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Alexander the Great Overview PowerPoint Presentation

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On : Jan 08, 2015

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  • Slide 1 - Alexander the Great
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  • Slide 3 - The Early Years Born in 356 B.C.E. in Pella (capital city of Macedonia) Father Phillip II (King of Macedonia) Mother Olympias Spent his childhood watching his father develop Macedonia into a great military power Private tutor was Aristotle At the age of 16, Alexander ruled over Macedonia while his father continued to expand power into Greece Tamed a wild horse named Bucephalus at the age of 12.
  • Slide 4 - “O my son, look thee out a kingdom equal to and worthy of thyself, for Macedonia is too little for thee” -Plutarch
  • Slide 5 - Family Split Philip II Olympias
  • Slide 6 - Assassination In the spring of 336 BC, with Philip’s Persian invasion already set in motion, the king was assassinated by a young Macedonian noble named Pausanias in the old capital of Macedonia. A young Alexander would be the heir to Macedonia
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  • Slide 8 - Alexander takes the Throne at 20 years old After his father’s death, rebellions began to spread throughout Greece. Alexander had anyone who threated his rule murdered Hearing of rebellion, Alexander marched south covering 240 miles in two weeks appearing before the walls of Thebes with large Macedonian army.
  • Slide 9 - Two Options (Surrender or Die) Athenians as well as most Greek city-states decided not to fight and kept their lives and freedom. Macedonian would keep control over the region, but these city-states had to pay a tax for his military campaigns. Thebes decided to fight the Macedonians The Macedonians stormed the city, killing everyone in sight, women and children included. 6,000 Thebans citizens died and 30,000 more were sold as slaves. The city was plundered, sacked and burned to the ground.
  • Slide 10 - In one year, Alexander had control over all of Greece
  • Slide 11 - Conquest of Persia With the conquered territories firmly in Macedonian control, Alexander began his conquest of Persia by crossing the Dardanelles (Hellespont) into Asia Minor 35,000 troops and 120 ships Upon landing in Asia Minor, he threw his spear into the ground and declared that he would accept this land as a gift from the gods. What does this say about Alexander the Great?
  • Slide 12 - Persian Empire -Despite not being able to conquer Greece during the Persian Wars, Persia had a vast empire with a lot of valuable resources and citizens. -Each Independent region ruled by local governors called “satraps.” (local governor of an ancient Persian Monarchy) -Darius III ruled over this land at the time of Alexander the Great
  • Slide 13 - Terror and Kindness For those who surrendered, they would keep their government officials, property and helped rebuild any damage done. For those who resisted, they would be burned to the ground and people sold into slavery. Later Alexander, would pull back from this terror but the initial campaigns set the tone……
  • Slide 14 - Liberators Some saw Alexander as a Liberator Alexander acted as liberator in Asia Minor, by overthrowing Persian rule and replacing it with a Greek form of culture/government Pardoned citizens Granted cities Freedom Taxes to continue the campaign Liberated all the coastal cities of Asia Minor and 40 cities on the Western side
  • Slide 15 - Characteristics of Alexander (described by Plutarch) “Uncompromising work ethic” “Obsessive attention to detail” “Ambition for Greatness” “Heroic Concentration of Confidence” Out Plan Out Work Out Last
  • Slide 16 - Battle at Granicus 334 B.C.E. at the Granicus River The Macedonians defeated the Persians and put them to flight 1st Battle between the Persian and Macedonians
  • Slide 17 - Another Major Victory Battle of Issus (November 333 B.C.E.) -Persian Army greatly outnumbered the Macedonia Army -Macedonian Victory -King Darius III fled the battle field -Son, Mother, and Wife captured (happened to be with the military at the time)
  • Slide 18 - City of Tyre
  • Slide 19 - City of Tyre
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  • Slide 21 - Siege at Tyre
  • Slide 22 - Technology in Warfare
  • Slide 23 - Plans to Unite His Empire
  • Slide 24 - Alexander’s Empire Ruled over Greece, Asia Minor, Egypt, and a vast majority of Asia Helped spread Greek ideas such as Agoras, Education, Theaters, Court Systems, Libraries, and the Greek Language Stayed with his soldiers in camp, ate the same ration of food, and did the same manual labor to show he was one of them. In Egypt, Alexander built Alexandria into the educational capital of the Mediterranean
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  • Slide 27 - Alexander the Great’s Empire Alexander had led his army 22,000 miles Undefeated in battle Captured over 70 cities and renamed many in the process “I would rather live a short life of glory than a long one of obscurity.” End of an Empire Alexander the Great, the Macedonian king and the great conqueror of Persian Empire, died at the age of 33 of a mysterious fever in 323 B.C.E. without designating a successor to the Macedonian Empire.
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