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Aircraft Survivability Equipment (ASE) PowerPoint Presentation

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  • Slide 1 - Aircraft Survivability Equipment (ASE)
  • Slide 2 - Aircraft Survivability Equipment (ASE) AN/APR 39A(V)1 RADAR SIGNAL DECTEOR. M-130 GENERAL DISPENSOR. AN/APX-100(V)1 MARK VII IFF. AN/ ALQ-144A (V)1. TSEC/KY58
  • Slide 3 - REFRENCES -10 Manual TM 11-5841-294-12, AN/APR-39A(V)1 TM 9-1095-206-23&P, M130 TM 11-5865-200-12, AN/ALQ144A(V)1 DOD AIMS 86-100A MODE 4 Handbook TM 11-5810-262-10, TSEC/KY58
  • Slide 4 - AN/APR-39A(V)1 RADAR SIGNAL DECTEOR. Upgraded version of the APR39(V)1 utilizes a digital processor, alphanumeric display and synthetic voice warning for radar directed airdefense threat systems.
  • Slide 5 - MDS SHOULD BE CORRECT FOR THE AREA / UNIT / MISSION 023.9 041 020.9 018 MDS VERSION NUMBER OFP VERSION NUMBER OFP SHOULD BE THE MOST UP-TO-DATE
  • Slide 6 - MDS STATUS & AVAILABILITY MDS # REGION COMMENTS 000 EAST MED (LOW) TBD 100 EAST MED (HIGH) TBD 018 PERSIAN GULF OBSOLETE 025 SOUTHCOM OBSOLETE 027 NTC OBSOLETE. 030 PERSIAN GULF FIELDED 034 YUGOSLAVIA FIELDED JAN 96 040 KOREA (LOW) FIELDED JUL 96 041 KOREA (LOW) IN TESTING. TO BE FIELDED APR 98 140 KOREA (HIGH) FIELDED SEP 96 141 KOREA (HIGH) IN TESTING. TO BE FIELDED APR 98 051 SOUTHCOM (LOW) FIELDED MAR 97
  • Slide 7 - MDS #REGION COMMENTS 151 SOUTHCOM (HIGH) FIELDED MAR 97 060 CUBA (LOW) FIELDED AUG 97 160 CUBA (HIGH) IN WORK. TO BE FIELDED APR 98 070 IRAQ (LOW) IN WORK. TO BE FIELDED MAY 98 170 IRAQ (HIGH) IN WORK. TO BE FIELDED JUN 98 080 IRAN (LOW) IN WORK. TO BE FIELDED JUL 98 180 IRAN (HIGH) IN WORK. TO BE FIELDED AUG 98 090 AFRICA (LOW) TBD 190 AFRICA (HIGH) TBD 960 NTC (INTERIM) FIELDED. 961 NTC IN TESTING. TO BE FIELDED APR 98 MDS STATUS AND AVAILABILITY
  • Slide 8 - How do I employ it? Much different than AN/ APR39(V)1 “+” symbol not in middle “+” symbol flashing, Degraded system performance No synthetic voice, OK read indicator display More than 7 targets being recognized
  • Slide 9 - AN/APR-39A(V)1 COCKPIT DISPLAYS NAME SYMBOL AUDIO AVAILABLE GUN YES ZSU YES TWO 2 NO THREE 3 NO FOUR 4 YES FIVE 5 NO SIX 6 YES SEVEN 7 NO DIAMOND  NO DOT  NO UNKNOWN U YES MISSILE YES
  • Slide 10 - AN/APR-39A(V)1 U MOST USED DISPLAY (GHOSTING)
  • Slide 11 - AVIATOR KNEEBOARD CARDS DEVELOPED AS MISSION PLANNING/INFLIGHT AID FOR PILOTS MDS VERSION-SPECIFIC LISTS EACH EMITTER AND POSSIBLE SYMBOLS
  • Slide 12 - KNEEBOARD CARD
  • Slide 13 - M-130 GENERAL DISPENSOR Provides effective survival counter-measures against most radar guided weapon systems threats
  • Slide 14 - M130 Chaff Dispenser
  • Slide 15 - Payload module has 30 chambers
  • Slide 16 - M130 Electronic Module Assembly
  • Slide 17 - ppt slide no 17 content not found
  • Slide 18 - Electronics Module Controls Set controls 1-1-4-2
  • Slide 19 - Counter must be set for the number of flares in the module
  • Slide 20 - M130 Control Panel
  • Slide 21 - Chaff Cartridge
  • Slide 22 - M130 System in use
  • Slide 23 - Preflight? SAFETY PIN Visual inspection for loose fasteners, mounting bolts and electrical connections. Ensure that the number of flares in the payload module corresponds to the number of flares shown in the DCP counter Confirm chaff-flare selector switch in the dispenser assembly is set to Chaff.
  • Slide 24 - CHAFF PROGRAM SELECTION Confirm chaff program is set to 1-1-4-2 These settings are standard and apply to all radar threats
  • Slide 25 - “Before Taxi” safety pin is removed Aircraft commander is responsible for arming system after takeoff MAN-PRGM switch is MAN Then go to ARM MAN-PRGM switch to PRGM
  • Slide 26 - How do I employ it? Pilot depresses chaff firing switch, cannot be programmed to automatically fire. Radar weapon system Tracks or when missile launch is detected on AN/APR39A(V)1
  • Slide 27 - NOTE: MUST be in the PRGM position to fire the selected chaff program. Execute evasive maneuver (mask)
  • Slide 28 - Landing Before Landing Check Mission equipment SAFE Reinstall safety pin during “parking and shutdown, step 8”
  • Slide 29 - AN/APX-100(V)1 MARK VII IFF. Provides automatic radar identification 5 MODES of operation
  • Slide 30 - MARK XII CAPABILITIES Returns a coded reply to (SIF) using modes 1, 2, 3/A and C and provides Mode 4 identification friend or foe (IFF). Mode 4 is secure mode of identification. SIF Modes 1 and 2 used by military. Modes 3/A and C used by civilian and military ATC.
  • Slide 31 - APX-100
  • Slide 32 - What do I look for on preflight? Loaded KIT-1C Starting procedures
  • Slide 33 - TRANSPONDER CHARACTERISTICS The investigation into the F-15 shootdown or Army Blackhawk helicopters determined design characteristics which could present HAZARDOUS OPERATIONAL IMPLICATIONS. Associated with the use of the AUDIO/LIGHT/OUT SWITCH ANTENNA SELECT SWITCH
  • Slide 34 - AUDIO/OUT/LIGHT SWITCH Controls the ALERT INDICATORS for MODE 4 OPERATIONS. AUDIO POSITION enables AUDIO TONE and REPLY LIGHT COMPATIBLE CODES. A Green reply light indicates Friendly IFF response VALID CODES. A Non Response will be indicated by a 400 Hz Tone
  • Slide 35 - APX-100
  • Slide 36 - MODE FUNCTION (STANDBY POSITION) Only when COMPATIBLE CODES are used by the interrogator. IFF CAUTION LIGHT illuminates
  • Slide 37 - AUDIO SWITCH (OUT POSITION) Disables Mode 4 REPLY LIGHT Mode 4 AUDIO TONE PRESS-TO-TEST Mode 4 REPLY LIGHT IFF CAUTION LIGHT
  • Slide 38 - AUDIO SWITCH (LIGHT POSITION) Mode 4 REPLY LIGHT enabled MODE 4 AUDIO tone is disabled IFF RESPONSE. The green REPLY LIGHT will illuminate to indicate IFF was given NON RESPONSE to IFF will not be indicated by the 400 Hz AUDIO TONE
  • Slide 39 - NOTE: PLACE THE AUDIO/LIGHT/OUT SWITCH IN THE AUDIO POSITION DURING FLIGHT OPERATIONS. DO NOT USE THE OUT POSITION
  • Slide 40 - ANTENNA SELECT SWITCH (TOP, BOT, & DIV) TOP - The transponder will respond to interrogations from that antenna BOTTOM (BOT) - Responses allowed from the bottom antenna DIVERSITY (DIV) - The transponder will respond through the antenna receiving the STRONGEST SIGNAL
  • Slide 41 - APX-100
  • Slide 42 - DIV POSITION Place the TOP/BOT/DIV switch in the DIV position during flight operations. Do not use the TOP or BOT position. This does not preclude using the TOP or BOT switch position for ground-based system checks.
  • Slide 43 - APX-100
  • Slide 44 - MODE 4 ON/OUT SWITCH MODE 4 ON/OUT SWITCH IN THE OUT POSTION ALL AUDIO AND VISUAL INDICATIONS CEASE ( IN COCKPIT & IFF RESPONSES) IFF CAUTION LIGHT ILLUMINATES WITH THE FREQUENCY OF “COMPATIBLE” INTERROGATIONS.
  • Slide 45 - MODE 4 IFF Normal, ON & Audio position Reply light IFF response COMPATABLE NO RESPONSE VALID 400 Hz tone
  • Slide 46 - Formation Flight Only one aircraft in a formation should have the transponder on two or more aircraft operating in close proximity of one another in NORMAL ON may simultaneous attempt to respond to interrogations. The two transmitters may overkey one another, destroying the encrypted coded 3-pulse reply, this is called TONE BLANKING. The aircrew will not beware of this condition because the non-response 400 Hz tone will not be heard
  • Slide 47 - IFF CAUTION Unkeyed, (lose the key) Kit-1C malfunction (KIT LT) RCVR/XMTR low power, -flicker- STBY * (compatible codes only), -flicker-
  • Slide 48 - AN/ ALQ-144A (V)1 an active, continuously operating omnidirectional, IR jammer system for helicopters, designed to confuse or decoy threat IR missile systems.
  • Slide 49 - What does it do for me? The AN/ALQ-144A(V) is designed to provide jamming of all known threat IR missile systems, and it must be operated on an aircraft equipped with low reflective paint and engine exhaust suppressers
  • Slide 50 - What do I look for on preflight? External Structure Covert Windows Connectors Air Inlet
  • Slide 51 - preflight Protective cover BIT indicators Access Doors- Jam program assigned by EWO Cleanliness
  • Slide 52 - ppt slide no 52 content not found
  • Slide 53 - How do I employ it? CAUTION Transmitter should run for at least 15 minutes unless an IRCM INOP caution light illuminates, allows bearings to seat & to heat to maximum temperature
  • Slide 54 - AN/ ALQ-144A (V)1 INOP light comes on during flight turn off ALQ-144A(V)1 for 1 minute, (on some aircraft after INOP light goes out, turn off the on) Light comes on again turn off for remainder of flight Shutdown- “IRCM INOP” for 60 second cool down then turn off power
  • Slide 55 - TSEC/KY58 Used with FM1, FM2 and UHF-AM Radios to provide secure two-way voice communication
  • Slide 56 - TSEC/KY58 Located next to the the control head of the radio for which it is used
  • Slide 57 - TSEC/KY58 The POWER switch must be in the ON position regardless of the mode of operation, whenever the equipment is installed.
  • Slide 58 - KY-58 Clear Voice Procedures POWER switch - ON PLAIN, CRAD switch - PLAIN
  • Slide 59 - KY-58 Secure Voice Procedures To talk in secure voice the KY-58 must be loaded with any number of desired variables
  • Slide 60 - KY-58 Secure Voice Procedures MODE switch - OP FILL switch - Set (1-6) ROWER switch - ON PLAIN, C/RAD switch - C/RAD1 (continued)
  • Slide 61 - KY-58 Secure Voice Procedures DELAY switch - DOWN unless the signal is to be retransmitted (note: at this time a crypto alarm and background noise in the aircraft audio intercom system should be heard) To clear alarm PTT (push to transmitt) - Press and Release
  • Slide 62 - KY-58 Secure Voice Procedures Important to become familiar with certain KY-58 audio tones tones for normal operation tones for abnormal operations
  • Slide 63 - KY-58 Secure Voice Procedures Tones for normal operations Continuous Beeping with background noise (the background noise must be heard) occurs when power is first applied occurs when KY-58 is Zeroized Single Beep w/o background wait to talk your turn to talk the cryptovariable is correct
  • Slide 64 - KY58 Zeroing Procedures Abnormal Tones Continuous Tone - could mean any one of several malfunctions Single Beep followed by a burst of noise - means you are on a different variable
  • Slide 65 - KY58 Zeroing Procedures POWER switch - ON Spring-loaded ZEROIZE switch - Activate and Release This will zeroize all positions (1-6) and secure voice communications are no longer possible
  • Slide 66 - Conclusion Aircraft Survivability Equipment. AN/APR 39A(V)1. M-130 CHAFF DISPENSOR. AN/APX-100(V)1. AN/ ALQ-144A (V)1. TSEC/KY-58
  • Slide 67 - Electronic Warfare Officer Selects optimal ASE configuration settings and employment of tactics, techniques and procedures Primary trainer for ASE and countermeasure to threat air defense systems
  • Slide 68 - Tactics combined with ASE protection allow Army aviators to not only survive but stay and fight on the battle field.
  • Slide 69 - QUESTIONS ?

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