizer Using one of the four types of author’s purpose, write a good paragraph… Inform: informing me about Goldfish crackers (maybe the nutritional info, or the origins of this unique cracker.) You can make this up! Express: expressing your reaction to eating these crackers (texture, taste, etc...). Entertain: that will entertain me (maybe a weird story about Goldfish crackers) Persuade: that convinces a reader to buy or reject these Goldfish crackers.
  • Slide 46 - Share your paragraph with the class, and we will guess the author’s purpose!
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