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Adult Education BC Cancer Agency PowerPoint Presentation

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On : Jan 08, 2015

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  • Slide 1 - Adult Education – How do we learn? Sue Aro, R.Ph, M.Ed Provincial Oncology Pharmacists Meeting BCCA Annual Clinical Cancer Conference November 29, 2003
  • Slide 2 - Objectives: At the end of the session, the participants should be able to: Describe the characteristics of adult learners Determine their learning style Discuss brain based learning theory and implications for adult learners
  • Slide 3 - What is learning? Implies change Change may occur in a person’s skills, knowledge or attitude Bloom’s Taxonomy: psychomotor, cognitive or affective
  • Slide 4 - Characteristics… Self directed Immediate use for the information Practical Voluntary learning Physiological changes Intelligence increases with age
  • Slide 5 - Learning Cycle Kolb’s Learning Style Inventory Learn in different ways Learning is a cycle 4 processes to the cycle
  • Slide 6 - Concrete Experience, CE Feeling Learn from specific experiences Relate well to people Sensitive to feelings and people Opposite of AC (Thinking)
  • Slide 7 - Abstract Conceptualization, AC Thinking Plan logically and systematically Act on an intellectual understanding of a situation Opposite of CE (Feeling)
  • Slide 8 - Active Experimentation, AE Doing Show ability to get things done Take risks Influence people and events through action Opposite of RO (Watching)
  • Slide 9 - Reflective Observation, RO Watching Carefully observe before making judgments View issues from different perspectives Look for the meaning of things Opposite of AE (Doing)
  • Slide 10 - Combined scores Identifies your learning style: Converger? Diverger? Accomodator? or Assimilator? AC - CE = AC-CE AE - RO = AE-RO
  • Slide 11 - Diverging Learning Style Imaginative Understand people Recognize problems Open minded Prefer to work collaboratively, brainstorm Arts, Entertainment, Service Careers (Nursing, Social Work, Psychology)
  • Slide 12 - Assimilating Learning Style Plan/Analyze Create models Define problems Develop theories Patient and methodical Prefer lectures/readings & like time to think Physical Sciences, Biology, Law, Theology Mathematics, Research
  • Slide 13 - Converging Learning Style Solve problems Make decisions and set goals Logical Create new ways of thinking/doing things Prefer simulations, case studies, lab assignments, practical applications Engineering, Computer Sciences, Economics
  • Slide 14 - Accommodating Learning Style Get things done Influence and lead others Take risks Act on “gut” feelings Adaptable and practical Rely on people for info Management, Sales, HR, Marketing
  • Slide 15 - So what? Solving problems Working in teams Communication Career choices
  • Slide 16 - Brain Based Learning (Brain Compatible Learning)
  • Slide 17 - Things you always wanted to know about the brain…. At birth, the human brain weighs 1 lb 100 billion neurons 1 trillion glial cells Each neuron makes 5000 to 50,000 connections By the age of 1, the brain doubles in size Adult brain weighs 3 lb 1 quadrillion connections (1 million billion)
  • Slide 18 - More facts about the brain… Visual Hungry - Vital organs - Growth and repair - Thinking Windows of opportunity
  • Slide 19 - Memory Makes us unique Allows us to acquire and store new info Able to form new concepts ideas, feelings and behaviours Enables us to learn from experience Essential for survival Memory = Learning
  • Slide 20 - “M-Space” “M Space” = Memory Space Capacity of the Working Memory “The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus 2: Some Hints on Our Capacity for Processing Information” by George Miller
  • Slide 21 - The “Cocktail Party Effect” “The mind can pay conscious attention to only one train of thought at a time.” (E. Cherry)
  • Slide 22 - Procedural Memory (Undeclarative) Does NOT require conscious thought except when first learning. Practice does NOT make perfect. Practice makes permanent. Examples: Keyboarding Playing an instrument Playing a sport Driving
  • Slide 23 - Declarative Memory Episodic - Autobiographical - Not very accurate Semantic - Facts, people, places, concepts
  • Slide 24 - According to Patricia Wolfe… In order for learning to occur, there are two things that are critical. MEANING - Information that fits into or adds to an existing network has a much better chance of storage.
  • Slide 25 - EMOTION “Emotion drives attention and attention drives learning.” Robert Sylwestre, Celebration of Neurons Optimal level of emotion is required for learning. Too much or too little keep the cortex from working as well as it might. Avoid “fight or flight response”
  • Slide 26 - Average Retention Rate (After 24 hours) Lecture 5% Reading 10% AV Presentation 20% Demonstration 30% Discussion Group 50% Practice by Doing 75% Teaching Others 90% David Sousa, How the Brain Learns
  • Slide 27 - In conclusion… Tell me - I forget. Show me - I remember. Involve me - I understand. Chinese Proverb

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