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Slide 1 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS
Slide 2 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing?
Slide 3 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure
Slide 4 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure
Slide 5 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group
Slide 6 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV
Slide 7 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people
Slide 8 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood
Slide 9 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers
Slide 10 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis
Slide 11 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu)
Slide 12 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus
Slide 13 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission
Slide 14 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk
Slide 15 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV
Slide 16 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV Through Sex Intercourse (penile penetration into the vagina) Oral Anal Digital Sex
Slide 17 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV Through Sex Intercourse (penile penetration into the vagina) Oral Anal Digital Sex Mother-to-Baby Before Birth During Birth Postpartum After the birth
Slide 18 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV Through Sex Intercourse (penile penetration into the vagina) Oral Anal Digital Sex Mother-to-Baby Before Birth During Birth Postpartum After the birth Testing Options for HIV
Slide 19 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV Through Sex Intercourse (penile penetration into the vagina) Oral Anal Digital Sex Mother-to-Baby Before Birth During Birth Postpartum After the birth Testing Options for HIV Anonymous Testing No name is used Unique identifying number Results issued only to test recipient 23659874515 Anonymous
Slide 20 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV Through Sex Intercourse (penile penetration into the vagina) Oral Anal Digital Sex Mother-to-Baby Before Birth During Birth Postpartum After the birth Testing Options for HIV Anonymous Testing No name is used Unique identifying number Results issued only to test recipient 23659874515 Anonymous Confidential Testing Person’s name is recorded along with HIV results Name and positive results are reported to the State Department and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Results issued only to test recipient
Slide 21 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV Through Sex Intercourse (penile penetration into the vagina) Oral Anal Digital Sex Mother-to-Baby Before Birth During Birth Postpartum After the birth Testing Options for HIV Anonymous Testing No name is used Unique identifying number Results issued only to test recipient 23659874515 Anonymous Confidential Testing Person’s name is recorded along with HIV results Name and positive results are reported to the State Department and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Results issued only to test recipient Administration Blood Urine Oral
Slide 22 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV Through Sex Intercourse (penile penetration into the vagina) Oral Anal Digital Sex Mother-to-Baby Before Birth During Birth Postpartum After the birth Testing Options for HIV Anonymous Testing No name is used Unique identifying number Results issued only to test recipient 23659874515 Anonymous Confidential Testing Person’s name is recorded along with HIV results Name and positive results are reported to the State Department and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Results issued only to test recipient Administration Blood Urine Oral Blood Detection Tests Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/Enzyme Immunoassay (ELISA/EIA) Radio Immunoprecipitation Assay/Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Assay (RIP/IFA) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Western Blot Confirmatory test
Slide 23 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV Through Sex Intercourse (penile penetration into the vagina) Oral Anal Digital Sex Mother-to-Baby Before Birth During Birth Postpartum After the birth Testing Options for HIV Anonymous Testing No name is used Unique identifying number Results issued only to test recipient 23659874515 Anonymous Confidential Testing Person’s name is recorded along with HIV results Name and positive results are reported to the State Department and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Results issued only to test recipient Administration Blood Urine Oral Blood Detection Tests Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/Enzyme Immunoassay (ELISA/EIA) Radio Immunoprecipitation Assay/Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Assay (RIP/IFA) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Western Blot Confirmatory test Urine Testing Urine Western Blot As sensitive as testing blood Safe way to screen for HIV Can cause false positives in certain people at high risk for HIV
Slide 24 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV Through Sex Intercourse (penile penetration into the vagina) Oral Anal Digital Sex Mother-to-Baby Before Birth During Birth Postpartum After the birth Testing Options for HIV Anonymous Testing No name is used Unique identifying number Results issued only to test recipient 23659874515 Anonymous Confidential Testing Person’s name is recorded along with HIV results Name and positive results are reported to the State Department and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Results issued only to test recipient Administration Blood Urine Oral Blood Detection Tests Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/Enzyme Immunoassay (ELISA/EIA) Radio Immunoprecipitation Assay/Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Assay (RIP/IFA) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Western Blot Confirmatory test Urine Testing Urine Western Blot As sensitive as testing blood Safe way to screen for HIV Can cause false positives in certain people at high risk for HIV Oral Testing Orasure The only FDA approved HIV antibody. As accurate as blood testing Draws blood-derived fluids from the gum tissue. NOT A SALIVA TEST!
Slide 25 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV Through Sex Intercourse (penile penetration into the vagina) Oral Anal Digital Sex Mother-to-Baby Before Birth During Birth Postpartum After the birth Testing Options for HIV Anonymous Testing No name is used Unique identifying number Results issued only to test recipient 23659874515 Anonymous Confidential Testing Person’s name is recorded along with HIV results Name and positive results are reported to the State Department and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Results issued only to test recipient Administration Blood Urine Oral Blood Detection Tests Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/Enzyme Immunoassay (ELISA/EIA) Radio Immunoprecipitation Assay/Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Assay (RIP/IFA) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Western Blot Confirmatory test Urine Testing Urine Western Blot As sensitive as testing blood Safe way to screen for HIV Can cause false positives in certain people at high risk for HIV Oral Testing Orasure The only FDA approved HIV antibody. As accurate as blood testing Draws blood-derived fluids from the gum tissue. NOT A SALIVA TEST! Counseling
Slide 26 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV Through Sex Intercourse (penile penetration into the vagina) Oral Anal Digital Sex Mother-to-Baby Before Birth During Birth Postpartum After the birth Testing Options for HIV Anonymous Testing No name is used Unique identifying number Results issued only to test recipient 23659874515 Anonymous Confidential Testing Person’s name is recorded along with HIV results Name and positive results are reported to the State Department and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Results issued only to test recipient Administration Blood Urine Oral Blood Detection Tests Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/Enzyme Immunoassay (ELISA/EIA) Radio Immunoprecipitation Assay/Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Assay (RIP/IFA) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Western Blot Confirmatory test Urine Testing Urine Western Blot As sensitive as testing blood Safe way to screen for HIV Can cause false positives in certain people at high risk for HIV Oral Testing Orasure The only FDA approved HIV antibody. As accurate as blood testing Draws blood-derived fluids from the gum tissue. NOT A SALIVA TEST! Counseling Pre-test Counseling Transmission Prevention Risk Factors Voluntary & Confidential Reportability of Positive Test Results
Slide 27 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV Through Sex Intercourse (penile penetration into the vagina) Oral Anal Digital Sex Mother-to-Baby Before Birth During Birth Postpartum After the birth Testing Options for HIV Anonymous Testing No name is used Unique identifying number Results issued only to test recipient 23659874515 Anonymous Confidential Testing Person’s name is recorded along with HIV results Name and positive results are reported to the State Department and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Results issued only to test recipient Administration Blood Urine Oral Blood Detection Tests Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/Enzyme Immunoassay (ELISA/EIA) Radio Immunoprecipitation Assay/Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Assay (RIP/IFA) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Western Blot Confirmatory test Urine Testing Urine Western Blot As sensitive as testing blood Safe way to screen for HIV Can cause false positives in certain people at high risk for HIV Oral Testing Orasure The only FDA approved HIV antibody. As accurate as blood testing Draws blood-derived fluids from the gum tissue. NOT A SALIVA TEST! Counseling Pre-test Counseling Transmission Prevention Risk Factors Voluntary & Confidential Reportability of Positive Test Results Post-test Counseling Clarifies test results Need for additional testing Promotion of safe behavior Release of results
Slide 28 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV Through Sex Intercourse (penile penetration into the vagina) Oral Anal Digital Sex Mother-to-Baby Before Birth During Birth Postpartum After the birth Testing Options for HIV Anonymous Testing No name is used Unique identifying number Results issued only to test recipient 23659874515 Anonymous Confidential Testing Person’s name is recorded along with HIV results Name and positive results are reported to the State Department and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Results issued only to test recipient Administration Blood Urine Oral Blood Detection Tests Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/Enzyme Immunoassay (ELISA/EIA) Radio Immunoprecipitation Assay/Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Assay (RIP/IFA) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Western Blot Confirmatory test Urine Testing Urine Western Blot As sensitive as testing blood Safe way to screen for HIV Can cause false positives in certain people at high risk for HIV Oral Testing Orasure The only FDA approved HIV antibody. As accurate as blood testing Draws blood-derived fluids from the gum tissue. NOT A SALIVA TEST! Counseling Pre-test Counseling Transmission Prevention Risk Factors Voluntary & Confidential Reportability of Positive Test Results Post-test Counseling Clarifies test results Need for additional testing Promotion of safe behavior Release of results Treatment Options
Slide 29 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV Through Sex Intercourse (penile penetration into the vagina) Oral Anal Digital Sex Mother-to-Baby Before Birth During Birth Postpartum After the birth Testing Options for HIV Anonymous Testing No name is used Unique identifying number Results issued only to test recipient 23659874515 Anonymous Confidential Testing Person’s name is recorded along with HIV results Name and positive results are reported to the State Department and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Results issued only to test recipient Administration Blood Urine Oral Blood Detection Tests Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/Enzyme Immunoassay (ELISA/EIA) Radio Immunoprecipitation Assay/Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Assay (RIP/IFA) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Western Blot Confirmatory test Urine Testing Urine Western Blot As sensitive as testing blood Safe way to screen for HIV Can cause false positives in certain people at high risk for HIV Oral Testing Orasure The only FDA approved HIV antibody. As accurate as blood testing Draws blood-derived fluids from the gum tissue. NOT A SALIVA TEST! Counseling Pre-test Counseling Transmission Prevention Risk Factors Voluntary & Confidential Reportability of Positive Test Results Post-test Counseling Clarifies test results Need for additional testing Promotion of safe behavior Release of results Treatment Options Antiretroviral Drugs Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase inhibitors AZT (Zidovudine) Non-Nucleoside Transcriptase inhibitors Viramune (Nevirapine) Protease inhibitors Norvir (Ritonavir)
Slide 30 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV Through Sex Intercourse (penile penetration into the vagina) Oral Anal Digital Sex Mother-to-Baby Before Birth During Birth Postpartum After the birth Testing Options for HIV Anonymous Testing No name is used Unique identifying number Results issued only to test recipient 23659874515 Anonymous Confidential Testing Person’s name is recorded along with HIV results Name and positive results are reported to the State Department and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Results issued only to test recipient Administration Blood Urine Oral Blood Detection Tests Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/Enzyme Immunoassay (ELISA/EIA) Radio Immunoprecipitation Assay/Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Assay (RIP/IFA) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Western Blot Confirmatory test Urine Testing Urine Western Blot As sensitive as testing blood Safe way to screen for HIV Can cause false positives in certain people at high risk for HIV Oral Testing Orasure The only FDA approved HIV antibody. As accurate as blood testing Draws blood-derived fluids from the gum tissue. NOT A SALIVA TEST! Counseling Pre-test Counseling Transmission Prevention Risk Factors Voluntary & Confidential Reportability of Positive Test Results Post-test Counseling Clarifies test results Need for additional testing Promotion of safe behavior Release of results Treatment Options Antiretroviral Drugs Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase inhibitors AZT (Zidovudine) Non-Nucleoside Transcriptase inhibitors Viramune (Nevirapine) Protease inhibitors Norvir (Ritonavir) Opportunistic Infection Treatment Issued in an event where antiretroviral drugs are not available
Slide 31 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV Through Sex Intercourse (penile penetration into the vagina) Oral Anal Digital Sex Mother-to-Baby Before Birth During Birth Postpartum After the birth Testing Options for HIV Anonymous Testing No name is used Unique identifying number Results issued only to test recipient 23659874515 Anonymous Confidential Testing Person’s name is recorded along with HIV results Name and positive results are reported to the State Department and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Results issued only to test recipient Administration Blood Urine Oral Blood Detection Tests Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/Enzyme Immunoassay (ELISA/EIA) Radio Immunoprecipitation Assay/Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Assay (RIP/IFA) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Western Blot Confirmatory test Urine Testing Urine Western Blot As sensitive as testing blood Safe way to screen for HIV Can cause false positives in certain people at high risk for HIV Oral Testing Orasure The only FDA approved HIV antibody. As accurate as blood testing Draws blood-derived fluids from the gum tissue. NOT A SALIVA TEST! Counseling Pre-test Counseling Transmission Prevention Risk Factors Voluntary & Confidential Reportability of Positive Test Results Post-test Counseling Clarifies test results Need for additional testing Promotion of safe behavior Release of results Treatment Options Antiretroviral Drugs Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase inhibitors AZT (Zidovudine) Non-Nucleoside Transcriptase inhibitors Viramune (Nevirapine) Protease inhibitors Norvir (Ritonavir) Opportunistic Infection Treatment Issued in an event where antiretroviral drugs are not available Four ways to protect yourself? Abstinence Monogamous Relationship Protected Sex Sterile needles
Slide 32 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV Through Sex Intercourse (penile penetration into the vagina) Oral Anal Digital Sex Mother-to-Baby Before Birth During Birth Postpartum After the birth Testing Options for HIV Anonymous Testing No name is used Unique identifying number Results issued only to test recipient 23659874515 Anonymous Confidential Testing Person’s name is recorded along with HIV results Name and positive results are reported to the State Department and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Results issued only to test recipient Administration Blood Urine Oral Blood Detection Tests Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/Enzyme Immunoassay (ELISA/EIA) Radio Immunoprecipitation Assay/Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Assay (RIP/IFA) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Western Blot Confirmatory test Urine Testing Urine Western Blot As sensitive as testing blood Safe way to screen for HIV Can cause false positives in certain people at high risk for HIV Oral Testing Orasure The only FDA approved HIV antibody. As accurate as blood testing Draws blood-derived fluids from the gum tissue. NOT A SALIVA TEST! Counseling Pre-test Counseling Transmission Prevention Risk Factors Voluntary & Confidential Reportability of Positive Test Results Post-test Counseling Clarifies test results Need for additional testing Promotion of safe behavior Release of results Treatment Options Antiretroviral Drugs Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase inhibitors AZT (Zidovudine) Non-Nucleoside Transcriptase inhibitors Viramune (Nevirapine) Protease inhibitors Norvir (Ritonavir) Opportunistic Infection Treatment Issued in an event where antiretroviral drugs are not available Four ways to protect yourself? Abstinence Monogamous Relationship Protected Sex Sterile needles
Slide 33 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV Through Sex Intercourse (penile penetration into the vagina) Oral Anal Digital Sex Mother-to-Baby Before Birth During Birth Postpartum After the birth Testing Options for HIV Anonymous Testing No name is used Unique identifying number Results issued only to test recipient 23659874515 Anonymous Confidential Testing Person’s name is recorded along with HIV results Name and positive results are reported to the State Department and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Results issued only to test recipient Administration Blood Urine Oral Blood Detection Tests Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/Enzyme Immunoassay (ELISA/EIA) Radio Immunoprecipitation Assay/Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Assay (RIP/IFA) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Western Blot Confirmatory test Urine Testing Urine Western Blot As sensitive as testing blood Safe way to screen for HIV Can cause false positives in certain people at high risk for HIV Oral Testing Orasure The only FDA approved HIV antibody. As accurate as blood testing Draws blood-derived fluids from the gum tissue. NOT A SALIVA TEST! Counseling Pre-test Counseling Transmission Prevention Risk Factors Voluntary & Confidential Reportability of Positive Test Results Post-test Counseling Clarifies test results Need for additional testing Promotion of safe behavior Release of results Treatment Options Antiretroviral Drugs Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase inhibitors AZT (Zidovudine) Non-Nucleoside Transcriptase inhibitors Viramune (Nevirapine) Protease inhibitors Norvir (Ritonavir) Opportunistic Infection Treatment Issued in an event where antiretroviral drugs are not available Four ways to protect yourself? Abstinence Monogamous Relationship Protected Sex Sterile needles Abstinence It is the only 100 % effective method of not acquiring HIV/AIDS. Refraining from sexual contact: oral, anal, or vaginal. Refraining from intravenous drug use
Slide 34 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV Through Sex Intercourse (penile penetration into the vagina) Oral Anal Digital Sex Mother-to-Baby Before Birth During Birth Postpartum After the birth Testing Options for HIV Anonymous Testing No name is used Unique identifying number Results issued only to test recipient 23659874515 Anonymous Confidential Testing Person’s name is recorded along with HIV results Name and positive results are reported to the State Department and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Results issued only to test recipient Administration Blood Urine Oral Blood Detection Tests Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/Enzyme Immunoassay (ELISA/EIA) Radio Immunoprecipitation Assay/Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Assay (RIP/IFA) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Western Blot Confirmatory test Urine Testing Urine Western Blot As sensitive as testing blood Safe way to screen for HIV Can cause false positives in certain people at high risk for HIV Oral Testing Orasure The only FDA approved HIV antibody. As accurate as blood testing Draws blood-derived fluids from the gum tissue. NOT A SALIVA TEST! Counseling Pre-test Counseling Transmission Prevention Risk Factors Voluntary & Confidential Reportability of Positive Test Results Post-test Counseling Clarifies test results Need for additional testing Promotion of safe behavior Release of results Treatment Options Antiretroviral Drugs Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase inhibitors AZT (Zidovudine) Non-Nucleoside Transcriptase inhibitors Viramune (Nevirapine) Protease inhibitors Norvir (Ritonavir) Opportunistic Infection Treatment Issued in an event where antiretroviral drugs are not available Four ways to protect yourself? Abstinence Monogamous Relationship Protected Sex Sterile needles Abstinence It is the only 100 % effective method of not acquiring HIV/AIDS. Refraining from sexual contact: oral, anal, or vaginal. Refraining from intravenous drug use Monogamous relationship A mutually monogamous (only one sex partner) relationship with a person who is not infected with HIV HIV testing before intercourse is necessary to prove your partner is not infected
Slide 35 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV Through Sex Intercourse (penile penetration into the vagina) Oral Anal Digital Sex Mother-to-Baby Before Birth During Birth Postpartum After the birth Testing Options for HIV Anonymous Testing No name is used Unique identifying number Results issued only to test recipient 23659874515 Anonymous Confidential Testing Person’s name is recorded along with HIV results Name and positive results are reported to the State Department and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Results issued only to test recipient Administration Blood Urine Oral Blood Detection Tests Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/Enzyme Immunoassay (ELISA/EIA) Radio Immunoprecipitation Assay/Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Assay (RIP/IFA) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Western Blot Confirmatory test Urine Testing Urine Western Blot As sensitive as testing blood Safe way to screen for HIV Can cause false positives in certain people at high risk for HIV Oral Testing Orasure The only FDA approved HIV antibody. As accurate as blood testing Draws blood-derived fluids from the gum tissue. NOT A SALIVA TEST! Counseling Pre-test Counseling Transmission Prevention Risk Factors Voluntary & Confidential Reportability of Positive Test Results Post-test Counseling Clarifies test results Need for additional testing Promotion of safe behavior Release of results Treatment Options Antiretroviral Drugs Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase inhibitors AZT (Zidovudine) Non-Nucleoside Transcriptase inhibitors Viramune (Nevirapine) Protease inhibitors Norvir (Ritonavir) Opportunistic Infection Treatment Issued in an event where antiretroviral drugs are not available Four ways to protect yourself? Abstinence Monogamous Relationship Protected Sex Sterile needles Abstinence It is the only 100 % effective method of not acquiring HIV/AIDS. Refraining from sexual contact: oral, anal, or vaginal. Refraining from intravenous drug use Monogamous relationship A mutually monogamous (only one sex partner) relationship with a person who is not infected with HIV HIV testing before intercourse is necessary to prove your partner is not infected Protected Sex Use condoms (female or male) every time you have sex (vaginal or anal) Always use latex or polyurethane condom (not a natural skin condom) Always use a latex barrier during oral sex
Slide 36 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV Through Sex Intercourse (penile penetration into the vagina) Oral Anal Digital Sex Mother-to-Baby Before Birth During Birth Postpartum After the birth Testing Options for HIV Anonymous Testing No name is used Unique identifying number Results issued only to test recipient 23659874515 Anonymous Confidential Testing Person’s name is recorded along with HIV results Name and positive results are reported to the State Department and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Results issued only to test recipient Administration Blood Urine Oral Blood Detection Tests Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/Enzyme Immunoassay (ELISA/EIA) Radio Immunoprecipitation Assay/Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Assay (RIP/IFA) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Western Blot Confirmatory test Urine Testing Urine Western Blot As sensitive as testing blood Safe way to screen for HIV Can cause false positives in certain people at high risk for HIV Oral Testing Orasure The only FDA approved HIV antibody. As accurate as blood testing Draws blood-derived fluids from the gum tissue. NOT A SALIVA TEST! Counseling Pre-test Counseling Transmission Prevention Risk Factors Voluntary & Confidential Reportability of Positive Test Results Post-test Counseling Clarifies test results Need for additional testing Promotion of safe behavior Release of results Treatment Options Antiretroviral Drugs Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase inhibitors AZT (Zidovudine) Non-Nucleoside Transcriptase inhibitors Viramune (Nevirapine) Protease inhibitors Norvir (Ritonavir) Opportunistic Infection Treatment Issued in an event where antiretroviral drugs are not available Four ways to protect yourself? Abstinence Monogamous Relationship Protected Sex Sterile needles Abstinence It is the only 100 % effective method of not acquiring HIV/AIDS. Refraining from sexual contact: oral, anal, or vaginal. Refraining from intravenous drug use Monogamous relationship A mutually monogamous (only one sex partner) relationship with a person who is not infected with HIV HIV testing before intercourse is necessary to prove your partner is not infected Protected Sex Use condoms (female or male) every time you have sex (vaginal or anal) Always use latex or polyurethane condom (not a natural skin condom) Always use a latex barrier during oral sex When Using A Condom Remember To: Make sure the package is not expired Make sure to check the package for damages Do not open the package with your teeth for risk of tearing Never use the condom more than once Use water-based rather than oil-based condoms
Slide 37 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV Through Sex Intercourse (penile penetration into the vagina) Oral Anal Digital Sex Mother-to-Baby Before Birth During Birth Postpartum After the birth Testing Options for HIV Anonymous Testing No name is used Unique identifying number Results issued only to test recipient 23659874515 Anonymous Confidential Testing Person’s name is recorded along with HIV results Name and positive results are reported to the State Department and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Results issued only to test recipient Administration Blood Urine Oral Blood Detection Tests Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/Enzyme Immunoassay (ELISA/EIA) Radio Immunoprecipitation Assay/Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Assay (RIP/IFA) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Western Blot Confirmatory test Urine Testing Urine Western Blot As sensitive as testing blood Safe way to screen for HIV Can cause false positives in certain people at high risk for HIV Oral Testing Orasure The only FDA approved HIV antibody. As accurate as blood testing Draws blood-derived fluids from the gum tissue. NOT A SALIVA TEST! Counseling Pre-test Counseling Transmission Prevention Risk Factors Voluntary & Confidential Reportability of Positive Test Results Post-test Counseling Clarifies test results Need for additional testing Promotion of safe behavior Release of results Treatment Options Antiretroviral Drugs Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase inhibitors AZT (Zidovudine) Non-Nucleoside Transcriptase inhibitors Viramune (Nevirapine) Protease inhibitors Norvir (Ritonavir) Opportunistic Infection Treatment Issued in an event where antiretroviral drugs are not available Four ways to protect yourself? Abstinence Monogamous Relationship Protected Sex Sterile needles Abstinence It is the only 100 % effective method of not acquiring HIV/AIDS. Refraining from sexual contact: oral, anal, or vaginal. Refraining from intravenous drug use Monogamous relationship A mutually monogamous (only one sex partner) relationship with a person who is not infected with HIV HIV testing before intercourse is necessary to prove your partner is not infected Protected Sex Use condoms (female or male) every time you have sex (vaginal or anal) Always use latex or polyurethane condom (not a natural skin condom) Always use a latex barrier during oral sex When Using A Condom Remember To: Make sure the package is not expired Make sure to check the package for damages Do not open the package with your teeth for risk of tearing Never use the condom more than once Use water-based rather than oil-based condoms Sterile Needles If a needle/syringe or cooker is shared, it must be disinfected: Fill the syringe with undiluted bleach and wait at least 30 seconds. thoroughly rinse with water Do this between each person’s use
Slide 38 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV Through Sex Intercourse (penile penetration into the vagina) Oral Anal Digital Sex Mother-to-Baby Before Birth During Birth Postpartum After the birth Testing Options for HIV Anonymous Testing No name is used Unique identifying number Results issued only to test recipient 23659874515 Anonymous Confidential Testing Person’s name is recorded along with HIV results Name and positive results are reported to the State Department and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Results issued only to test recipient Administration Blood Urine Oral Blood Detection Tests Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/Enzyme Immunoassay (ELISA/EIA) Radio Immunoprecipitation Assay/Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Assay (RIP/IFA) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Western Blot Confirmatory test Urine Testing Urine Western Blot As sensitive as testing blood Safe way to screen for HIV Can cause false positives in certain people at high risk for HIV Oral Testing Orasure The only FDA approved HIV antibody. As accurate as blood testing Draws blood-derived fluids from the gum tissue. NOT A SALIVA TEST! Counseling Pre-test Counseling Transmission Prevention Risk Factors Voluntary & Confidential Reportability of Positive Test Results Post-test Counseling Clarifies test results Need for additional testing Promotion of safe behavior Release of results Treatment Options Antiretroviral Drugs Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase inhibitors AZT (Zidovudine) Non-Nucleoside Transcriptase inhibitors Viramune (Nevirapine) Protease inhibitors Norvir (Ritonavir) Opportunistic Infection Treatment Issued in an event where antiretroviral drugs are not available Four ways to protect yourself? Abstinence Monogamous Relationship Protected Sex Sterile needles Abstinence It is the only 100 % effective method of not acquiring HIV/AIDS. Refraining from sexual contact: oral, anal, or vaginal. Refraining from intravenous drug use Monogamous relationship A mutually monogamous (only one sex partner) relationship with a person who is not infected with HIV HIV testing before intercourse is necessary to prove your partner is not infected Protected Sex Use condoms (female or male) every time you have sex (vaginal or anal) Always use latex or polyurethane condom (not a natural skin condom) Always use a latex barrier during oral sex When Using A Condom Remember To: Make sure the package is not expired Make sure to check the package for damages Do not open the package with your teeth for risk of tearing Never use the condom more than once Use water-based rather than oil-based condoms Sterile Needles If a needle/syringe or cooker is shared, it must be disinfected: Fill the syringe with undiluted bleach and wait at least 30 seconds. thoroughly rinse with water Do this between each person’s use Needle Exchange Program Non-profit Organization, which provides sterile needles in exchange for contaminated ones
Slide 39 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV Through Sex Intercourse (penile penetration into the vagina) Oral Anal Digital Sex Mother-to-Baby Before Birth During Birth Postpartum After the birth Testing Options for HIV Anonymous Testing No name is used Unique identifying number Results issued only to test recipient 23659874515 Anonymous Confidential Testing Person’s name is recorded along with HIV results Name and positive results are reported to the State Department and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Results issued only to test recipient Administration Blood Urine Oral Blood Detection Tests Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/Enzyme Immunoassay (ELISA/EIA) Radio Immunoprecipitation Assay/Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Assay (RIP/IFA) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Western Blot Confirmatory test Urine Testing Urine Western Blot As sensitive as testing blood Safe way to screen for HIV Can cause false positives in certain people at high risk for HIV Oral Testing Orasure The only FDA approved HIV antibody. As accurate as blood testing Draws blood-derived fluids from the gum tissue. NOT A SALIVA TEST! Counseling Pre-test Counseling Transmission Prevention Risk Factors Voluntary & Confidential Reportability of Positive Test Results Post-test Counseling Clarifies test results Need for additional testing Promotion of safe behavior Release of results Treatment Options Antiretroviral Drugs Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase inhibitors AZT (Zidovudine) Non-Nucleoside Transcriptase inhibitors Viramune (Nevirapine) Protease inhibitors Norvir (Ritonavir) Opportunistic Infection Treatment Issued in an event where antiretroviral drugs are not available Four ways to protect yourself? Abstinence Monogamous Relationship Protected Sex Sterile needles Abstinence It is the only 100 % effective method of not acquiring HIV/AIDS. Refraining from sexual contact: oral, anal, or vaginal. Refraining from intravenous drug use Monogamous relationship A mutually monogamous (only one sex partner) relationship with a person who is not infected with HIV HIV testing before intercourse is necessary to prove your partner is not infected Protected Sex Use condoms (female or male) every time you have sex (vaginal or anal) Always use latex or polyurethane condom (not a natural skin condom) Always use a latex barrier during oral sex When Using A Condom Remember To: Make sure the package is not expired Make sure to check the package for damages Do not open the package with your teeth for risk of tearing Never use the condom more than once Use water-based rather than oil-based condoms Sterile Needles If a needle/syringe or cooker is shared, it must be disinfected: Fill the syringe with undiluted bleach and wait at least 30 seconds. thoroughly rinse with water Do this between each person’s use Needle Exchange Program Non-profit Organization, which provides sterile needles in exchange for contaminated ones ANY QUestions?
Slide 40 - Group 9 Mouna Hammoud, Tamelia Malcolm, Terrie Robinson, Navrine Tahal Chapter 30 Lesson 2 10th Grade Treatment of HIV-Related Illnesses and AIDS Is HIV and AIDS the same thing? HIV “Human Immunodeficiency Syndrome” A specific type of virus (a retrovirus) HIV invades the helper T cells to replicate itself. No Cure AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV is the virus that causes AIDS Disease limits the body’s ability to fight infection A person with AIDS has a very weak immune system No Cure New HIV Infections in 2002 by Age Group Four Stages of HIV Stage 1 - Primary Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to six weeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people Stage 2 - Asymptomatic Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to very low levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood Stage 3 - Symptomatic The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates emergence of opportunistic infections and cancers Stage 4 - HIV  AIDS The immune system weakens The illnesses become more severe leading to an AIDS diagnosis Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Bacterial Tuberculosis (TB) Strep pneumonia Viral Kaposi Sarcoma Herpes Influenza (flu) Opportunistic Infections associated with AIDS Parasitic Pneumocystis carinii Fungal Candida Cryptococcus Modes of HIV/AIDS Transmission Through Bodily Fluids Blood products Semen Vaginal fluids Breast Milk Through IV Drug Use Sharing Needles Without sterilization Increases the chances of contracting HIV Through Sex Intercourse (penile penetration into the vagina) Oral Anal Digital Sex Mother-to-Baby Before Birth During Birth Postpartum After the birth Testing Options for HIV Anonymous Testing No name is used Unique identifying number Results issued only to test recipient 23659874515 Anonymous Confidential Testing Person’s name is recorded along with HIV results Name and positive results are reported to the State Department and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Results issued only to test recipient Administration Blood Urine Oral Blood Detection Tests Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/Enzyme Immunoassay (ELISA/EIA) Radio Immunoprecipitation Assay/Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Assay (RIP/IFA) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Western Blot Confirmatory test Urine Testing Urine Western Blot As sensitive as testing blood Safe way to screen for HIV Can cause false positives in certain people at high risk for HIV Oral Testing Orasure The only FDA approved HIV antibody. As accurate as blood testing Draws blood-derived fluids from the gum tissue. NOT A SALIVA TEST! Counseling Pre-test Counseling Transmission Prevention Risk Factors Voluntary & Confidential Reportability of Positive Test Results Post-test Counseling Clarifies test results Need for additional testing Promotion of safe behavior Release of results Treatment Options Antiretroviral Drugs Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase inhibitors AZT (Zidovudine) Non-Nucleoside Transcriptase inhibitors Viramune (Nevirapine) Protease inhibitors Norvir (Ritonavir) Opportunistic Infection Treatment Issued in an event where antiretroviral drugs are not available Four ways to protect yourself? Abstinence Monogamous Relationship Protected Sex Sterile needles Abstinence It is the only 100 % effective method of not acquiring HIV/AIDS. Refraining from sexual contact: oral, anal, or vaginal. Refraining from intravenous drug use Monogamous relationship A mutually monogamous (only one sex partner) relationship with a person who is not infected with HIV HIV testing before intercourse is necessary to prove your partner is not infected Protected Sex Use condoms (female or male) every time you have sex (vaginal or anal) Always use latex or polyurethane condom (not a natural skin condom) Always use a latex barrier during oral sex When Using A Condom Remember To: Make sure the package is not expired Make sure to check the package for damages Do not open the package with your teeth for risk of tearing Never use the condom more than once Use water-based rather than oil-based condoms Sterile Needles If a needle/syringe or cooker is shared, it must be disinfected: Fill the syringe with undiluted bleach and wait at least 30 seconds. thoroughly rinse with water Do this between each person’s use Needle Exchange Program Non-profit Organization, which provides sterile needles in exchange for contaminated ones ANY QUestions? Thank You!