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Ankle Joint PowerPoint Presentation

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On : Mar 14, 2014

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  • Slide 1 - Ankle Joint
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  • Slide 3 - Ankle Joint Tibia is the larger bone and the true weight bearing bone of the leg. Medial and lateral malleoli are at the distal end of the tibia and tibia and fibula.
  • Slide 4 - Tarsal Bones Calcaneus- largest and most posterior tarsal bone. It is also known as the heel bone.
  • Slide 5 - Calcaneal tuberosity- projection of posterior side of the calcaneus, where the achilles tendon attaches.
  • Slide 6 - Tarsal Bones Sustentaculum tali- medial superior part projecting out from the calcaneus, three tendons loop around this projection. It helps them change direction from posterior to plantar foot.
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  • Slide 8 - Tarsal Bones Talus- bone that sits on top of the calcaneus and below the tibia and fibula.
  • Slide 9 - Tarsal Bones Navicular- medial side of the talus and proximal to the cuniform bones.
  • Slide 10 - Tarsal Bones Cuboid and Cuniforms- the most distal row of tarsal bones in the foot.
  • Slide 11 - Foot bones Metatarsals are numbered 1-5. Normally first and fifth are weight-bearing bones and 2-4 are not.
  • Slide 12 - Foot Bones Phalanges of the foot have the same position as the hand, they are basically the toes.
  • Slide 13 - Joints of the Ankle/Foot Talocrural Joint-joint in the ankle found between the tibia, fibula, and talus. Dorsi/plantar flexion Subtalar Joint -joint in the ankle found between the talus and calcaneus. The subtalar joint allows gliding and rotation, which are involved in inversion and eversion of the foot.
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  • Slide 15 - Joints of the foot and ankle Inferior tibiofibular joint is a syndesmosis joint. This is not a synovial joint, but one covered by a fibrous tissue that holds the joint together.
  • Slide 16 - ANKLE JOINT Anterior view Lateral view
  • Slide 17 - Type & Articular Surfaces ARTICULAR SURFACES: UPPER: A socket formed by: Lateral malleolus. the lower end of tibia & medial malleolus. LOWER: Body of talus. TYPE: synovial, hinge joint.
  • Slide 18 - Ligaments MEDIAL (DELTOID) LIGAMENT: A strong triangular ligament. Apex: attached to medial malleolus. Base: subdivided into 4 parts: Anterior tibiotalar part. Tibionavicular part. Tibiocalcaneal part. Posterior tibiotalar part. LATERAL LIGAMENT: Composed of 3 separate ligaments Anterior talofibular ligament. Calcaneofibular ligament. Posterior talofibular ligament. 1 2 3 1 2 3 4
  • Slide 19 - Movements DORSIFLEXION: Performed by muscles of anterior compartment of leg (tibialis anterior, extensor hallucis longus, extensor digitorum longus & peroneus tertius). PLANTERFLEXION: Initiated by soleus. Maintained by gastrocnemius. Assisted by other muscles in posterior compartment of leg (tibialis posterior, flexor digitorum longus & flexor hallucis longus) + muscles of lateral compartment of leg (peroneus longus & peroneus brevis).
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