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USDA Research Areas Pathogen and Contaminant Detection—pathogen or contaminant detection in agriculture, food, or the environment.
Identity Preservation and Tracking—systems that provide producers, processors, and customers with information about the practices and activities used to produce a particular crop or agricultural product. Also, provide information on the origin and movement of crops, animals, or products.
Smart Treatment Delivery Systems—delivery of molecules in agricultural production or processing in time-controlled, spatially targeted, regulated, responsive, or other precise ways. Also, systems could have the ability to monitor effects of delivery.
Smart System Integration for Agriculture and Food Processing—integration of a working system with sensing, reporting, localization, and control. System could be used anywhere along farm to table continuum, or at multiple points.
Nanodevices for Molecular and Cell Biology—devices based on or applied to molecular and cellular biology that separate, identify, study, modify, or sense.
Nanoscale Materials Science and Engineering—development of novel materials through materials science and engineering. Work to better understand the behavior and properties of nanomaterials.
Environmental Issues and Agricultural Waste—study of nanoparticles in the environment, such as in the transport and bioavailability of nutrients and pollutants. Understand transport and toxicity of nanoparticles in agricultural pollutants. Nanotechnology applied to environmental or waste issues.
Educating the Public and Future Workforce—education about nanotechnology and nanoproducts; studies on ethical and social issues (cited in USDA report, although not reflected in USDA’s short title of this research area); infrastructure support; technology transfer support; public understanding of risks and benefits.