Download Alexander the Greats PowerPoint Presentation

Login   OR  Register

Share on Social Media


Home / Entertainment & Celebrity / Entertainment & Celebrity Presentations / Alexander the Greats PowerPoint Presentation

Alexander the Greats PowerPoint Presentation

worldwideweb By : worldwideweb

On : Jan 08, 2015

In : Entertainment & Celebrity

Embed :

Login / Signup - with account for

  • → Make favorite
  • → Flag as inappropriate
  • → Download Presentation
  • → Share Presentation
  • Slide 1 - Part 1: Greece Part 2: Alexander the Great
  • Slide 2 - ppt slide no 2 content not found
  • Slide 3 - Greece Indo-European people Balkan Peninsula and Aegean Sea Commerce/Manufacturing through empire Agriculture basis
  • Slide 4 - Minoan Civilization 2800- 1450 BCE Crete Sailed to southern Greece, Egypt for trade Ruled by king Evidence of archives, art, opulent buildings Destroyed by tidal way or invasion Historians unsure
  • Slide 5 - Mycenae 1600-1100 BCE 1st Greek state Alliance of powerful monarchies living within stone walls Warrior culture; established commercial network King to remember- Agamemnon Knowledge comes from Homer’s poetry Collapse b/c fight each other, earthquake
  • Slide 6 - ppt slide no 6 content not found
  • Slide 7 - Persian Wars To punish the Athenians and discourage future interference, Darius attacked Athens in 490 The Athenians repelled the invasion Marathon
  • Slide 8 - Battle of Marathon The Persians landed at the Plains of Marathon on September 9, 490 For eight days, the two armies faced each other On the ninth day, the Persians started to advance, forcing Miltiades, the commander in chief of the Athenian army, to deploy his army of 10,000 Athenians and 1,000 Plataeans for battle
  • Slide 9 - Battle of Marathon The Athenians surrounded the Persians in a double envelopment Although the Athenians were outnumbered, their spears were superior to the Persians’ bows and short lances The Persians fled to their ships Persians lost 6,400 men and seven ships Athenians lost 192
  • Slide 10 - Battle of Marathon However, Miltiades realized that the Persian fleet could sail and attack the undefended city of Athens According to legend, he called upon Phidippides to run to Athens to tell them of the victory and warn them of the approaching Persian ships Phidippides ran the 26 miles from Marathon to Athens in about three hours, successfully warning the Athenians who repelled the Persian invasion Phidippides was exhausted from the fight at Marathon and the 26 mile run and died upon announcing the warning Miltiades
  • Slide 11 - Xerxes Darius’s successor Xerxes tried to avenge the Persian losses by launching another attack in 480 Thermopylae
  • Slide 12 - Thermopylae The Greeks sent an allied army under the Spartan king Leonidas to Thermopylae, a narrow mountain pass in northeastern Greece  The point was to stall the Persians long enough that the city states could prepare for later major battles after the Persians broke through Persians attempting to force the pass at Thermopylae
  • Slide 13 - Thermopylae Twice the Greeks repelled the Persians Then Ephialtes, a local farmer, traitorously led a force of Persian infantry through a mountain passage and the next morning they appeared behind the Greek lines Leonidas ordered the rest of the army to withdraw and held the passage with just 300 Spartans As true Spartans, they chose death over retreat All died but they did hold off the Persians long enough to ensure the safe withdrawal of the rest of the Greek army. Leonidas
  • Slide 14 - Thermopylae “Stranger, go tell the Spartans that we lie here in obedience to their laws.” (Inscription carved on the tomb of Leonidas’s Three Hundred) Leonidas at Thermopylae by David
  • Slide 15 - After Thermopylae The Persians captured and burned Athens but were defeated by the Athenian navy at Salamis In 479 the Persians were defeated at Plataea and forced back to Anatolia
  • Slide 16 - Delian League After the Persian threat subsided, the Greek poleis had conflicts among themselves The poleis formed an alliance called the Delian League Athens supplied most of the military force and the other poleis provided financial support Sparta did not join the league In the absence of the Persian threat, eventually the other poleis came to resent financing Athens’s bureaucracy and construction projects The resulting tensions led to the Peloponnesian War (431-404) in which the poleis divided up into two sides led by Athens and Sparta
  • Slide 17 - The Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.) The war went back and forth until 404 when the Spartans and their allies forced Athens to surrender Conflicts continued however and the world of the poleis steadily lost power Alexander the Great is going to step into this power vacuum (next lesson)
  • Slide 18 - Part 2: Alexander the Great Theme: Advances in Warfare
  • Slide 19 - ID & SIG Alexander the Great, Darius, Gaugamela (Arbela), phalanx, Philip, siege, Tyre
  • Slide 20 - Philip II Ruled Macedonia from 359-336 B.C. and transformed it into a powerful military machine Moved into northern Greece and met little resistance due to residual effects of Peloponnesian War By 338 he had Greece under his control
  • Slide 21 - Macedonia
  • Slide 22 - Alexander the Great Philip intended to use Greece as a launching pad to invade Persia, but he was assassinated before he could begin his plan Instead the invasion of Persia would be left for Philip’s son Alexander who was just 20 when Philip was assassinated “Alexander inherited from his father the most perfectly organized, trained, and equipped army of ancient times.” J.F.C. Fuller, The Generalship of Alexander the Great
  • Slide 23 - Conquests of Alexander Ionia and Anatolia 333 Syria, Palestine, Egypt 332 Mesopotamia 331 Persepolis 331 King of Persia 330 India 327 Returns to Susa 324 Dies (age 33) 323
  • Slide 24 - Warfare in the Age of Alexander Phalanx: A formation of infantry carrying overlapping shields and long spears, developed by Philip II and used by Alexander the Great
  • Slide 25 - Warfare in the Age of Alexander Hoplite The main melee warrior of the Macedonian army. Worked mainly in the tight phalanx formation, creating impregnable lines that often left the enemy demoralized.
  • Slide 26 - Hoplites in Action
  • Slide 27 - Warfare in the Age of Alexander Sieges involved the surrounding and blockading of a town or fortress by an army trying to capture it. A variety of weapons were built to hurl projectiles over city walls, scale or batter the walls, and transport soldiers over them.
  • Slide 28 - ppt slide no 28 content not found
  • Slide 29 - Tyre “… if Alexander deserves permanent commemoration as a general, then it is above all in his capacity as a besieger, and of all his sieges Tyre was his masterpiece.” Paul Cartledge, Alexander the Great, 147
  • Slide 30 - Tyrian Fire Ship Burns the Towers
  • Slide 31 - Alexander and the Principles of War Maneuver Mass Surprise Security Objective Economy of Force Offensive Unity of Command Simplicity
  • Slide 32 - Maneuver Created a gap by causing Darius to shift forces to meet the initial attack on the right Mass Used the wedge formation at the gap in Darius’ line (decisive place and time) Surprise Kept Darius up all night expecting an attack and then attacked the next day when Darius was tired Objective Capture Darius in order to replace him as king Alexander and the Principles of War
  • Slide 33 - Alexander and the Principles of War Economy of force Accepted risk on his left in order to launch a strong attack on his right Offensive Attacked even though grossly outnumbered Unity of command Alexander personally led the Companion cavalry in the attack on the right Simplicity Much of what Alexander was able to do was based on the discipline his soldiers had gained from drill
  • Slide 34 - After Gaugamela Darius’s escape frustrated Alexander because it prevented him from full claim to being king of Persia Eventually Darius’s followers assassinated him As Alexander became king of Persia and continued to advance east, he took on an increasingly Eastern attitude
  • Slide 35 - The End of the Empire "The Marriage of Alexander the Great and Roxanna" by Ishmail Parbury Alexander Married Roxanna and had his men also intermarry Adopted Eastern dress and habits Publicly insisted upon his descent from the gods Began giving key positions to Persians The Macedonians were tired of campaigning and resented the changes in Alexander’s behavior and become mutinous Alexander died in June 323, perhaps as a result of poisoning
  • Slide 36 - ppt slide no 36 content not found
  • Slide 37 - After Alexander After Alexander died, his generals jockeyed for power and by 275 they had divided up his kingdom into three large states Antigonus took Greece and Macedon Ptolemy took Egypt Seleuces took the former Achaemenid empire The period of Alexander and his successors is called the Hellenistic period to reflect the broad influence of Greek culture beyond Greece’s borders
Swans Free PowerPoint Template


Views : 209

Cigarettes Free PowerPoint Template


Views : 458

Computing Information Technology Free PowerPoint Template

Computing Information Technology

Views : 255

ECG Heart Beat Free PowerPoint Template

ECG Heart Beat

Views : 854

Global Warming Pollution Free PowerPoint Template

Global Warming Pollution

Views : 238

Step to Success Free PowerPoint Template

Step to Success

Views : 234

Woman Meditation Free PowerPoint Template

Woman Meditation

Views : 268

Keyboard Free PowerPoint Template


Views : 315

Global Peace Free PowerPoint Template

Global Peace

Views : 233

Donuts Free PowerPoint Template


Views : 471

Female Mosquito Free PowerPoint Template

Female Mosquito

Views : 164

Domino Free PowerPoint Template


Views : 269

Birthday Cake Free PowerPoint Template

Birthday Cake

Views : 245

Light Abstract Free PowerPoint Template

Light Abstract

Views : 247

Success Free PowerPoint Template


Views : 281

Obesity Free PowerPoint Template


Views : 421

Handshake Free PowerPoint Template


Views : 254

Coffee Free PowerPoint Template


Views : 428

Question Free PowerPoint Template


Views : 211

Saturn Free PowerPoint Template


Views : 279

Description : PowerPoint presentation on Alexander the Greats, download now ppt of Alexander the Greats

Tags : Alexander the Greats