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Aircraft Fuel Systems PowerPoint Presentation

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On : Dec 09, 2014

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  • Slide 1 - Aircraft Fuel Systems AIAA Team 1 (Shelley Biagi & Curtis Black) A/C Design Class Tuesday, September 19, 2006
  • Slide 2 - Business and Commercial Aviation Magazine “An aircraft's fuel system has a more profound effect on aircraft performance than any other airframe system. Without fuel, the mission inevitably comes to an abrupt stop and, unless the flight crew is very, very lucky, the ensuing forced landing will cause severe or catastrophic aircraft damage.” ~ Fred George, 6/20/06 http://www.avweek.com/avnow/news/channel_bca_story.jsp?id=news/fuel0606.xml
  • Slide 3 - Fuel Types Civilian Jet A Jet A-1 Jet B Military JP-4 JP-5 JP-8
  • Slide 4 - Typical Fuel Tanks Integral Rigid Removable Bladder Rule of Thumb for max. fuel volume: 85% for wing tanks and 92% for fuselage tanks, measured to the external skin surface (exception: bladder tanks, 77% and 83%, respectively) External
  • Slide 5 - Components Main Tanks Header Tank (separate from main tanks, holds enough fuel for engines to run during complicated maneuvers) Gravity Feed (small aircraft only) Electric/Engine-driven Fuel Pumps
  • Slide 6 - Fuel distributed around center of gravity
  • Slide 7 - Fuel Dumping Systems Needed to meet landing weight limits of landing gear or runway length System of fuel pumps and valves Usually ejected from wingtips Sometimes from aft-most point of fuselage Usually designed to allow the plane to go from max take-off weight to max landing weight in 15 minutes or less.
  • Slide 8 - 777 Fuel Dumping http://www.aerospaceweb.org/question/planes/q0245b.shtml
  • Slide 9 - http://www.centennialofflight.gov/essay/Evolution_of_Technology/refueling/Tech22G5.htm
  • Slide 10 - In-Flight Refueling Original motivation: endurance records Currently used only in the military sector Two main types: Boom and Receptacle Probe and Drogue http://www.answers.com/topic/aerial-refueling
  • Slide 11 - References Ask A Scientist http://www.newton.dep.anl.gov/askasci/eng99/eng99417.htm Aerospaceweb.org http://www.aerospaceweb.org/question/planes/q0245b.shtml Refueling http://www.centennialofflight.gov/essay/Evolution_of_Technology/refueling/Tech22G5.htm PBS http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/concorde/anat-nf.html Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fuel_tank Raymer Aircraft Design: A Conceptual Approach 4th ed. By Daniel Raymer George, Fred Business and Commercial Aviation Magazine, June 2006 issue. http://www.avweek.com/avnow/news/channel_bca_story.jsp?id=news/fuel0606.xml
  • Slide 12 - Any Questions?

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