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Ppt Presentation on The History Of Dna which is created by Joyce Zakem and available for free download The History Of Dna powerpoint presentation.

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Description : Ppt Presentation on The History Of Dna which is created by Joyce Zakem and available for free downlo... Read More

Tags : DNA

Published on : Aug 18, 2018
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Slide 1 - The History of DNA The scientists who discovered Dna
Slide 2 - Gregor Mendel Austrian monk Born in 1822 In monastery known for research and teaching After his death (1884) acknowledgment of his discoveries in 1900 Known as “The Father of Genetics“
Slide 3 - Mendel’s Pea Plants First scientist to describe how traits are inherited Looked at pea plants for 8 years He studied 9 generations of plants
Slide 4 - Mendel’s Observations He noticed that peas are easy to breed for pure traits and he called the pure strains purebreds. He developed pure strains of peas for seven different traits (i.e. tall or short, round or wrinkled, yellow or green, etc.) He crossed these pure strains to produce hybrids.
Slide 5 - Mendel’s Results Mendel crossed purebred tall plants with purebred short plants and the first generation plants were all tall. When these tall offspring were crossed the result was a ratio of 3 tall to 1 short.
Slide 6 - The Traits Mendel Looked At
Slide 7 - Dominant Trait Rule Strong Hereditary traits cover weak traits. Mendel called stronger traits DOMINANT – Represented by CAPITAL LETTER (T) Mendel called weaker traits Recessive – Represented by lower case letter (t)
Slide 8 - Fredrick Griffith Worked in the 1920’s Taxonomist – a scientist who classifies and names organisms – He specialized in pathogens (disease-causing organisms) Used mice and bacterium (Streptococcus pneumonia) to see if inherited material is passed though DNA or protein.
Slide 9 - Oswald Avery Continued Griffith’s work Identified DNA as the material that passes on the inherited information. He used large amounts of bacteria and a process of heating and mixing the liquids to extract the nitrogen bases away from the protein Became world’s first genetic engineer
Slide 10 - Erwin Chargaff and his rule In 1950, biochemist Erwin Chargaff found that the arrangement of nitrogen bases in DNA varied widely, The amount of certain bases always occurred in a one-to-one ratio. Nitrogen bases always match up like this: Adenine – Thymine and Cytosine -- Guanine
Slide 11 - Rosalind Franklin(1920-1953) Using X-ray techniques took pictures of DNA and discovered the double helix shape of DNA. Died of cancer due to unknown harmful affects of X-ray
Slide 12 - James Watson and Francis Crick First scientists to create a model of DNA It is still the model used today Sides are made of sugar and phosphate molecules Rungs of the ladder are made of nitrogen bases Made of 5 elements: carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorus
Slide 13 - This powerpoint was kindly donated to www.worldofteaching.com http://www.worldofteaching.com Is home to well over a thousand powerpoints submitted by teachers. This a free site. Please visit and I hope it will help in your teaching